Bibliography MA, RI & CT

Annotated Bibliography

 

Research Reports and resource inventories for the ten individual states and the District of Columbia along the Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route National Historic Trail by Robert A Selig are already available (or will soon be made available) on-line at http://www.w3r-us.org/


The Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route in the State of New Hampshire, 1782 – 1783. An Historical and Architectural Survey. (Washington, DC: Washington-Rochambeau      Revolutionary Route National Historic Trail [WaRo], 2017)

The Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 1781 - 1783. An Historical and Architectural Survey. (Boston: Washington-Rochambeau       Revolutionary Route Association of Massachusetts, 2017)

Cultural Resource Survey and Land and Water Based Route Reconnaissance for the Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route in the District of Columbia, September 1781 to July 1782 (Washington, DC: Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route National Historic Trail [WaRo], 2016)

The Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route in the Commonwealth of Rhode Island, 1781 - 1783. An Historical and Architectural Survey. (Providence: Washington- Rochambeau Revolutionary Route Association of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, 2015)

Cultural Resource Survey and Land and Water Based Route Reconnaissance for the Washington Rochambeau Revolutionary Route National Historic Trail (W3R-NHT) in Maryland, focusing on the Contributions of the Eastern Shore to the Victory at Yorktown and the Role of Western Maryland in the Yorktown Campaign (Baltimore: Preservation Maryland, 2014)

Cultural Resource Survey and Land and Water Based Route Reconnaissance for the Washington Rochambeau Revolutionary Route National Historic Trail in the Anacostia Trails Heritage Area, Prince George’s County, Maryland (Hyattsville: Anacostia Trails Heritage Area, 2013)

Revolutionary War Route and Transportation Survey in the Commonwealth of Virginia, 1781-1782.  An Historical and Architectural Survey (Richmond: Virginia Department of Historic    Resources, 2009)

The Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 1781 - 1783. An Historical and Architectural Survey. (Philadelphia: Pennsylvania Society of Sons of the Revolution; Pennsylvania Society, Sons of the American Revolution, 2007)  

"Historical Background." In: Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route. Resource  Study and Environmental Assessment (Boston: The National Park Service Northeast and Capital     Regions, 2006), pp. 9-26.

The Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route in the State of New Jersey, 1781 - 1783. An Historical and Architectural Survey. 3 vols. (Trenton: New Jersey Historic Trust,  Department of Community Affairs, 2006)

The Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route. Statement of National Significance (Boston: The National Park Service Northeast and Capital Regions, 2003)

The Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route in the State of Delaware, 1781- 1783. An Historical and Architectural Survey (Dover: State of Delaware, 2003)

The Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route in the State of New York, 1781-1782. An Historical and Architectural Survey (Albany: Hudson River Valley Greenway, 2001)

Rochambeau's Cavalry: Lauzun's Legion in Connecticut 1780-1781. The Winter Quarters of Lauzun's Legion in Lebanon and its March Through the State in 1781. Rochambeau's Conferences in Hartford and Wethersfield. Historic and Architectural Survey.  (Hartford: Connecticut Historical Commission, 2000)

Rochambeau in Connecticut: Tracing his Journey. Historic and Architectural Survey Connecticut Historical Commission (Hartford: Connecticut Historical Commission, 1999)

 


Primary Sources of French participants in the expédition particulière

 

Acomb, Evelyn, ed., The Revolutionary Journal of Baron Ludwig von Closen, 1780-1783 (Chapel Hill, 1958).

 

Balch, Thomas, ed., The Journal of Claude Blanchard, Commissary of the French Auxiliary Army sent to the United States during the American Revolution (Albany, 1876).

 

Barbé-Marbois, François, marquis de. Our revolutionary forefathers; the letters of François, Marquis de Barbé-Marbois, during his residence in the United States as secretary of the French legation, 1779-1785. (Freeport, N.Y., 1969/1929)

 

Barneville, Brissout de. "Journal de Guerre de Brissout de Barneville. Mai 1780-Octobre 1781" The French-American Review Vol. 3, No. 4, (October 1950), pp. 217-278.

 

Bishop, Morris. "A French Volunteer" American Heritage Vol. 17, Nr. 5, (August 1966), pp. 47, 103-108. (Pontgibaud)

 

Broglie, Gabriel de. "Un compagnon peu connu de La Fayette: Ethis de Corny" Revue Histoire  pour tous No. 176 (1974), pp. 1-16

 

Chastellux, marquis de. Travels in North America in Years 1780-81 Howard C. Rice, Jr., ed., 2 vols., (Chapel Hill, 1963).

 

Coriolis, chevalier de. "Lettres d'un officier de l'Armée de Rochambeau: le chevalier de Coriolis" Le correspondant No. 326, (March 25, 1932), pp. 807-828.

 

Cromot du Bourg, Marie-François baron, "Diary of a French Officer, 1781" Magazine of American History Vol. 4, (March 1880), pp. 205-214, (April 1880), pp. 293-308, (May 1880), pp. 376-385, (June 1880), pp. 441-452.

 

Dawson, Warrington.  "Un Garde suisse de Louis XVI au service de l'Amérique" Le correspondant Vol. 324, Nr. 1655, (September 10, 1931), pp. 672-692 (Baron Galatin)

 

Deux-Ponts, William de. My Campaigns in America Samuel Abbot Green, ed., (Boston, 1868)

 

Doniol, J. Henry. Histoire de la participation de la France a l'Établissement des États-Unis d'Amérique 5 vols. (Paris, 1886-1892)

 

Dumas, Mathieu. Memoirs of his Own Time 2 vols., (London, 1839).

