Lives of famous marine and fisheries scientists

Autobiographies, obituaries, and biographies of prominent scientists* provide background on how they got to their positions, and advice on how to succeed in fisheries. Here is a list (and links) to pieces that expand on the lives of such people. The lifespan of living scientists is omitted. A major series of 12 invited "reflections on careers" pieces has also been published in ICES Journal of Marine Science, with 47 more invited pieces to come. Links to the published pieces are included here. 

K. Radway Allen (1911-2008): chaired IWC scientific committee, New Zealand Fisheries Laboratory, Canada's Pacific Biological Station, and Australia's CSIRO
McDowall C (2008) Fisheries scientist K. Radway Allen, 1911-2008. NIWA News 1 June 2008. 
Pitcher TJ (2008) Stream out of Eden: K. Radway Allen 1911-2008. Fish and Fisheries 9:119-120
Wells F (2008) K. Radway Allen. AMSA Bulletin 177 Summer 2008: 4-5 

Emory D. Anderson: European fisheries stock assessments
Anderson ED (2015) Lessons from a career in fisheries science. ICES Journal of Marine Science 72:2169-2179

Rachel Andrews (1971-2009): fish veterinarian
Anon (2009) A tribute to Rachel Louise Andrews, who died on the 12th June 2009. Fish Veterinary Journal 11:55-56 [reprinted from Veterinary Times Vol 39 No. 27 July 13th 2009]

Robert J. Behnke (1934-2013): native trout of western North America
Piccolo JJ (2015) Learning ‘About Trout’: a student's tribute to Robert J. Behnke. Fish and Fisheries 16:181-182

Steven Berkeley (1947-2007): fisheries ecologist who advocated for marine protected areas
Anon (2007) Influential fisheries ecologist Steven Berkeley dies at age 60. UCSC Newscenter, 2 July 2007
Sogard S (2014) Steven Berkeley's conservation legacy lives on. Fisheries 39(12): 604-605

Ray Beverton (1922-1995): wrote "The Bible" of fisheries science with Sidney Holt in 1957
Anderson E (2011) Standing on the shoulders of giants. ICES Insight 48:4-12, September 2011
Le Cren ED (1995) Beverton, Raymond, J. H. obituary. Fisheries 20:44
Organising Committee (1994) Dedication: Prof. Dr. Raymond J. H. Beverton. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research 32(2):99 
Pitcher TJ (1996) Raymond John Heaphy Beverton, CBE, FRS 1922-1995. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 53:1200-1201
Ramster J (1996) Professor Ray Beverton 29 August 1922 - 23 July 1995. ICES Journal of Marine Science 53:1-9
Shelton S, Hawkins A, Holt S (1995) Professor Raymond (John Heaphy) Beverton, CBE, FRS, FIBiol. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 5:393-397

Bud Burgner (1919-2014): Mr Sockeye
Duke M, Quinn TP, Schindler D, Miller BS, Myers K, Dahlberg M, Kerns OE Jr, Light J, Pella J, Becker CD, Bugaev V. (2014) Robert L. "Bud" Burgner, 1919-2014. SAFS Newsletter Spring-Summer 2014. School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington
Burgner RL (2009) My career with Fisheries Research Institute, University of Washington. University of Washington, Seattle. 

Doug Chapman (1920-1996): put the brakes on modern whaling
Grenee HF (1996) UW scientist Douglas Chapman, 76. Seattle Times, 11 July 1996.
Pace E (1996) Douglas G. Chapman, 76, expert in the demographics of whales. New York Times, 11 July 1996. 

Eugenie Clark (1923-2015): famed marine biologist and shark lady
Balon EK (1994) The life and work of Eugenie Clark: devoted to diving and science. pp. 89-114 in: Women in ichthyology: an anthology in honour of ET, Ro and Genie. Balon EK, Bruton MN, Noakes D (eds). 
McFadden RD (2015) Eugenie Clark, scholar of the life aquatic, dies at 92. New York Times, 25 February 2015. 
Stone A (2015) 'Shark lady' Eugenie Clark, famed marine biologist, has died. National Geographic News, 25 February 2015. 

Kevern Cochrane: ecosystem approach to fisheries
Cochrane KL (2017) An integrated view of fisheries: tunnelling between silos. ICES Journal of Marine Science 74:625-634

Edwin Crossman (1929-2003): freshwater fishes of Canada
Anon (2003) A short tribute to Edwin J. Crossman (21 September 1929, 21 December 2003). Dalhousie University
Anon (2017) Edwin J. Crossman Scholarship in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. University of Toronto, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. Accessed 19 April 2017. 

David Cushing (1920-2008): proposed the match/mismatch hypothesis to explain recruitment variability
Horwood J (2008) David Cushing: marine fisheries ecologist. The Independent Online, 10 April 2008. 

