Top 100 most cited fish and fisheries references

All-time most-cited articles, books and other sources (top 100, at 16 December 2016) 
Rank order from 29 July 2014 (last update) shown in parentheses, (new) = added 16 December 2016 
For an analysis of the most cited fisheries references, see my peer-reviewed paper here.

1 (1). 5254 Nelson JS 1976 Fishes of the world. First edition. Wiley-Interscience, New York, 416pp (summed over all editions)
2 (2). 5127 Kimmel CB et al. 1995 Stages of embryonic development of the zebrafish. Developmental Dynamics 203:253-310
3 (3). 4511 Ricker WE 1975 Computation and interpretation of biological statistics of fish populations. Bulletin Fisheries Research Board Canada 191, 382pp
4 (4). 3925 Froese R & Pauly D (eds.) 1995 FishBase: a biological database on fish (CD-ROM and user’s manual). ICLARM, Manila, Philippines (summed over all printed and online editions)
5 (7). 3332 Mantua NJ et al. 1997 A Pacific interdecadal climate oscillation with impacts on salmon production. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 78:1069-1079
6 (5). 3218 Beverton RJH and Holt SJ 1957 On the dynamics of exploited fish populations. Fisheries Investigations Series II, vol. 19. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Her Majesty's Stationary Office, London, UK, 533pp
7 (6). 3083 Scott WB & Crossman EJ 1973 Freshwater fishes of Canada. Bulletin of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, vol. 184, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, 966pp
8 (8). 2871 Jackson JBC et al. 2001 Historical overfishing and the recent collapse of coastal ecosystems. Science 293:629-638
9 (9). 2665 Hilborn R and Walters CJ 1992 Quantitative fisheries stock assessment: choice, dynamics and uncertainty. Chapman & Hall, New York, 570pp
10 (11). 2324 Brooks JL & Dodson SI 1965 Predation, body size, and composition of plankton. Science 150:28-35
11 (10). 2236 Leviton AE et al. 1985 Standards in herpetology and ichthyology: Part I. Standard symbolic codes for institutional resource collections in herpetology and ichthyology. Copeia 1985(3):802-832
12 (12). 2202 Hyslop EJ 1980 Stomach contents analysis—a review of methods and their application. Journal of Fish Biology 17:411-429
13 (14). 2085 Pauly D et al. 1998 Fishing down marine food webs. Science 279:860-863
14 (13). 1966 Ivlev VS 1961 Experimental ecology of the feeding of fishes. Yale University Press, New Haven, 302pp [English translation by D. Scott, from 1955 Russian book]
15 (16). 1928 Wootton RJ 1990 Ecology of teleost fishes. Fish and Fisheries Series 1. Chapman & Hall, New York, 404pp (summed over all editions)
16 (15). 1827 Hubbs CL & Lagler KF 1947 Fishes of the Great Lakes Region, vol. 26. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, 186pp (summed over all editions)
17 (18). 1821 Bonga SEW 1997 The stress response in fish. Physiological Reviews 77:591-625
18 (24). 1803 van der Oost R et al. 2003 Fish bioaccumulation and biomarkers in environmental risk assessment: a review. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology 13:57-149
19 (25). 1742 Callon M 1986 Some elements of a sociology of translation: domestication of the scallops and the fishermen of St Brieuc Bay. pp 196-223 in Law J (ed). Power, action and belief: a new sociology of knowledge? Sociological Review Monograph, vol. 36, London, Routledge
20 (17). 1733 Ricker WE 1954 Stock and recruitment. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 11:559-623
21 (27). 1678 Eschmeyer WN et al. 1998 Catalog of fishes. Special Publication 1, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, 2905pp (summed over all printed and online editions)
22 (44). 1670 Halpern BS et al. 2008 A global map of human impact on marine ecosystems. Science 319:948-952
23 (20). 1584 Gordon HS 1954 The economic theory of a common-property resource: the fishery. Journal of Political Economy 62:124-142
24 (33). 1544 Worm B et al. 2006 Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services. Science 314:787-790
25 (19). 1438 Love RM 1970 The chemical biology of fishes. With a key to the chemical literature. Academic Press, London, 547pp (summed over all editions)
=26 (21). 1432 Brett JR & Groves TDD 1979 Physiological energetics. pp 279-352 in Hoar WS, Randall DJ & Brett JR (eds.). Fish Physiology, vol. 8. Bioenergetics and growth. Academic Press, New York