 

DuPerron, Joachim.  Journal Particulier D'Une Campagne Aux Indes Occidentales (1781‑1782) (Paris, 1898)

 

Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de, Letters  from Lafayette to Luzerne, 1780-1782 American Historical Review, 1915

 

Massoni, Gérard-Antoine. Détails intéressants sur les événements arrivés dans la guerre d'Amérique. Hyver 1781 à 1782. Hampton, Charlotte et suite.  Manuscrit de Claude Hugau, lieutenant-colonel de la Légion des Volontaires Etrangers de Lauzun (Besançon: Université de Franche-Comté, 1996, maîtrise d'histoire moderne).

 

Nicholas, Charles. Le Maréchal de Camp Desandrouins (Verdun, 1887)

 

Pilon, Edmond, ed., Mémoires de Armand-Louis de Gontaut, duc de Lauzun, (Paris, 1928).

 

Pontgibaud, Charles Albert comte de Moré, chevalier de A French Volunteer of the War of Independence Robert B. Douglas, trans. and ed., (Paris, 1826).

 

Rice, Howard C. Jr., and Anne S.K. Brown, eds., The American Campaigns of Rochambeau's Army 1780,1781,1782, 1783 2 vols., (Princeton and Providence, 1972).

These two volumes are indispensable for any research on Rochambeau's army. Volume 1 provides superb translations and editions of the journals of artillery lieutenant Clermont-Crèvecœur, of lieutenant Verger of the Royal Deux-Ponts, and of Assistant Quarter-master Berthier. Volume 2 contains copies of all known itineraries, reproductions of maps of campsites as well as a list of all known (in 1972) journals and diaries connected with the 1780-83 campaign.

 

Robenier, Louis. "Journal of the War in America, 1780-1783" Rhode Island Historical Society, Collections Vol.16, (1923), pp.65-78.

 

Robin, Abbé. New Travels through North America (Philadelphia, 1783)

 

Rochambeau, J.  Memoirs of the Marshal Count de Rochambeau, Relative to the War of Independence of the United States M.W.E. Wright, ed., (New York, 1971; orig. 1838)

 

Treaties and Other International Acts of the United States of America. Edited by Hunter Miller, Vol. 2, Documents 1-40: 1776-1818 (Washington, DC, 1931)

 

Vicomte de Rochambeau, The War in America. An Unpublished Journal (1780-1783) in: Jean-Edmond Weelen, Rochambeau. Father and Son (New York, 1936), pp. 191-285.

 

Wrangel, F. U. ed., Lettres d'Axel de Fersen a son père pendant la guerre de l'Indépendance d'amérique (Paris, 1929).

 


General Works

 

Baker, William S. Itinerary of General Washington from June 15, 1775, to December 23, 1783 (Lambertville, 1892)

 

This is a very useful guide tracing Washington's whereabouts in the summer of 1781; the Yorktown Campaign is covered on pp. 231 to 246. The complementary book to this is

 

Fitzpatrick, John C. The Diaries of George Washington 1748-1799 Vol. 2 (of 3 vols.) (Boston and New York, 1925) The Yorktown Campaign of 1781 is covered on pp. 253-269.

 

Balch, Thomas.  Les Français en Amérique Pendant la Guerre de L'Indépendance des États‑Unis 1777‑1783 2 vols. (Paris, 1872, English translation, 1891)

 

Blumenson, Martin, and Stokesbury, James L.  "'Papa' Rochambeau: The Perfect Ally."  Army Vol. 25, (Aug 1975),  pp. 39‑42.

 

Bodinier, Gilbert. "Les officiers du corps expéditionnaire de Rochambeau et la Revolution française." Revue historique des armées Vol. 3, No. 4, (1976), pp. 139-164.

 

Bodinier, Gilbert. Dictionnaire des officiers de l'armée royale qui ont combattu aux États-Unis pendant la guerre d'Indépendance (Château de Vincennes, 1982).

 

Bonsal, Stephen.  When the French Were here:  A Narrative of the Sojourn of the French Forces in America, and Their Contribution to the Yorktown Campaign (Garden City, NY, 1945)

 

Chartrand, René and Francis Back, The French Army in the American War of Independence (London, 1991)

 

Chotteau, Leon.  La Guerre de L'Indépendance (1775‑1783) (Paris, 1879)

 

Decré, Antoine. L'indépendance américaine avec Rochambeau (Paris, 1997)

 

Fonteneau, André. "La période française de la guerre d'Indépendance (1776-1780)" Revue historique des armées Vol. 3, No. 4, (1976), pp. 47-77.

 

Forbes, Allan and Paul F. Cadman. France and New England 3 vols. (Boston, 1925)

 

Idzerda, Stanley J. and Roger E. Smith. France and the American War for Independence (Ithaca, NY, n.d., ca. 1976)

 

Jusserand, Jean A.  The French and American Independence (New York, 1918)

 

Keim, D.B.Randolph ed., Rochambeau. A Commemoration by the Congress of the United States of the Services of the French Auxiliary Forces in the War of the American Independence (Washington, DC, 1907).

 

Kennett, Lee. "L'expédition Rochambeau-Ternay: un succès diplomatique." Revue historique des armées Vol. 3, No. 4, (1976), pp. 87- 105.

