Section:  200 – Definition of Terms  Subject:  200 – Definition of Terms  

Definition of Terms

Able Bodied Adult Without Dependent (ABAWD) – an able-bodied adult:
    A.    At least age 18 and not yet age 50; and
    B.    No child(ren) in the assistance unit.  
Able-bodied - not incapacitated for work, training or community service.
    A.    Continued absence – when the parent is physically away from the home and is not exercising             parental care and control, cannot be counted on to help plan the care and control of the                child and the return to the home is not expected for at least 30 days (see Care and Control).
    B.    Temporary absence – the condition of a dependent child being away from the home when                the child is expected to return to the home within 90 days and the caretaker relative                        continues to exercise the responsibility for the care and control of the child(ren).
Access – 
    A.    Ability, or potential ability, to obtain or make use of an asset or income; 
    B.    Access is either restricted (requires the signature of another person or specifies the condition            of disposal) or unrestricted (no other signature is required or condition imposed) (see                       Available).
Adequate notice - see Notice of adverse action.
Administrative Hearing – a formal hearing conducted within established legal proceedings with a    duly appointed hearing officer.
Administrative Rules of Wyoming (ARW)
Adverse action - a decision to deny, decrease or terminate the benefits.
Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) – a program in existence prior to 1/2/97 designed to provide financial assistance to children in need due to absence, unemployment of both parents or incapacity of one or both parents.
Affordable child care arrangements – an available child care provider in the community whose charges for services do not exceed the local market rate established at the 75th percentile.
Aged - a person 60 years of age or older.
Agency error (AG) - an incorrect action or failure to take action by a Department of Family Services worker. 
Alien - a person residing in, and who is not a citizen of, the U.S. (see Immigrant)
Alimony - see Support.
Applicant - a person, including an authorized representative, who in writing makes an application for benefits.
Application - the form on which a person indicates, in writing, the desire to receive assistance, provides information necessary for determining eligibility and informs the client of her/his rights and responsibilities.
Appropriate child care - child care meeting Wyoming licensing standards or if legally exempt from child care licensing requirements meeting minimum health and safety requirements as outlined by the CCDF.  All providers must also receive a favorable Central Registry and criminal history pre-screen check.
Approved educational program -
    A.    Any program at the University of Wyoming or a Wyoming community college or other                       accredited education program within Wyoming or other program approved by DFS which leads            to no more than a baccalaureate, associate degree or nationally recognized certification or               license; or 
    B.    A vocational training at any such school and approved by Department of Family Services.
Arrearages - all amounts of past due child support exclusive of those amounts which have been obtained through federal and state income tax refund offsets.
Assessment - the act of evaluating a person, condition, assets or income.
Assets - all real and personal property, cash or other liquid assets owned by a person and the person has the right, power or authority to withdraw funds, sell, transfer, convert to cash or dispose of the asset.
    A.     Liquid assets - cash on hand, money in checking or savings accounts, savings certificates,                 stocks or bonds, IRA’s or Keogh plans, less the penalties for early withdrawal (also includes              lump sums for SNAP);
    B.    Non-liquid asset - assets that are not cash or financial instruments and cannot be readily                    turned into cash within 20 working days;
    C.     For burial - funds immediately available from other governmental agencies or sources to                    assist with burial.
Assignment of Rights (Assignment of Support) – Any assignment of rights to support or any assignment of rights to medical support and to payment for medical care from any third party.  This assignment includes child and spousal support and is a condition of eligibility of POWER or Title IV Part E, Foster Care.  This allows the state to retain support payments as partial reimbursement of public assistance expenditures made on behalf of the custodial parent and/or the child(ren).
Assistance unit - persons living together whose income and assets must be considered in determining eligibility and benefit level.
Authorized representative - a person acting on behalf of a client or assistance unit.
Available - income and assets are considered when actually obtainable and when the applicant/recipient has legal interest in a liquidated sum and has the legal ability to make such sum available for support and maintenance. (see Access)
Barrier to sale - there is an inherent legal restriction on the right to sell, convey or transfer the client's share or ownership of an asset.
Battered or subjected to extreme cruelty - an individual who has been subjected to (P.L. 104-193):
    A.    Physical acts that resulted in, or threatened to result in, physical injury to the individual;
    B.    Sexual abuse;
    C.    Sexual activity involving a dependent;
    D.    Being forced as the caretaker relative of a dependent child to engage in nonconsensual                   sexual acts or activities;
    E.    Threats of, or attempts at, physical or sexual abuse;
    F.    Mental abuse; or
    G.    Neglect or deprivation of medical care.
Benefits Processing Unit (BPU) - Financial Services Division within Department of Family Services –State Office.
Beneficiary - an individual having a present or future interest, vested or contingent, in the income from or principal of a trust.  Also used to designate recipients of Social Security benefits.
Beneficiary Data Exchange System (BENDEX) – provides the amount of Retirement, Survivors and Disability Insurance (RSDI) benefits paid to people entered on the system.  (aka BDX for EPICS coding).
Best estimate – the Benefit Specialist's best determination based on knowledge of past, current and future case circumstances which accurately reflect all facts known to the Benefit Specialist at the time.
    A.    One who pays an amount equal to or exceeding the Thrifty Food Plan for more than two (2)               meals per day for the size of the boarder’s assistance unit; or 
    B.    One who pays an amount equal to or exceeding two-thirds (2/3) of the Thrifty Food Plan for               two (2) meals or less per day for the size of the boarder’s assistance unit.
Bona fide
    A.    For burial, a trust, contract or agreement specified for that express purpose and there cannot            be other funds or items designated for burial;
    B.    An offer made in good faith without fraud or deceit; or
    C.    A bona fide loan is one where there is a written agreement to repay the loan.
Bona fide effort to sell - the act of putting property up for sale at a reasonable price and providing verification of same.
Break-in-aid - a period of one (1) or more months in which an assistance unit is not eligible and does not receive assistance.
Budgeting - the act of calculating the amount of the benefit to be paid to the assistance unit.
Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) - an agency within the Department of Interior.
Burial fund - 
    A.    An asset specifically designated for burial of a specified person.
    B.    Bank account, life insurance policy or written agreement with a funeral home specifically               designated for burial of a specified person and not commingled with funds not set aside for               burial.
Burial plot - a grave site, the value of which may include opening and closing costs, a vault, crypt, urn, grave marker, (i.e. burial space item).
Business expenses - for self-employment, the costs directly related to the production of goods or services provided by the operation which are then subtracted from the gross income to determine the net income.
Capital gain - the proceeds/profit from the sale of assets which is calculated in the same manner as a capital gain for federal income tax purposes.
Care and control – when a parent(s) or caretaker relative(s) can be counted on to function in planning for and/or is giving the child(ren) physical care, guidance and maintenance as follows:
    A.    Guidance – parental participation in the responsibility for the child(ren)’s development.                    Such participation includes, but is not limited to attending school conferences, disciplining               the child(ren), participating in decisions concerning the child(ren)'s well-being and                           involvement in the child(ren)’s extracurricular activities. 
    B.    Maintenance - typically synonymous with support as in provision of necessities such as food,            clothing and shelter.
    C.    Physical care - providing continuous care for the child(ren) by performing tasks required in               the child(ren)'s daily life such as, but not limited to, bathing, feeding, dressing, assuring                   medical attention is received by the child(ren), preparing meals, supervising the child(ren)'s               activities and assisting with other physical care needs.
