Gretchen M. Spreitzer
Keith E. and Valerie J. Alessi Professor
of Business Administration

Professor or Management and Organizations

Gretchen is the co-author of several books including How to be a Positive Leader (2014) with Jane Dutton, Handbook of Positive Organizational Scholarship with Kim Cameron, The Leader's Change Handbook: An Essential Guide to Setting Direction and Taking Action (1999) with Jay Conger and Edward Lawler, The Future of Leadership: Speaking to the Next Generation (2001) with Warren Bennis and Thomas Cummings, A Company of Leaders: Five Disciplines for Unleashing the Power in Your Workforce (2001) 
with Robert Quinn.


Areas of Interest:  
> Empowerment  
> Leadership  
> Positive Organizational Scholarship  
> Downsizing  

  


EMPOWERMENT
ARTICLES
Spreitzer, Gretchen. (2007). Taking Stock: A review of more than twenty years of research on empowerment at work. In The Handbook of Organizational Behavior, C. Cooper and J. Barling eds. Sage Publications.

Bartunek, J.M. and Spreitzer, Gretchen (2006). The Interdisciplinary Career of a Popular Construct Used in Management: Empowerment in the Late 20th Century. Journal of Management Inquiry, 15:3 255-273.

Spreitzer, G.M. (2006). Empowerment. In S. Rogelberg (ed.) Encyclopedia of Industrial and Organizational Psychology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, p. 202-206.

Spreitzer, Gretchen M., and Doneson, David (2005). Musings on the Past and Future of Employee Empowerment. In The Handbook of Organizational Development, Tom Cummings ed., Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Spreitzer, Gretchen, and Mishra, Aneil. (2002). To stay or go: Voluntary survivor turnover following an organizational downsizing. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23: 707-729.

Finegold, David, Mohrman, Susan, and Spreitzer, Gretchen. (2002). Age effects on the predictors of technical workers’ commitment and willingness to turnover. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23: 655-674.

Shapiro, Debra .L., Furst, Stacie, Spreitzer, Gretchen, and Von Glinow, Mary Ann. (2002). Transnational teams in an Electronic Age. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23: 455-467.

Quinn, Robert E., Spreitzer, Gretchen, and Brown, Matthew. (2000). Changing others through changing ourselves: The transformation of human systems. Journal of Management Inquiry, 9(2): 147-164.

Spreitzer, Gretchen M., De Janesz, Suzanne, and Quinn, Robert E. (1999). Empowered to lead: The role of psychological empowerment in leadership. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 20: 511-526.

Spreitzer, Gretchen M., Cohen, Susan G., and Ledford, Gerald. (1999). Developing effective self-managing work teams in service organizations. Group and Organizational Management, 24(3): 340-366.

Spreitzer, Gretchen M., and Mishra, Aneil K. (1999). Giving up control without losing control: Trust and its substitutes’ effects on managers’ involving employees in decision making. Group and Organization Management, 24(2): 155-187.

Spreitzer, Gretchen M., Nobel, Deborah, Mishra, Aneil, and Cooke, William. (1999). Predicting process improvement team performance in an automotive firm: Explicating the roles of trust and empowerment. In E. Mannix, M. Neale & R. Wageman (eds.) Research on Groups and Teams (vol. 2). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, p. 71-92.

Spreitzer, Gretchen M., De Janesz, Suzanne, and Quinn, Robert E. (1999). Empowered to lead: The role of psychological empowerment in leadership. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 20: 511-526.

Spreitzer, Gretchen M., Cohen, Susan G., and Ledford, Gerald. (1999). Developing effective self-managing work teams in service organizations. Group and Organizational Management, 24(3): 340-366.

Spreitzer, Gretchen M., and Mishra, Aneil K. (1999). Giving up control without losing control: Trust and its substitutes’ effects on managers’ involving employees in decision making. Group and Organization Management, 24(2): 155-187.

