Bones L06

6. List and describe the six types of synovial joints, and include examples of each type.

    • Hinge joint - flexion/extension
      • Elbow, knee, interphalangeal
    • Plane joint - gliding/sliding movements
      • Acromioclavicular (AC), intercarpal
    • Pivot joint - rotation
      • Atlanto-axial, proximal radio-ulnar
    • Saddle joint - flexion/extension, abduction/adduction, circumduction
      • Concave and convex where bones articulate
      • Carpometacarpal joint of thumb
    • Condyloid joint - flexion/extension, abduction/adduction, circumduction
      • Metacarpophalangeal joints of digits 2-5, radiocarpal (wrist)
    • Ball & socket - flexion/extension, abduction/adduction, circumduction, medial & lateral rotation
      • Shoulder, hip