Regarding my job as a student in the class of Modern Poetry i would say it was good considering the facts that i did them all on time. Also, in each and one of the assignments I posted a few more extras like pictures or videos of the related topic which I consider to be a good way of capturing the attention and a way to understand better the meaning of my interpretation of each assignment. When it comes to feedback to others i didn't deliver on time making me impossible to fulfill my task but the postings will be there on each of the required terms. If where grade myself i would say it will be an -A.
Jaymar Velazquez Ortiz
Prof. Leonardo Flores
Monday, May 17, 2010
talking about poems the Latin community has many different exponents that
really changed the world and how we look at poems. Poets like Pablo Neruda, one
of the most important poets of all time, and others writers like Gabriel Garcia
Márquez are inspiration for many contemporary poems. Alberto Rios is no
exception to these poets that have changed the way Latin American poetry manifests
in a unique way of expressing each other’s feelings in their poetics.
Rios was born in 1952 in Nogales, Arizona in the border line of Mexico. While
his father was from Mexico his mother was from England, a combination that made
him what he is right now. From his mother’s side the rhetorical of English and
from his father side the culture and the heritage of a Hispanic country in
addition to a repeated use of reference to his past is the key to his poetics. While looking at two of his famous poems like “Madre Sofia”
and “Mi Abuelo” we can clearly see how this elements shape his style.
Poem “Madre Sofia” starting from the title you can rapidly detect that he has
knowledge of the Spanish language coming from his father figure. As we continue
reading Alberto Rios starts narrating an event of his past in a quite unique
way using a very straight forward composition using a story like poem. This
story develops as we read in a place not described yet he gives in full detail
of a woman very particular among the Hispanic culture, a fortune teller. This
is a key to understanding Alberto’s poetics.
Not only his
father heritage, while the poem starts giving detail, we can admire his mother
side looking at the selective and specifics words he chooses in English to
capture perfectly the moment and the experience. If we look again at the “Madre
Sofia” poem, his description of this woman is so accurate that you can even
smell her. For example if we look at the verses from fifteen to seventeen we
can clearly see how he uses our senses to convince the atmosphere of the story.
Using verses like “…smelled of smoke, cigarettes, / but a diamond smoke,
somehow; I inhaled sparkles,…” suggest the sensation of this thick smoke and
unpleasant feeling giving that special touch to his poetics.
In the poem “Mi
Abuelo” we can see again some of this poetics as well at that heritage of his
family right from the beginning. Once again taking a step into his life trough
the poem we find that his memory is the one guiding us, describing with full
details what he believes to be his grandfather. For example if we read the
verses nine to ten we see that it says: “…Mi abuelo is the man / who speaks
through all the mouths in my house” referring
that everybody in his house talks about him. Reading ahead we start reading events
of his grandfather but because of the quoted earlier we see that this are stories
told by others in the family making the use of this typical in his work.
His work while
being mainly about his past and family the uses of words keep being very
meaning full yet very simple. In the poem “Mi Abuelo” he uses simple yet loaded description to
perfectly fulfill his intensions. Looking at the verses thirty-one and
thirty-two where it says: “I see an old picture of him at nani’s with an /
off-white yellow center mustache…” we see how he describes his grandfathers
picture in a simple yet well constructed image. This
same style makes us believes that this poem is just about his grandfather but if
you take a look at his past he is actually describing how his grandfather was
absent in his house.
Like any other poet Alberto Rios uses figures
of speech to his advantage to create that magic feeling of really being in the
poem yourself. Using similes like: “words
coming like red ant stepping occasionally /
from a hole on a summer day in the valley,” from “Madre Sofia” and “where
you can hear the future / like an Indian with his ear at the tracks.” from
the poem “Mi Abuelo” that really
captures the reader attention. Knowing
that he uses memory or events, these elements are what makes his work like
Alberto Rios is an excellent poet who’s poems
reflect his past. Not only they reflect the past but also expresses situations
and moments in his life while using different techniques. Techniques like very specific
description to open up you sight to his world and feelings. Also uses his
heritage to grasp the two worlds he was raised in, not forgetting his great use
of figures of speech and his great vocabulary. All of these is what makes the
poetics of Alberto Rios.