Quinn, Robert E., and Spreitzer, Gretchen M. (1997). The road to empowerment: Seven questions every leader should consider. Organizational Dynamics, Autumn, 26(2): 37-51.

Spreitzer, Gretchen M., Kizilos, Mark, and Nason, Stephen. (1997). A dimensional analysis of the relationship between psychological empowerment and effectiveness, satisfaction, and strain. Journal of Management, 23(5): 679-704.

Spreitzer, Gretchen M. (1996). Social structural characteristics of psychological empowerment. Academy of Management Journal, 39(2): 483-504.

Spreitzer, Gretchen M., and Quinn, Robert E. (1996). Empowering middle managers to be transformational leaders. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 32(3): 237-261. Excerpted in a research briefing in Psychology Today, May-June, 1997: 16.

Cohen, Susan G., Ledford, Gerald E., Jr., and Spreitzer, Gretchen M. (1996). A predictive model of self-managing work team effectiveness. Human Relations, 49(5): 643-676.

Spreitzer, Gretchen M. (1995). Psychological empowerment in the workplace: Dimensions, measurement, and validation. Academy of Management Journal, 38(5): 1442-1465.

Spreitzer, Gretchen M. (1995). An empirical test of a comprehensive model of intrapersonal empowerment in the workplace. American Journal of Community Psychology, 23(5): 601-629.

Spreitzer, Gretchen M., Quinn, Robert E., and Fletcher, Jerry. (1995). Excavating the paths of meaning, renewal, and empowerment: A typology of managerial high-performance myths. Journal of Management Inquiry, 4(1): 16-39.

BOOKS

Spreitzer,Gretchen M., & Quinn, Robert E. 2001.  A Company of Leaders: Five Disciplines for Unleashing the Power in Your Workforce.San Francisco:  Jossey-Bass.
Amazon.com


INSTRUMENT
Psychological Empowerment Instrument









LEADERSHIPLEADERSHIP

ARTICLES
Banaszak-Holl, J., Castle, N.G., Lin, M.K., Shrivastwa, N., and Spreitzer, G. (2014). The Role of Organizational Culture in Retaining Nursing Workforce. Oxford Journal.

Banaszak-Holl, J., Castle, N.G., Lin, M.K., Shrivastwa, N., and Spreitzer, G. (2013). The Role of Organizational Culture in Retaining Nursing Workforce. The Gerontologist.

DeRue, D.S., Spreitzer, G., Flanagan, B., and Allen, B. (2013). Developing Adaptive Leaders for Turbulent Times: The Michigan Model of Leadership. The European Business Review.

Spreitzer, Gretchen (2006). Leading to grow and growing to lead: Leadership development lessons from positive organizational studies. Organizational Dynamics, 232:1-12.

Spreitzer, Gretchen, Coleman, M.S., and Gruber, D. (2006). Positive Strategic Leadership: Lessons from a University President. In Hooijberg, R., Hunt, J., Boal, K., and Antonakis, J. (eds.), Real Leadership: Strategic Leadership in the Top Office.

Spreitzer, Gretchen, Perttula Hopkins, Kimberly, and Xin, Katherine. (2005). Traditionality Matters: An Examination of the Effectiveness of Transformational Leadership in the U.S. and Taiwan. Journal of Organizational Behavior.

Quinn, Robert E., Spreitzer, Gretchen, and Brown, Matthew. (2000). Changing others through changing ourselves: The transformation of human systems. Journal of Management Inquiry, 9(2): 147-164.

Spreitzer, Gretchen M., McCall, Morgan W., and Mahoney, Joan D. (1997). Early identification of international executive potential. Journal of Applied Psychology, 82(1): 6-29.

Rajagopalan, Nandini and Spreitzer, Gretchen M. (1997). Toward a theory of strategic change: A multi-lens perspective and integrative framework. Academy of Management Review, 22(1): 48-79.

