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Welcome to this Project:

The Arctic system is comprised of glacial, periglacial, and marine environments, wherein the Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) is the primary freshwater reservoir. GrIS melting is increasing, thereby delivering large amounts of freshwater to the Arctic Ocean (Hanna et al. 2008). Changes in freshwater input from GrIS will have substantial impacts on marine ecosystems and global biogeochemical cycling (Bathia et al. 2013). Meltwater characteristics, such as iron, sulfate and carbon content, are not well- known and depend on the extent and activity of weathering reactions beneath the ice sheet. Microbes in these critical subglacial environments are important contributors of chemical weathering processes (Montross et al., 2013; Dieser et al., 2014), yet, to date, direct molecular evidence of such processes remains to be obtained from GrIS subglacial environments. Here, we propose to 1) optimize protein extraction methods to isolate microbial enzymes from low-biomass, fine-grain sediments obtained previously from GrIS subglacial meltwaters and to 2) identify microbial enzymes active in GrIS’ subglacial meltwaters using state-of-the-art proteomics techniques (Nunn et al. 2015). To date, no metaproteomics studies have been performed on any glacial or subglacial environments. We are ideally suited for the project as the team has access to preserved samples from the GrIS meltwaters and the personnel involved are leaders in the field of polar microbes and environmental metaproteomics (including in sediments). 

This project has been completed. We successfully developed a method for the extraction of sufficient bacterial biomass from glacial meltwater samples to allow for downstream metagenome and metaproteomics analysis. The data; have been deposited in the NSF Arctic Data Center (https://doi.org/10.18739/A21W0F). A book chapter has been published detailing some of the preliminary proteomics data (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128148495000125). Brook Nunn gave a presentation on our results at the 2018 ASLO meeting in Portland. This powerpoint presentation can be also found in the project documents.

Project Objective:

  • optimize protein extraction methods to isolate microbial enzymes from low-biomass, fine-grain sediments obtained previously from GrIS subglacial meltwaters
  • identify microbial enzymes active in GrIS’ subglacial meltwaters using state-of-the-art proteomics techniques

Team players:

  • Karen Junge, lead-PI, kajunge@uw.edu, 206-226-2908
  • Brook Nunn, Co-PI, brookh@uw.edu, 206-685-8058
  • Jason Gilmore, post-doc, jmg44@uw.edu, 
  • Shelly Carpenter, tech, seashell@uw.edu, 206-685-1626 (MSB) or 206-685-7887 (BH)
  • Birgit Hagedorn, collaborator, bhagedorn@uaa.washington.edu, 907-786-1332
  • Karen Cameron, collaborator, kac.geus@gmail.com



Rolling Updates

  • summary slides and data from Brooks ASLO 2018 talk
    Posted Oct 29, 2018, 4:47 PM by Karen Junge
  • completed project - this project has been completed: a book chapter containing some of the preliminary data was published: Junge, K., Cameron, K. and Nunn, B., 2019. Diversity of Psychrophilic Bacteria in Sea ...
    Posted Oct 29, 2018, 4:18 PM by Karen Junge
  • meeting 8/3/17; KJ, BN, JG - MOCAT analysis (step 1-4); GSIT, 24 hours to run the read trim filter, 6-12 hours for the rest of the process, background database, assembly steps, follow up steps ...
    Posted Aug 3, 2017, 10:16 AM by Karen Junge
  • Annual report - Lessons learned - Brook added a lessons learned document to the annual report - see file attached
    Posted Jul 29, 2017, 9:25 AM by Karen Junge
  • 7/21/17 e-mail update - Jason gave talk at Cascadia symposium - see project documents- mass spectrometry has been completed for the five time/region samples as has the acquisition of the DNA sequencing reads- Jason ...
    Posted Jul 21, 2017, 11:55 AM by Karen Junge
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Greenland proteomics project