Niels Daan: ecosystem perspectives on fisheries science
Rijnsdorp AD, Dekker W, Heessen HJL (2008) The contribution of Niels Daan to fisheries science: Changing the perspective from single-species to the ecosystem. Journal of Sea Research 60:2-7

Janice Lee Fenske (1954-2005): protection and wise use of Michigan's fisheries
Anon (2005) Janice Lee Fenske (1954-2005). MSU Fenske Fellows

Marie Fish (1901-1988): helped the U.S. Navy distinguish between fish and submarines
Anon (1989) Marie Fish, 88, dies; navy oceanographer. New York Times, 2 February 1989 

Winifred Frost (1902-1979): pioneer in charr research
Klemetsen A (2010) The charr problem revisited: exceptional phenotypic plasticity promotes ecological speciation in postglacial lakes. Freshwater Reviews 3:49-74

Fred Fry (1908-1989): pioneer of the environmental biology of fishes
McCauley R (1990) Frederick Earnest Joseph Fry, M.B.E., M.A., Ph.D., D.Sc., F.R.S.C. - 1908-1989. Environmental Biology of Fishes 27:241-242

Bob Gauldie (1941-2011): controversial artist, unsuccessfully fought the idea that orange roughy are extremely long-lived
West I & Kay M (2011) Academic pushed boundaries in science and art. The Dominion Post, Wellington, New Zealand, 18 June 2011

John Gulland (1926-1990): mathematician that worked on fisheries stock assessments and whaling
Beverton RJH (1991) Dr John Alan Gulland, FRS. 26 September 1926 - 24 June 1990. Journal du Conseil International pour l’Exploration de la Mer 47:411-412

Roy Harden Jones (1927-2011): fish migration
Arnold B (2011) Obituary: F R Harden Jones. ICES Journal of Marine Science 68:2005-2006

John Hart (1904-1973): Pacific fishes of Canada
Sarah GF (2014) Founding members 1904-1973 John Lawson Hart. AIFRB November 2014. 

Ray Hilborn: the true status of marine fisheries
Hilborn R (2016) Of mice, fishermen, and food. ICES Journal of Marine Science 73:2167-2173

William Hoar (1913-2006): general and comparative physiology of fishes
William S. H. Hoar Memorial Lecture. Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia

Glenn Hoffman (1918-): world fish parasitologist
Hoffman GL 2011 The fish doctor: autobiography of a world fish parasitologist. Zea E-Books, Lincoln, Nebraska. 

Chuck Hollingworth (1950-2005): freelance scientific editor
Pitcher TJ, Hart PJB (2006) Obituary for Charles (Chuck) Edward Hollingworth BSc, Msc (McGill), PhD (Wales) 1950-2005. Fish and Fisheries 7:81-83

Sidney Holt (1926-): wrote "The Bible" of fisheries science with Ray Beverton in 1957
Anderson E (2011) Standing on the shoulders of giants. ICES Insight 48:4-12, September 2011

Johan Hjort (1869-1948): proved that fish recruitment varies greatly over time
Schwach V (2014) A sea change: Johan Hjort and the natural fluctuations in the fish stocks. ICES Journal of Marine Science 71:1993-1999

Shirley Jeffrey (1930-2014): the mother of chlorophyll-C
Clementson L, Jeffrey TM, Hallegraeff G (2014) Shirley Jeffrey: Biochemist gave marine science an ocean of knowledge. Sydney Morning Herald, 12 February 2014.

Malcolm Jobling: fish physiology and bioenergetics, aquaculture
Jobling M (2017) More than a fair share of good luck. ICES Journal of Marine Science doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsx012

Phyllis T. Johnson (1926-): pioneer of marine invertebrate pathology
Stentiford GD (2016) Phyllis T. Johnson - pioneer of marine invertebrate pathology. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 138:120-125

Otto Kinne (1923-2015): marine biologist, founded multiple journals including Marine Biology and Marine Ecology Progress Series
Smetacek V (2015) A life devoted to aquatic ecology: a tribute to Otto Kinne. Marine Ecology Progress Series 528:1-6

Grace Klein-MacPhee (1939-2014): unique ability to culture larval fish; co-edited Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 
Anon (2014) Grace Klein-MacPhee 1939–2014. Fisheries 39(12):617
Anon (2002) Grace KleinMacPhee, Distinguished Naturalist 2002. Rhode Island Natural History Survey. Distinguished Natural History Award.
Bengtson D (2015) In memoriam Grace Klein-MacPhee. Stages, Early Life History section of the American Fisheries Society, February 2015: 6-7

Karl Lagler (1912-1985): ichthyologist and author of Fishes of the Great Lakes Region
Anon (2015) Founding fellow Karl F. Lagler. American Institute of Fishery Research Biologists. 27 October 2015. 

