Brooks, G.R. and St. George, S. (in press). Flooding, structural flood control measures, and a geomorphic context for the flood problem along the Red River, Manitoba, Canada, In P. Hudson, H. Middelkoop, (editors), Geomorphology and management of embanked floodplains: North American and European fluvial systems in a era of global environmental change. Springer.

St. George, S. (in press). The global network of tree-ring widths and its applications to paleoclimatology. PAGES News.

St. George, S., and Ault, T.R. 2014. The imprint of climate within Northern Hemisphere trees. Quaternary Science Reviews. [DOI]


St. George, S. Ault, T.R. and Torbenson, M.C.A. 2013. Absent growth rings are rare in Northern Hemisphere forests outside the American Southwest. Geophysical Research Letters, 40. [DOI

T.R., Cole, J.E., Overpeck, J.T., Pederson, G.T., St. George, S. Otto-Bliesner, B., Woodhouse, C.A. and Deser, C. (in press). The continuum of hydroclimate variability in western North America during the last millennium. Journal of Climate, 26, 5878-5878. [DOI]

Wertz, E.L., St. George, S. and Zeleznik,
J.D. 2013. Vessel anomalies in Quercus macrocarpa tree rings associated with recent floods along the Red River of the North, United States. Water Resources Research, 49, 630-634. DOI


Hart, J.L and Buchanan, M.L. 2012. History of fire in eastern oak forests and implications for restoration. In Dey, D.C., Stambaugh, M.C., Clark, S.L. and Schweitzer, C.J. (eds), Proceedings of the 4th Fire in Eastern Oak Forests Conference, Northern Research Station, United States Department of Agriculture, 34-51. HTML

Crawford, C.J. 2012. Do high-elevation northern red oak tree-rings share a common climate-driven growth signal? Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research,
44, 26-35. DOI

Larson, E.R. and Kipfmueller, K.F. 2012. Ecological disaster or the limits of observation? Reconciling modern declines with the long-term dynamics of whitebark pine communities. Geography Compass, 6, 189-214. DOI

Kipfmueller, K.F., Larson, E.R. and St. George, S. 2012. Does proxy uncertainty affect the relations inferred between the Pacific Decadal Oscillation and wildfire activity in the western United States? Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L04703 DOI

Brown, D.P. and Kipfmueller, K.F. 2012. Pacific climate forcing of multidecadal springtime minimum temperature variability in the western United States. Annals of the Association of American Geographers. DOI


St. George, S., and Ault, T. R. 2011. Is energetic decadal variability a stable feature of the central Pacific Coast’s winter climate? Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 116, D12102, doi:10.1029/2010JD015325. DOI

Copenheaver, C.A., Crawford, C.J., and Fearer, T.M. 2011. Age-specific responses to climate identified in the growth of Quercus alba. Trees. OnlineFirst

Elliott, G.P. and Kipfmueller, K.F. 2011. Multiscale influences of climate on upper treeline dynamics in the southern Rocky Mountains, USA: evidence of intraregional variability and bioclimatic thresholds in response to twentieth-century warming, Annals of the Association of American Geographers 101:6, 1181-1203. DOI


St. George, S., Meko, D.M. and Cook, E.R. 2010. The seasonality of precipitation signals encoded within the North American Drought Atlas. The Holocene 20, 983-988. DOI

Kipfmueller, K.F., Elliott, G.P., Larson, E.R. and Salzer, M.W. 2010. An assessment of the dendroclimatic characteristics of three conifer species in northern Minnesota.  Tree-Ring Research 66, 113-126. HTML

Larson, E.R and K.F. Kipfmueller, 2010. Patterns in whitebark pine regeneration and their relationships to biophysical site characteristics in southwest Montana, central Idaho, and Oregon, USA. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40, 476-487. injentaconnect

Larson, E.R., Kipfmueller, K.F., Hale, C.M., Frelich, L.E. and Reich, P.B. 2010. Tree rings detect earthworm invasions and their effects in northern hardwood forests. Biological Invasions 12, 1053-1066. SpringerLink