Caretaker - an adult who may or may not be related to the child(ren) or an adult who has a court order giving legal responsibilities or guardianship and who is exercising the care and control of the child(ren), including foster parents.  
Caretaker relative - a person who meets the definition of a relative and is exercising the day-to-day care and control of the child(ren).
Case management - a series of activities directed toward the common goal of client self-sufficiency and self-responsibility.
Case manager (CM) – the individual who provides employment directed services to job seekers.
Case record - includes the applicant's or recipient's case file and the information contained in the eligibility computer system.
Cash assistance - a welfare benefit paid by another state or a POWER performance payment made to or on behalf of an eligible person(s).
Cash surrender value (CSV) - see Value.
Cash value - see Value.
Categorically eligible - the determination of assistance units containing persons who are all receiving assistance from SSI, POWER/POWER-SASFA, or Tribal TANF have automatically satisfied certain eligibility criteria.
Central Registry - an electronic record, maintained by DFS, of persons who have been the subject of a child abuse or neglect complaint.
Certification period - a definite period of time within which an assistance unit is eligible to receive benefits, not to exceed 24 months.
Certified/Licensed provider - a provider who meets the licensing standards established by DFS.
Change in circumstance - a change which affects the ongoing eligibility/benefit.
Child - a dependent between birth and 18 years of age who is not an emancipated minor or a minor parent.  For SNAP, the child does not need to be a dependent.
Child Care Center – any private person, partnership, association or corporation that is operating a business for profit or otherwise, where sixteen or more children receive care for a portion of the day.
Child Care Facility - a business that keeps or cares for more than two (2) minors at the request of the parents, legal guardians or an agency that is responsible for those child(ren) when the responsible party is not present.
Child Protective Services (CPS) - child welfare services performed by persons legally responsible for investigating suspected cases of child abuse and neglect and intervening in verified cases.
Child Support - see Support.
Child Support Enforcement (CSE) - a legal entity charged with maintaining a child support enforcement program at the judicial district level which complies fully with the provision of state law, P.L. 104-193, as amended, and being responsible and accountable for the proper operation of such program for all ongoing and backlogged cases.
Child Support performance requirement – a Pay-After-Performance requirement which includes assigning child support rights to DFS, establishing paternity and cooperating with the CSE in the collection of child support payments.
Citizenship and Immigration Services (CIS) - the U.S. agency responsible for admitting and assigning residence status to people entering the U.S. from other countries. (Formerly known as Immigration and Naturalization Service – INS).
Claim - an eligibility system identification number which is made up of one or more overpayment months. 
Claim number - the Social Security number (SSN) plus one (1) or two (2) alpha characters which indicate the primary beneficiary, the type of benefits paid and the designated recipient of the benefits.
Clear and convincing proof – the evidence presented by a party during a trial must be highly and substantially more probable to be true than not.
Client error (CL) - a misunderstanding or unintended error on the part of the assistance unit or provider.
Collateral contact - a verbal or written confirmation of the circumstances of an assistance unit or provider by a knowledgeable person outside the assistance unit.
Color of law (aka Permanently Residing Under Color of Law [PRUCOL]) - used by the CIS and applies to immigrants who are living in the U.S. with the knowledge and permission of the CIS and whose departure from the U.S. the CIS does not contemplate enforcing.  Immigrant who entered the U.S.:
    A.    Lawfully in a status other than lawful permanent resident and who are assumed to be here               permanently without being granted permanent resident status; or
    B.    Unlawfully but have resided here continuously since 1/1/72. 
Commingled - a financial account in which exempt and nonexempt funds are mixed together.
Compliance – see Cooperate.
Confidentiality - the limitation of the use and disclosure of applicant and recipient information.
Conservator - a person designated by a legal document to take over and protect the interests of an individual whom is unable to manage her/his own affairs.
Continued absence - see Absence.
Contribution - a voluntary or mandatory monetary or in-kind grant or aid provided by another person(s) which is not repayment for goods or services and is not given because of a legal obligation on the giver's part.
Cooperate – Pay-After- Performance requirements, including registration for work with Department of Workforce Services, child support, work program and eligibility requirements.  
Countable income - see Income.
Court appointed - an assignment/determination made by a judicial tribunal duly constituted for hearing of cases.
Court of appropriate jurisdiction - a district, county or small claims court as determined by the amount of the overpayment, the circumstances of the case and the advice of legal counsel.
Court Order – an order issued by the court and used by CSE to determine necessary enforcement action to collect a support obligation.
Criminal history pre-screen - a pre-screening by DFS of Wyoming Criminal Records limited to certain crimes against persons and various crimes involving children.
Current market value (CMV) - see Value.
Current month – see Month.
Custodian – an individual who has been appointed by the court to care for a person as reflected in a court order.
Date of action - the day the benefit will be issued, increased, reduced, denied or terminated.  The date an action will be effective.
Date of application - the date the signed application is received and date stamped in the DFS-FO; the date compliance with the child support, work and eligibility performance requirements must begin.
Date of discovery – the date the potential over payment is identified by the eligibility worker.
Date of eligibility – the day benefits are required to begin.
Date of referral - the date of completion of the DFS 760 form and/or the date the recoupment case is entered on the eligibility computer system.
Deem - to consider the income and assets of one (1) person as the income and assets of a second person whether or not they are actually available.  
Default - when the assistance unit fails during the month to make the repayment or pay the full amount agreed upon in the installment contract.
Department of Family Services (DFS) – the Wyoming state agency which has administrative responsibility for the programs.
Department of Family Services-Field Office (DFS-FO) - the DFS staff located in the counties.
Department of Family Services-State Office (DFS-SO) - the DFS staff located in the Hathaway Building in Cheyenne.
Department of Workforce Services (DWS) – the Wyoming state agency responsible for administering the POWER work program, SNAP Employment and Training program and work registration.
Disability Determination Services (DDS) – a unit within the Social Security Administration (SSA) that determines whether or not an individual is disabled.
Disregard – an allowable deduction from earned or unearned income.
Distribution - a payment, in cash, from a trust to or for the benefit of the beneficiary or a third party.
Division of Vocational Rehabilitation (DVR) - a division within the Wyoming Department of Employment.
Documentary evidence - a written confirmation by a knowledgeable source of the circumstances of the assistance unit or provider.
Documentary evidence error (DE) - an error caused by the assistance unit or provider when at least two (2) written documents are in the case file which substantiate the client willfully and knowingly failed to report or reported incorrectly for one or more payment months.
Domestic violence - action subjecting an individual to (P.L. 104-193):
    A.    Physical acts that resulted in, or threatened to result in, physical injury to the individual;
    B.    Sexual abuse;
    C.    Sexual activity involving a dependent;
    D.    Being forced as the caretaker relative of a dependent child to engage in nonconsensual                    sexual acts or activities;
    E.    Threats of, or attempts at, physical or sexual abuse;
    F.    Mental abuse; or
    G.    Neglect or deprivation of medical care.
Durable goods – as guidance, durable goods are objects that are used in a business that are expected to last a long time.
Earned income - see Income.
Earned income incentive payment – a payment made to an assistance unit when a family member becomes employed and the family would be ineligible for POWER because of earned income.
Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) - an amount of money either deducted from the taxes owed or paid as a refund resulting from filing a Form 1040 or 1040A tax return for a calendar year.
Edmund’s Automobile Valuation Guide - the internet site which provides a used car value guide.
