GARY B. COHEN, Ph.D. (1/2017)
Professor Emeritus of History
Department of History,
University of Minnesota, Twin Cities
1110 Heller Hall
271 19th Avenue S .
Minneapolis MN 55455
Tel: 612-624-2800 Fax: 612-624-7096
GARY B. COHEN was educated at the University of Southern California (B.A., 1970) and Princeton University (M.A., 1972; Ph.D., 1975). He was a member of the University of Oklahoma history faculty from 1976 to 2001, where he taught a range of courses on modern European social and political history and East-Central Europe in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. In August 2001, after twenty-five years of service at the University of Oklahoma, he joined the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, as director of the Center for Austrian Studies, executive editor of The Austrian History Yearbook, and professor of history. In summer 2010, he completed his service at the Center for Austrian Studies and began a three-year term as chair of the Department of History, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities.
Prof. Cohen's research has focused on social development, ethnic group relations, and education in modern Austria and the Czech lands. His publications include two monographs, The Politics of Ethnic Survival: Germans in Prague, 1861-1914 (Princeton University Press, 1981; second edition, revised, Purdue University Press, 2006) and Education and Middle-Class Society in Imperial Austria, 1848-1918 (Purdue University Press, 1996); five co-edited volumes of essays; articles in The Journal of Modern History, Central European History, The Austrian History Yearbook, Český časopis historický ,The East European Quarterly, Jewish History, and The Social Science Quarterly; and numerous book chapters. In 2000, Karolinum–The Charles University Press published a Czech translation of his study on the German minority of Prague under the title, Němci v Praze, 1861-1914; in early 2006, Purdue University Press published in paperback a revised second edition in English.
Prof. Cohen's scholarship has earned national and international recognition. Grants from the American Philosophical Society, the American Council of Learned Societies, the International Research and Exchanges Board (IREX), the United States Department of Education, and the National Endowment for the Humanities have supported his research. He served on the national selection committee for East European exchange fellowships of the International Research and Exchanges Board in 1984-86, and during the late 1980s was the only participant from the United States in the European Science Foundation's project on "Governments and Non-Dominant Ethnic Groups in Europe, 1850-1940." Prof. Cohen served as the executive secretary of the Society for Austrian and Habsburg History in 2000 and 2001 and served as president of the Conference Group for Central European History of the American Historical Association in 2010. The Collegium Carolinum in Munich elected him a full member in 2003, and the Republic of Austria awarded him its Ehrenkreuz (cross of honor) for Science and Arts, first class, in November 2009. On April 15, 2011, members of the Austrian Academy of Sciences elected Prof. Cohen a Corresponding Member of the Academy's humanities and social science section.
B. A., University of Southern California (history) summa cum laude, 1970
M. A., Princeton University (history), 1972
Ph.D., Princeton University (history), 1975
Modern European Social History
Eastern Europe, 1740-1939
Social and Political History of Austria and Germany, 1790-1939
Assistant in Instruction, Princeton University, Spring 1974
Instructor, Princeton University, 1974-1976
Assistant Professor of History, University of Oklahoma, 1976-1982
Associate Professor of History, University of Oklahoma, 1982-1995
Professor of History, University of Oklahoma, 1995-2001 (Secondary appointments:
Director of Russian Studies, 1984-1996; Professor of Women's Studies)
Director, International Academic Programs, University of Oklahoma, 1996-2001
Professor Emeritus of History, University of Oklahoma, 2001-present
Professor of History, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, 2001-2017
Director, Center for Austrian Studies, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, 2001-1010
Executive Editor, Austrian History Yearbook, 2001-2013, 2015
Chair, Department of History, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, 2010-2013
Interim Director, Center for Austrian Studies, 2014-2015
The Politics of Ethnic Survival: Germans in Prague, 1861-1914 (Princeton University Press, 1981); published in Czech translation as Němci v Praze, 1861-1914 (Karolinum--The Charles University Press, Prague, 2000); revised, second edition (W. Lafayette, Indiana: Purdue University Press, 2006)
Education and Middle-Class Society in Imperial Austria, 1848-1918 (Purdue University Press, 1996)
Zbigniew Bochniarz and Gary B. Cohen, eds., The Environment and Sustainable Development in the New Central Europe (Berghahn Books, 2006)
Gary B. Cohen and Franz A. J. Szabo, eds., Embodiments of Power: Building Baroque Cities in Europe (Berghahn Books, 2008)
Howard Louthan, Gary B. Cohen, and Franz A. J. Szabo, eds., Diversity and Dissent: Negotiating Religious Difference in Central Europe, 1500-1800 (Berghahn Books, 2011)
Gary B. Cohen, Ben W. Ansell, Robert H. Cox, and Jane Gingrich, eds., Social Policy in the Smaller European Union States (Berghahn Books, 2012)
Johannes Feichtinger and Gary B. Cohen, eds., Understanding Multiculturalism: The Habsburg Central European Experience (Berghahn Books, 2014)
Articles and Chapters:
"Jews in German Society: Prague, 1860-1914," Central European History 10(1977): 28-54; [reprinted in David Bronsen, ed., Jews and Germans from 1860 to 1933: The Problematic Symbiosis (Heidelberg, 1979), pp. 306-337].