 

Kennett, Lee. The French Forces in America, 1780-1783 (Westport, 1977)

 

LeBoucher, Odet‑Julien.  Histoire de la Derniere Guerre, Entre la Grande‑Bretagne et les Etats‑Unis de L'Amerique, la France, L'Espagne, la Hollande, Depuis son Commencement en 1775, jusqua sa Fin en 1783 (Paris, 1787)

 

Lewis, Charles Lee. "Admiral de Grasse: Savior of the Revolution." in: Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité: The American Revolution and the European Response Charles W. Toth, ed., (Troy, 1989), pp. 331-343.

 

Longchamps, Par M. de.  Histoire des Evenemens Militaires et Politiques de la Derniere Guerre, dans les Quatre Parties Du Monde 3 vols. (Paris, 1787)

 

Lossing, Benson J., The pictorial field-book of the revolution; or, Illustrations, by pen and pencil, of the history, biography, scenery, relics, and traditions of the war for independence. 2 vols.(New York, 1850-1859)

 

Manceron, Claude. The Wind from America 1778-1781 (New York 1978)

 

Ministère des Affaires Etrangères (France).  Les Combattants Français de la Guerre Americaine 1778‑1783  (Paris, 1903). Also published as United States Senate Document No 77, 58th Cong, 2d session (1905).

 

Noailles, vicomte Amblard de. Marins et Soldats Français en Amérique pendant la guerre de l'Indépendance des États-Unis (Paris, 1903).

 

Our Debt to France (New York, 1926)

 

Perkins, James B.  France in the American Revolution  (Boston, 1911, repr. 1970)

 

Scott, Samuel F. The Response of the Royal Army to the French Revolution. The Role and Development of the Line Army 1787-93 (Oxford, 1978)

 

Scott, Samuel F. "Rochambeau's Veterans: A Case Study in the Transformation of the French Army." Proceedings, the Consortium on Revolutionary Europe 1750-1850 (Athens, 1979), pp. 155-163.

 

Scott, Samuel F. "Foreign Mercenaries, Revolutionary War, and Citizen Soldiers in the Late Eighteenth Century" War and Society Vol. 2 (September 1984), pp. 42-58.

 

Scott, Samuel F. "The Army of the Comte de Rochambeau between the American and French Revolutions" Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Western Society for French History Vol. 15, (1988), pp. 143-153.

 

Scott, Samuel F. "The Soldiers of Rochambeau's Expeditionary Corps: From the American Revolution to the French Revolution." in: La Révolution Américaine et l'Europe, Claude Fohlen and Jacques Godechot, eds., (Paris, 1979), pp. 565-578.

 

Scott, Samuel F. From Yorktown to Valmy: The Transformation of the French Army in an Age of Revolution (Niwot, CO, 1998)

 

Selig, Robert A. "Private Flohr's America.  From Newport to Yorktown and the Battle that won the War: A German Foot Soldier who fought for American Independence tells all about it in a newly discovered Memoir." American Heritage Vol. 43, No. 8, (December 1992), pp. 64-71.

 

Selig, Robert A. "A German Soldier in New England During the Revolutionary War:  The Account of Georg Daniel Flohr."  Newport History (Fall 1993), pp. 48-65.

 

Selig, Robert A. "A German Soldier in America, 1780-1783:  The Journal of Georg Daniel Flohr."  William and Mary Quarterly  Vol. 50, No. 3, (July 1993), pp. 575-590.

 

Selig, Robert A. "Georg Daniel Flohr's Journal: A New Perspective." Colonial Williamsburg. The Journal of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation  Vol. 15, No. 4, (Summer 1993), pp. 47-53.

 

Selig, Robert A. "Private Flohr's Other Life: The young German fought for American Independence, went home, and returned as a man of peace." American Heritage Vol. 45, No. 6, (October 1994), pp. 94-95.

 

Selig, Robert A. "America the Ungrateful: The Not-So-Fond Remembrances of Louis François Dupont d'Aubevoye, comte de Lauberdière." American Heritage Vol. 48, No. 1, (February 1997), pp. 101-106.

 

Selig, Robert A. "Lauberdière's Journal. The Revolutionary War Journal of Louis François Bertrand d'Aubevoye, comte de Lauberdière." Colonial Williamsburg. The Journal of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Vol. 18, No. 1, (Autumn 1995), pp. 33-37.

 

 Selig, Robert A. “Washington, Rochambeau, and the Yorktown Campaign of 1781.” in: A Companion to George Washington. Edward G. Lengel, ed. (Blackwell, 2012), pp. 266-287

 

Stinchcombe, William C. "French Military Aid, 1780-1782." In: Stinchcombe, William C. The American Revolution and the French Alliance (Syracuse, 1969), pp. 133-152.

 

Stone, Edwin M.  Our French Allies... In the Great War of the American Revolution from 1778 to 1782 (Providence, 1884)

 

Sturgill, Claude C., ed., "Rochambeau's Mémoire de la Guerre en Amérique" The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography Vol. 78, (January 1970) pp. 34- 64.

A review of Rochambeau's 1781 report to the court in Versailles, along with an English translation of the original dispatch.

 

Vail, Jini Jones. Rochambeau. Washington’s Ideal Lieutenant (Tarentum, 2011)

 

Vichot, Jacques. La guerre pour la liberté des mers, 1778-1783 (Paris, 1976)

 

Wheelen, Jean Edmond. Une grande figure du XVIIIe siècle: Rochambeau, 1725-1807 (Paris, 1933)

 

Whitridge, Arnold. Rochambeau, America's Neglected Founding Father  (New York, 1965)

 

Detailed biography, highly informative on personalities and background to major events, and discerning appraisal of historical foundations.