Billie Holiday - Strange Fruit
Southern trees bear a strange fruit,
Blood on the leaves and blood at the root,
Black bodies swinging in the southern breeze,
Strange fruit hanging from the popular trees.
Pastoral scene of the gallant south,
The bulging eyes and the twisted mouth,
Scent of magnolias, sweet and fresh,
Then the sudden smell of burning flesh.
Here is fruit for the crows to pluck,
For the rain to gather, for the wind to suck,
For the sun to rot, for the trees to drop,
Here is a strange and bitter crop.
The African American culture has
suffered a series of historical events that have change the way they manifest
to the world with their poems and lyrics. One of this events was slavery, that
destroyed many families and disrespected a lot of African American abusing from
them in many ways. This caused a major impact on how African Americans
expressed themselves against this practices and changed the way they write,
speak, speak and manifest against any kind of situation. While analyzing “Strange
Fruit” in forms of poetics, you will notice the strong connection to the events
that marked African Americans forever.
Strange Fruit has a basic “AA/BB”
rhyme scheme throughout the whole poem with some assonant vowel sounds giving a
sense of unity and calmness. While the sound gives you a calm mood the images
presented in the first stanza acts like a complement of death and suffering
changing that mood to a repulsive and sad atmosphere. In this first stanza the
author tries to describe a fruit a “strange fruit”. The third verse of the first stanza is our
clear statement that this is about racism because it says: “Black bodies swinging
in the southern breeze,”
While the author keeps describing
this fruit we start to see the allusion she is doing comparing this fruit with
African American is even more repulsing letting you see little by little that
she is talking about dead bodies of African American people. More than describing
these corpses with detail on how they are being burned and hanged in the last
stanza we see an allusion to how they treated them. Clearly as for poems of
African Americans this events where one of the many that where important for
creating this African American Poetics making racism one of the key factor to
African American poets and song writers.
image of what the author used as reference Bibliography:
English 3325: Modern Poetry
Prof. Leonardo Flores
Spring 2010 Midterm Exam
Name: Jaymar Velazquez
March 19, 2010
Write a concise response for each question, making sure you address it
thoroughly. Print out and turn in your responses on Wednesday, March 24, 2009. (40
Analyze the use and effect of allusion and symbolism in Byzantium.
Your discussion must be informed by a clearly stated interpretation of the
poem. Note: the textbook has potentially useful footnotes for this poem in
pg. 129. (250 words - 10 points)
W. B. Yeats takes the poem to
another level using methods like symbolism and repetition of words to emphasize
the use of allusion to another meaning in the poem “Byzantium”. If we see
throughout the poem he takes this allusion and emphasizes them with the
repetition of a word. In addition he also connects the verses with this method.
Most of this allusion is of mythology and of Christianity probably criticizing this
subject in a matter of a quest that is presented in the poem. Explaining one of
the possible interpretations of the poem I will show where you can found these
allusions and the elements he uses to fulfill the message.
First the title starts giving you a
hint of what the poem it’s about. If we look the definition of Byzantium, the
definition was an Ancient Greek City founded by a king. This can tell us that
the author is talking about a city alluding it’s this city. If we keep reading
on to the first stanza we see that the city is impure when it says: “unpurged
images of day recede”; also the allusion to the church we it says after a
cathedral song in verse 4 stanza 1. In
the second stanza the narrator talk about a man that is more dead or alive. And
emphasize the character repeating shade.
In conclusion the poem is about this
city that it’s ruined by blood spilled and the corruption of men. The allusion
of Christianity may lead us to the inquisition when the poem says a lot of
blood in his poem. Also the repetition of word more than being part of the
rhyme it could be the repetition of these things in the future. The Greek mythology
gives us the sense that the gods could have destroyed the place.
