Back List of Structures

Osteology

  • Scapula
    • Spine of scapula
    • Medial border
  • Humerus
    • Intertubercular sulcus
  • Cranium
    • Occipital bone
      • External occipital protuberance
      • Superior nuchal line
  • Vertebrae
    • Vertebral body
    • Vertebral arch
      • Pedicles
      • Laminae
      • Transverse processes
      • Spinous process
      • Superior articular processes
      • Inferior articular processes
    • Intervertebral foramina
      • Superior vertebral notch
      • Inferior vertebral notch
    • Vertebral foramen (canal)
  • Sacrum
    • Sacral hiatus
    • Anterior sacral foramina
    • Posterior sacral foramina
  • Coccyx
  • Ilium
    • Iliac crest

Characteristics of special vertebrae

  • Atlas (C1)
  • Axis (C2) (Note how C1 & C2 join together)
  • Vertebra prominens (C VII)
  • Cervical vertebrae
    • Transverse foramina

Vertebral ligaments

  • Supraspinous ligament
  • Interspinous ligaments
  • Ligamenta flava
  • Posterior longitudinal ligament
  • Intervertebral discs

Meninges & Spaces

  • Dura mater
    • Coccygeal ligament / Filum terminale externum
  • Subdural space
  • Arachnoid mater
  • Subarachnoid space
  • Pia mater
    • Denticulate ligaments
    • Filum terminale internum

Spinal cord

  • Grey matter
    • Anterior (ventral) horns
    • Lateral (intermediolateral nucleus = IML) horns
    • Posterior (dorsal) horns
  • White matter
  • Spinal n.
    • Dorsal root (& rootlets)
      • Dorsal root ganglion
    • Ventral root (& rootlets)
    • Trunk
      • Dorsal primary ramus
      • Ventral primary ramus
  • Lumbosacral enlargement
  • Conus medullaris
  • Cauda equina

Back muscles and related structures

  • Trapezius m.
  • Latissimus dorsi m.
  • Thoracolumbar fascia

Blood vessels

  • Posterior internal vertebral venous plexus
  • Anterior spinal a. & vv.
  • Posterior spinal aa. & vv.

Miscellaneous

  • Epidural fat