Peter Larkin (1925-1996): witty and humorous writer in fisheries ecology and population dynamics 
Northcote TG (1996) Peter Anthony Larkin. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 6:375-378

David Le Cren (1922-2011): perch and pike in Windermere
Craig JF (2012) E. David Le Cren, 1922-2011 (freshwater fish ecologist). Fish and Fisheries 13:118-120

Rosa Lee (1884-?): discovered the eponymous Rosa Lee Phenomenon: older fish grew slower when young, skewing growth estimates
Anon. Rosa Lee. Wikipedia

Rosemary Lowe-McConnell (1922-2015): expert on tropical fish, her research led to large-scale tilapia fish farming
Bruton MN (1994) The life and work of Rosemary Lowe-Connell: pioneer in tropical fish ecology. pp. 67-80 in: Women in ichthyology: an anthology in honour of ET, Ro and Genie. Balon EK, Bruton MN, Noakes D (eds). 
Greenwood J (2015) Rosemary Lowe-McConnell obituary. The Guardian. 29 January 2015.

Jane Lubchenco: president of AAAS, head of NOAA, president of Ecological Society of America, advocate for science engagement
Dean C (2009) NOAA chief believes in science as a social contract. New York Times, 23 March 2009.
Paine RT (1992) Jane Lubchenco, President 1992-1993. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 73:163-164
Tsui B (2016) The bionic woman of good science. Pacific Standard, 10 May 2016. 

David MacLennan: literally wrote the book on fisheries acoustics
MacLennan DN (2017) Reflections on technology and science in fishery research. ICES Journal of Marine Science doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsx045

Marc Mangel: mathematical ecologist
Mangel M (2017) Know your organism, know your data. ICES Journal of Marine Science doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsw228

Ramón Margalef (1919-2004): deep contributions to ecological theory
Anon (2004) Obituary: Ramón Margalef (1919–2004). Journal of Plankton Research 26:835-838

Carey McAllister (1931-2011): phytoplankton influences on salmonids
Hartman GF, Scrivener JC (2012) Carey D. McAllister (3 May 1931 - 17 December 2011). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 69(8):iii-iv

Bonnie McCay: how to better manage the commons
Ludescher S (2017) Learn how Professor Emeritus Bonnie McCay’s lifelong research on fisheries may help us better manage “The Commons”. Newsroom, Rutgers University.

Ram Myers (1952-2007): pioneered meta-analysis as a tool for highlighting declining fisheries
Hutchings JA (2008) Ransom Aldrich Myers (1952-2007): In memoriam. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 65:vii-xii
Pauly D (2007) Ransom Aldrich Myers (1952–2007). Nature 447:160
Sullivan P (2007) Biologist Ransom A. Myers, 54; warned of overfishing in oceans. Washington Post, 29 March 2007

Helen Ogilvie (1880-1960): early descriptions of plankton species 
Fraser JH (1961) Helen Ogilvie (1880-1960). Journal du Conseil International pour l'Exploration de la Mer 26(1):3-4

Elinor Ostrom (1933-2012): Nobel Prize in Economics for her work on how people overcome the tragedy of the commons
Anderies JM, Janssen MA (2012) Elinor Ostrom (1933-2012): pioneer in the interdisciplinary science of coupled social-ecological systems. PLoS Biology 10(10):e1001405
Arrow KJ, Keohane RO, Levin SA (2012) Elinor Ostrom: an uncommon woman for the commons. Proceedings of the National Academy of  Sciences USA 109:13135-13136
Barber P (2012) Elinor Ostrom 7 August 1933-12 June 2012 in memoriam. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 41:723-725
Cox JC (2013) In honor of Elinor Ostrom. Southern Economic Journal 79:481-483
Dolsak N, Levi M, Prakash A (2012) Elinor Ostrom in memoriam. PS-Political Science and Politics 45:791-792
Herzberg R, Allen B (2012) Elinor Ostrom (1933-2012) obituary. Public Choice 153:263-268
Janssen MA (2012) Elinor Ostrom (1933-2012) obituary. Nature 487:172
Klein DB, Daza R, Mead H (2013) Elinor Ostrom. Econ Journal Watch 10:536-542
Nagendra H (2012) Elinor Ostrom (1933-2012). Current Science 103:433-434
Walker JM (2013) A tribute to Elinor Ostrom August 7, 1933-June 12, 2012. Southern Economic Journal 79:484-485
Wilson RK (2012) Elinor Ostrom (1933-2012). Science 337:661
Wilson RK, Eckel CC (2013) Elinor Ostrom: "A magnificent and irreplaceable treasure". Southern Economic Journal 79:486-495
[many more omitted]