Elderly - 
    A.    For SNAP - a person who is 60 years of age or older;
    B.    For all other programs - a person who is 65 years of age or older (aka Aged).
Electronic Disqualified Recipient System (eDRS) – The national database where all individuals with SNAP disqualifications are logged.
Eligibility factor - a specified condition a client must meet to qualify or receive benefits.
Eligibility performance requirement – a specified condition an applicant/recipient must meet in order to qualify to receive a POWER performance payment.
Emancipation - the condition of being freed from parental care and control resulting from:
    A.    Lawfully recognized marriage; 
    B.    Reaching the age of majority (age 18); 
    C.    Military service; or
    D.    Having received a declaration of emancipation pursuant to W.S. 14-1-101, as amended                        7/1/96 (see Financially responsible).
Employment - an activity in which an individual works for wages.
    A.    For SNAP
            1.    For income reporting purposes, full-time employment is any employment of 35 hours per                     week or more;
            2.    For work requirement purposes, full-time employment is any employment of 30 hours                       per week or more.
            3.    Part-time is any employment of less than 35 hours per week.
    B.    For POWER
            1.     Full-time is 35 or more clock hours per week and earning at least the equivalent of the                     federal minimum wage, including self-employment. 
            2.     Part-time is less than 35 clock hours per week, or if the hours average more than 35                        hours per week and the employment pays less than the federal minimum wage.
Employment training – a planned, supervised program which may be a combination of classroom and on-the-job training experiences that impart knowledge or develop skills or abilities to prepare a person for employment.
Encumbrance - a claim or legal debt(s) against an asset which must be paid when the asset is sold and is supported by a written document.
Equity value - see Value.
Error - the receipt by an assistance unit or provider of benefits or payments over the amount of entitlement.
Essential for day-to-day living - as stated by the caretaker relative, the item or service is indispensable or necessary for the survival of the assistance unit.  
Estate – assets and liabilities left by a person at death.
Excess child support - money received from the non-custodial parent in the current month that is more than the support obligation for the current month.
Exempt - a category of income, assets or circumstances not subject to program policy or limits and is not counted for eligibility purposes.
Expedited service - a requirement to allow specific applicant assistance units to go through an abbreviated application process in order  to participate in SNAP no later than the seventh calendar day following the date of application.
Exploitation - the performance of daring deeds or taking advantage of another; abuse; misuse. 
Face value (FV) - see Value.
Fair market value (FMV) – see Value. 
Federal Insured Contribution Act (FICA) - commonly known as the Social Security contribution deducted from wages and used for RSDI payments. 
Federal Poverty Level (FPL) - guidelines for poverty level established annually by the Federal Office of Management and Budget.
Five (5) year benefit limit - per Section 408 of the Social Security Act and W.S. 42-2-103, TANF payments are limited to five (5) years (whether or not consecutive) for any assistance unit, regardless of location.
Fixed income assistance unit - an assistance unit in which adult members are all without earned income, have stable unearned income and are either elderly or disabled.
Fleeing – 
    A.    For felons, moving outside the jurisdiction of the court where the felon was tried and                        convicted.
    B.    For battered or subject to extreme cruelty, moving outside the county, state or country to               seek a safe and secure environment with the assistance of a domestic violence agency.
Fluctuating income - see Income.
Foster child – a child(ren)/youth who have been placed in a foster care home or an approved/licensed facility by DFS.
Fraud (FR) – documented misrepresentation, concealment or nondisclosure of information pertaining to an eligibility factor to obtain a performance payment, remain eligible for payment or to avoid a decrease in payment.
Fugitive felon - a person who is fleeing to avoid prosecution, or custody or confinement after conviction, under the laws of the state from which the individual is fleeing, for a crime, or an attempt to commit a crime, which is a felony under the laws of the state from which the individual is fleeing, i.e., murder, burglary.
Full day care - is five (5) or more hours of child care in a day.
Full-time employment - see Employment.
Full-time postsecondary education or vocational training - enrollment of at least 12 semester hours each fall and spring semester and a total of 30 credit hours per school year.
Full-time school - see School Attendance. 
Garnishment - a legal withholding of a specified sum from wages to satisfy a creditor. 
General Equivalency Diploma (GED) - the document that indicates a person has passed prescribed testing to obtain the equivalent of a high school education without the diploma.
Good cause - a specified reason based on accepted standards supporting the individual's action and thereby eliminates the penalty which normally is imposed for a sanctionable action or inaction. (This applies to employment, work program requirements, late reporting of a change in circumstances and cooperation with child support or third party liability requirements.)  
Grantee – primary informant individual.
Grantor – the person giving the Trustee the legal right to manage a trust.
Gross income - see Income.
Guardian – a person appointed by the court or a legal document to care for a person or manage the property of another as specified in the court order or other legal document.
Guidance - see Care and control.
Half-time school - see School attendance.
Health and Human Services (HHS) - the United States Department of Health and Human Services.
Health insurance plan – an individual or group insurance policy or contract or a medical or hospital service agreement or other health care delivery system for the purpose of paying for or reimbursing the cost of hospital and medical care.
Health and safety standards - the minimum requirements a child care provider must meet.  (45 CFR 98.41)
High school - a school attended after elementary school which consists of grades 7-12.
Hit - a discrepancy found between the eligibility computer system data and the interface with records of other agencies such as IRS, DWS wages and UIB, RSDI, SSI, Workers’ Compensation, etc.
Home – 
    A.     For SNAP – 
            1.     The home and surrounding property that is not separated from the home by intervening                     property owned by others.
            2.     Public rights of way, such as roads that run through the surrounding property and                            separate it, will not affect the exemption of the property.
    B.     For POWER – 
            1.     For “living with”, the family setting in which the child(ren) is living with a caretaker                         relative who has taken on and continues the day-to-day care and control of the                                 child(ren).
            2.     For asset purposes, a home is any shelter owned by the caretaker relative which is the                     current place of residence and includes the building and land upon which it is located,                     the land adjoining the home and all the mobile homes/buildings located thereon.
Homeless - the condition or lack of a permanent dwelling or lack of a fixed or home address.
Homeless individual - An individual who lacks a fixed and regular nighttime residence or an individual whose primary nighttime residence is:
    A.    A supervised shelter designed to provide temporary accommodations;
    B.    A halfway house or similar institution that provides temporary residence for individuals                   intended to be institutionalized;
    C.    Temporary accommodation in residence of another individual for no more than 90 days; or
    D.    A place not designed for, or ordinarily used as, a regular sleeping accommodation for human            beings (i.e. a hallway, bus station, lobby or similar places).
Homeless meal provider - a public or private nonprofit establishment (i.e., soup kitchen, temporary shelter) that feeds homeless persons and may accept SNAP benefits if approved by DFS-SO and authorized by the Food and Nutrition Service. 
Household - the people occupying one (1) or more rooms of a house, apartment or mobile home, hotel, motel, etc., and may include one (1) or more assistance units and/or ineligible person(s).
Household furnishings – furniture, electric appliances, clothing and personal items owned by the assistance unit.
Housing subsidy – any government financial assistance provided to an assistance unit for rent such as, but not limited to, that under the U.S. Housing Act of 1937, Title V of the Housing Act of 1949, as amended, the National Housing Act or the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), which includes Indian and public housing, Section 8 new and existing rental housing and Section 236 rental housing.