"Ethnicity and Urban Population Growth: The Decline of the Prague Germans," Studies in East European Social History, Keith Hitchins, ed., 2 (1981): 3-26.
"Liberal Associations and Central European Urban Society, 1840-1890," The Maryland Historian 12, no. 1 (198l): 1-11.
"Ethnic Persistence and Change: Concepts and Models for Historical Research," Social Science Quarterly 65, no. 4 (December 1984): 1029-1042.
"Jews in German Liberal Politics: Prague, 1860-1914," Jewish History 1, no. 1 (Spring 1986): 55-74.
"Society and Culture in Prague, Vienna, and Budapest in the Late Nineteenth Century," The East European Quarterly 20, no. 4, (January 1987): 467-484 [Revised version: "The Social Structure of Prague, Vienna, and Budapest in the Late Nineteenth Century," in György Ránki, ed., Hungary and European Civilization (Budapest, 1989), pp. 181-99].
"Die Studenten der Wiener Universität, 1860 bis 1900: Ein soziales und geographisches Profil," in Richard Georg Plaschka and Karlheinz Mack, eds., Wegenetz europäischen Geistes, II: Universitäten und Studenten (Vienna, 1987), pp. 290-316.
"Education and Czech Social Structure in the Late Nineteenth Century," in Hans Lemberg, K. Litsch, R. G. Plaschka, and G. Ránki, eds., Bildungsgeschichte, Bevölkerungsgeschichte, Gesellschaftsgeschichte in den böhmischen Ländern und in Europa: Festschrift für Jan Havránek (Vienna and Munich, l988), pp. 32-45.
"Jews among Vienna's Educated Middle-Class Elements at the Turn of the Century," in Yehuda Don and Victor Karady, eds., A Social and Economic History of Central European Jewry (New Brunswick, N.J., 1990), pp. 179-89.
"Education, Social Mobility, and the Austrian Jews 1860-1910," in Victor Karady and Wolfgang Mitter, eds., Bildungswesen und Sozialstruktur in Mitteleuropa im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert [Studien und Dokumentation zur vergleichenden Bildungsforschung, v. 42] (Cologne and Vienna, 1990), pp. 141-61.
"European Urban Ethnic Minorities and Economic Development (1850-1940): Some Comparative Observations," in Proceedings of the Tenth International Economic History Congress, Leuven, August 1990, Session B-5: Ethnic Minority Groups in Town and Countryside and their Effects on Economic Development (1850-1940) (Leuven, 1990), pp. 125-36.
"The German Minority of Prague, 1850-1918," in Max Engman, ed., Ethnic Identity in Urban Europe (Aldershot and New York, 1992), pp. 267-93.
"Organisational Patterns of the Urban Ethnic Groups," in M. Engman, ed., Ethnic Identity in Urban Europe (1992), pp. 407-18.