 

Whitridge, Arnold. "Two Aristocrats in Rochambeau's Army." Virginia Quarterly Review vol. 40, No. 1, (Winter 1964), pp. 114-128. (Chastellux and Lauzun)

 

Whitridge, Arnold. "Rochambeau in America: "Old Papa" Opts for Yorktown." in: Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité: The American Revolution and the European Response Charles W. Toth, ed., (Troy, 1989), pp. 311-330.

 

Wrangel, F. U. ed., Lettres d'Axel de Fersen a son père pendant la guerre de l'Indépendance d'amérique (Paris, 1929).

 

The Writings of George Washington, John C. Fitzpatrick, ed., 39 vols, (Washington, DC., 1931-1944).

 


Navy

 

Dull, Jonathan R. The French Navy and American Independence: A Study of Arms and Diplomacy, 1774-1787 (Princeton, 1975).

Selig Robert A. "François Joseph Paul Comte de Grasse, the Battle Off the Virginia Capes, and the American Victory at Yorktown." Colonial Williamsburg, vol.21, no.5 (October/November 1999), pp.26-32.

Selig, Robert A. "Nothing but Sky and Water: Descriptions of Transatlantic Travel from the Journal of Georg Daniel Flohr, Royal Deux-Ponts, 1780-1783" Naval History Vol. 13, No. 5, September/October 1999, pp. 29-34.

 


1778 Alliance

 

Eccles, W. J. "The French Alliance and the American Victory." in: The World Turned Upside Down. The American Victory in the War of Independence John Ferling, ed., (Westport, 1976), pp. 147-163.

Hoffman, Ronald and Peter J. Albert, eds., Diplomacy and Revolution: The Franco-American Alliance of 1778 (Charlottesville, 1981).

 Analyses the alliance from different perspectives and its impact on subsequent historical events.

 

Stinchcombe, William C. "The Advent of the French Alliance." In: William C. Stinchcombe, The American Revolution and the French Alliance  (Syracuse, 1969), pp. 1-13.

 

Stinchcombe, William C. "Initial American Reaction." In: William C. Stinchcombe, The American Revolution and the French Alliance  (Syracuse, 1969), pp. 14-31.

 

Stinchcombe, William C. "The Press and the Alliance." In: Stinchcombe, William C. The American Revolution and the French Alliance  (Syracuse, 1969), pp. 104-117.

 

Stinchcombe, William C. "The Pulpit and the Alliance." In: Stinchcombe, William C. The American Revolution and the French Alliance  (Syracuse, 1969), pp. 91-103.

 

Van Tyne, Claude. "French Aid before the Alliance of 1778." American Historical Review Vol. 31, (1925), pp. 20-40.

 

Eccles, W. J. "The French Alliance and the American Victory." in: The World Turned Upside Down. The American Victory in the War of Independence John Ferling, ed., (Westport, 1976), pp. 147-163.

 

Hoffman, Ronald and Peter J. Albert, eds., Diplomacy and Revolution: The Franco-American Alliance of 1778 (Charlottesville, 1981).

Of particular interest in this volume are:

Alexander Deconde. "The French Alliance in Historical Speculation." pp. 1-36.

Kaplan, Lawrence S. "The Treaties of Paris and Washington, 1778 and 1949. Reflections on Entangling Alliances." pp. 151-194.

 

Hudson, Ruth Strong. "The French Treaty of Alliance, signed on February 6, 1778." The American Society Legion of Honor Magazine Vol. 49 No. 2 (1978), pp. 121-136.

 

La Révolution Américaine et l'Europe. Colloques Internationaux du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique No. 577 (Paris, 1979).

Of particular interest in this volume are: Osinga, Jacob. "The Myth of the Treaties of February 6, 1778: A Case of Beautification of the Reality." pp. 371-384.

 

Hill, Peter. "La Suite imprévu de l'alliance: l'ingratitude américaine, 1783-1798." pp. 385-398.

 

Kaplan, Lawrence S. "Jefferson and the Franco-American Alliance of 1778: Reflections on Francophilia." pp. 399-418.

 

Murphy, Orville T. "The Battle of Germantown and the Franco-American Alliance of 1778." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography Vol. 82 (January 1958), pp. 55-64.

 

William C. Stinchcombe, The American Revolution and the French Alliance  (Syracuse, 1969). Of particular interest in this volume are:

"The Advent of the French Alliance." pp. 1-13.

"Initial American Reaction." pp. 14-31.

"Limiting American Ambitions: The Peace Proposals of 1779." pp. 62-76.

"The Pulpit and the Alliance." pp. 91-103.

"The Press and the Alliance." pp. 104-117.

"The Peace Instructions of 1781." pp. 153-169.

"End of the Alliance." pp. 200-214.

 

Stinchcombe, William C. "L'Alliance Franco-Américaine après l'Indépendance, rapports avec l'Europe après la Révolution américaine." In: Le Règne de Louis XVI et Guerre d'Indépendance américaine. Actes du Colloque International de Sorèze 1976 (Sorèze, 1976), pp. 121-139.

 

Van Tyne, Claude. "French Aid before the Alliance of 1778." American Historical Review Vol. 31, (1925), pp. 20-40.

 


Engineers/support services

 

Ambassade de France, French Engineers and the American War of Independence (New York, 1975).

 

Cilleuls, Jean des. "Le service de l'intendance à l'armée de Rochambeau." Revue historique de l'Armée No. 2, (1957), pp. 43-61.

