Reference & citation

Reference & citation


Reference resources for students

World Book Online available from the Watertown Public School District [off-campus use requires login and password, contact Amy Stout, Librarian, for more information: amy.stout@watertown.k12.ma.us]

Online reference resources from the Watertown Free Public Library

Great Websites for Kids sponsored by the American Library Association

Citation guide for students

Citing another person's work means documenting where you got your information or ideas. If you use another person's work, you must give the author or creator credit. See more information on citation on the Copyright & ethics page.

Example of when to cite Example of when to ask for permission
"Charles Darwin developed his ideas of natural selection in The Origin of Species." "Langston Hughes' poem, Harlem, goes like this: [whole text of poem here]."


Citation formatting suggestions for grades 1 & 2

Book

Name of author. Title of book.
Michelle Knudsen. Library Lion.

Print encyclopedia article

Name of the article. Name of the encyclopedia.
Emperor Penguin. The World Book Encyclopedia.

Online encyclopedia article

Name of the article. Name of the encyclopedia. Online.
Emperor Penguin. The World Book Encyclopedia. Online.


Citation formatting suggestions for grades 3 & 4

Book

Author last name, author first name. Title of book. Copyright date.
Cleary, Beverly. The Mouse and the Motorcycle. 1965.

Print encyclopedia

"Article title." Title of the encyclopedia. Copyright date.
"Franklin, Benjamin." The World Book Encyclopedia. 2001.

Online encyclopedia

"Article title." Title of the encyclopedia. Date you visited the website. Online.
"Franklin, Benjamin." Biography.com. 19 February 2015. Online.

Internet article

Author last name, author first name (if available). "Article title." Title of Publication. Date you visited. [URL].
Stevens, Alison Pearce. "Saving the Banana." Science News for Students. 19 February 2015. [https://student.societyforscience.org/article/saving-banana?mode=topic&context=79].


Citation formatting suggestions for grade 5

Book

Author. Book title. City of publication: Publisher, date of publication.
Lowry, Lois. The Giver. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1993.

Print encyclopedia

Author last name, author first name (if available). Book title. Copyright date of edition.
"Germany." Compton's Encyclopedia. 2001.

Magazine article

Author last name, author first name (if available). "Article Title." Magazine title. Publication date.
Wollan, Malia. "Rise and Shine: what kids all around the world eat for breakfast." New York Times Magazine. October 12, 2014.

Online encyclopedia

Author last name, author first name (if available). "Article Title." Encyclopedia title. Publisher, publication date (if available). Date of visit. Online.
"Montana." Worldmark Encyclopedia of the States. Worldmark, 2007. 19 February 2015. Online.

Internet article

Author last name, author first name (if available). "Article Title." Publication title. Date you visited. [URL].
Joyce, Jaime. "A Winner at Westminster." Time for Kids. 19 February 2015. [http://www.timeforkids.com/news/winner-westminster/216306].



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