"Ideals and Reality in the Austrian Universities, 1850-1914," in Michael S. Roth, ed., Rediscovering History: Politics, Culture and the Psyche (Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press, 1994), pp. 83-101, 454-58.
"The Politics of Access to Advanced Education in Late Imperial Austria," in Russian in Avstro-Vengriia: Opyt mnogonatsional'nogo gosudarstva, ed. T. M. Islamov and A. I. Miller (Moscow: Russian Academy of Sciences, l995), pp. 155-199 (also available in English as Working Paper in Austrian Studies, no. 93-6, Center for Austrian Studies, University of Minnesota, Sept. 1993, 42 pp.).
"Deutsche, Juden und Tschechen in Prag: das Sozialleben des Alltags, 1890-1924," in Allemands, Juifs et Tcheques à Prague--Deutsche, Juden und Tschechen in Prag, 1890-1924, edited by Maurice Godé, J. Le Rider, F. Mayer (Montpellier: Université Paul-Valéry, 1996, pp. 55-69 [Published in Czech as "Němci, židé a češi v Praze: Společenský život všedního dne 1890-1914," Dějiny a současnost, 20, no. 4 (1998): 29-35].
"Neither Absolutism nor Anarchy: New Narratives on Society and Government in Late Imperial Austria," Austrian History Yearbook, 29, pt. 1 (1998): 37-61.
"Společnost, politický život a vláda v pozdně imperiálním Rakousku: zamyslení nad novou syntézou" [“Society, Politics, and Government in Late Imperial Austria: Thoughts on a New Synthesis”], Český časopis historický 102 (2004), no. 4: 745-65.
“Jan Havránek: učitel mimořádných qvalit” [Jan Havránek: Mentor extraordinaire], in Magister noster. Studies dedicated to Prof. PhDr. Jan Havránek, Csc., in memoriam, edited by Michal Svatoš, Luboš Velek, and Alice Velková (Prague: Karolinum – The Charles University Press, 2005), pp. 31-36.
"Nationalist Politics and the Dynamics of State and Civil Sociey in the Habsburg Monarchy, 1867-1914," Central European History 40 (2007): 241-78.
“His Majesty’s Czech Schools, 1848-1918,” Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Historia Universitatis Carolinae Pragensis 47, no. 1-2 (2007): 225-37.
"Civic Duty and Social Status in Central Europe’s Developing Middle-Class Civil Society, 1840-1914” and “Afterword,” in Collective and Individual Patronage and the Culture of Public Donation in Civil Society in the 19th and 20th Centuries in Central Europe, ed. Milan Hlavačka, Magdaléna Pokorná, Tomáš Pavlíček et al. (Prague: Institute of History, Czech Academy of Sciences, 2010), pp. 16-26, 594-96.
"Citizenship and Nationality in Late Imperial Austria," in Nation, Nationalitäten und Nationalismus im östlichen Europa. Festschrift für Arnold Suppan zum 65. Geburtstag, ed. Marija Wakounig, Wolfgang Mueller, and Michael Portmann (Berlin, Münster, Vienna: Lit Verlag, 2010), pp. 201-24.
"Austrian Studies in the United States," in Global Austria: Austria's Place in Europe and the World [Contemporary Austrian Studies, vol. 20], edited by Günter Bischof, F. Plasser, A. Pelinka, and A. Smith (New Orleans, 2011), pp. 266-73.
"The Political Context behind the Creation of the 'Memorandum of Prague's Germans (1916)'," in Czech translation, introduction for "Denkschrift der Deutschen in Prag (1916) - Memorandum of Prague's Germans (1916)," ed. Gary B. Cohen and Tomáš Rataj, in Pražský sborník historický [Prague Historical Journal] 40 (2012): 166-177.
"Our Laws, Our Taxes, Our Administration: Citizenship in Imperial Austria," in Shatterzone of Empires: Coexistence and Violence in the German, Habsburg, Russian, and Ottoman Borderlands, edited by Omer Bartov and Eric D. Weitz (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2013), pp. 103-121.
