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Google Mail Keyboard Shortcuts - Mac

Note 1: Keyboard shortcuts for Google Mail can be turned on or off. There are three ways to do this:
  • Go to This automatically turns shortcuts on.
  • Click the Gear icon at the top right of any Google Mail page to pull down a menu. From this menu, select Settings. On the Settings page, look for the Keyboard Shortcuts option and choose the appropriate radio button.
  • In Google Mail, press Shift+? to bring up the shortcuts list. There is an option at the top left to enable or disable shortcuts.
Note 2: The "Custom Keyboard Shortcuts" Labs function lets you change the keys used for existing shortcuts. Particularly helpful if a standard shortcut conflicts with your assistive technology. More information on Labs functions
Note 3: For most of these commands to work, your keyboard focus needs to not be in a text box, such as the Search field (otherwise, pressing the key will simply type in the text box). To ensure the focus is not in a text box, press Escape.
Note 4: In Google Mail, messages are grouped into "conversations." For example, if person A sends a message to person B, person B responds, and then sends the message with a comment to person C, all three messages would be included in a single conversation. When you are reviewing your inbox, you will see conversations rather than individual messages. However, if you are accessing your email via Outlook or a similar client rather than a browser, messages will be continued to be listed individually rather than grouped into conversations.

Note 5: It is possible to create custom shortcut keys for Google Mail.
 To navigate within the Google Mail interface: 
Action Shortcut
Go to the Inbox  g then i
Go to all starred conversations g then s
Go to all sent messages g then t
Go to all draft messages g then d
Go to all messages g then a
Go to Contacts list g then c
Go to Tasks list g then k
Move keyboard focus to the Label search box g then l


To navigate and select conversations: 
Action Shortcut
Move to newer conversation  k
Move to older conversation  j
Select/deselect conversation  x
Star/unstar conversation s
Select all conversations  * then a
Deselect all conversations * then n
Select all read conversations * then r
Select all unread conversations * then u
Select all starred conversations * then s
Select all unstarred conversations * then t
Archive conversation e
Archive current conversation and move to previous )
Archive current conversation and move to next (
Archive conversation and discard future messages unless sent or cc:d directly to you m
Update current conversation Shift+n
Add conversation to Task list Shift+t
Delete conversation #
To navigate within a conversation:
Action Shortcut
Go to next message n
Go to previous message p
Mark message as important +
Mark message as unimportant -
Star/unstar message s
Mark message as unread and return to Inbox Shift+-
Mark message as spam and remove !


To mark or label messages: 
Action Shortcut
Open Labels menu
Move conversation from inbox to a different label, Spam, or Trash
Mark message as read and move to next message
Archive message and move to previous message
Archive message and move to next message
Remove message from current view (inbox, starred, trash, or label) y

To navigate contact list: 
Action Shortcut
Select all contacts * then a
Deselect all contacts * then n
Move up one contact k
Move down one contact j
Open current contact o or Enter
Return to contact list view
Select/deselect contact
Remove selected contacts from current group being displayed e
Remove cursor from input field
Delete contact

To compose and send messages:
Action Shortcut
Compose new message c
Reply to a message sender r
Reply to all original message recipients a
Forward a message f
Send message (cursor must be in body of message) Tab then Enter


Miscellaneous commands: 
Action Shortcut
Move focus to Search field
Move focus out of input field Esc
Move focus to chat search
Undo previous action    
Show "More Actions" drop-down menu
Open shortcut help (will list shortcuts for the current view, e.g., Contact List)


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