St. George, S. 2010. Tree rings as paleoflood and paleostage indicators. In Stoffel, M., Bollschweiler, M., Butler, D.R. and Luckman, B.H (editors), Tree-ring reconstructions in natural hazards research: a state-of-the-art. Advances in Global Change Research series. Springer. p. 233-240. SpringerLink

St. George, S. 2010. Dendrohydrology and extreme floods along the Red River, Canada. In Stoffel, M., Bollschweiler, M., Butler, D.R. and Luckman, B.H (editors), Tree-ring reconstructions in natural hazards research: a state-of-the-art. Advances in Global Change Research series. Springer. p. 277-279. SpringerLink

Kipfmueller, K.F. and M.W. Salzer, 2010. Linear trend and climate response of five-needle pines in the western United States related to treeline proximity. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40, 134-142. injentaconnet

Elliot, G.P. and K.F. Kipfmueller, 2010. Multi-scale influences of slope aspect and spatial pattern on ecotonal dynamics at upper treeline in the southern Rocky Mountains, U.S.A. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 42, 45-56. DOI

St. George, S., Meko, D.M., Girardin, M.P., Nielsen, E., Pederson, G., Sauchyn, D.J., Tardif, J. and Watson, E. 2009. The tree-ring record of summer drought in the Canadian Prairies. Journal of Climate 22, 689-710. DOI

Salzer, M.W., Hughes, M.K., Bunn, A.G., and Kipfmueller, K.F.  2009. Recent unprecedented tree-ring growth in bristlecone pine at the highest elevations and possible causes.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106, 20348-20353. HTML

Crawford, C.J. and Kennedy, L.M. 2009. Spatial and temporal patterns of tree encroachment into a southern Appalachian grass/heath bald using tree rings. Natural Areas Journal 29, 367-375. DOI

Kipfmueller, K.F. 2008. Reconstructed summer temperature in the northern Rocky Mountains wilderness, USA. Quaternary Research 70, 173-187. DOI

Ziegler, S.Z., Larson, E.R., Rauchfuss, J., and Elliott, G.P. 2008. Tree recruitment during dry spells at an oak savanna in Minnesota. Tree-Ring Research 64, 47-54. DOI

St. George, S., Meko, D.M. and Evans, M.E. 2008. Regional tree growth and inferred summer climate in the Winnipeg River basin, Canada since AD 1783. Quaternary Research 70, 158-172. DOI

Larson, E.R. 2007. Whitebark pine regeneration in southwestern Montana and eastern Oregon. Nutcracker Notes 13, 16-18.

Catton, H.A., St. George, S., and Remphrey, W.R. 2007. An evaluation of bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa Michx.) decline in the urban forest of Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 33. HTML

Arabas, K.B., Hadley, K.H. and Larson, E.R. 2006. Fire history of a naturally fragmented landscape in central Oregon. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 36, 1108–1120. DOI

Rauchfuss, J. and Speer, J.H. 2006. Age dependence of spiral grain in white oaks (Quercus alba L.) in southwestern Illinois. Tree-Ring Research 62, 13–24. DOI

St. George, S., and Sauchyn, D.J. 2006. Paleoenvironmental perspectives on drought in western Canada – Introduction. Canadian Water Resources Journal 31, 197 – 204. HTML

St. George, S., Outridge, P.M., and Nielsen, E. 2006. High-resolution dendrochemical analysis of flood-affected oaks using laser ablation ICP-mass spectrometry. International Association of Wood Anatomists Journa27, 19-31. HTML

Brunelle, A., Whitlock, C., Bartlein, P. and Kipfmueller, K.F. 2005. Holocene fire and vegetation along environmental gradients in the Northern Rocky Mountains. Quaternary Science Reviews 24, 2281–2300. DOI

Kipfmueller, K.F. and Kupfer, J.A.. 2005. Complexity of successional pathways in subalpine forests of the Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness Area, USA. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 95, 495–510. Wiley

Salzer, M.W., and  Kipfmueller, K.F. 2005. Reconstructed temperature and precipitation on a millennial timescale from tree-rings in the Southern Colorado Plateau, USA. Climatic Change 70, 465–487. SpringerLink