"Cultural Crossings in Prague, 1900: Scenes from Late Imperial Austria," Austrian History Yearbook 45 (2014): 1-30.
"Expansion and the Limits of Inclusion: The Students of the Vienna University, 1860-1914," in Universität - Politik - Gesellschaft - Wirtschaft, edited by Mitchell G. Ash and Josef Ehmer (Vienna: V&R unipress/Vienna University Press, 2015), pp. 505-28.
"Visions of the Other German-Speaking Lands: Austrian and Swiss Studies at the German Studies Association Conferences and in the German Studies Review," German Studies Review 39, no. 3 (October 2016): 621-627.
"Recent Research on Czech Nation-Building," The Journal of Modern History 51(December 1979): 760-772.
"Reinventing Austrian and Central European History," German Studies Association Newsletter 33, no. 2 (Winter 2008-09): 28-38.
"Jews in German Society: The Case of Prague," symposium at Washington University, St. Louis, April 1976
"Czech Nation-Building, 1861-1914: Fragmentation as the Price of Success," American Historical Association, 1977 Annual Meeting, Dallas
"Group Solidarity and Social Cleavage: German Associations in Prague, 1860-1890," American Historical Association, 1980 Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C.
"Ethnic Persistence: Some Comparative and Historical Reflections," Southwest Social Science Association Annual Meeting, Houston, March 1983
"The Students of the Vienna University, 1860-1900: A Social and Geographical Profile," International Conference on "Universities and Students," Austrian Institute for Eastern and Southeastern Europe, Vienna, September 1983
"The Jewish Role in Prague's German Politics, 1861-1914," American Historical Association, 1984 Annual Meeting, Chicago, December 1984
"Prague, Vienna, and Budapest in the Late Nineteenth Century: A Caveat on Comparisons," International Conference on "Hungary and European Civilization," Indiana University, Bloomington, April 1985
"Jews in German Liberal Politics: Prague," and a comment, International Conference on "Issues of Contemporary Central European Jewry," Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, Paris, France, August 1985
"Secondary and Higher Education for Czechs in the Late Nineteenth Century," Central Slavic Studies Conference, Oklahoma State University, October 1985
"The German Minority of Prague in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries," Meeting of the Urban Sub-group of the European Science Foundation Project, "Comparative Studies on Governments and Non-Dominant Ethnic Groups," Trieste, Italy, April 1986
"Education and Czech Social Structure in the Late Nineteenth Century," International Workshop on "Socio-historical Aspects of Modern Central European Schooling," Institute for the Humanities, Vienna, Austria, October 1987
"Education, Social Mobility, and the Austrian Jews, 1860-1910, Association for Jewish Studies, Annual Meeting, Boston," December 1987
"The Social Structure of University Students in Austria and Germany, 1860-1910," German Studies Association Annual Conference, Milwaukee, October 1989
"Nationality and Education: Czechs, Germans, and Jews in the Bohemian Lands, 1860-1910," meeting of the Czech-German Joint Historical Commission, Bad Homburg, Germany, March 1990
"European Urban Ethnic Minorities and Economic Development, 1850-1940: Some Comparative Observations," International Economic History Congress, Leuven, Belgium, August 1990
"The Social Origins of the Czech Educated Elements, 1860-1910," American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies, National Convention, Washington, D. C., October 1990
"Human Rights and National Interests: The Moral Dilemmas of Modern Czech Nationalism," conference on "Nationalism and Ethnicity in the Wake of Humanism," Scripps College and The Claremont Graduate Humanities Center, Claremont, California, April 1993
"The Politics of Access to Advanced Education in Late Imperial Austria," International conference on "Austria-Hungary: Problems of a Multinational State," Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, June 1993.