Analyze the use and effect of alliteration, consonance, and other sound
devices in Moreover, the Moon---. Your discussion must be
informed by a clearly stated interpretation of the poem. Note: the textbook
has potentially useful footnotes for this poem in pg. 129. (250 words -
This poem really makes you think on
how this author does these poems. Mina Loy takes the imagery and mesmerizes you
with an unusual rhyme as she describes something that not usually is used as
subject. Using alliteration she
involves you in this flow of words that moves you from the fact that she is
talking about death. Also the rhyme although not forma but very similar in tone
also involves you in her poem.
The poem stars with imagery of a
pretty sky over us very beautiful using Skies, presides, wonder; words that
allude to beautiful and peaceful and great stuff. Then the image of heaven
draws in front of you then a silver circular corpse as if the color silver
could be the allusion of a dead body. Little by little the poem stars
deteriorating and becoming darker as we read.
If it weren’t for the sound in this poem you wouldn’t pay attention to
the greatness that it starts and only to the death, but if thanks to the choice
of words and to the rhyme scheme we first think is a poem of a sky.
How is Wallace Stevens defining Modern Poetry in this poem? Compare and
contrast his definition with how Ezra Pound describes Modern Poetry in "A
Retrospect" (929) (250 words - 10 points).
Stevens defines the poem has a way of describing something of union between
the poet and poem. It says that it’s something freer and not judged but exactly
how you should say it. IF we see some of his early verses he also compares it
to an act of a play where everything is set but then you don’t know what is going
to happen. And that this poem it has to be about something living like in the
second stanza, second verse where it says “It has to be living,” and other
literary forms like free verse, using the same structure of the poem to be a definition.
Comparing the poem “Of modern
poetry” and “A Retrospect its has its pros and contras. While the Ezra Pound
describe modern poetry as something not to be defined and that there’s not a
clear argument on how to define it but there’s
some rules, while Stevens gives a more poetic and more free type of
definition. Ezra Pound states that we
have to talk only about the subject, not using different languages only the one
of the subject and that the sound has to be in form of a melody but not as in a
In my opinion both have a valid
argument but Ezra Pound has rules and I think that rules are a little bit to
controlling. In modern poetry instead of a ruled regimen of metrics and theme it
was characterize as a more free way of writing. Although Ezra Pound gives
another sense with the imagism still his definition is more controlling. In
similarity they have the fact that they leave the readers the possibility of
How are “Byzantium,” “Moreover, the Moon--,” and “Of Modern Poetry” Modern?
Describe at least three characteristics of Modernism present in the poems and
provide examples from each to support your response. (250 words - 10
The poems “Byzantium”, “Moreover ,
the moon” and “of modern poetry” have a peculiarity of having subjects more
personal but also different from the original form of doing poetry. Before
modernism began the traditional poems where very symmetrical and with a lot of
romanticism involve. These 3 poems goes to another level by using a lot of
images that is one of the characteristics of the modern poetry.
Talking about the theme these poems
have, they are quite more intellectual than usual. The main idea of these poems
are in relation with society, personal
situations and of how to define the same
movement implanted are the themes these 3 poems. The way they illustrate, being
away from the romantic influences but barely present its very clear.
A big influence for poets was the
use of rhyme, when in modern poetry the rhyme isn’t that important but in some
poets is still present. In these 3 poems the rhyme is not so present braking
the usual making them modern but what is important is the sound. The metric in
the poems also breaks and actually utilizing this on favor of the poem.