Illegal immigrant - a foreign national who is ineligible for performance payments and who:
    A.    Entered the U.S. without inspection or with fraudulent documentation; or 
    B.    After entering legally as a non-immigrant, violated status and remained in the U.S. without               permission.
Immediate family member
    A.    For POWER – when caring for an incapacitated relative, the incapacitated family member                    must be a grandparent, parent, child or sibling.
Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) - see Citizenship and Immigration Services (CIS).
Incapacitated - a condition considered to be temporary.
    A.    For SNAP - a physical or mental defect, illness or impairment, sufficiently  serious to                        eliminate or substantially reduce the ability to participate in employment, job search, a                    training or educational program, prepare meals, transport oneself or otherwise function                    unassisted.
    B.    For POWER - a physical or mental defect, illness or impairment sufficiently serious to                       eliminate or substantially reduce the individual’s ability to participate in employment, job               search or a training or educational program.
Incest - per W.S. 6-4-402, knowingly committing sexual intrusion or sexual contact with an ancestor or descendant or a brother or sister of the whole or half blood.
Income – money received from any source but not any item specified in policy as an asset.
    A.    Contract income – earnings paid through an agreement with another; considered self-                       employment if the individual is paying her/his own taxes;
    B.    Countable income – the amount of income used to determine eligibility in the computation                of the POWER performance payment after application of the appropriate disregard.
    C.    Earned income – payment received in cash or in-kind for wages, salary, tips, commissions, as             an employee or net-profit from activities in which the individual is engaged as self-                           employed.
    D.    Exempt income – money set aside or free from program policy or limits.
    E.    Fluctuating income – monthly income that varies in frequency of receipt or amount each                   month due to working overtime, hourly pay with varying hours, receipt of tips or                               commissions, changes of hours or pay rate or decrease or increase in hours of work due to               vacations, sick leave or seasonal employment. 
    F.    Gross income – the total money the person receives prior to any deductions (i.e. Social                    Security, withholding tax, garnishments, etc.).
    G.    In-kind income – the receipt of goods or services instead of money.
    H.    Irregular income – 
    I.     Net income or profit – the gross receipts from self-employment less the current business                 expenses or the gross income less the allowable SNAP income deductions.
    J.     Nonexempt income – all money received to which the program policy limits are applied.
    K.    Ongoing income – money received on a regular basis, no less frequently than monthly, and is             expected to continue. 
    L.    Self-employment income – earning one’s own living directly from one’s own profession or               business rather than earning a salary or commission from another.
    M.    Stable income – income received in a set/fixed amount from the same source(s) on a regular             basis and there is no additional income that fluctuates.
    N.    Unearned income – all money received that is not earned by providing goods and services or             defined as an asset.
Income producing property - property essential to the production of goods and services, including stock (merchandise), inventory, tools, equipment, trucks, cars, earth moving equipment, etc., and used in a trade, business or other income producing activity.  For POWER, this does not include real property such as rental property, business property and farm land.
Incomplete report  - any information furnished in writing, in person or by phone which concerns a change in circumstances but is insufficient to verify and/or act upon the change.
Indian land – real property owned jointly by the tribe or where the sale can be made only with the permission of other owners, the tribe or the BIA.
Ineligible – not entitled to receive a benefit due to failure to meet one or more of the specified conditions required by the program.  
Infant - a child from birth to 12 months of age.
Initial eligibility determination - the act of evaluating each eligibility factor for each person applying for benefits and finding the case eligible or ineligible during the initial processing period.
Initial month - see Month.
In-kind earned income - see Income.
Institution - an establishment that furnishes (in single or multiple facilities) food, shelter and/or some treatment or services to four (4) or more persons unrelated to the proprietor.
Institution of higher education
    A.    For SNAP - a regular curriculum at a college or university offering degree programs or a                    business, technical, trade or vocational school that normally requires a high school diploma                or equivalency certificate for enrollment in the curriculum. 
    B.    For POWER - a college, university, vocational or trade school that offers degree programs                   regardless of whether a high school diploma is required.
Insurance settlements - the money received by a person(s) from a company for damage of property or person.
Intact family - an assistance unit consisting of both natural or adoptive parents and child(ren) living together whether or not the parents are married to each other.
Irrevocable - incapable of being canceled, rescinded, broken or changed by the action of either party.
Irrevocable income trust - a document appointing a person, known as a Trustee, to manage the grantor’s income placed in the trust.
Joint custody - the result of a divorce action giving each parent the right to care for the child(ren) during specific time periods which are close to being equally split between both parents (see Primary caretaker).
Joint tenancy/Joint tenancy with survivorship - A tenancy with two (2) or more co-owners who take identical interests simultaneously by the same instrument and with the same right of possession.  A joint tenancy differs from a tenancy in common because each joint tenant has a right of survivorship to the other’s share (in some states, this right must be clearly expressed in the conveyance – otherwise, the tenancy will be presumed to be a tenancy in common).
Knowledgeable source – 
    A.    A person who has a considerable degree of familiarity of a subject gained through experience            with or association with the individual or subject.
    B.    For evaluation of an asset, a person who is professionally aware of the value of the property            in the community.
Late reporting - information not furnished when the change becomes known to the client or verification which are not furnished within the allowable time frames.
Law enforcement - persons or agencies who require compliance with the principles and regulations established in a community under the authority of state and/or federal legislation and enforced by judicial decision. 
Lawful permanent resident immigrant - one who has been lawfully accorded the privilege of residing permanently in the U.S. as an immigrant in accordance with the immigration laws, such status not having changed since admission.  (Does not include Color of Law individuals.)   
Legal barrier - see Barrier to sale.
Legal encumbrance - a lien or claim on an asset which is recognized by law.
Legal guardian - a person who has been appointed by the court to have custody of and to care for a person.  (W.S. 3-1-101 and 3-2-201)
Legal obligation - an obligation, such as a court order, that would be upheld by a judge in a court of law, i.e., a divorce decree, an order issued through an administrative law judge, or a legally enforceable separation agreement.
Life estate - the rights of ownership belonging to an individual and existing until the individual’s death but actual title or deed to the property belongs to another individual.
Life insurance - a contract on which the owner pays premiums during his lifetime and:
    A.    The company pays at least the face amount of the policy to the beneficiary upon the death of             the insured;
    B.    The payment may include a loan or cash surrender value; and
    C.    The payment may include accumulated dividends.
Liquid asset - see Assets.
Loan - a debt the borrower has an obligation to repay (see Bona fide).
Low Income Energy Assistance Program (LIEAP) - a federally and state funded program that exists to partially meet the cost of home heating energy.
Lump sum - a payment of earned/unearned money, i.e., payment of retroactive benefits such as, but not limited to, RSDI, lottery winnings, UIB, cash inheritances or workers compensation awards. It is the total amount received minus legal fees required to make the money available and minus the amount designated by the payer or source for medical expenses. 
    A.    For SNAP - the payment must be nonrecurring (one time only).  
    B.    For PRICE - all or partial payment on a claim prior to negotiation or prior to a regular monthly             payment.
Maintenance - see Care and control.
Mandatory - refers to a person(s) who is required to meet specified provisions within the law, rules and/or policy.
Marriage or married couple – a contractual relationship between a man and a woman recognized by the State of Wyoming with a document, certificate or license or when Social Security Administration (SSA) decides either of the couple is entitled to a husband’s or wife’s Retirement, Survivors and Disability Insurance (RSDI) as a spouse.