=26 (22). 1432 Carpenter SR et al. 1985 Cascading trophic interactions and lake productivity. BioScience 35:634-639
28 (28). 1385 Myers RA & Worm B 2003 Rapid worldwide depletion of predatory fish communities. Nature 423:280-283
29 (23). 1378 Ricker WE 1973 Linear regressions in fishery research. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 30:409-434
30 (31). 1352 Taylor WR & Van Dyke GC 1985 Revised procedures for staining and clearing small fishes and other vertebrates for bone and cartilage study. Cybium 9:107-119
31 (26). 1282 Brett JR 1964 The respiratory metabolism and swimming performance of young sockeye salmon. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 21:1183-1226
32 (32). 1259 Jobling S et al. 1998 Widespread sexual disruption in wild fish. Environmental Science and Technology 32:2498-2506
33 (36). 1237 Pauly D et al. 2002 Towards sustainability in world fisheries. Nature 418:689-695
34 (35). 1231 Pauly D 1980 On the interrelationships between natural mortality, growth parameters and mean environmental temperature in 175 fish stocks. Journal Du Conseil 39:175-192
35 (37). 1212 Quinn TJ & Deriso R 1999 Quantitative fish dynamics. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 560pp
36 (28). 1199 Fryer G & Iles TD 1972 The cichlid fishes of the Great Lakes of Africa. Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh, 641pp
37 (39). 1178 Naylor RL et al. 2000 Effect of aquaculture on world fish supplies. Nature 405:1017-1024
38 (40). 1153 Le Cren ED 1951 The length-weight relationship and seasonal cycle in gonad weight and condition in the perch (Perca fluviatilis). Journal of Animal Ecology 20:201-219
39 (67). 1133 Ward RD et al. 2005 DNA barcoding Australia’s fish species. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 360:1847-1857
40 (38). 1119 Hjort J 1914 Fluctuations in the great fisheries of northern Europe, viewed in the light of biological research. Rapports et Procès-Verbaux des Réunions du Conseil Permanent International pour l’Exploration de la Mer, 20:1–228
41 (34). 1110 Werner EE et al. 1983 An experimental test of the effects of predation risk on habitat use in fish. Ecology 64:1540-1548
42 (41). 1103 Karr JR 1981 Assessment of biotic integrity using fish communities. Fisheries 6(6):21-27
43 (53). 1088 Jobling M 1994 Fish bioenergetics. Fish and Fisheries Series 13, Chapman & Hall, London, 309pp
44 (30). 1075 Bigelow HB & Schroeder WC 1953 Fishes of the Gulf of Maine. Fishery Bulletin 74, vol. 53, 577pp
45 (77). 1065 Perry AL et al. 2005 Climate change and distribution shifts in marine fishes. Science 308:1912-1915
46 (52). 1056 MacLennan DN & Simmonds EJ 1992 Fisheries acoustics. Fish and Fisheries Series 5, Chapman & Hall, London, 325pp (summed with Simmonds & MacLennan 2005 edition)
47 (59). 1052 Devlin RH & Nagahama Y 2002 Sex determination and sex differentiation in fish: an overview of genetic, physiological, and environmental influences. Aquaculture 208:191-364
48 (new). 1037 FAO 2012 The state of world fisheries and aquaculture 2012. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, 209pp
49 (45). 1019 Sumpter JP & Jobling S 1995 Vitellogenesis as a biomarker for estrogenic contamination of the aquatic environment. Environmental Health Perspectives 103(Suppl. 7):173-178
=50 (42). 1013 Brett JR 1979 Environmental factors and growth. pp 599-675 in Hoar WS, Randall DJ & Brett JR (eds.). Fish Physiology, vol. 8. Bioenergetics and growth. Academic Press, New York
=50 (75). 1013 Beck MW et al. 2001 The identification, conservation, and management of estuarine and marine nurseries for fish and invertebrates. BioScience 51:633-641
52 (48). 1001 Houde ED 1987 Fish early life dynamics and recruitment variability. pp 17–29 in RD Hoyt (ed) 10th Annual Larval Fish Conference, American Fisheries Society, Symposium 2, Bethesda, Maryland
53 (84). 992 Evans DH et al. 2005 The multifunctional fish gill: Dominant site of gas exchange, osmoregulation, acid-base regulation, and excretion of nitrogenous waste. Physiological Reviews 85:97-177
54 (47). 988 Randall JE 1967 Food habits of reef fishes of the West Indies. Studies in Tropical Oceanography 5:665-847
55 (43). 979 Burnham KP et al. 1987 Design and analysis methods for fish survival experiments based on release-recapture. American Fisheries Society Monograph 5, Bethesda, MD, 437pp
