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Autonomous Vehicles


Lionel P. Robert Jr.
Associate Professor 
School of Information 
Core Faculty, Michigan Robotics
University of Michigan


Autonomous vehicles have the potential to help provide our society with safer and more efficient driving. Despite this there are serious concerns about whether drivers will ever choose to fully rely on autonomous vehicles. The most central of these concerns involves issues related to trust, communication and acceptance. 

My research in this area explores highly significant questions related to human interactions with autonomous vehicles. This research has the potential to promote safety, productivity and sustainability. As autonomous vehicles like many other robots become increasingly central to our society it seems timely and important to understand how to promote their interactions with humans.


Journal Article Publications 

Du, N., Haspiel, J., Zhang, Q., Tilbury, D., Pradhan, A., Yang, X. J. and Robert, L. P. (Accepted 2019). Look Who’s Talking Now: Implications of AV’s Explanations on Driver’s Trust, AV Preference, Anxiety and Mental WorkloadTransportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, (pdf), forthcoming, link to the article provided by the author: http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/149154 and http://arxiv.org/abs/1905.08878.

Petersen, L., Robert, L.P.Yang, X. J. Tilbury, D. (2019). Situational Awareness, Driver’s Trust in Automated Driving Systems and Secondary Task PerformanceSAE International Journal of Connected and Automated Vehicles, 2(2), (pdf), DOI:10.4271/12-02-02-0009 link to the article https://saemobilus.sae.org/content/12-02-02-0009/ and copy provided by the author: http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/148141.

Robert, L. P. (2019)Are Automated Vehicles Safer than Manually Driven Cars?AI & Society, (pdf), link to publisher's sitehttps://doi.org/10.1007/s00146-019-00894-y copy provided by the author: http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/149146 and http://arxiv.org/abs/1905.07054 

Robert, L. P. ( 2019). The Future of Pedestrian-Automated Vehicle InteractionsXRDS: Crossroads25(3), pp. 30-33. (pdf), DOI: https://doi.org/10.1145/3313115 article provided by author: http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/148533 or http://arxiv.org/abs/1904.06417.

Conference Publications 

Du, N., Ayoub, J., Zhou, F., Pradhan, A., Robert, L. P., Tilbury, D., & Yang, X. J. (2019). Examining the Impacts of Drivers' Emotions on Takeover Readiness and Performance in Highly Automated Driving. Proceedings of the 63st Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (HFES 2019). October 28 - November 1, 2019 in Seattle, WA.

Petersen, L., Zhao,  H., Tilbury, D., Yang, X. J. and Robert, L.P.  (2018). The Influence of Risk on Driver's Trust in Semi-Autonomous DrivingProceedings of the 2018 Ground Vehicle Systems Engineering and Technology Symposium (GVSETS 2018), Novi, MI (pdf) and link to the paper http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/144567.

Jayaraman, S.K.,  Creech, C., Robert, L. P., Tilbury, D., Yang, X. J., Pradhan, A. and Tsui, K. (2018). Trust in AV: An Uncertainty Reduction Model of AV-Pedestrian InteractionsProceedings of the Companion of the 2018 ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI 2018), March 5–8, 2018, (pdf), Chicago, IL, USA, https://doi.org/10.1145/3173386.3177073 and the copy provided by the author: http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/140747.

Haspiel, J., Du, N., Yang, X. J., Tilbury, D., Pradhan, A., Robert, L. P., (2018). Explanations and Expectations: Trust Building in Automated VehiclesProceedings of the Companion of the 2018 ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI 2018), March 5–8, 2018, (pdf), Chicago, IL, USA, https://doi.org/10.1145/3173386.3177057 and the copy provided by the author: http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/140746.

Petersen, L., Tilbury, D., Robert, L.P., (2017). Effects of Augmented Situational Awareness on Drive Trust in Semi-Autonomous Vehicle Operation, presented during the Autonomous Ground Systems (AGS) Technical Session of the 2017 Ground Vehicle Systems Engineering and Technology Symposium (GVSETS 2017), Novi, MI (pdf) and Link to the paper http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/137707.

Workshop Papers

Zhang, Q. et al. (2019). Communication Modality and Automated Vehicle Acceptance presented at the 3rd IAVSD Workshop on Dynamics of Road Vehicles: Connected and Automated Vehicles, April 28-29, 2019 in Ann Arbor, MI, USA. 

Du, N. et al. (2019). Effects of Driver's Emotion on Takeover Readiness and Performance in Highly Automated Driving presented at the 3rd IAVSD Workshop on Dynamics of Road Vehicles: Connected and Automated Vehicles, April 28-29, 2019 in Ann Arbor, MI, USA. 

Jayaraman, S.K., Tilbury, D., Yang, X. J., Pradhan, A. and Robert, L. P. (2019). A Hybrid Framework for Improved AV-Pedestrian Predictions presented at the 3rd IAVSD Workshop on Dynamics of Road Vehicles: Connected and Automated Vehicles, April. 28-29, 2019 in Ann Arbor, MI, USA. 

Zhao, H. et al. (2019). Trust and Risk in Autonomous Ground Systems presented at the 3rd IAVSD Workshop on Dynamics of Road Vehicles: Connected and Automated Vehicles, April 28-29, 2019 in Ann Arbor, MI, USA. 

Jayaraman, S.K.,  Creech, C., Tilbury, D., Yang, X. J., Pradhan, A. , Tsui, K. and Robert, L. P. (2018). Workload in Pedestrians Interacting with Autonomous Vehicles presented at the 2nd IFAC Conference on Cyber-Physical & Human-Systems, Dec. 14-15, 2018 in Miami, FL, USA. 

Zhang, Q. Na, D. Robert, L. P.,Yang, X. J. (2018). Trust in AVs: The Impact of Expectations and Individual Differences presented at the Conference on Autonomous Vehicles in Society: Building a Research AgendaMay 18-19 2018, East Lansing, MI, (pdf), Copy provided by the author: http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/142567.

Na Du, Robert, L. P., Pradhan,, A., Tilbury, D. and Yang, X. J. (2018). A Cross-Cultural Study of Trust Building in Autonomous Vehicles presented at the Conference on Autonomous Vehicles in Society: Building a Research AgendaMay 18-19 2018, East Lansing, MI, (pdf), Copy provided by the author: http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/142564.

Yang, X. J., Tilbury, D., Pradhan, A., Robert, L. P. (2018). Interacting with Autonomous Vehicles: An Interdisciplinary Approach presented at the Workshop on the Interacting with Autonomous Vehicles: Learning from other Domains  at 36rd ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI 2018(pdf), April 21-26, 2015, Montreal, Canada, Copy provided by the author: http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/142722.

Creech, C., Jayaraman, S.K., Robert, L. P., Tillbury, D., Yang, X. J., Pradhan, A. and Tsui, K. (2017). Trust and Control in Autonomous Vehicle Interactions, to be presented at the Morality and Social Trust in Autonomous Robots workshop at the 2017 Robotics: Science and Systems (RSS 2017), Cambridge, MA. (pdf) and (poster) Link to the paper and poster http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/137661.
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