6th Grade Science Expectations:

Covering Next Generation Science Standards:

Experiment with Plants 

1.     MS-LS1-Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how environmental and genetic factors influence the growth of organisms.

2.     MS-LS2-1 – Analyze and interpret data to provide for the effects of resource availability on organisms and populations of organisms in an ecosystem.

 

The key concepts taught in Experiments with Plants Unit are:

 1.     Plants need soil nutrient, light and water.

2.     Plant growth is affected by the quantities of nutrient, light and water available.  Thinning plants helps plant to utilize more light, nutrients, and water. 

3.     Controlling variables enable the effect of each to be identified and studied.

4.     Flowering plants must be pollinated in order to produce seeds.

5.     Bees are effective pollinators but not the only pollinators of plants.

6.     One seed has the potential to produce one plant.

7.     The number of seeds produced by a single plant is affected by such variables as nutrients, light, water, and the extent of pollination.

8.     The orientation of a plant’s growth is affected by gravity and light.

9.     Planning and conducting experiments in which variables are control.

10. A variable is anything you can change in a lab experiment that might affect the way a something may develop or perform.  Only one variable may be changed, tested and evaluated before another variable can be changed.

11. Communication results through graphs, drawings, and group presentations.

Brassica plant grown in class.


Weather on Earth

ESS2: Earth's systems - How and why is Earth constantly changing?

ESS2 C:How do the properties and movements of water shape Earth's surface and affect its systems?

ESS2 D: What regulates weather and climate?

ESS3: Earth and Human activity - How do Earth's surface processes and human activities affect each other?

ESS3 A: How do humans depend on Earth's resources?

ESS3 B: How do natural hazards affect individuals and societies?

ESS3 C: How do humans change the planet?

ESS3 D: HOw do people model and predict the effects of human activities on Earth's climate?

ETS1: Engineering design - How do engineers solve problems?

ETS1 A: What is a design for?  What are the criteria and constraints of a successful solutions?

ETS1 C: How can the various proposed design solutions be compared and improved?

ETS2: Links among engineering, technology, science, and society - How are engineering , technology, science and society interconnected?

ETS2 A: What are the relationships among science, engineering, and technology?

ETS2 B: How do science, engineering and the technologies that result from them affect the ways in which people live?


The key concepts taught in Weather On Earth are:

Focus Areas:
1) Weather?
  • Air is a mixture of gases held by gravity near the Earth's surface
  • Weather happens in the troposphere, layer of atmosphere closest to the Earth.
  • Weather is the condition of the Earth's atmosphere at a given time in a given place.
  • Weather is described in terms of several variables: temperature, humidity, precipitation, wind and air pressure. 
2) Heating The Earth
  • The Sun is the major source of energy for Earth.
  • The different energy-transferring properties of the Earth materials can lead to uneven heating. 
  • Convection is the  circulation of fluid (liquid or gas) that results in energy transfer.
  • The air is heated by conduction between Earth's surface and air particles and by absorption of energy reradiated from Earth's surface.
  • A solar water heater is a system designed to use solar energy to heat water.
3)  The Water Planet
  • Condensation is the process by which gas (water vapor) changes inot liquid (water).
  • Evaporation is the process by which liquid (water) changes into gas (water vapor). 
  • Evaporation and condensation contributes to the movement of water through the water cycle redistributing water over the Earth's surface. 
  • Most of the Earth's water is in the ocean. 
4) Weather And Climate
  • Meteorologists use weather maps to display weather-variable data as an aid in forecasting weather. 
  • Climate is the average of typical weather that can be expected to occur in a region of the Earth's surface based on long-term data analysis.
  • If Earth's mean temperature continues to rise, organisms, including humans, will be affected. 





6th Grade Gateway to Technology (GTT) Expectations:

 GTT covers Next Generation Science Standards:

 Students who demonstrate understanding can:

1.   MS-ETS1-1. - Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.

2.   MS-ETS1-2. - Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.

3.   MS-ETS1-3. - Analyze data from tests to determine similarities and differences among several design solutions to identify the best characteristics of each that can be combined into a new solution to better meet the criteria for success.

4.   MS-ETS1-4. - Develop a model to generate data for iterative testing and modification of a proposed object, tool, or process such that an optimal design can be achieved.

 The key concepts taught in GTT are:

 1.     Technology is the development of new or improved products and systems to solve a problem.  These products may have a positive or negative impact on society.

2.     Engineers are people who use his or her knowledge of science, technology, math and communication to solve technical design problems.

3.     Students will learn the design process used by engineers.

4.     Energy can be transferred, or moved, from one objet to another.  Energy can be transformed or changed from one form to another. (Seven forms of energy will be discussed.)

5.     Students will learn advantages and disadvantages to six alternative fossil fuel energy sources.

6.     Problem solving assigned tasks through designing, testing, evaluating, and redesigning based on evidence from testing.

7.     Communicating team results through graphs, drawings, and group presentations of different research projects and lab activities.