Mass change - the act of affecting appropriate cases by issuing a new or revised policy caused by a change in state or federal law.
Maximum benefit level - the maximum amount of benefits for SNAP and the maximum POWER payment for an assistance unit.
Medicaid - a federal program of medical assistance and services established under Title XIX of the Social Security Act for eligible low income aged, blind or disabled persons and families and children.
Medical professional - a licensed physician, a psychologist or master’s level mental health worker.  includes a physician’s assistant and licensed clinical social worker.
Mental health professional - a licensed psychologist or master’s level mental health worker employed by a public or private human services organization or in private practice.
Mentally/physically disabled/incapacitated - see Physically/mentally disabled/incapacitated.
Migrant farm worker assistance unit - an assistance unit that moves on a regular basis to find work in harvesting crops or other agricultural activities. 
Military allotment - see Support.
Military StatusParent is serving active duty in the US Military or is a member of either a National Guard unit or a Military Reserve unit.
Minor - a person under age 18 who does not meet emancipation criteria in Wyoming laws.
Minor parent - a mother or father who is under the legal age of 18 according to the Tax Reform Act of 1986. (Public Law 99 514)
Minor parent provision - the requirements a minor parent must meet per W.S. 42-2-103 to be eligible for a POWER performance payment. 
Monetary – any income in the certification period which is received too infrequently or irregularly to be reasonable anticipated, but not in excess of $50 in a quarter.
Month – 
    A.    Benefit month – the calendar month for which eligibility will be authorized and benefits                   issued.
    B.     Beginning months – for SNAP:
            1.     The months the assistance unit applies and is certified and the month thereafter.
            2.     An additional beginning month may be allowed to coincide with POWER/POWER-SASFA                     or TRIBAL TANF if the assistance unit applies and is eligible for SNAP and the other                            program at the same time.
    C.    Current month - the month in which eligibility is determined.
    D.    Initial month –
            1.    The first month for which the assistance unit is certified for participation following any                     break in participation.
            2.     For migrant and seasonal farm worker assistance units, the first month following a                            period of more than 30 days when the assistance unit was not certified.  
    E.     Performance payment month - for POWER, the payment received on the first of the month                following the performance period and paid for compliance during that performance period                (the 15th of one month through the 14th of the following month).
Month received - the calendar month in which the payer or source made the money available or the individual receives the money in hand, whichever occurs first. (Social Security benefits, SSI and POWER, when received at the end of the month for the following month, count in the following month.)
Mortgage insurance – insurance that covers lender if the person defaults on their home loan. Payment is made to mortgage lender when the person has not paid the required amount down.  Insurance would end when the client completes paying remaining balance down.
Necessities - those items which are reasonably required to sustain life (i.e. food, clothing, shelter, health and medical needs).
Need – For POWER - the lack of money to purchase essential items to sustain life and measured by the maximum POWER payment.
Need allowance - the amount of money allotted to cover the needs of a person(s) which is determined by using the maximum POWER payment for the assistance unit size.
Net income - see Income.
Net profit - the gross receipts, less the current business expenses (see Business expenses and Income).
    A.     For SNAP – a position the assistance unit clearly demonstrates it will not take actions it can                take and which are required to complete the application process or to determine ongoing                 eligibility.
    B.    For POWER - the act of refusing or failing to comply with a child support, work or eligibility               performance standard.
Non-custodial parent – any parent who is not providing care and control of the child(ren) or who cannot be counted on to function in the planning for the physical care, guidance and maintenance of the child(ren).
Nonexempt - (countable) a category of income or assets to be used in budgeting or to which the program policy and limits are to be applied.
Nonperishable expenditure item – includes items such as tools which cost more than $100 and which retain high resale value.
Non-public assistance (NPA) household - a household not receiving benefits.
Non-temporary changes -  A change exceeding three (3) months.
Notice of adverse action - a written statement which informs the applicant/recipient of the intended action to be taken in the manner of payment, the amount of payment and/or the period of eligibility, the reason and specific regulation(s) supporting the action, the date the action will occur and a statement of the person's right to request a hearing.
    A.    Adequate notice - a notice of action informing the assistance unit of a decrease or                           termination in benefits to be received by the assistance unit no later than the date the                   benefits would have been received.
    B.    Five (5)-day notice - a notice of action mailed at least five (5) days before the action would             become effective when the agency obtains facts indicating payment should be reduced or                terminated due to possible fraud of the applicant/ recipient.
    C.    Ten day notice period - the 10 days which starts the day the notice is mailed per the date on             the eligibility computer system.
    D.    Timely notice - a notice of action mailed at least 10 days before the date the action would                become effective.
Numident - the tape of matched and unmatched Social Security numbers transmitted from the eligibility computer system and run against SSA files.
Offset - to reduce the amount of the overpayment by the amount of an existing underpayment.
Ongoing eligibility determination - the act of evaluating each open case and finding the case eligible or ineligible based on the reported change in circumstances and performance of the assistance unit.
Ongoing income - see Income. 
Open case - an assistance unit on the eligibility computer system in payment or medical status, or a recipient/unit with a zero performance payment.
Overpayment/Overissuance - benefits issued to an assistance unit for the benefit month which exceeds the amount for which the unit, or an individual within the unit, was eligible.
Parent – a natural, legal or adoptive mother or father of any age.  Under W.S.14-2-102(a)(iv) of the Wyoming State Statutes, a person is presumed to be the father when he openly holds out the child to be his natural child.  
Parental care/Physical care – in its general usage means physical custody which means charge of, oversight of and responsibility for the safety and well-being of a child.  Physical custody implies also living together or in the same household with the child(ren).
Parental choice - the parent/caretaker may select any person he/she chooses who meets the definition of a provider.
Parental control – when a child, other than a foster child, is financially or otherwise dependent on a non-parent member of the assistance unit.
Parental obligation - the portion of the child care cost the parent(s)/caretaker(s) is responsible to pay based on the size and income of the assistance unit.
Parental Obligation System for Support Enforcement (POSSE) - the child support enforcement computer system.
Parental support - see Support.
Participating in a strike – legally or illegally taking part in a work stoppage or slowdown.
Part day care - is less than five (5) hours of child care in a day.
Part-time employment - see Employment.
Paternity – a legal relationship existing between a child and his natural, legal or adoptive father per W.S. 14-2-101 and 102.
Pay-After-Performance – receipt of a cash payment after the mandatory family members have met the child support, work program and eligibility requirements for the corresponding performance period.
Payee - the person in whose name the benefit is issued.  
Payment – the act of giving a check or warrant to the grantee or the legal representative.
Performance payment - money paid to an eligible family who has met all performance requirements.
Performance payment month - see Month.
Performance period – the 15th of one month through the 14th of the following month.
Performance requirement - a specified eligibility, child support or work condition an applicant or recipient must meet in order to receive a performance payment.  (See Child Support performance requirement, Eligibility performance requirement and Work program performance requirements).
Period of intended use - the month in which the benefits are issued, except benefits issued after the 20th of the month, and then it is the last day of the month following issuance.
Periodic review – an interview held not less than twelve (12) months to re-determine all eligibility factors, establish a new best estimate of income, when applicable, and enter documentation in the case file to acknowledge the review occurred.
Perjury – a willful false statement of a material fact, swearing to what is untrue or omitting to answer all questions under oath.
Permanent resident immigrant – see Lawful permanent resident immigrant.
Personal Identification Number (PIN) – the five (5) digit number chosen by the client as a security code to access EBT benefits.
