Research



My research agenda could be broadly defined as better understanding the current practices of social studies educators with respect to teaching politics and current political events, as well as fostering ideological diversity and tolerance in their classrooms.  It is my hope that through a deeper understanding of current practices social studies educators can begin to address ways to incorporate more opportunities for developing ideological awareness and deliberation in their classrooms so that schools can fulfill their mission of developing future citizens capable of successfully participating in an increasingly pluralistic democratic society.  

Within this broad scope, I maintain two distinct research interests.  My primary research interest involves the teaching and conceptualization of politics in secondary education.  My dissertation research involved studying how secondary social studies teachers covered the historic 2008 Presidential Election.  Since coming to UNCG, I have conducted studies on how teachers can use film, specifically The West Wing, to encourage students to think politically, as well as studies on preservice social studies teachers' propensity to follow politics and current events.  Most recently, I conducted a study of two exemplary civics teachers during the 2012 Presidential Election. 

My second research interest involves studying technology in secondary education, specifically the potential of online learning in K-12 education.   Within this area of research, I have conducted a case study of an online high school U.S. History course and participated in a study on the viability of videoconferencing as a way of increasing ideological and cultural diversity among American and non-American students.  Since coming to UNCG, I have focused primarily on preparing preservice and practicing teachers for online instruction. 


For a full CV, click here

Publications

Books

Journell, W. (2013). Online learning: Strategies for K-12 teachers. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.  Amazon, Rowman & Littlefield

Refereed Articles and Conference Proceedings

Beeson, M. W., Journell, W., & Ayers, C. A. (in press). When using technology isn't enough: A comparison of high school civics teachers' TPCK in one-to-one laptop environments. Journal of Social Studies Research.

Journell, W (in press). Teaching politics in the U.S. history classroom. The History Teacher.


Hewitt, K. K., Journell, W., & Zilonka, R. (in press). What the flip: Impact of flipped instruction on self-regulated learning. International Journal of Social Media and Interactive Learning Environments.

Journell, W. (2014). Analyzing the appropriateness of internet-based school news programs for social studies classrooms: CNN Student News as a case study. The Clearing House, 87, 53-58.  PDF

Journell, W., Ayers, C. A., & Beeson, M. W. (2014). Tweeting in the classroom. Phi Delta Kappan, 95(5), 63-67PDF

Journell, W. (2013). Learning from each other: What social studies can learn from the controversy surrounding the teaching of evolution in science.  Curriculum Journal, 24, 494-510.  PDF

Journell, W. (2013). What preservice social studies teachers (don't) know about politics and current events--and why it matters. Theory and Research in Social Education, 41, 316-351PDF

Journell, W., & Buchanan, L. B. (2013). Confronting educational politics with preservice teachers: Reactions to Waiting for Superman. Action in Teacher Education, 35, 252-271. PDF

Journell, W., Ayers, C. A., & Beeson, M. W. (2013). Joining the conversation: Twitter as a tool for student political engagement. The Educational Forum, 77, 466-480. PDF

Dressman, M., Journell, W., Babcock, A., Weatherup, N., & Makhoukh, A. (2013). Toward technology-mediated transcultural education: Learning from a discussion of politics and culture between American and Moroccan students.  International Journal of Social Education, 24(2), 169-192. PDF

Journell, W. (2013). Making every year a presidential election year: Using The West Wing's Santos/Vinick race to simulate election politics. Ohio Social Studies Review, 50, 6-16. PDF

Journell, W., & Buchanan, L. B. (2013). Fostering political understanding using The West Wing: Analyzing the pedagogical benefits of film in high school civics classrooms. Journal of Social Studies Research, 37, 67-83. PDF

Journell, W., & Webb, A. W. (2013). When one-size methods class doesn't fit all: A self-study of teaching traditional and alternative licensure students together.Teacher Education and Practice, 26, 9-27. PDF

Journell, W., & Buchanan, L. B. (2012). Rethinking "general audience": A comparison of students' understanding of popular film in high school honors and general-level classes. American Secondary Education, 41, 31-51.  PDF

Journell, W., May, L. A., Stenhouse, V. L., Meyers, L. E., & Holbrook, T. (2012). Scaffolding classroom discourse in an election year: Keeping a cool mood in a heated season. Social Studies and the Young Learner, 25, 6-9. PDF

Journell, W. (2012). Ideological homogeneity, school leadership, and political intolerance in secondary education: A study of three high schools during the 2008 Presidential Election. Journal of School Leadership, 22, 569-599.
PDF

Journell, W. (2012). Walk, don't run--to online learning. Phi Delta Kappan, 93(7), 46-50. PDF

Journell, W., & Buchanan, L. B.  (2012). Making politics palatable: Using television drama in high school civics and government classes. The Social Studies, 103, 1-11PDF

