Abstracts

Session 1:  GIS in Urban Context


139 Square Miles - Edward Lynch (Detroit Future City)
Detroit Future City’s (DFC) 139 Square Miles report is the first comprehensive, citywide, data-driven report that our organization has produced for Detroit since 2012, when we released the DFC Strategic Framework, the 50-year shared vision for the city’s future.  This report focuses on four key areas: population, people, economy and place. This report shows that for the first time in 60 years, Detroit is moving toward population growth, with the economy on the rise and neighborhoods beginning to stabilize.

GIS and Information Challenges - Laura Lyons (DataDrivenDetroit)
Data Driven Detroit is metro Detroit's community data hub that collects, analyzes, interprets, and shares accessible, high-quality data and information to drive informed decision-making.  D3's work is focused on increasing data-driven outcomes and collaborative planning processes throughout metro Detroit and Michigan. An overview about how leveraging spatial data and GIS can create opportunities to inform and overcome information challenges. Examples from D3's experiences with funders, community organizations, and D3's own data-driven processes

Reclaiming Community Spaces Through Environmental Design: Telling the Story of Revitalization in Flint, Michigan - Laney Rupp and Joseph Alberts (The Michigan Youth Violence Prevention Center)
In Flint, Michigan, vacant homes and blight make communities vulnerable for crime and neglect. Yet, Flint has significant assets including communities that are organizing and committed to revitalizing vacant properties. Our ArcGIS Story Map tells the story of physical revitalization and social transformation across Flint’s University Avenue Corridor through the application of Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED). The map explores how community members are using CPTED principles to reclaim spaces, restore conditions of safety, promote positive activity, and create connected communities. We describe how we used the ArcGIS story map service to provide an interactive, visual tour of the application of CPTED across a key corridor that is a tipping point for revitalization efforts in Flint. We explore technical and conceptual considerations for illustrating a crime prevention model through an engaging story format


Session 2: GIS in Public Health and Safety

Challenges of Creating GIS Infrastructure for Public Safety - Stephen Lamoreaux (Detroit Police Department) and Frank Romo (Department of Innovation and Technology)

Building a GIS infrastructure is a challenging undertaking even with buy-in throughout an organization. Legacy technologies, current workflows, and future needs must all be considered when making decisions. To further complicate the process, different departments within an organization may have opposing needs and requirements, individual users and workloads may be ensiled, and a collection of technologies may be required to provide all necessary functionality. In the public safety field it is important to make these infrastructure and resource improvements with minimal disturbance to the day-to-day operations of the organizations that use them.

Your Health, Mapped - Haifa Haroon (Detroit Health Department)
The Data, Planning and Evaluation Division informs decision-making at the Detroit Health Department by collecting, analyzing and mapping health data.  However, mapping health in Detroit can be a challenge.  This is in part due to the loss of infrastructure during the privatization of the Health Department in 2012, as well as the lack of defined neighborhoods in the City and the availability of data at small geographic levels.  

How hard is it to put a pin on a map? - Frank Murphy (Brotherhood Mutual)
Property insurers need to know the physical locations of their insured’s assets. What sounds like a simple task (converting an address to latitude/longitude coordinates) can be surprisingly challenging. This brief overview will describe these challenges and demonstrate several techniques that can be used to meet this important need. While the discussion will focus on property insurance applications, the concepts discussed will be broadly applicable to other use cases.

GISP Certification & Augmented Reality Applications - Mike Cousins, GISP,  and Patrick Gross, GISP (OHM Advisors)
Are you a GIS student? Are you looking to get a leg up on your competition (peers)? Are you looking to get a full-time GIS position upon graduation? If you answered yes, then you should look into becoming a certified GIS Professional (GISP). After graduation, students are eligible to take the new GISP certification exam. Come and learn about the certification process from two certified GISP's. In addition to learning about the GISP Certification process, Mike and Patrick will talk about Augmented Reality and its many applications. They will demo their Microsoft HoloLens and demonstrate its practical applications in the engineering/planning world. 

Keynote Presentation

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in Law Enforcement - Nikkia Anderson (Michigan State Police)

In February 2015, the state police received clearance from the FAA to use a drone over the entire state, making it one of the first law enforcement agencies to do so.  Since then over 200 missions have been flown to collect imagery at crime scenes such as arson and homicide and also assist in automobile accident reconstruction.  Recently, the MSP assisted the National Transportation and Safety Board (NTSB) by collecting imagery at the site the Willow Run plane that crashed with the University of Michigan men’s basketball team on board. 

MSP will present both the pilot’s perspective of UAS operation and the image processing segment done after all the data is collected.  The pilot’s perspective will cover the practical in field operation of a UAS including flight parameters, efficient and effective data collection, and collection of ground control points (GCP’s).  The image processing perspective will cover data processing, incorporation of GCP’s, and products such as orthophotos and point clouds.


