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Albert Eistein

Born:  March 14, 1879 in Ulm, Germany
Died:  April 18, 1955 in Princeton, New Jersey, United States

Occupation:  physicist

Family: Married Mileva Maric on January 6, 1903 (divorced February 14, 1919); children: Lieserl, Hans Albert, and Eduard. Married Elsa Lowenthal on June 2, 1919. Education: Earned a doctorate from the University of Zurich in 1905.

Albert Einstein is one of the most famous scientists of the twentieth century. He was the leading physicist of his time. A physicist studies the movement and makeup of matter. Matter is the particles that make up the universe.

Einstein was born in Germany. He went to school in Switzerland. In 1905, he got his doctorate degree. That same year, he published three papers. Those papers changed physics forever.

In one paper he proved that molecules exist even though people cannot see them. Molecules are the small bits that make up particles. In another paper, he wrote down his ideas about light.

His third paper explained his theory of relativity. It is described by the famous formula E=mc. This paper showed that matter is a form of energy.

Einstein received the Nobel Prize for physics in 1921. He lived in Germany until coming to the United States in 1933. Around this time, the Nazis rose to power in Germany. They took away Einstein's belongings and his German citizenship because he was Jewish.

Einstein became a U.S. citizen in 1940. Although he once encouraged the creation of the atomic bomb, he later worked against the spread of nuclear weapons. He died in New Jersey at age 76.

Source Citation:  "Albert Einstein." Kids InfoBits. Thomson Gale, 2005.   Reproduced in Kids InfoBits.  Detroit:  Gale, 2011.   http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/KidsInfoBits