References


1. Nelson’s Textbook of Pediatrics, 17th Edition, 2004. Pgs 1812-1815.

2. Fisher, Robert J. Neonatal circumcision: The case for analgesia. OBG Management. May 2001:20-35.

3. Lerman, SE, Liao JC. Neonatal circumcision. Pediatric Clinics of North America. December 2001;48 (6):1539-1556.

4. Zaontz, MR, Packer, MG. Abnormalities of the external genitalia. Pediatric Clinics of North America. October 1997;44(5):1267-1297.

5. Brown, MR, Cartwright, PC, Snow BW. Common office problems in pediatric urology and gynecology. Pediatric Clinics of North America. October 1997;44(5):1091-1115.

6. Peleg D, Steiner A. The Gomco circumcision: common problems and solutions. American Family Physician. September 15,1998;58(4):891-898.

7. Letters to the Editor. Gomco circumcision. American Family Physician. May 15,1999;59(10):2724-2732.

8. Fontaine, P, Toffler, WL. Dorsal penile nerve block for newborn circumcision. American Family Physician. April 1991;43(4):1327-1333.

9. Comparison of ring block, dorsal penile nerve block, and topical anesthesia for neonatal circumcision: a randomized controlled trial. Lander J, Brady-Fryer B, Metcalfe JB, Nazarali S, Muttitt S. JAMA. 1997 Dec 24-31;278(24):2157-62.

10. Broadman L, Hannallah R, Belman B, Elder P, Ruttimann U, Epstein B. Post-circumcision analgesia: a prospective evaluation of subcutaneous ring block of the penis. Anesthesiology. 1987;67:1197-1201.

11. Brady-Fryer B, Wiebe N, Lander JA. Pain relief for neonatal circumcision. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004.