56 (67). 978 Last PR & Stevens JD 1994 Sharks and rays of Australia. CSIRO Publications, Melbourne, Australia, 513pp (summed over all editions)
57 (70). 977 Campana SE 1999 Chemistry and composition of fish otoliths: pathways, mechanisms and applications. Marine Ecology Progress Series 188:263-297
58 (56). 969 Fry FEJ 1971 The effect of environmental factors on the physiology of fish. pp 1-98 in Hoar WS & Randall DJ (eds.). Fish Physiology, vol. 6. Environmental relations and behavior. Academic Press, New York
59 (51). 968 Ludwig D et al. 1993 Uncertainty, resource exploitation, and conservation—lessons from history. Science 260:17&36
60 (104). 967 Lotze HK et al. 2006 Depletion, degradation, and recovery potential of estuaries and coastal seas. Science 312:1806-1809
61 (78). 964 Mommsen TP et al. 1999 Cortisol in teleosts: dynamics, mechanisms of action, and metabolic regulation. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 9:211-268
62 (46). 961 Jobling S et al. 1996 Inhibition of testicular growth in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) exposed to estrogenic alkylphenolic chemicals. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 15:194-202
63 (54). 952 Campana SE & Neilson JD 1985 Microstructure of fish otoliths. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 42:1014-1032
64 (50). 930 Breder CM & Rosen DE 1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. Natural History Press, Garden City, NY, 941pp
65 (66). 918 Hare SR & Mantua NJ 2000 Empirical evidence for North Pacific regime shifts in 1977 and 1989. Progress in Oceanography 47:103-145
66 (81). 917 Cushing DH 1990 Plankton production and year-class strength in fish populations: an update of the match/mismatch hypothesis. Advances in Marine Biology 26:249-293
67 (49). 901 Ricker WE 1979 Growth rates and models. pp 677-743 in Hoar WS, Randall DJ & Brett JR (eds.). Fish Physiology, vol. 8. Bioenergetics and growth. Academic Press, New York
68 (90). 898 Campana SE 2001 Accuracy, precision and quality control in age determination, including a review of the use and abuse of age validation methods. Journal of Fish Biology 59:197-242
69 (58). 893 Hoffman GL 1967 Parasites of North American freshwater fishes. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA 486pp (summed over all editions)
70 (98). 890 FAO 1998. FishStat Plus—universal software for fishery statistical time series. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome (summed over all versions)
71 (61). 881 Crowder LB & Cooper WE 1982 Habitat structural complexity and the interaction between bluegills and their prey. Ecology 63:1802-1813
72 (64). 875 Jordan DS and Evermann BW 1898 The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the isthmus of Panama. Bulletin (United States National Museum) no. 47. 3313pp
73 (57). 875 Cushing DH 1975 Marine ecology and fisheries. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 292pp
74 (76). 872 Moyle PB 1976 Inland fishes of California. First edition. University of California Press, Berkeley, California, 405pp
=75 (60). 867 Ryther JH 1969 Photosynthesis and fish production in the sea. Science 166:72-76
=75 (65). 867 Miller TJ et al. 1988 Larval size and recruitment mechanisms in fishes: toward a conceptual framework. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 45:1657-1670
=75 (74). 867 Jennings S & Kaiser MJ 1998 The effects of fishing on marine ecosystems. Advances in Marine Biology 34:201-352
=78 (72). 866 Moyle PB & Cech JJ 1982 Fishes: an introduction to ichthyology. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 593pp (summed over all editions)
=78 (115). 866 Kottelat M & Freyhof J 2007 Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland and Freyhof, Berlin, Germany, 646pp
80 (62). 858 Beamish FWH 1978 Swimming capacity. pp 101-187 in Hoar WS & Randall DJ (eds.). Fish Physiology, vol. 7. Locomotion. Academic Press, New York
81 (63). 850 Greenwood PH et al. 1966 Phyletic studies of teleostean fishes, with a provisional classification of living forms. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 131:339-456
82 (91). 844 Weatherley AH et al. 1987 The biology of fish growth. Academic Press, New York, 443pp
83 (71). 833 Hynes HBN 1950 The food of fresh-water sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus and Pygosteus pungitius), with a review of methods used in studies of the food of fishes. Journal of Animal Ecology 19:36-58