Session 3: GIS and GPS Applications

Where is GIS used? Examples from Archaeology to Zoology - Peter A. Knoop (LS&A, UM Ann Arbor) 
In today's world, spatial thinking and reasoning play a role in a many domains, and the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is becoming pervasive across the diverse research, teaching, and administrative mission of the University. This explosion has been aided in part by modern web-based or mobile, easy-to-use GIS solutions that enable spatial-thinking, without a need to explicitly "learn GIS". This presentation shares examples of interesting and innovative uses of GIS from a variety of teaching and research projects at the U-M, ranging from simply making historic maps available on History students' smartphones for walking tours of Ann Arbor, to complex enterprise GIS environments supporting collaborative archaeology projects in remote locations integrating server, desktop, web, and mobile GIS.

Using GIS for Operational Maintenance at the Michigan Department of Transportation - Joseph Bartus, Jasna Cehaja, Jacob Scott, and Nicole Bowman (MDOT Metro Region Road Maintenance Division)
The Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT) has employed GIS technologies over the past 25 years in management of the state highway network.  Typically these uses were for planning, federal pavement management requirements and general map making.  With recent advancements in mobile and online GIS technologies, these efforts are now in the hands of Operations Staff for day to day operations and maintenance of the network.
This presentation will highlight recent initiatives by the MDOT Metro Region offices which covers Wayne, Oakland and Macomb counties.  These efforts include graffiti management, tree trimming operations, drainage structure maintenance and electrical asset inventory management.  We will discuss project details, as well as highlight challenges and successes encountered during different phases of implementation.

Integrating Utility and Financial Databases - Brian McElroy (Hubbell, Roth & Clark)
Integration of a non-spatial, financial database with a spatially referenced sanitary sewer dataset allowed users at a small municipality to better understand their data and perform high-level analysis of both systems. Connecting the two required input from several entities. Once linked, financial data was reviewed for accuracy and in turn was used to evaluate public policy and justify suggested changes, calculate remaining sewer capacity, and gauge the overall health of the sanitary sewer system.

NGS NATRF2022 coordinates in MDOT CORS; How will this affect your coordinates?  - Shawn E. Roy P.S. (MDOT & NGS State Geodetic Coordinator)

The Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT) and National Geodetic Survey (NGS) have been partnering for over 17 years providing RINEX and Real- Time data to the public for free via the MDOT CORS (Continuously Operating Reference Stations). This session will be a brief overview of the upcoming changes to NGS Geometric Coordinate standards and how this may affect your solutions and coordinates on many GIS units. The North American Terrestrial Refence Frame or NATRF2022 will be the standard for all federal agencies and MDOT CORS. Also covered will be information on other related changes to other products and models maintained by NGS.


Session 4: GIS in Environmental Applications

Applications of GIS for Environmentally Related Planning and Decision Making - Lisa Denys (Great Lakes Commission)
While the uses of GIS include small projects, such as making maps to sophisticated analysis for biological research, it is also very useful as a small component of projects to get basic, yet important, information. This presentation will demonstrate a few examples of GIS used with historical imagery and elevation data to derive information for decision-making at a local level, such as a business site or local park. As well as, different uses of GIS to map invasive species, locate unmapped trails & roads, and to in aid in emergency response planning.

Using GIS to interpret the Rouge River Watershed - Sally Petrella and Matthew Bertrand (Friends of the Rouge)

Mapping is a critical tool for understanding a watershed and teaching people about it.  Friends of the Rouge began using GIS in 2003 to map volunteer data and provide maps for volunteers and has expanded its use ever since.  Mapping of the volunteer data led to a project to map all of the existing wetlands and woodlands to better understand the health of the system. We are currently using GIS to map project sites, sampling sites, monitoring data, and invasive species.  In the future we will be creating a 3D Terrain Model as well as working with a group of UM-D students to develop a Rouge River Story Map. 

Object-Based Image Analysis for Updating Wetland Inventories in the Great Lakes Region; A Semi-Automated Approach - Mathew Halliday (Ducks Unlimited)

Comprehensive wetland inventories are an essential tool for wetland management, but developing and maintaining a GIS inventory is expensive, time-consuming, and technically-challenging.  Here, we describe a large-area application of a semi-automated process using object-based image analysis (OBIA) to update the USFWS National Wetland Inventory dataset.  The original inventory was the product of a labor-intensive, manual photo-interpretation process.  The present application incorporates high-resolution, multi-spectral aerial imagery from multiple seasons; high-resolution elevation data derived from lidar; and other ancillary GIS data.  By automating the most time-consuming part of the image interpretation—initial delineation of boundaries and identification of broad wetland classes—we can allow the image interpreters to focus their efforts on the more difficult components of classification, such as the assignment of detailed wetland classes and modifiers.