Jaymar Velázquez Ortiz
Prof. Leonardo Flores
March 12, 2010
Papa’s Waltz” by Theodore Roethke
Roethke was a great poet, known for his two best poems, “My Papa’s Waltz” and
the sequel “The Lost Son”. He was born in 1908 in Saginaw, Michigan and a
change of faith made him lost his father in which you can see clearly how this
affects Theodore’s poems. He died out of a heart attack in 1963 where in that
year he wrote sixty-one poems that where published after his death.
the death of his father was subject of the poem “My Papa’s Waltz” by him using
different poetic forms, rhythm and sensory imagery he achieves balance in the
poem. From the poem’s title to each one of the stanzas we see how he mixes
these two subjects into a perfect poem. Also he manages to take something
beautiful like the waltz and put it with a different connotation. This and more
are what Roethke’s uses in his poem to make you experience his feelings, agony
but also an opening for the reader to identify with the poem.
the start the title of the poem puts two images in your head that will play
around with you throughout the whole poem. The word Waltz makes you think in a
dance with a perfect melody and a certain rhythm, moving a going in circles.
The word “Papa” alludes to a dance with your father in this rhythm or a dance
involving the father. Not only the title evokes dance but also the structure of
the poem. If we see other poems of Theodore Roethke, we can see that he has
very variable poems but there are very few of them that have such an elaborate
metric and melody to the poem.
to the sound of the poem, it has a very simple but elaborate sequence involving
ABAB pattern in ending rhyme in the first and every stanza. Also the poem it's
composed in a iambic form in periods of three giving the sensation of movement
like melody like the waltz. As everybody knows the waltz it’s made for you to
dance in periods of three steps like the poem’s iambic form. This gives you an image of movement that goes
well on what is happening in the text in the first stanza.
the poem the first stanza verses one and two we have that the author says “The
whiskey on your breath/Could make a small boy dizzy ;” This two verses with the
use of the word dizzy and whiskey makes you think it’s an unbalanced
relationship tormented by alcohol making the author unsteady referring to this
boy dizzy as himself. Also it could mean that they were having a good time
because the author is talking about a waltz. In verses three and four could
reinforce this fact when he said “But I hung on like death” meaning that he
hold on forever. But then again, the allusion to death could mean a double
sense of his father death and he had to "hung to death" because his
father left him.
the second stanza we have another round of images and sounds that are in favor
for a dual interpretation but keeping the same rhythm. Verses one and two, gives
a big image of a movement so intense that things fell off the shelf and
maintaining the sense of movement. Analyzing these two verses we can come up
with a conclusion that this is a violent moment with his father so big that
even the pans from the kitchen fell. Reading further into the rest of the
verses we might think his mother was angry at this incident or that the trouble
was with her because it says: “My mother’s countenance/Could not unfrown
itself. In the Merriam Webster dictionary online one of the definitions for the
word countenance is; “face,
: the face as an indication of mood, emotion, or character” which means
her expression was important to that moment.( http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/countenance
Next in line comes the third stanza in which
we get more of this words that make reference to the waltz like “the hand that
held my wrist”, “every step”, etc. In addition to the sense of dance and
movement we see also a matter of illness. The second verse of the third stanza
evokes this feeling, but it’s a pain that the father has suffered or fights
that had made his father ill. Moreover in the 3 verse it says: “At every step
you missed” giving a sense of unbalance or not capable of dancing well.
the last stanza the father figure is really reinforce and expressed by various
words still without losing the presence of the waltz. First we see talking about time on your head
like a typical father telling his son it’s time to do something particularly at
a certain rhythm, in this case the waltz. Then it says “With a palm caked hard by
dirt” as if the father was someone that has worked so much for his son. Finalizing
with two verses that says: “Then waltzed me off to bed/Still clinging to your shirt”
that really opens your mind that this poem is not about a bad father, is the love
of a father in good times and bad times and that he is so attached to him that when
he goes to bed he doesn’t want to separate from his father.
conclusion the poem is a fascinating thrill of love and joy dancing at the rhythm
of the waltz in the way of his father did. It’s amazing how he uses the iambic form
to make the movement similar to the dance. In my opinion although it has some connotations
about abuse at the beginning it actually doesn’t have to do anything with that.
It has to do with a real love of a father and how attached he feel about his father.
The uses of word to resemble the dance also the sound of the word allude to each
and every one stanza, making each one of them a full image.
