“Sermons in Stones” (editorial). Centrum 2 (1974): 79–86.
The difference between what H. P. Grice calls natural meaning
and nonnatural meaning, especially as regards the absence or presence
of communicative intention, is dramatized in an important though little-known
poem by Robert Frost about writing and reading, “A Missive Missile” (1934).
“Understanding Poetic Speech Acts.” College English 36 (1975): 632–39.
Reprinted in Linguistic Perspectives on Literature. Ed. M. K. L.
Ching, M. C. Haley, and R. F. Lunsford. London: Routledge, 1980. 95–104.
Reprinted in Linguistics at Work: A Reader of Applications. Ed.
Dallin D. Oaks. Fort Worth, TX: Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 1997.
Includes an analysis of the speech acts performed in Frost’s poem “Spring
“A Missive Missile.” The
Robert Frost Encyclopedia. Ed. Nancy Lewis Tuten and John Zubizarreta.
Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2001. 209–10.
Account of a poem that “dramatiz[es] the illusions or frustrations
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