 

Kite, Elizabeth. Brigadier General Louis Lebègue Duportail, Commandant of Engineers in the Continental  Army, 1777-1783  (Baltimore, 1933)

 

Walker Paul K. Engineers of Independence, A Documentary History of the Army Engineers in the American Revolution, 1775-1783 (Washington, DC, 1981)

 


Health Services

 

Bolzinger, Raymond. "A propos du bicentenaire de la guerre de l'Indépendance des États-Unis 1775-1783: Le service de santé de l'armée Rochambeau et ses participants messins." Mémoires de l'Académie Nationale de Metz Vol. 4/5, (1979), pp. 259-284.

 

Bouvet, Maurice. Le service de santé français pendant la guerre d'indépendance des États-Unis (1777-1782) (Paris, 1934)

 

Trenard, Louis. "Un défenseur des hôpitaux militaires: Jean-François Coste." Revue du Nord Vol. 75, Nr. 299, (January 1993), pp. 149-180.

 


Finances

 

Costantini, Aimé. "Le corps Rochambeau face aux difficultés financières et économiques du royaume et des Etats-Unis d'Amérique (1780-1782)." Revue Historique des Armées, 1976, 3 (4 Special), pp.106-137. [also in Revue Internationale d'Histoire Militaire, 1979 (41), pp.107-126.]

 

Provides valuable background on the financial and logistical challenge facing France in deploying Rochambeau's expedition to America. It also covers how this expeditionary force was derived from a French field army that was being assembled in Normandy and Brittany to invade Britain.

 

Harris, Robert D. "French Finances and the American War, 1777-1783." Journal of Modern History Vol. 48, (June 1976), pp. 233-258.

 

Sturgill, Claude C. "Money for the Bourbon Army in the Eighteenth Century: The State within the State." War and Society Vol. 4, No. 2, (September 1986), pp. 17-30.

 

Sturgill, Claude C. "Observations of the French War Budget 1781-1790." Military Affairs Vol. 48, (October 1984), pp. 180-187.

 


Peace of 1783

 

Lint, Gregg L. "Preparing for Peace. The Objectives of the United States, France, and Spain in the War of the American Revolution." In: Peace and the Peacemakers. The Treaty of 1783 Ronald Hoffman and Peter J. Albert, eds., (Charlottesville, 1986), pp. 30-51.

 

Selig, Robert A. "Global Implications of the Peace of Paris, 3 September 1783." The Brigade Dispatch.  Journal Of The Brigade Of The American Revolution vol. 38, no. 4, (Winter, 2008), pp. 2-29.

 


Opinions about each other

 

Ascoli, Peter. "American Propaganda in the French Language Press during the American Revolution" in: La Révolution Américaine et l'Europe Claude Fohlen and Jacques Godechot, eds., (Paris, 1979), pp. 291-308.

 

Aubéry, Pierre. "Des Stéréotypes ethniques dans l'Amérique du dix-huitième siècle." Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture Vol. 6 (1977), pp. 35-58.

 

Brown, Gayle K. "'Into the Hands of Papists': New England Captives in French Canada and the English Anti-Catholic Tradition, 1689-1763" The Maryland Historian Vol. 21 (1990), pp. 1-11.

 

Echeverria, Durand. Mirage in the West; a history of the French image of American society to 1815. (Princeton, 1968, ©1957)

 

Echeverria, Durand. "The American Character: A Frenchman views the New Republic." William and Mary Quarterly Vol. 16 No. 3 (July 1959), pp. 376-413.

 

Echeverria, Durand. "The American Revolutionary Army: A French Estimate in 1777." Military Affairs Vol. 27, (1963), pp. 1-7 and pp. 153-62.

 

Echeverria, Durand. "Mirage in the West: French Philosophes rediscover America" in: Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité: The American Revolution and the European Response Charles W. Toth, ed., (Troy, 1989), pp. 35-47.

 

This important volume contains 23 essays addressing the views of Europeans and the reactions of European countries to the American Revolution.

 

Faÿ, Bernard. "L'Armée de Rochambeau jugée par un Français." Franco-American Review Vol. 2, (Fall 1937), pp. 114-120.

 

Faÿ, Bernard. The revolutionary spirit in France and America; a study of moral and intellectual relations between France and the United States at the end of the eighteenth century. (New York, 1927).

 

Faÿ, Bernard. Bibliographie critique des ouvrages français relatifs aux États-Unis (1770-1800). (Paris, 1925).

 

Fiechter, Jean-Jacques. "L'aventure américaine des officiers de Rochambeau vue à travers leurs journaux." in: Images of America in Revolutionary France Michèle R. Morris, ed., (Washington, DC, 1990), pp. 65-82.

 

Furet, François. "De l'homme sauvage à l'homme historique: l'expérience américaine dans la culture française." in: La Révolution Américaine et l'Europe, Claude Fohlen and Jacques Godechot, eds., (Paris, 1979), pp. 91-108.

 

Heisey, John W. "Extracts from the Diary of the Moravian Pastors of the Hebron Church, Lebanon, 1755-1814" Pennsylvania History Vol. 34 No. 1, (1967), pp. 44-63.

 

Jones, Howard Mumford. America and French Culture, 1750-1848 (Chapel Hill, London: 1927)

 

Johnson, Elmer Douglas. "A Frenchman visits Charleston in 1777." South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine Vol. 52 No. 2 (April 1951), pp. 88-93.

 

Kennett, Lee. "Le bilan d'une rencontre: l'armée française en Amérique 1780-1783." Annales historiques de la Révolution française Vol. 48 (1976), pp. 529-542.

 

Kennett, Lee. "L'expédition Rochambeau-Ternay: un succès diplomatique" Revue historique des armées Vol. 3, No. 4, (1976), pp. 87- 105.