Rosales, J. K., & Journell, W. (2012). "Socializing economics": Using practical applications to enliven economic theory.  Social Studies Research and Practice, 7, 51-60. PDF

Journell, W., & Castro, E. L. (2011). Culturally relevant political education: Using immigration as a catalyst for civic understanding. Multicultural Education, 18(4), 10-17.
PDF

Journell, W. (2011).  History, citizenship education, and the search for an American identity: An argument against a unifying narrative. Journal of Thought, 46, 5-24
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Journell, W. (2011). Teaching politics in secondary education: Analyzing instructional methods from the 2008 Presidential Election. The Social Studies, 102, 231-241PDF

Journell, W. (2011). The disclosure dilemma in action: A qualitative look at the effect of teacher disclosure on  classroom instruction.  Journal of Social Studies Research, 35, 217-244PDF

Journell, W. (2011). The challenges of political instruction in a post-9/11 United States. The High School Journal, 95, 3-14. PDF

Journell, W. (2011). Teachers' controversial issue decisions related to race, gender, and religion during the 2008 Presidential Election. Theory and Research in Social Education, 39, 348-392.
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Journell, W. (2011). Teaching the 2008 Presidential Election at three demographically diverse schools: An exercise in neoliberal governmentality. Educational Studies: A Journal of the American Educational Studies Association, 47, 133-159. 
PDF

Journell, W., & Dressman, M. (2011). Using videoconferences to diversify classrooms electronically. The Clearing House, 84, 109-113. 
PDF

Journell, W. (2011). Staying civil. Educational Leadership, 68(6), Available.

Journell, W. (2010).  The influence of high-stakes testing on high school teachers' willingness to incorporate current political events into the curriculum. The High School Journal, 93, 111-125PDF

Journell, W. (2010). Standardizing citizenship: The potential influence of state curriculum standards on the civic development of adolescents. PS: Political Science & Politics, 43, 351-358. 
PDF

Journell, W. (2010). Perceptions of e-learning in secondary education: A viable alternative to classroom instruction or a way to bypass engaged learning? Educational Media International, 47, 69-81.  PDF

Journell, W. (2009). Using YouTube to teach presidential election propaganda: Twelve representative videos. Social Education, 73, 325-329; 362-363PDF

Journell, W. (2009). An incomplete history: Representation of American Indians in state social studies standards.  Journal of American Indian Education, 48(2), 18-32.  PDF

Journell, W. (2009). Setting out the (un)welcome mat: A portrayal of immigration in American history standards. The Social Studies, 100, 160-168.  PDF

Journell, W. (2009). Maximizing the potential of computer-based technology in secondary social studies education. Social Studies Research and Practice, 4, 55-70.  PDF

Journell, W. (2009). Revisiting political socialization in secondary education: A study of government classes in three demographically diverse schools during the 2008 presidential election.  Proceedings of the International Society for the Social Studies Annual Conference 2009 (pp. 28-29). Orlando, FL: ISSS. 

Journell, W. (2008). Facilitating historical discussions using asynchronous communication: The role of the teacher. Theory and Research in Social Education, 36, 317-355.  PDF

Journell, W. (2008). When oppression and liberation are the only choices: The representation of African-Americans within state social studies standards.  Journal of Social Studies Research, 32(1), 40-50.  PDF

Journell, W. (2007). Dewey and standardization: A philosophical look at the implications for social studies. Social Studies Research and Practice, 2, 301-315.  PDF

Journell, W. (2007). The inequities of the digital divide: Is e-learning a solution? E-Learning, 4, 138-149.  PDF

Refereed Book Chapters

Linton, J. N., & Journell, W. (in press). Meeting the demand for online education: A study of a state-run program designed to train virtual K-12 teachers. In T. L. Heafner, R. Hartshorne, & T. Petty (Eds.), Exploring the effectiveness of online education in K-12 environments. Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

Journell, W., McFadyen, B., Miller, M. S., & Brown, K. K. (2014). K-12 online learning: Issues and future research directions. In T. V. Yuzer & G. Eby (Eds.), Emerging priorities and trends in distance education: Communication, pedagogy, and technology (pp. 385-400). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.  Book Website

Journell, W. (2014). K-12 online learning: The next frontier for social studies education. In W. B. Russell (Ed.), Digital social studies (pp. 21-43). Charlotte, NC: Information Age. Book Website

Journell, W., Beeson, M. W., Crave, J. J., Gomez, M., Linton, J. N., & Taylor, M. O. (2013). Training teachers for virtual classrooms:  A description of an experimental course in online pedagogy. In R. Hartshorne, T. L. Heafner, & T. M. Petty (Eds.), Teacher education programs and online learning tools: Innovations in teacher preparation (pp. 120-143). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.  Book Website