BOOKS and BOOK CHAPTERS


Spreitzer,Gretchen M., & Perttula, Kimberly H. (editors). 2003.  Leadership. Hoboken,
NY: Wiley/Fast Company. Amazon.com




Bennis, Warren; Spreitzer, Gretchen M.; & Cummings, Thomas (editors). 2001. The Future of Leadership: Today's Top Thinkers on Leadership Speak to the Next Generation
San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Amazon.com



Conger, Jay A.; Spreitzer, Gretchen M.; & Lawler, Edward E., III (editors). 1999. The Leader's Change Handbook: An Essential Guide to Setting Direction and Taking Action
San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Amazon.com



Dutton, J.E., Spreitzer, G., and Achor, S. (2014).How to Be a Positive Leader: Small Actions, Big Impact Berrett-Koehler Publishers. Amazon.com











POSITIVE ORGANIZATIONAL SCHOLARSHIPPOSITIVE ORGANIZATIONAL SCHOLARSHIP

ARTICLES
Lam, C.F., Spreitzer, G., and Fritz, C. (2013). Too much of a good thing: Curvilinear effect of positive affect on proactive behaviors. Journal of Organizational Behavior. .

Stephens, J.P., Heaphy, E.D., Carmeli, A., Spreitzer, G.M., and Dutton, J.E. (2013). Relationship Quality and Virtuousness: Emotional Carrying Capacity as a Source of Individual and Team Resilience.
The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science.
Sonenshein, S., Dutton, J.E., Grant, A.M., Spreitzer, G.M., and Sutcliffe, K.M. (2012). Growing at Work: Employees' Interpretations of Progressive Self-Change in Organizations. Organization Science.
Spreitzer, G., Porath, C.L., and Gibson, C.B. (2012). Toward human sustainability: How to enable more thriving at work. Organizational Dynamics.
Quinn, R., Spreitzer, G., and Lam, C.F. (2012). Building a Sustainable Model of Human Energy in Organizations: Exploring the Critical Role of Resources. Academy of Management Annals.
Porath, C., Spreitzer, G., Gibson, C., and Garnett, F.G. (2011). Thriving at work: Toward its measurement, construct validation, and theoretical refinement. Journal of Organizational Behavior.
Fritz, C., Lam, C.F., Spreitzer, G.M. (2011). It's the Little Things that Matter: An Examination of Knowledge Workers' Energy Management. Academy of Management Perspective.
Wellman, N., and Spreitzer, G. (2010). Crafting Scholarly Life: Strategies for Creating Meaning in Academic Careers. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 31:1-5.
Carmeli, Abraham and Spreitzer, Gretchen M. (2009). Trust, Connectivity, and Thriving: Implications for Innovative Behaviors at Work. Journal of Creative Behavior, 43(3): 169-191.
Spreitzer, Gretchen M., Stephens, John Paul, Sweetman, David (2009). The Reflected Best Self Field Experiment with Adolescent Leaders: Exploring the Psychological Resources Associated with Feedback Source and Valence. Journal of Positive Psychology.
Spreitzer, Gretchen (2007). Giving peace a chance: Organizational leadership, empowerment, and peace. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 28:1077-1095.
Spreitzer, Gretchen and Sutcliffe, Kathleen (2007). Thriving in Organizations. In D. Nelson and C. Cooper (eds.) Positive Organizational Behavior, London: Sage Publications.
Quinn, Robert E. and Spreitzer, Gretchen (2006). Entering the Fundamental State of Leadership: A Framework for the Positive Transformation of Self and Others, from the Center for Positive Organizational Scholarship, Working Paper Series. In Burk R. and Cooper C. (eds.) Inspiring Leaders, London: Routledge.
Dutton, Jane, Glynn, Mary Ann, and Spreitzer, Gretchen (2006). Positive Organizational Scholarship. Encyclopedia of Career Development. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Spreitzer, Gretchen, Sutcliffe, Kathleen, Dutton, Jane, Sonenshein, Scott and Grant, Adam. (2005) A Socially Embedded Model of Thriving at Work. Organization Science, 16(5): 537-549.
Roberts, Laura Morgan, Dutton, Jane, Spreitzer, Gretchen, Heaphy, Emily, & Quinn, Robert. (2005). Composing the reflected best self: Building pathways for becoming extraordinary in work organizations. Academy of Management Review.
Roberts, Laura Morgan, Spreitzer, Gretchen, Dutton, Jane, Quinn, Robert, Heaphy, Emily, and Barker, Brianna (2005). How to Play to your Strengths. Harvard Business Review, 83(1): 75-80.
Spreitzer, Gretchen & Grant, Adam. (2004). Leading to Grow and Growing to Lead: Some Lessons from Positive Organizational Scholarship. For presentation at the Leadership: Bridging Theory-Practice Divide, An INSEAD-Manpower Conference.
Spreitzer, Gretchen & Sonenshein, Scott. (2004). Toward the construct definition of positive deviance. American Behavioral Scientist, 77(6): 828-847.
Spreitzer, Gretchen & Sonenshein, Scott. Positive Deviance and Extraordinary Organizing. In K. Cameron, J. Dutton, and R. Quinn Positive Organizational Scholarship. San Francisco: Barrett-Koehler. Upward Spirals and Positive Change, Chapter 14.
BOOKS and BOOK CHAPTERS
Spreitzer, G. and Porath, C. (2013). Self-Determination as Nutriment for Thriving: Building an Integrative Model of Human Growth at Work. In Oxford Handbook of Work Engagement, Motivation, and Self-Determination Theory.
Spreitzer, G. and Cameron, K. (2011). A Path Forward: Assessing Progress and Exploring Core Questions for the Future of Positive Organizational Scholarship, Concluding chapter in the Oxford Handbook Online.


