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Google Mail Keyboard Shortcuts - Mac

Note 1: Keyboard shortcuts for Google Mail can be turned on or off. There are three ways to do this:
  • Go to This automatically turns shortcuts on.
  • Click the Gear icon at the top right of any Google Mail page to pull down a menu. From this menu, select Settings. On the Settings page, look for the Keyboard Shortcuts option and choose the appropriate radio button.
  • In Google Mail, press Shift+? to bring up the shortcuts list. There is an option at the top left to enable or disable shortcuts.
Note 2: The "Custom Keyboard Shortcuts" Labs function lets you change the keys used for existing shortcuts. Particularly helpful if a standard shortcut conflicts with your assistive technology. More information on Labs functions
Note 3: For most of these commands to work, your keyboard focus needs to not be in a text box, such as the Search field (otherwise, pressing the key will simply type in the text box). To ensure the focus is not in a text box, press Escape.
Note 4: In Google Mail, messages are grouped into "conversations." For example, if person A sends a message to person B, person B responds, and then sends the message with a comment to person C, all three messages would be included in a single conversation. When you are reviewing your inbox, you will see conversations rather than individual messages. However, if you are accessing your email via Outlook or a similar client rather than a browser, messages will be continued to be listed individually rather than grouped into conversations.

Shortcuts that work even if the Shortcuts setting is turned off:

Action Shortcut
Move up/down through the list of messages Up Arrow/Down Arrow
Move from the message list to the left-hand list of links and Compose button
Left Arrow
Move from the left-hand list of links to the message list
Right Arrow
Move to the next message in a conversation
Move to the previous message in a conversation
Open/collapse a message
Send a message
Go to the next window    ⌘+. (period)
Go to the previous window
⌘+, (comma)
Go to the CC: field
Go to the BCC: field
Change the sending address (if already configured)
 To navigate within the Google Mail interface: 
Action Shortcut
Go to the Inbox  g then i
Select all mail
* then a
Select all read mail
* then r
Select all unread mail
* then u
Deselect all mail
* then n
Go to all starred conversations g then s
Select all starred mail
* then s
Select all unstarred mail
* then t
Go to all sent messages g then t
Go to all draft messages g then d
Go to all messages g then a
Go to Contacts list g then c
Go to Tasks list g then k
Move keyboard focus to the Label search box g then l


To navigate and select conversations: 
Action Shortcut
Move to newer conversation  k
Move to older conversation  j
Go to next inbox section
Go to previous inbox section
Open conversation
o or Enter
Return to conversation list
Select/deselect conversation
Mark conversation as important
+ (plus sign)
Mark conversation as unimportant
- (minus sign)
Star/unstar conversation s
Select all conversations  * then a
Deselect all conversations * then n
Select all read conversations * then r
Select all unread conversations * then u
Select all starred conversations * then s
Select all unstarred conversations * then t
Archive conversation e
Archive current conversation and move to previous )
Archive current conversation and move to next (
Archive conversation and discard future messages unless sent or cc:d directly to you m
Update current conversation when there are new messages
Add conversation to Task list Shift+t
Delete conversation #
To navigate within a conversation:
Action Shortcut
Mark message as important +
Mark message as unimportant -
Star/unstar message s
Mark message as unread and return to Inbox Shift+-
Mark message as spam and remove !


To mark or label messages: 
Action Shortcut
Open Labels menu
Move conversation from inbox to a different label, Spam, or Trash
Mark message as read and move to next newer message
Mark message as unread
Remove message from current view and move to previous message
Remove message from current view and move to next message
Archive message and move to previous message
Archive message and move to next message
Remove message from current view (inbox, starred, trash, or label) y

To navigate contact list: 
Action Shortcut
Select all contacts * then a
Deselect all contacts * then n
Move up one contact k
Move down one contact j
Open current contact o or Enter
Return to contact list view
Select/deselect contact
Remove selected contacts from current group being displayed e
Remove cursor from input field
Delete contact
Open groups button to group contacts
l (lowercase L)

To compose and send messages:
Action Shortcut
Compose new message c
Compose new message in new window
Compose new message in new tab
Reply to message
Reply to message in a new window in Conversation View
Reply to all message recipients
in Conversation View
Reply to all message recipients in a new window in Conversation ViewShift+a
Forward a message in Conversation View
Forward a message in a new window in Conversation View
Move focus out of current input field
Save text as a draft

Formatting shortcuts (work even if keyboard shortcuts setting is off)

Action Shortcut
Bold selected text
Italicize selected text
Underline selected text
Create a numbered list
Create a bulleted list
Align text to the left
Align text to the right
Align text to the center
Indent less
Indent more
Format a selected block of text as a quote
Format selected text as a link

Miscellaneous commands:
Action Shortcut
Move focus to Search field
Move focus out of input field Esc
Undo previous action    
Show "More Actions" drop-down menu
. (period)
Move cursor to first button in Gmail toolbar
, (comma)
Move cursor to Chat search box
Open shortcut help (will list shortcuts for the current view, e.g., Contact List)

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