THE NORTON ANTHOLOGY OF MODERN AND
CONTEMPORARY POETRY:, THRID
EDITION. Vol. 1: Jaham Ramazani; Richard Ellmann;
Robert O’ Clair, Theodore Roethke
H. Auden is an interesting poet who gives poems a different touch. In his work,
some of them have connotations that may seem to have certain meaning and also
have another meaning. Who’s Who is one of those poems that you could interpret
with two different perspectives. W. H Auden, using accurate adjectives and
verbs makes the poem full of images in a dual interpretation.
the first stanza the first word that causes this double interpretation is “Father”.
This word is the one that changes the perspectives. First the poem sounds like
if it’s about an experience with a father and describing how this paternal
figure is when you see images like when it says in the first stanza 5th
verse, “Of how he fought, fished, hunted, worked all night,”. This line really
makes you see a resemblance of a father. Another image of a father is in the
second stanza line 3 where it says; “Did little jobs about the house with skill”
where father is supposed to do little jobs on a house.
real ambiguity is in the second line of the first stanza where it says “How
Father beat him”. You can deduce this is like if someone was talking about a father
(paternal figure) doing something to someone or to a child. Looking at Auden’s
biography and tendency of writing in a prayer style the other way we can also
interpret that this is about a Father from a church.
conclusion the poem makes you see it has a dual interpretation. The use of
sound of certain words reinforce the fact that it’s a about a paternal figure. Some
other lines like when it says “what acts Made him the greatest figure of his
day” firms to another point. The poem also has other lines that could be
misplace with different meanings.
A shilling life will give you all the facts:
How Father beat him, how he ran away,
What were the struggles of his youth, what acts
Made him the greatest figure of his day;
Of how he fought, fished, hunted, worked all night,
Though giddy, climbed new mountains; named a sea;
Some of the last researchers even write
Love made him weep his pints like you and me.
With all his honours on, he sighed for one
Who, say astonished critics, lived at home;
Did little jobs about the house with skill
And nothing else; could whistle; would sit still
Or potter round the garden; answered some
Of his long marvellous letters but kept none.
Sound is a very important part of
poems to make the reader understand the poem, to give meaning or simply
capture the reader’s attention. A poet who used sound to his favor was Thomas
Hardy. T. Hardy was a poet born in 1840 and Died in 1928. His poems have a
personal style in which he uses different elements, and by using rhyme and
meter schemes he makes the poem more readable. Also this style calls the
reader with the melody the poem creates. An example of a poem that uses rhyme
and metric schemes is “A Broken Appointment”
“A Broken Appointment” in the first
stanza is very common because it has a perfect rhyme with couplets and consonants
throughout the poem. Although it’s a common style of rhyme it has a lot of thinking
because most of the end of the verses are different but they sound alike
making the stanza rhyme. Different
from the first stanza the second stanza is different from the other. At first
it starts in the first to verses with a couplet but then it changes to a “terza
rima” in the next 3 lines and ending with another couplet. This change in
rhyme can mean a change in attitude in the poet’s description of a broken
appointment and also the fact that he is blaming himself for what has happened.
Next to the rhyme comes the metric that once
again starts very normal but elaborated. He uses iamb at the beginning of
each verse and it ends the verse with an anapest metric. Changing to the
second stanza, the meter changes but keeping the same mysterious and slow
time to capture the emotion. Another fact in meter is that it starts and ends
with the same verse in both stanzas being like a link between the two
A Broken Appointment
You did not come,
And marching Time drew on, and wore me numb.
Yet less for loss of your dear presence there
Than that I thus found lacking in your make
That high compassion which can overbear
Reluctance for pure lovingkindness' sake
Grieved I, when, as the hope-hour stroked its sum,
You did not come.
You love not me,
And love alone can lend you loyalty;
-I know and knew it. But, unto the store
Of human deeds divine in all but name,
Was it not worth a little hour or more
To add yet this: Once you, a woman, came
To soothe a time-torn man; even though it be
You love not me.