This site summarizes biological and physical monitoring of shoreline enhancements at the Olympic Sculpture Park (OSP) in downtown Seattle, WA, USA. A pocket beach and habitat bench were created in shallow nearshore waters of Puget Sound, with a goal of enhancing the armored shorelines to benefit fish and invertebrates, especially for juvenile outmigrating Pacific salmon.
Toft, J.D., A.S. Ogston, S.M. Heerhartz, J.R. Cordell, and E.E. Flemer. 2013. Ecological response and physical stability of habitat enhancements along an urban armored shoreline. Ecological Engineering 57: 97-108.