 

Kennett, Lee. "Charleston in 1778: A French Intelligence Report." South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine Vol. 66 (1965), pp. 109-111).

 

Letters of a French Officer, Written at Easton, Penna., in 1777-1778." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography Vol. 35 (1911), pp. 90-102.

 

Murphy, Orville T. "The French Professional Soldier's Opinion of the American Militia in the War of the Revolution." Military Affairs Vol. 33, (February 1969), pp. 191-198.

 

Riley, Mary L. The imprint of France on the United States. (New York 1949).

 

Selig, Robert A. "Old World Meets New: Franco-American Encounters and the expedition particulière, 1780-1782." The Brigade Dispatch.  Journal Of The Brigade Of The American Revolution vol. 37, no. 1, (Spring 2007), pp. 2-11.

 

Stinchcombe, William C. "American Views of France, 1782. Americans celebrate the Birth of the Dauphin." In: Diplomacy and Revolution: The Franco-American Alliance of 1778 Ronald Hoffman and Peter J. Albert, eds., (Charlottesville, 1981), pp. 39-72.

This important article shows how American views of France and the French were changed, even if for ever so short a time, by the victory at Yorktown.

 

Stinchcombe, William C. "French Propaganda in the United States." In: William C. Stinchcombe, The American Revolution and the French Alliance  (Syracuse, 1969), pp. 118-132.

 

Villard, Léonie. La France et les États-Unis, échanges et rencontres (1524-1800). (Lyon, 1952)

 


Other countries

 

Buchanan Parker Thomson, Spain: Forgotten Ally of the American Revolution (North Quincy, 1976)

 

Dupuy, R. Ernest, Gay Hammerman, and Grace P. Hayes. The American Revolution; A Global War (New York, 1977)

 

One of the few works to clearly present the scope of the 'world war' context of the American War for Independence. A context that is essential to appreciating why Yorktown mattered.

 

Lewis, James A. "Las Damas de la Havana, el precursor, and Francisco de Saavedra: A Note on Spanish Participation in the Battle of Yorktown." The Americas Vol. 37, (July 1980), pp. 83-99.

 


Individual regiments, French, Royal Deux-Ponts

 

A Mr. Franklin, En lui présentant, de la part de Madame la Comtesse Douairiere de Deux Ponts, un bâton ... (Paris, 1783)

 

Tröss, Rudolf Karl. Das Regiment Royal-Deux-Ponts (typescript, Zweibrücken, 1983).

 

Selig, Robert A. "Das Deutsche Königlich-Französische Infanterie Regiment von Zweybrücken or Royal Deux-Ponts." Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association.

Part 1: April 1756 - March 1780, in vol. 6, no. 4, (2000), pp. 52-59.

Part 2: March 1780 - June 1781, in vol. 7, no. 1, (2001), pp. 43-53.

Part 3: July 1781 - June 1783, in vol. 7, no. 2, (2002), pp. 29-43.

Part 4: June 1783 - 21 July 1791, in vol. 7, no. 3, (2003), pp. 42-52.

 

Selig, Robert A. "The word liberté was frequently heard. The Royal Deux-Ponts in the American and French Revolutions." Colonial Williamsburg. The Journal of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation vol. 23 No. 1, (Spring 2001), pp. 80-84.

 

Selig, Robert A. "'Mon tres cher oncle:' Lieutenant Graf Wilhelm von Schwerin writes home from Virginia." Colonial Williamsburg. The Journal of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation vol. 22 No. 2, (Summer 2000), pp. 48-54.

 

Lauzun's Legion

 

Blum, Peter J. "Some Notes on the Lauzun Legion." The Soldier Shop Quarterly Vol. 14, No. 4, (August 1970), pp. 1-3.

 

Larter, Harry C. "The Lauzun Legion, French Navy, 1780-1783." Military Collector and Historian Vol. 3, No. 1, (March 1951), pp. 40-42.

 

Lelièbvre, Eugène and René Chartrand, "Volontaires Etrangers de la Marine, 1778-1783. Volontaires Etrangers de Lauzun (Lauzun's Legion), 1780-1783." Military Collector and Historian Vol. 24, No. 4 (1974), pp. 226-228.

 

Massoni, Gérard-Antoine. "Volontaires étrangers de la marine et volontaires étrangers de Lauzun, des hussards pour le service des colonies." Vivat Hussar No. 31, (1995), pp. 113-133.

  

Massoni, Gérard-Antoine. "Le Corps des <Volontaires-Etrangers de la Marine>." Carnet de la Sabretache No. 135, (1998), pp. 9-14.

 

Albert Rigondaud, "The Lauzun Legion in America 1780-1783." Tradition No. 68, (1992), pp. 2-7.

 

Selig, Robert A. "The duc de Lauzun and his Légion, Rochambeau's most troublesome, colorful soldiers." Colonial Williamsburg. The Journal of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation vol. 21, No. 6 (December/ January 2000), pp. 56-63.

 

Selig, Robert A. Rochambeau in Connecticut: Tracing his Journey. Historic and Architectural Survey Connecticut Historical Commission (Hartford: State of Connecticut, 1999)

 

Selig, Robert A. Rochambeau's Cavalry: Lauzun's Legion in Connecticut 1780-1781 Connecticut Historical Commission (Hartford: State of Connecticut, 2000)

 

Stevens, John Austin. "The Duke de Lauzun in France and America." American Historical Magazine Vol. 2, No. 5, (September 1907), pp. 343-373.

 

van Brock, François William. "Le Lieutenant General Robert Dillon." Revue historique des armées (1985), pp. 14-29.