Dressman, M., Journell, W., & Mann, J. (2012). Teacher education: Qualitative research approaches. In S. Delamont (Ed.), Handbook of qualitative research in education (pp. 181-194). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.
  Book Website

Invited Articles/Chapters, Editorial Writings, and Book Reviews


Journell, W. (in press). Practical guidelines for creating online courses in K-12 education. In T. L. Heafner, R. Hartshorne, & T. Petty (Eds.), Exploring the effectiveness of online education in K-12 environments. Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

Journell, W., & Gomez, M. (in press). [Review of the book Essentials of middle and secondary social studies by W. B. Russell, S. Waters, & T. N. Turner]. Journal of Social Studies Research.

Journell, W. (2011). Feature editor introduction. Social Studies Research and Practice, 6, 167-168PDF

Wilson, P. H., & Journell, W. (2011). Lies, damn lies, and statistics: Uncovering the truth behind polling data.  Social Studies Research and Practice, 6, 169-180PDF

Journell, W. (2010). [Review of the book Teaching  what really happened: How to avoid the tyranny of textbooks and get students excited about doing history by J. W. Loewen]. The History Teacher, 43, 305-307PDF

Journell, W. (2009). [Review of the book Teaching American history in a global context by C. Guarneri & J. Davis (Eds.)]. The History Teacher, 42, 516-517. PDF

Journell, W. (2009). [Review of the book This happened in America: Harold Rugg and the censure of social studies by R. W. Evans]. The History Teacher, 42, 371-373. 
PDF

State Publications

Journell, W. (2014, Spring). Let's recognize outstanding and innovative teaching! Tar Heel News.

Journell, W. (2014, Winter). Where to find primary sources? Tar Heel News, 16-17.

Journell, W. (2013, Fall). Using Twitter to stay abreast of educational news. Tar Heel News, 7-8.

Journell, W. (2013, Spring). The power of numbers: The UVA Historical Census Browser. Tar Heel News, 4-5.

Journell, W. (2013, Winter). Social Studies Research and Practice: A valuable resource for practitioners. Tar Heel News, 14-16.

Journell, W. (2012, Fall). Technology for helping struggling readers and writers in social studies. Tar Heel News, 11-13.

Journell, W. (2012, Spring). Taking risks is worth the trouble. Tar Heel News, 16-17.

Other Publications and Scholarly Work

Journell, W. (2014, January 13). Teacher of teachers reaches out to Governor McCrory for help. NC Policy Watch, Available here (This publication was reprinted in the Spring Hope Enterprise  on January 16, 2014 and in the Salisbury Post on January 18, 2014 under the title "Tell me, governor, why teach in NC?")

Abd-El-Khalick, F., Alexander, K., Anderson, J. D., Aragon, S., Bragg, D. D., Burbules, N., . . . Willis, A. (2009). New learning:  A charter for change in education. A charter  document created by members of the College of Education at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, found online (I contributed a section on the digital divide.)

Journell, W. (2007, April 18). A local Hokie speaks about tragedy at VT. The Daily Illini, Available online

Unpublished Scholarly Work

Journell Jr., A. W. (2009). Teaching politics: A study of high school government courses and the 2008 presidential election. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of llinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL. (UMI Call Number: 3362934).

Refereed National and International Conference Presentations

Journell, W. (2014, April). Teacher political disclosure as parrhesia: Making a case for disclosure in social studies classrooms. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Philadelphia, PA.

Journell, W., Beeson, M. W., & Ayers, C. A. (2014, April). Toward disciplinary knowledge in civics courses: A study in thinking politically. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Philadelphia, PA.

Journell, W. (2013, November). "You're not going to catch me reading that": Exploring the intellectual dispositions of preservice social studies teachers. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the College and University Faculty Assembly of the National Council for the Social Studies, St. Louis, MO.

Journell, W., & Buchanan, L. B. (2012, November). Becoming politically aware professionals: Preservice social studies teachers encounter Waiting for Superman. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the College and University Faculty Assembly of the National Council for the Social Studies, Seattle, WA.

Journell, W. (2012, November). Putting historical thinking into practice: The Kent State shootings. Presentation for the annual meeting of the National Council for the Social Studies, Seattle, WA.

Journell, W. (2012, April). What middle and secondary pre-service social studies teachers know about politics--and why it matters. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Vancouver, British Columbia.

Buchanan, L. B., & Journell, W. (2012, April). Rethinking "general audience": A comparison of film usage between honors and general-level social studies classes. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Vancouver, British Columbia.

Buchanan, L. B., & Journell, W. (2012, April). Using film as a catalyst for political understanding: A case of secondary civics classes. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Vancouver, British Columbia.

