Source Evaluation

Be Media Literate

When consuming media in any way (reading, watching, listening, etc.) and for any reason (research or personal use), be sure to question what you are being told. Use the following resources to help guide you.

CRAAP Test

Currency: The timeliness of the information.

  • When was the info published?
  • Has it been updated?
  • Do you need the most current info for your topic?

Relevance: The importance of the info for your needs.

  • Does the info directly relate to your topic?
  • Does it help you answer the question(s)?
  • Have you looked at other sources to find the best one?

Authority: The source of the info.

  • Who is the author and/or publisher?
  • Are they qualified to write about the topic?
  • For websites, does the URL say anything about the source? (.com, .gov, .edu, .org)

Accuracy: The reliability and correctness of the info.

  • Is the info supported by evidence?
  • Can you verify the info with another source?
  • Is the author or publisher biased or unbiased?

Purpose: The reason the info exists.

  • What is the purpose of the info? To teach, sell, persuade, or entertain?
  • Is the info fact or opinion?
  • Is the author or publisher biased or unbiased?

Spot Fake News:


Fact Checking Sites:


Determine Political Bias:

(A news website that presents multiple sources side by side in order to provide the full scope of news reporting)

(Survey data reveals the news source favored by people according to their political beliefs.)