"Deutsche, Juden und Tschechen in Prag: Das Sozialleben des Alltags, 1890-1914," International Colloquium, "Allemands, Juifs et Tchèques à Prague," Université Paul Valery, Montpellier, France, December 1994
"Ambiguous Identities: German Minorities in East-central Europe, 1848-1945," Eighteenth International Congress of Historical Sciences, Montreal, Canada, August 1995
"The Advance of Modern Political Life in Imperial Austria, 1890-1914," American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies Annual Meeting, Boston, November 1996
"Educational Development and the Erosion of German Privilege in the Austrian Half of the Habsburg Monarchy, 1848-1918," Annual Symposium on Habsburg History, Woodrow Wilson Center/George Washington University, Washington, D.C., April 1997
“Czech Historiography since 1989,” American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., November 2001
“Society, Politics, and Government in Late Imperial Austria: Thoughts on a New Synthesis,” Historical Commission of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, June 20, 2003
"The Habsburg Monarchy and its Nationalities: A Reassessment of Popular Loyalties and Political Conflict, 1867‑1914,” for the International Research Workshop: “Borderlands: Ethnicity, Identity, and Violence in the Shatter zone of Empires since 1848,” University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, Sept. 30 – Oct. 3, 2004
"Our laws, our taxes, our schools, and our administration –– Everyday notions of citizenship in Imperial Austria," conference on “Internationalizing the History of Eastern Europe,” Weatherhead Center, Harvard University, May 2007; and final conference, Borderlands Project, at the Herder Institute, Marburg, Germany, May 2007
"Civic Duty and Social Status in Central Europe's Developing Middle-class Civil Society, 1840-1914," keynote address at the international conference on "Collective and Individual Patronage and the Culture of Public Giving in Civil Society," Historical Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences, in Prague, May 2008
"The Parallel Transformations of Czech and German Nationalist Politics in the Bohemian Crown Lands, 1890-1914: Some necessary structural comparisons," keynote address at the international conference on "Prague and the End of the Nineteenth-century National Movements," in Prague, 20-21 June 2013
"Cultural Crossings in Prague, 1900: Scenes from Late Imperial Austria," 29th annual Robert A. Kann Memorial Lecture, Center for Austrian Studies, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 9 October 2013
“Hitler’s Allies in East-Central Europe: Recovering the History of Territorial Revisionism, 1918-1941,” Institute of History, University of Bern, Switzerland, 13 November 2013
"The Austrian Civil Service at the Nexus of State and Society," keynote address for the Research Workshop: "The Imperial Austrian Civil Service and Its Aftermath, 1848-1933," Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, 9 April 2015
"Nationalist Politics in the Concert Hall: Gustav Mahler in Prague, 1908, " at the symposium, "Science, Politics, and Culture in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries," in honor of Prof. Mitchell G. Ash on his retirement, Vienna University, 27 September 2016
"Late Imperial Vienna: A metropolis of contrasts and conflicts," keynote address for the Humanities West public symposium, "Vienna on the Verge (1890-1918)," San Francisco CA, 4 November 2016
"Learning to deal with a Communist National Security State: Memories of an American Historian working in Czechoslovakia in the 1970s and 1980s," at the Annual Convention of the Association for Slavic, East European, and Eurasian Studies (ASEEES), Washington, D.C., 18 November 2016
FELLOWSHIPS AND RESEARCH GRANTS:
Danforth Graduate Fellowship, 1970-1975
IREX Exchange Fellow to Czechoslovakia, 1972-1973
Shelby Cullom Davis Post-Doctoral Research Fellow in History, Princeton University, Fall 1978
ACLS Grant-in-Aid, Summer 1981
Fulbright-Hays Faculty Research Abroad Grant (U. S. Department of Education), January-July
IREX Exchange Fellow to Czechoslovakia, January-May 1982
American Philosophical Society Research Travel Grant, Fall 1983
National Endowment for the Humanities Travel to Collections Grant, May-July 1985
University of Oklahoma College of Arts and Sciences Faculty Summer Fellowship, 1985
