Facts about Tanzania


  • Population as of 2009 was 43.7, compared to 313 million in the US
  • Tanzania is about the size of Texas and Michigan combined
  • More than 80% of the population lives in rural areas
  • Nearly half of the people in Tanzania are under the age of 15
  •  Both Swahili and English are official languages
  • Over 120 different ethnic groups live in Tanzania.  Swahili was developed to allow those tribal peoples to speak a common language
  • People of Arab, Indian and Pakistani descent also live in Tanzania, largely on the coast and the island of Zanzibar
  • The highest mountain in Africa is Mt. Kilimanjaro, which is located in northeast Tanzania
  • Tanzania has four major regions with different climates in each:  the coast has tropical weather; the mountains are cool; the area around the major lakes is temperate; and the remainder is hot and dry