Personal injury insurance – protection purchased from a company for the payment of cash upon occurrence of an injury or accident and is not for repair, replacement or medical expenses.
Personal Opportunities With Employment Responsibilities (POWER) – the program set up and partially funded under the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) block grant, formerly AFDC, and includes POWER-SASFA and Tribal TANF.
Personal Opportunities With Employment Responsibilities – State Adult Student Financial Aid (POWER-SASFA) – the state funded program for students who are in approved educational programs and who have continued to meet the educational requirements specified in Wyoming welfare reform statutes.  (W.S. 42-2-109)
Personal property - all things owned or possessed excluding land and building affixed thereto.
Physical care - the act of attending to the material and natural needs of a child(ren) (see Care and control).
Physical harm - damage or injury to the body that exists or threatens to exist if a specified event occurs.
Physically/mentally disabled/incapacitated - pertains to the time limit provision, verification has been provided substantiating the health of an applicant/recipient is of such severity the individual cannot obtain/retain employment and/or maintain independence in the community as it is beyond the individual's capability.  
Plan for Achieving Self Support (PASS) account - an account set up by an SSI recipient for the specific purpose of fulfillment of a Plan for Achieving Self-Support under Title XVI of the Social Security Act.
Post secondary education – a program of instruction beyond high school directed toward a degree, a license or a certificate and offered by:
    A.    An institution of higher education as determined by the Secretary of Education; or
    B.    A public institution legally authorized by the State of Wyoming to provide such a program.
Power of Attorney (POA) - a written document a person signs appointing another person to legally act in behalf of or perform duties as if s/he was the person taking the action.
Preponderance of evidence – when the number of supporting facts or statements for one condition is greater than for another condition.
Primary beneficiary - a person who has worked the specified number of quarters in covered employment and is eligible for retirement or disability benefits from SSA in his/her own right.
Primary caretaker - the person(s) who provides the care and control of the child(ren) more than 50% of the month/year and there is likely to be an interruption of the absent parent's provision of maintenance, guidance and/or physical care of the child(ren) (see Care and Control).
Primary evidence - a document or record of an official government agency or public institution accepted in a judicial proceeding as establishing the truth.
Program requirement - the condition(s) that must be met to qualify for a POWER performance payment.
Project area - any county or district consisting of counties designated by the state as an administrative unit for program purposes.
Property - both real and personal assets owned by the family unit.
Pro rated share - the gross earned and unearned income, less all allowable exclusions, divided by the number of assistance unit members including the excluded individual(s).
Prorate - divide or distribute proportionally:
    A.    Based on days of eligibility for initial months of eligibility.
    B.    To determine months of ineligibility because of receipt of a lump sum.
    C.    To average income over intended period of use for self-employment or contractual income.
Prosecution, Recovery, Investigation, Collection Enforcement (PRICE) – Prosecution, Recovery, Investigation, Collection Enforcement in the DFS.
Prospective budgeting - using the best estimate of the income and circumstances that will exist in the benefit month to determine eligibility and to compute the benefit.
Prospective eligibility - the method of testing income, expenses and circumstances for a future benefit month against specified conditions or factors when eligibility requirements are met.
Protective payee - the person, other than the caretaker relative, to whom payment is made and who is managing the funds for the purpose of safeguarding the health and safety of the child(ren).
    A.    Any person other than a mother, father, stepmother, stepfather, foster parent or member of            the assistance unit who is approved to provide child care services under the child care                        regulations and rules; or
    B.    An individual, business or agency from whom DFS purchases services or goods on behalf of a               recipient or assistance unit.
Public assistance - any program where income and/or assets are tested to determine eligibility, (i.e., POWER, SSI, SNAP, Child Care and medical assistance).
Public institution - a governmental establishment, or an establishment over which a governmental unit exercises administrative control, that furnishes (in single or multiple facilities) food, shelter and some treatment or services to persons unrelated to the proprietor.
For POWER, in Wyoming these are the State Hospital, Community Alternative Centers (CAC), Training School, State Penitentiary, Women's Center, Honor Farm, Girls' School, Boys' School, Pioneer Home and city/county jail facilities.
Pursuit – the act of seeking, obtaining or accomplishing the payment of child support through commonly accepted child support enforcement procedures.
Putative – commonly accepted or supposed.
Qualified immigrant -
    A.    A lawful permanent resident with 40 qualifying quarters of work (spouse and minor                           dependent can be credited) without receipt of government benefits;
    B.    A refugee, asylee, one whose deportation is withheld for up to five (5) years for PO and                   indefinitely for CC, upon entry into the U.S. or a parolee for up to one (1) year after entry                into the U.S.
    C.     A qualified immigrant means an immigrant who at the time the immigrant applies for or                     receives SNAP is in one (1) of the following categories as determined by the Citizenship and               Immigration Services (CIS).
            1.     Lawfully admitted for permanent residence (LPR) in the United States (holders of green                     cards).  This category includes “American immigrants” as defined under Section 584 of                     the Foreign Operations, Export Financing and Related Programs Appropriations Act of                         1988;
            2.     Granted asylum under section 208 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA);
            3.     Refugee admitted to the United States under section 207 of the INA (the Trafficking                        Victims Protection Act of 2002 (Public Law 106-386) requires victims of a severe form of                     trafficking to be treated as refugees for SNAP purposes);
            4.     Paroled into the United States under section 212(d)(5) of the INA for at least one (1)                         year;
            5.     Deportation is being withheld under section 243(h) of the INA as in effect before                                 4/1/97, or removal is withheld under section 214(b)(3) of the INA;
            6.     Granted conditional entry under section 203(a)(7) of the INA as in effect before 4/1/80;
            7.     Cuban or Haitian entrant under section 501(e) of the Refugee Education Assistance Act                     of 1980; 
            8.  Under certain circumstances, a battered spouse, battered child(ren) or parent or                               child(ren) of a battered person with a petition pending under 204(a)(1)(A) or (B) or                           244(a)(3) of the INA; 
            9.    U.S. military connection (veteran, active duty, spouse or unmarried dependent                               child(ren);
          10.     Lawfully in the U.S. on 8/22/96 and age 65 or older;
          11.     Qualified immigrant receiving blind or disability benefits, or under 18 years of age,                            regardless of date of entry;
          12.     Canadian born Indians under 289 of the INA;
          13.     Member of an Indian Tribe under 4(e) of Indian Self-Determination and Education                            Assistance Act; or
          14.     Hmong or Highland Laotian refugees (fought on behalf of U.S. during Vietnam conflict).
Qualifying quarters - quarters of coverage under Title II of the Social Security Act, including quarters worked by the immigrant, a parent while the immigrant was under 18 and quarters worked by a spouse while married to the immigrant, and has not received public assistance.
Quarter – three (3) calendar months - January through March, April through June, July through September and October through December.
Real property - land and buildings or immovable objects permanently attached thereto; land, and generally whatever is erected, growing upon or affixed to the land.
Reapplication - the completion of an application in writing requesting assistance after being ineligible for benefits for more than one calendar month or, for SNAP, following a break in participation.
Reasonable appraisal - a value given by a knowledgeable source close in amount to the similar property values in the community or is logical using prudent person judgment.
Reasonable distance - the distance from home to work does not exceed two (2) hours per day not including the transportation of a child(ren) to and from a child care facility.
Reasonably expected - the condition of being in agreement with the belief an event will occur.