 

Vicomte Grouvel "Les Volontaires Etrangers de la Marine." Le Passepoil vol. 18, No. 1, (1938), pp. 5-8.

 

Continental Army

 

Wright, Robert K., Jr.  The Continental Army.  (Wash, DC, 1983)

 

Wright, Robert K. Jr. "The United States Army and the French Model: The Revolution." Unpublished Paper Presented at the Colloquy "Armed Forces and Alliance System." Montpellier, France, 3-6 September 1981

 

French Officers and Soldiers in the Continental Army

 

Adams, Douglas N. "Jean Baptiste Ternant, Inspector General and Advisor to the Commanding Generals of the Southern Forces, 1778‑ 1782."  South Carolina Historical Magazine Vol. 86 (July 1985),  pp. 221‑240.

 


Maps

 

Peter J. Guthorn, "Maps and Map makers of the Revolution" (Monmouth Beach 1966)

 

Kenneth Nebenzahl, "A bibliography of printed battle plans of the American Revolution, 1775-1795." (1975)

 

Christopher Colles, "A Survey of the Roads of the United States of America 1789." Walter W. Ristow, ed., (1961)

 


INDIVIDUAL STATES

 Massachusetts:

 

Fisher, Elijah. Elijah Fisher's Journal While in the War for Independence, and Continued Two Years After He Came to Maine. 1775-1784. Edited by William B. Lapham. (Augusta, 1880)

 

Folsom, Albert A. "Camp of the French Army, Dedham, 1782." The Dedham Historical Register Vol. 12 No. 1 (January 1901), pp. 8-10.

 

Smith, Fitz-Henry, Jr. The French at Boston during the Revolution (Boston, 1913)


Rhode Island:

 

"Arrival of Rochambeau and the French Army at Newport." In: Forbes and Cadman,

France and New England vol. 1, pp. 101-112.

Contains a rare photograph of the dedication of the first marker at King Park in Newport in 1902 (page 105).

 

Belmont, Perry. Rochambeau monument and foreign propaganda (Newport, 1938)

 

"Butts Hill, Chastellux, and Conanicut Island Forts." In: Forbes and Cadman, France and New England vol. 2, pp. 61-65.

 

City Document No. 22, Dedication of the French Monument by the City of Providence, R.I. (Providence, 1882).

 

Program of the dedication of the monument on cemetery.

 

"Dedication of the Monument in King Park Newport, R.I. July 13, 1928." Bulletin of the Newport Historical Society Special No. 66 (September 1928), pp. 1-19.

 

De Ternay: Newport, Rhode Island May 30, 1902. (Newport, 1902)

 

Gardiner, Asa Bird. Address of welcome ... to the ambassador of France and the general-in-chief of the French army and other members of the official representation of the government of France, appointed to attend the unveiling, in Washington, D. C. of the bronze statue of M. le Maréchal le Comte de Rochambeau ... on the occasion of the visit of the representation to Newport, R.I. on Memorial Day, May 30th, 1902 ... . (New York, 1902)

 

"General Washington visits Rochambeau at Newport." In: Forbes and Cadman, France and New England vol. 2, pp. 56-66.

 

Hume, Edgar Erskine. Rochambeau. Marshal of France, Friend of America. Address at the Dedication of the Rochambeau Monument Newport, Rhode Island 4 July 1940 (Newport, 1940)

 

LaFrance, A. Curtis. "History of the Rochambeau Statue." Newport History Vol. 68 No. 4 (1998), pp. 165-171.

 

Loughrey, Mary Ellen. France and Rhode Island, 1686-1800. (New York, 1944)

 

Preston, Howard W. "Rochambeau and the French Troops in Providence in 1780-81-82." Rhode Island Historical Society Collections vol. 17 No. 1 (January 1924), pp. 1-23.

General overview of French presence in Providence.

 

Rhode Island Historical Society. Committee on Marking Historical Sites. Order of exercises at the dedication of a shaft and tablet to mark the spot near Rochambeau Avenue where our French allies encamped during the American Revolution. (Providence, 1907)

 

Program of the dedication of the monument on Summit and Brewster Streets. There is a photograph in Forbes and Cadman, France and New England vol. 1, p. 172.

 

Rochambeau Commission. Rochambeau and Rhode Island (Providence, 1954)

Short little pamphlet.

 

Scott, Kenneth. "Rochambeau's American Wagoners, 1780-1783." The New England Historical and Genealogical Register Vol. 143 (July 1989), pp. 256-262.

 

Lists names of local wagoners. Mostly of genealogical interest.

 

Simpson, Alan and Mary M. "A New Look at How Rochambeau quartered his Army in Newport (1780-1781)." Newport History (Spring 1983), pp.30-67.

Very valuable for locating homes used by French officers in 1780/81.

 

"Souvenirs of the French in Providence and Bristol, Rhode Island." In Forbes and Cadman, France and New England vol. 2, pp. 135-151.

 This is a richly illustrated article reflecting the state of research in the 1920s.

 

"The Death of a Great French Admiral." In: Forbes and Cadman, France and New England vol. 2, pp. 49-55.

 

A richly illustrated article that shows both the 1783 tablet now in Trinity Church and the marker erected by the French republic in 1873 that replaced the 1783 tablet which is now inside the church.

 

"The French in Rhode Island." Magazine of American History Vol. 3 No. 7 (July 1879), pp. 385-436.

 

Still the most thorough analysis of the French presence in Rhode Island. Good maps.