University of Oklahoma Senior Faculty Research Fellowship, Summer 1990
American Philosophical Society Research Grant, Summer 1996
IREX Exchange Fellow to the Czech Republic, May-July 1997
McKnight Summer Research Fellowship and Faculty Summer Research Fellowship, University
of Minnesota, June-August 2002
Assisted at Princeton:
History 211: Europe, 1450-1750
212: Europe since 1750
357: The Modernization of Russia
365: Twentieth-Century Europe
369: Modern Britain
Lectured or directed at Oklahoma:
History 1233: Europe since 1815
3120: European Jews from Ghetto to Modernity
3173: The Emergence of Modern European Society, 1815-1870
3183: Europe in the Age of Imperialism, 1870-1914
3763: Eastern Europe since 1938
3833: Nation-Building in East-Central Europe, 1790-1939
3943: European Fascism
4973: Work, Women, and the Family in Modern Europe (Senior Seminar)
4973: Contemporary Poland (Senior Seminar)
6200: Graduate Reading Seminar: Europe since 1815
6200: Seminar: Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century (overseas advanced program)
Honors 3993: Colloquium: The Fall of East European Communism
Non-credit short course: "European Jews from Ghetto to Auschwitz"
Lectured or Directed at Minnesota:
History 1909W: Freshman seminar: The Revolutions of 1989
3244: History of Eastern Europe
3729: Nazi Germany and Hitler's Europe
3747: Habsburg Central Europe, 1740-1918
3775: History of European Jews
4961: Major Paper
5777: Proseminar: Habsburg Central Europe, 1740-1918
5900: Proseminar: Central and Eastern Europe in the 20th Century
5900/8900: Proseminar on Nationalism and National Identification in Modern Europe
UNIVERSITY AND PROFESSIONAL SERVICE:
Member, University of Oklahoma Committee for Social Science Teacher Certification,
Treasurer, American Association of University Professors, Oklahoma State Conference,
Member, Test Development Committee for Advanced Placement in European History, College
Entrance Examination Board/E.T.S., 1983-1985
Member, National Selection Committee for East European Research Exchanges, International
Research and Exchanges Board (IREX), 1984-1986
Member, University of Oklahoma Norman Campus Tenure Committee, 1984-1987
Member, OU College of Arts and Sciences Executive Committee, 1984-1987
Member, Jury for the Conference Group for Central European History Book Prize, 1986
Executive Committee, OU Norman Campus Faculty Senate, 1986-1988
Chair-elect, OU Norman Campus Faculty Senate, 1987-1988
Chair, OU Norman Campus Faculty Senate, 1988-1989
At-large council member, Czechoslovak History Conference, 1988-1989
Book review editor, Austrian History Yearbook, 1989-92
Treasurer, Alpha Chapter of Oklahoma, Phi Beta Kappa, 1990-93
Member, OU Council on Campus Life, 1991-94 (Chair, 1993-94)
Chapter President, Phi Kappa Phi, University of Oklahoma, 1994-95
Member, Advisory Board, Austrian History Yearbook, 1996-2001
Member, Executive Committee, Society for Austrian and Habsburg History, 1998-2010
Executive Secretary, Society for Austrian and Habsburg History, 2000-2001
Director, Center for Austrian Studies, University of Minnesota, 2001-2010
Executive Editor, Austrian History Yearbook, 2001-present
Member, Editorial Advisory Board, Austrian Studies, September 2001-present
Member, Editorial Board, HABSBURG electronic discussion network (H-Net), 2001-present
Member, International Scholarly Advisory Board, Austrian Eastern and Southeastern
Europe Institute, Vienna, 2003-2006
Full Member, Collegium Carolinum, Research Center for the Bohemian Lands, Munich, 2003-
Member, Editorial Advisory Board, Bohemia: Jahrbuch des Collegium Carolinum, 2003-
Member, Scholarly Advisory Board, Center for Modern Historical Research, Austrian Academy
of Sciences, 2006-present
Member, International Editorial Board, Časopis Matice moravské [Journal of the Moravian
Publication Society], 2007-present
Vice-president, Conference Group for Central European History of the American Historical
President, Conference Group for Central European History of the American Historical
Corresponding Member, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Social Sciences Section, 2011-present
Chair, University of Minnesota Senate Committee on Finance and Planning, 2014-2015
Member, Jury for the Herbert Baxter Adams Prize for the Best First Book in European History, American Historical Association, 2013-2016