Bob Paine (1933-2016): a keystone ecologist
Estes JA, Dayton PK, Kareiva P, Levin SA, Lubchenco J, Menge BA, Palumbi SR, Power ME, Terborgh J (2016) A keystone ecologist: Robert Treat Paine, 1933-2016. Ecology 97:2905-2909
Lubchenco J (2016) Robert Treat Paine (1933-2016). Nature 535:356
Palumbi SR, Estes JA, Kareiva P, Levin SA, Lubchenco J, Power ME (2017) Robert Treat Paine III (1933-2016). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA doi: 10.1073/pnas.1706692114
Silliman BR, Kareiva P, Pfister CA (2017) In memoriam: Robert Treat Paine III (1933-2016), an outsized American naturalist. The American Naturalist 189:xi-xv
Yong E (2013) Dynasty. Nature 493:286-289

Daniel Pauly: controversial iconoclast and coauthor of FishBase
Pauly D (2011) Toward a conservation ethic for the sea: steps in a personal and intellectual odyssey. Bulletin of Marine Science 87:165-175
Pauly D (2016) Having to science the hell out of it. ICES Journal of Marine Science 73:2156-2166

Constantine Samuel Rafinesque (1783-1840): polymath who controversially named many U.S. fish
Ambrose CT (2010) The curious death of Constantine Samuel Rafinesque (1783-1840): the case for the maidenhair fern. Journal of Medical Biography 18:165-173
Coble DW (2013) Constantine Samuel Rafinesque 1783-1840. Fisheries 38(5):224-226

Jack Randall (1927-present): described 790 new marine species
Wilcox C (2016) Dr Fish. Hakai Magazine, 15 March 2016.

Sammy Ray (c.1926-2013): authority on Gulf oyster biology
Walsh R (2013) Of BBQ and oysters: Dr. Sammy Ray. Houstonia, 23 October 2013.

Bill Ricker (1908-2001): the greatest fisheries scientist of all
Beamish RJ, Noakes DJ, Noakes DLG, Beamish FWH (2003) William Edwin Ricker, OC, FRSC, LLD, DSc. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 60:iii-v
Beamish RJ, Noakes DJ (2006) Bill Ricker: a man of gifted intellect, insatiable curiosity and generous spirit. Environmental Biology of Fishes 75:119-129
Boyle RH (1984) Fisheries biologist William Ricker is a real hall of famer in his field. Sports Illustrated November 12, 1984

Ed Ricketts (1897-1948): author of Between Pacific Tides, key character in John Steinbeck's novels
Albert S, Albert M, Kohrs D (2015) A marine biologist's remarkable legacy. Nature 519:33
Hirsh A (2014) Between Pacific tides. Nature 516:326-328

Brian Rothschild: conceived and guided GLOBEC
Rothschild BJ (2015) On the birth and death of ideas in marine science. ICES Journal of Marine Science 72:1237-1244

Dick Ryder (1931-2014): fisheries management and sustainable yield
Anon (2014) In Memoriam: Richard (Dick) Ryder—AFS President in 1980-1981. Fisheries 39(12):618-619

Marten Scheffer: tipping points and hysteresis in lake systems
Popkin G (2014) On the edge. Science 345:1552-1554

Hamish Scott (1924-2010): fish ecology and surveys
Neilson JD, Iles TD, Saunders R (2011) James Stuart (Hamish) Scott (1924-2010). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 68(3):iii-iv

Kenneth Sherman: divided the oceans into Large Marine Ecosystems
Sherman K (2015) Sustaining the world’s large marine ecosystems. ICES Journal of Marine Science 72:2521-2531

Ethelwynn Trewavas (1900-1993): African Rift Lake cichlids
Noakes DLG (1994) The life and work of Ethelwynn Trewavas: beyond the focus on tilapiine cichlids. pp. 33-50 in: Women in ichthyology: an anthology in honour of ET, Ro and Genie. Balon EK, Bruton MN, Noakes D (eds). 

Peggy Varley (1918-2009): pioneering ecophysiologist and ichthyologist
Pond C (2009) Dr Margaret (Peggy) Varley, pioneer ecophysiologist and ichthyologist. Fish and Fisheries 10:359-360

Earl Werner: indirect interactions in ecological communities
Anon (2014) Professor Earl Werner, "a giant of ecology," retires. News, LSA Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan, 23 January 2014

*For a variety of reasons, women are under-represented in this list. In part this reflects the male dominance of fisheries science among the gray-haired generation, in part likely pervasive bias.  However, it should be noted that nineteen of the forthcoming invited pieces in ICES Journal of Marine Science are profiles of women (H. Browman, pers. comm.). 
Compiled by Trevor A. Branch, tbranch@uw.edu, website: http://fish.washington.edu/people/branch/Twitter: @TrevorABranch

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