 

"The Marches and Camp Sites of the French Army in New England." In: Forbes and Cadman, France and New England vol. 1, pp. 131-189.

This article covers the whole march from Rhode Island to New York; it is again nicely illustrated with pictures of the marker for the Providence camp on Summit and Brewster Streets on page 172, a diagram of the camp, a photograph of Rochambeau School on Hope and Rochambeau Avenues etc.

 

Tuckerman, Arthurs. When Rochambeau stepped ashore: a reconstruction of life in Newport in 1780 (Newport, 1955)

 

Wadleigh, John R. "Fifty Years Ago, When Newport Remembered Rochambeau." Newport History Vol. 54 No. 4 (1981), pp.123-125.

 

Review of Newport's 1930 Sesquicentennial celebrating Rochambeau's arrival.

 

"With the French at Newport." In: Forbes and Cadman, France and New England vol. 2, pp. 30-46.

This article is the starting point for any architectural survey of resources in Newport. As with all of the text in the Forbes and Cadman volumes, the historical interpretation needs to be read with a grain of salt. On page 46 they write for example of "Laforest, a Captain in the Saintonge regiment, who insulted his superior officer, Count de Custine, and was so mortified that he killed himself in despair." What had happened was that Custine had publicly insulted the captain who killed himself because he could not challenge his commanding officer to a duel.

 

Wood, Anna Wharton Smith. The Robinson family and their correspondence with the Vicomte and Vicomtesse de Noailles (Newport, 1922)

 

Woodbridge, George. "Rochambeau: Two Hundred Years Later." Newport History Vol. 53 No. 1 (1980), pp. 5-21.

 

A military biography of Rochambeau, with emphasis on his 1780-83 participating in the American Revolution, 1780-81.

 

Woodbridge,George. "The Vernon House." Newport History Vol. 60 No. 1 (1987), pp.28-39.

Historical summary of the landmark house occupied by Rochambeau while in Newport (RI) in 1780-81, and its treatment by successive owners up to the present.

 

 Connecticut:

 

Adams, Sherman W. and Henry R. Stiles, The History of Ancient Wethersfield 2 vols., (1904, repr. Wethersfield, 1974)

 

Buel, Richard. Dear Liberty. Connecticut's Mobilization for the Revolutionary War (Middletown, 1980)

 

Cifelli, Edward M. David Humphreys (Boston: Twayne, 1982)

 

Humphreys was an aide-de-camp to Washington.

 

Crofut, Florence S. Marcy. Guide to the History and Historic Sites of Connecticut 2 vols., (New Haven, 1937)

 

An indispensable research tool for Connecticut History.

 

"De Lauzun's cavalry at Lebanon, Connecticut." in: Forbes and Cadman, France and New England Vol. 2, pp. 99-108.

 

Destler, Chester M. Connecticut: The Provisions State (Chester, 1973)

 

Destler, Chester M. "Colonel Henry Champion, Revolutionary Commissary." Connecticut History Vol. 36 No. 2 (1971), pp. 52-64.

 

Destler, Chester M. "Newtown and the American Revolution." Connecticut History Vol. 20 No. 6 (1979), pp. 6-26.

 

Forbes, Allan. "Marches and Camp Sites of the French Army in New England During the Revolutionary War." Massachusetts Historical Society Proceedings Vol. 58 (April 1925), pp. 267-286.

 

Ford, Worthington Chauncey. Family Letters of Samuel Blachley Webb, 1764-1807 (New York, 1912)

 

Fowles, Lloyd W. An Honor to the State. The Bicentennial History of the First Company Governor's Foot Guard (Hartford, 1971)

 

"Hartford in the Revolutionary War." In: Protection. A Magazine published for Representatives of The Traveler's Insurance Companies. Bicentennial Edition vol. 99, No.7, (July 1976), pp. 2-5.

 

Hoadley, Charles J., ed., The Public Records of the State of Connecticut from May, 1780, to October, 1781, inclusive (Hartford, 1922)

 

Hughes, Arthur H. and Morse S. Allen, Connecticut Place Names (Hartford, 1976)

 

McGrath, Stephen P. "Connecticut's Tory Towns. The Loyalty Struggle in Newtown, Redding, and Ridgefield 1774-1783." Connecticut History Vol. 44 No. 3 (1979), pp. 88-96.

 

Ricketts, Rowland, Jr., "The French in Lebanon 1780-1781." Connecticut History Vol. 36 No. 1 (1971), pp. 23-31.


Selig, Robert A. “Site Lines: Mapping Rochambeau’s March across Connecticut” Connecticut Explored vol. 10, no. 2 (Spring 2012), pp. 48-49.

 

Terry, Marian D. Old Inns of Connecticut (Hartford, 1937)

 

Washington-Rochambeau Celebration: 1780-1955 Hartford - Connecticut. Official Souvenir Program (Hartford, 1955)

 

Wayland, Alicia N., Chairman. Our Common Heritage. The Lebanon Green Historic District. Final Report Historic District Study Committee (Lebanon, 1999)

 

Wayland, Alicia N. Around the Lebanon Green. An Architectural and Historical Review of Lebanon, Connecticut (Lebanon, 1999)

 

Webb, J. Watson. Reminiscences of Gen'l Samuel B. Webb of the Revolutionary Army (New York, 1882)

 

Weeks, Christopher. "Revolutionary Village." American Heritage (April 1989), pp, 81-90. (i.e., Lebanon, Connecticut)

 


Return March of 1782:


Stevens, John Austin. "The Return of the French, 1782-3." Magazine of American History Vol. 7 No. 1 (July 1881), pp. 1-35.



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