Recertification – re-applying when the certification period ends, re-verifying each factor of eligibility, establishing a new best estimate of income, when applicable, making a decision of eligibility and benefit amount, establishing a new certification period not to exceed 24 months and entering documentation in the case record.
Recipient - a person who is eligible for and receiving benefits on her/his own behalf or on behalf of others.
Recover - to collect a payment issued for which the person(s) was not eligible.
Redetermination - to re-verify each factor of eligibility, establish a new best estimate of income, when applicable, make a decision of eligibility and benefit amount based on the verified information and performance standards and enter documentation in the case record when a change in circumstances is reported.
Reinstate – to restore the case to eligible status when a full benefit month has not passed or an administrative hearing request has been requested timely. 
    A.    An individual who is through marriage, blood relationship, or court decree, the grandparent,             great- grandparent, sibling, aunt or uncle of a child;
    B.    Any blood relative, including those of half-blood, first cousins, nephews and nieces and                   persons of preceding generations denoted by prefixes of grand, great or great-great are                    included in this definition;
    C.    Stepmother, stepfather, stepbrother and stepsister;
    D.    Adoptive or natural parents and their adopted or natural children;
    E.    Siblings, including those related through adoption; and
    F.    Spouses of any person mentioned above are considered relatives even though the marriage               may be terminated by death or divorce.
Resident – a person who lives or dwells in Wyoming for a continued period of time with the intent to reside permanently in the state. 
Resource – a community service agency that an individual may be referred to for additional assistance.
Restitution - full payment of assistance paid in error.
Retained child support - the money paid by the non-custodial parent for the needs of the child(ren) when sent directly to the recipient and not reported or turned in to the state; also the amount of child support kept by the State.
Retirement, Survivors and Disability Insurance (RSDI) - insurance through the Social Security Administration under Title II of the Social Security Act.
Room and/or board income – money received from providing rooms and meals, if a boarder.
For SNAP, a restrictive measure or penalty imposed against an individual for not meeting an eligibility requirement.
Satisfactory progress – 
    A.    Post secondary educational component – the participant must meet, each term or semester,             at least a 2.0 grade point average in the degree requirements.
    B.    Training component - the participant must meet quarterly a consistent standard of progress,             which includes gains or proficiency levels and a reasonable time limit for completion of the                training as determined by the instructor and POWER case manager or Benefit Specialist.
School – an elementary school, a secondary school or the equivalent to a secondary school or high school.
School attendance -
    A.     For SNAP –
            1.     Full-time is 25 clock hours per week in a secondary school, secondary education                                 program or a vocational or technical school without shop practice; 
            2.     Full-time is 30 hours per week in a vocational or technical school with shop practice;
            3.     Half-time is 12 clock hours per week in a secondary school, secondary education                                program or a vocational or technical school without shop practice;
            4.     Half-time is 15 clock hours per week in a vocational or technical school with shop                            practice; or
            5.     Half-time is a minimum of six (6) credit hours at an institution of higher education.
    B.    For POWER - enrollment in a secondary school or a vocational/technical school equivalent to             a secondary school or high school:
            1.     Full-time is 30 clock hours per week;
            2.     Half-time is 15 clock hours per week; or
            3.     Part-time is half-time or more but less than full time.
School year - the annual period of sessions of an education institution usually beginning in the fall.
Seasonal farm worker - a person who works on a farm or ranch on a seasonal basis when the work    is generally within commuting distance of his home.
Secondary education – education between elementary school and college.  An elementary or secondary school student is someone who attends elementary, junior high, middle, or high school; or someone who attends classes to obtain a General Equivalency Diploma which is recognized, operated, or supervised by the student’s state or local school district; or someone who is educated through a home-school program supervised by the student’s state or local school district.
Secondary evidence - a document or record of a declaration of fact by individuals or entities that has no responsibility to establish the fact and is inferior to primary or best evidence.
Self-employed – when an individual earns her/his living directly from her/his own profession or business AND pays her/his own taxes rather than earning a salary or commission from another.
Shelter costs - the amount of money required to provide housing (i.e., rent, mortgage payments, motel rates) and/or the utilities (i.e. water, sewer, heat, electricity).
Shelter for battered women and children – a public or private nonprofit residential facility that serves battered women and their children.
Shelter included - the POWER payment levels used when the assistance unit pays any portion of their own housing and/or utility costs except the assistance unit(s) receiving a government housing subsidy, has a household member who receives SSI and is a relative or under the minor parent requirements.
Shelter supplied - the POWER performance payment level used when all housing and utility costs are provided to the assistance unit without cost and for the assistance unit(s) receiving a government rental subsidy, having a household member who receives SSI and is a relative or under the minor parent requirements.
Sibling - brother, sister, stepbrother, stepsister, half brother, half sister and adopted brother or sister.
Single custodial parent - for the work program exemption, the parent is the only adult in the household.
Single parent assistance unit - a family with one (1) custodial parent or, if both parents are in the home, one (1) parent is an SSI recipient.
Social Security Administration (SSA) – a division of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that administers federal social security programs.
Social Security number (SSN) - the account number assigned to all persons who apply and will be used to accumulate work history and contributions for payment of Social Security benefits.
Special needs - a child who is less than 18 years old who is developmentally disabled or has a mental or physical incapacity which limits her/his ability to care for herself/himself.
Sponsor - any person or any public or private organization that has executed an "affidavit of support" (CIS Form I-134) or similar legally binding agreement to support an immigrant as a condition of the immigrant's admission for permanent residence in the U.S.  An immigrant may have more than one sponsor.
Sponsored immigrant - an immigrant lawfully admitted for permanent residence into the U.S. and for whom an affidavit of support has been executed.
Stable income - see Income.
State Data Exchange System (SDX) - used to notify the State of the people eligible for SSI.
Statement - a formal declaration of the circumstance(s) as requested by the agency.
Statute of limitations - the time allowed in the Wyoming statutes in which court action may be initiated and there is no limitation for debts owed to the state of Wyoming.
Stepparent - the spouse of a natural or adoptive parent, who is not a natural or adoptive parent.
Stepparent contribution - the amount of money considered available for the POWER eligible persons after applying the specified disregards to the ineligible stepparent's gross countable income.
Strike – any concerted slowdown, interruption of operations by employees or any stoppage of work by employees, including a stoppage by reason of the expiration of a collective-bargaining agreement.
Student - a person age 18 through age 49 who is physically and mentally fit and enrolled at least half-time in an institution of higher education.
Subsidized housing - see Housing subsidy.
Substitute provider - an individual who fills in for the usual provider for not more than 24 hours per month.
Supervised setting - for minor parents, a family setting with an adult relative or court appointed guardian or custodian as evidenced by the assumption of responsibility for the care and control of the minor parent and dependent child(ren).
Supplemental Security Income (SSI) – the program funded under Title XVI of the Social Security Act.
    A.    Alimony/Spousal support - a court or voluntary payment made to an individual by his/her                spouse/former spouse;
    B.    Child support - a court ordered or voluntary payment made by a non-custodial parent for                his/her child(ren) to assist with day-to-day maintenance; 
    C.    Military allotment - the military payment allocated as support for a service person's                        dependents.
    D.    Parental support - providing to one's child the necessities such as food, clothing, housing,                health and medical needs and is usually meant to be provided by expenditure of money or by             in-kind unearned income.
Sworn statement - declaration under penalty of perjury the written information is true and correct.