Cameron, K. and Spreitzer, G. (2011). POS Handbook: Introduction. In Oxford Handbook of Positive Organizational Scholarship.




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Dutton, J.E., Spreitzer, G., and Achor, S. (2014). How to Be a Positive Leader: Small Actions, Big Impact. Berrett-Koehler Publishers.
Amazon.com




Quinn, R.E., Heynoski, K., Thomas, M., and Spreitzer, G. (2014). The Best Teacher in You: How to Accelerate Learning and Changing Lives. Berrett-Koehler Publishers.
Amazon.com















DOWNSIZINGDOWNSIZING

ARTICLES
Mishra, Aneil K., Mishra, Karen E., Spreitzer (2009). How to Downsize Your Company Without Downsizing Morale. Sloan Management Review.
Brockner, Joel, Spreitzer, Gretchen, Mishra, Aneil, Hochwarter, Wayne, Pepper, Lewis, and Weinberg, Janice, (2004). Perceived Control as an Antidote to the Negative Effects of Layoffs on Survivors' Organizational Commitment and Job Performance. (Provisionally accepted) Administrative Science Quarterly.
Spreitzer, Gretchen, and Mishra, Aneil. (2002). To stay or go: Voluntary survivor turnover following an organizational downsizing. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23: 707-729.
Mishra, Aneil K., and Spreitzer, Gretchen M. (1998). Explaining how survivors respond to downsizing: The roles of trust, empowerment, justice, and work redesign. Academy of Management Review, 23(3): 567-588. Paper received ANBAR Electronic Intelligence’s Citation of Excellence – Highest Quality Rating.
Mishra, Karen, Spreitzer, Gretchen M., and Mishra, Aneil. (Winter 1998). Preserving employee morale during downsizing. Sloan Management Review, 39(2): 83-95.
734.936.2835    spreitze@umich.edu
Stephen M.Ross School of Business
at the University of Michigan
701 Tappan Street, Room R4372
Ann Arbor, MI  48109-1234