Journell, W. (2011, December). A qualitative look at the effect of teacher disclosure on classroom instruction. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the College and University Faculty Assembly of the National Council for the Social Studies, Washington DC.

Journell, W., & Castro, E. L. (2011, December). Culturally relevant political education: Using immigration as a catalyst for civic understanding. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the College and University Faculty Assembly of the National Council for the Social Studies, Washington DC.

Buchanan, L. B., & Journell, W. (2011, December). Teaching politics in secondary education through television drama. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the National Council for the Social Studies, Washington DC.

Journell, W. (2011, April). Teaching about race and gender in high school government classes during the 2008 Presidential Election. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research  Association, New Orleans, LA.

Journell, W. (2010, November). Teaching politics in secondary education: Current practices, problems, and possibilities. College and University Faculty Assembly sponsored Research-Into-Practice session at the annual meeting of the National Council for the Social Studies, Denver, CO.

Journell, W. (2010, November). Teaching politics in secondary education: Evaluating common practices from the 2008 Presidential Election. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the College and University Faculty Assembly of the National Council for the Social Studies, Denver, CO.

Journell, W. (2010, April). Neoliberalism and political socialization: A study of secondary government courses during the 2008 presidential election. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Denver, CO.

Journell, W. (2010, April). The governmentality of secondary education: Competing influences in three schools during the 2008 presidential election. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Denver, CO.

Dressman, M., Babcock, A., Weatherup, N., Journell, W., & Makhoukh, A. (2009, December). Reading each other: Toward a technology-mediated model of transcultural teacher education. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Reading Conference, Albuquerque, NM.

Journell, W. (2009, November). "Robbing Peter to pay Paul": The influence of high-stakes testing and school performance on teachers' willingness to incorporate current events into the curriculum. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the College and University Faculty Assembly of the National Council for the Social Studies, Atlanta, GA.

Journell, W. (2009, November). Using technology to better understand presidential elections: Implications from research. Presentation at the annual meeting of the National Council for the Social Studies, Atlanta, GA.

Journell, W. (2009, February). Revisiting political socialization in secondary education: A study of government classes in three demographically diverse schools during the 2008 presidential election. Presentation at the annual meeting of the International Society for the Social Studies, Orlando, FL.

Journell, W. (2007, November). How the Virginia Standards of Learning influence citizenship. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the College and University Faculty Assembly of the National Council for the Social Studies, San Diego, CA.

Refereed Regional and State Conference Presentations

Friedman, A., Journell, W., Kraft, A., & Uribe, R. (2014, February). Videos of social studies instruction for professional development. Presentation for the annual meeting of the North Carolina Council for the Social Studies, Greensboro, NC.

Journell, W. (2013, February). Technology potpourri! A collection of the best interactive websites for use in the social studies classroom. Presentation for the annual meeting of the North Carolina Council for the Social Studies, Greensboro, NC.

Journell, W., Baker, T., Daniels, S., Edrington, D., & Harris, D. (2012, February). Fostering rich content knowledge among middle grades learners through multimedia projects. Presentation for the annual meeting of the North Carolina Council for the Social Studies, Greensboro, NC

Journell, W. (2011, February). What really happened at Kent State? A primary source exercise. Presentation for the annual meeting of the North Carolina Council for the Social Studies, Greensboro, NC.

Journell, W. (2010, February). Teaching politics through television: Using The West Wing in high school government courses. Presentation for the annual meeting of the North Carolina Council for the Social Studies, Greensboro, NC.


Submitted Manuscripts

Journell, W., Beeson, M. W., & Ayers, C. A. (under review). Learning to think politically: Toward more complete disciplinary knowledge in civics and government courses.

Journell, W. (under review). Making the case for teacher political disclosure.

Journell, W., & Tolbert, L. C. (proposal accepted). Working together, not sharing the burden: A collaborative approach to developing pedagogical content knowledge with secondary social studies preservice teachers. in A. R. Crowe & A. Cuenca (Eds.), Rethinking social studies teacher education for twenty-first century citizenship. New York, NY: Springer.

Fellowships and Grants

Co-Principal Investigator (with PI Adam Friedman, Wake Forest University): Creating videos of exemplary social studies instruction, North Carolina Ready for Success Mini Grant, 2013-2014 ($12,996--UNCG contribution, $10,271).

Principal Investigator: Teaching politics through television, New Faculty Grant, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, 2010, ($4,993).

Recipient, Seymour Stiss Fellowship, UIUC College of Education (approximate value, $25,000 plus tuition).

Awards and Honors

Recipient of the CUFA Kipchoge Neftali Kirkland Social Justice Award for paper entitled, "Culturally Relevant Political Education: Using Immigration as a Catalyst for Civic Understanding" (co-authored with Erin L. Castro), 2011