Systematic Alien Verification for Entitlement (SAVE) - the CIS program whereby state agencies may verify the validity of documents provided by immigrants applying for public assistance benefits by obtaining information from a central data file.
SS 5 - an application for a Social Security number and card.
Teen Parent – a parent under the age of 20.
Temporary absence - see Absence.
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) – In Wyoming, this program is operated as the POWER program.
Temporary Change -  Any time-limited absence or reduction of parent/caretaker's status in working or attending job training or education. 
Ten dollar limit – performance payment computed for less than $10 and, therefore, no payment is issued.
Tenancy in common – A tenancy by two (2) or more persons, in equal or unequal undivided shares, each person having an equal right to possess the whole property but no right of survivorship.
Terminate – to close a case and/or an individual from a program; to end the certification period before the scheduled time of expiration.
Termination of employment – the permanent loss of an employment position where the employee has no re-employment rights and/or there is no reasonable expectation the employee will be rehired by the same employer in the same or a substantially similar position in the foreseeable future.
Third Party Liability (TPL) – an individual, entity or program that is or may be liable to pay all or part of the medical costs of injury, disease or disability of a client. 
Third Party Query (TPQY) – an automated system which allows rapid access to SSA and SSI information.
Thrifty Food Plan - the diet required to feed a family of four (4) persons consisting of a man and a woman 20 through 50, a child six (6) through eight (8) and a child nine (9) through 11 years of age, determined in accordance with the Secretary of Health and Human Service's calculations.
Time limitation - see five (5) year benefit limit.
Timely reporting – when information is provided either in writing, in person or by phone immediately after the client becomes aware of the change in circumstances.
Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA)
    A.     For victims, a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud or coercion or in which the                     person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age and the recruitment,              harboring, transportation,  provision or obtaining of a person for labor or services through                 the use of force, fraud or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude,                 peonage, debt bondage or slavery.
    B.    For fraud, illegally trading, buying or selling SNAP benefits.
Training – see Employment Training.
Transfer – 
    A.    The act of moving the right, title or interest in property from one person to another by sale,             gift or exchange; or
    B.    The act of sending the case file and moving the eligibility computer system case from one                 county to another upon request or because the assistance unit moved to another county.
Trust - a property interest held by one (1) person for the benefit of another.
Trustee – any person(s) appointed by the instrument creating the trust, or any person appointed by the court to administer the trust. (AKA grantee)
    A.    Trustor – the person who sets aside assets by placing them in a trust.  Also known as donor,                grantor or settler; and
    B.    Beneficiary – the person(s) who benefits from the trust during the life of the trustor and/or                who benefits upon the death of the trustor.
Two-parent assistance unit – a family consisting of both parents (natural and/or adoptive, stepparent and parent) and their child(ren) living together in a home applying for or receiving a POWER performance payment.  The parents may or may not be married.  (see Single parent assistance unit and Marriage or married couple).
Two (2) party check - a payment made out to the recipient and the person furnishing goods or services and can be cashed only upon signature of both parties.
Unavailable – 
    A.    Money from a lump sum incapable of being used for day-to-day needs of the assistance unit                because it was spent or lost as the result of a disaster which was beyond the family's control;
    B.    A jointly owned asset the second party refuses to sell and each owner does not have the legal             right to sell his/her share;
    C.    The asset is inaccessible because a legal barrier or restriction exists; or
    D.    Income inaccessible to the client because s/he does not have a legal interest in or is tied up             in divorce or other legal action.
Uncompensated Value - see Value.
Underpayment/Underissuance - benefits received by or for an assistance unit which is less than the amount for which the unit was eligible.
Unearned Income - see Income.
Unemployment Insurance Benefit (UIB) –.
United States (U.S.) - defined in a geographical sense as the continental United States, Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Guam, U.S. Virgin Islands and Northern Mariana Islands.
Unpaid principal - the balance to be paid on an agreement to buy or sell.
Value - the monetary worth of a good or service.
    A.    Cash surrender value (CSV) - the amount the insurer will pay upon cancellation of the policy             before death of the insured or before maturity of the policy.
    B.    Cash value – 
            1.     For assets, the amount that would be paid if the asset were sold or converted to cash. 
            2.     For income, the amount of the income or the value assigned to the service rendered for                     in-kind income.
    C.    Current market value (CMV) - the amount for which the property can be expected to sell for             on the  open market in the community at the time of determination or at the time of                        transfer or sale.
    D.    Equity value - the CMV or Fair Market Value (FMV) less any legal debts or encumbrances. For             vehicles the equity value is FMV or trade-in value less encumbrances.
    E.    Face value - the basic death benefit of an insurance policy exclusive of dividend additions or             amounts payable due to accidental death or other special provisions.
    F.    Fair market value (FMV) - the amount of money the sale of property would currently (or at               the time of transfer) bring on the open market in the community where the property is                   located.
    G.    Trade-in value - for vehicles such as automobiles, trucks, vans and motorcycles, it is the                    trade-in value  according to the Edmund’s Automobile Valuation internet site or the lower of             two (2) reasonable appraisals of the amount that would be given if the vehicle was                            exchanged for another or turned in.
    H.   Uncompensated value - the current market value less the gross sale price.
Vendor – the person or business that provides goods or services to the recipient or on behalf of the recipient.
Vendor payment – the amount paid in behalf of an assistance unit which the assistance unit cannot convert to cash to meet its needs.
Verification - the act of establishing a fact as true by viewing evidence or obtaining a verbal description of the content of the evidence.
Voluntary quit – 
    A.    For SNAP – an applicant or recipient has terminated or decreased her/his employment or rate             of pay without good cause. 
    B.    For POWER – an applicant or recipient has terminated or decreased her/his employment or               rate of pay without good cause, including being fired due to her/his own fault.
Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA) – 
    A.    The act of formally withdrawing the requirement to penalize/disqualify an                                        applicant/recipient for failure to cooperate with or not meeting a program requirement.
    B.    The act of confessing to deliberate misrepresentation by the applicant/recipient thus                       relinquishing her/his right to a disqualification hearing.
Waiver of disqualification - a written consent to disqualification from a program without a hearing which includes a declaration of whether the recipient admits to the acts presented by DFS.
Weapon – a firearm, explosive or incendiary material, or other device, instrument, material or substance which in the manner it is ordinarily used or intended to be used is reasonably capable of producing death or serious bodily injury.
Women, Infants and Children (WIC) – supplemental nutritional program administered by the Wyoming Department of Health.
Work activity expenditure - a specifically requested and approved payment which assists the participant in becoming employed while decreasing dependence on a welfare system.
Workforce Investment Act (WIA) – the federal training act, which replaced the JTPA (Job Training Partnership Act) programs.
Working - includes, for an ABAWD:
    A.    Work in exchange for money;
    B.    Work in exchange for good or services (in-kind); or
    C.    Unpaid volunteer work with an agency or organization which is scheduled and structured.
Work program action center - the place where the work performance contract staff meet with job seekers, offer job club and job readiness activities and maintain a job network center.
Work program performance requirements - includes the mandatory job seeker contacting the work program CM, keeping all appointments, complying with the steps and responsibilities in her/his IRP, registering for employment at DWS and following through with referrals to DVR for employment rehabilitation or an SSI application.
Wyoming On-Line Financial System (WOLFS)
Zero money payment - a month where no POWER performance payment is made either due to the $10 limit or to over payment recovery.