84 (new). 828 Wallace RA & Selman K 1981 Cellular and dynamic aspects of oocyte growth in teleosts. American Zoologist 21:325-343
85 (132). 827 Worm B et al. 2009 Rebuilding global fisheries. Science 325:578-585
86 (55). 825 Ricker WE 1958 Handbook of computations for biological statistics of fish populations. Bulletin of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 119, 300pp
87 (95). 805 Chavez FP et al. 2003 From anchovies to sardines and back again: multidecadal change in the Pacific Ocean. Science 299:217-221
88 (117). 804 Pikitch EK et al. 2004 Ecosystem-based fishery management. Science 305:346-347
89 (69). 795 Jobling S & Sumpter JP 1993 Detergent components in sewage effluent are weakly oestrogenic to fish: An in vitro study using rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) hepatocytes. Aquatic Toxicology 27:361-372
90 (113). 791 Quinn TP 2005 The behavior and ecology of Pacific salmon and trout. University of Washington Press, Seattle WA, USA, 378pp
91 (87). 785 Endler JA 1980 Natural selection on color patterns in Poecilia reticulata. Evolution 34:76-91
92 (105). 784 FAO 2009 The state of world fisheries and aquaculture 2008. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, 176pp (summed over 2008 and 2009)
93 (79). 776 Werner EE & Hall DJ 1974 Optimal foraging and the size selection of prey by the bluegill sunfish (Lepomis macrochirus). Ecology 55:1042-1052
94 (new). 775 FAO 2010 The state of world fisheries and aquaculture 2008. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, 197pp
95 (100). 772 Pauly D & Christensen V 1995 Primary production required to sustain global fisheries. Nature 374:255-257
96 (73). 766 Shaklee JB et al. 1990 Gene nomenclature for protein-coding loci in fish. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 119:2-15
97 (new). 757 Elliott JM 1994 Quantitative ecology and the brown trout. Oxford Series in Ecology and Evolution. Oxford University Press, 304pp
=98 (83). 756 Bookstein FL et al. 1985 Morphometrics in evolutionary biology: the geometry of size and shape change, with examples from fishes. Special Publication 15, The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 277pp
=98 (new). 756 Heath AG 1995 Water pollution and fish physiology. CRC Press, 245pp (summed over all editions)
100 (82). 753 Henderson RJ & Tocher DR 1987 The lipid composition and biochemistry of freshwater fish. Progress in Lipid Research 26:281-347


Methods
I conducted an exhaustive search of potential references on Web of Science, Google Scholar, and through personal contacts, examining reference lists, looking through colleague's libraries, etc. Based on discovery rates I estimate this list contains >90% of all highly cited references. 

Citation counts were obtained from the Web of Science Cited Reference Search feature since this includes books, databases, gray literature, and papers in journals not indexed under the regular Search option. Total citations were summed over all cited variants (e.g. page numbers, years, missing initials, editions of books, etc.) that could be clearly attributed to the article in question. For older references, and books, e.g. Beverton and Holt (1957), this would sometimes involve dozens of pages of search results. For newer references in well known journals there would often be only one or two entries under Cited Reference Search. References were included in the main list when they reached 500 citations, or for obscure references, when they were first brought to my attention. Note that Google Scholar citation totals (which include citations by non-peer-reviewed articles, and papers in obscure journals) are about double those in Web of Science. 

References were excluded if their primary focus was not on fish or fisheries but was more general (e.g. Walters 1986 Adaptive management of renewable resources; Hilborn & Mangel 1997 The ecological detective). References were also excluded for some genetics and vertebrate embryological development papers even if they were based on fish, if the primary focus was on identifying a gene or vertebrate development pathway, and not on solving a fish or fisheries-specific problem (e.g. Amores et al. 1998 Zebrafish hox clusters and vertebrate genome evolution. Science 282:1711-1714). 

Compiled by Trevor A. Branch, tbranch@uw.edu, website: http://fish.washington.edu/people/branch/, Twitter: @TrevorABranch