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Nuestra Señora del Rosario

Nuestra Senora del Rosario, Marian holy cards collection,
ML.031 Box 28, circa 1675-2018. Marian Library, 
University of Dayton Libraries, Dayton, Ohio.

Country

Guatemala

Description

According to the legend, Mary and Jesus traveled throughout the Americas. Jesus fell asleep once the two arrived in Guatemala. Since baby Jesus was fast asleep, Mary decided to remain in Guatemala. Mary became a symbol of devotion and national pride for the people of Guatemala. Her patronage in Guatemala was so significant, in 1821, the leaders of an independent movement named her Patroness of the country. The leaders of the movement swore they would not rest until the country of Guatemala was liberated. The people of the movement believed liberation was a reality because they had the protection of Nuestra Señora del Rosario. The faithful devote October, “the month of the rosary” since the rosary is so prominent in the image of Nuestra Señora del Rosario. Our Lady of the Rosary’s feast day is October 7. On her feast day the Guatemalan people celebrate the virgin and her role in liberating their country. The feast day is usually celebrated with large meals and pilgrimages to her sanctuary. Our Lady of the Rosary was so influential, in 1559, Bishop Francisco Marroquin to form the first Brotherhood of the Rosary. A sculpture was made, derived from the image of Our Lady of the Rosary, in 1592. The statue features Mary carrying Jesus in her left hand and a rosary in her right hand. It is believed that if Mary’s face changes from a darker to light tone the country will face hardship in the future. The statue was often a sanctuary for the people of Guatemala following earthquakes and eruptions of the volcano, Fuego. On September 29, 1717, a massive earthquake hit the city where the temple holding the statue was located. The people rushed to the temple as a safe haven. However, the temple was locked and ultimately collapsed due to the large tremors. Nevertheless, the statue of Our Lady of the Rosary remained unharmed, which is still considered a miracle to this day. In 1808, The Shrine of the Virgin of the Rosary was completed in dedication to Nuestra Señora del Rosario. Years later, in 1833, Nuestra Señora del Rosario was declared “Queen of Guatemala.” In 1934, Pope Pius XI crowned her metals and jewels and gave her an apostolic blessing.

Citations:

“Nuestra Señora Del Rosario, Guatemala ( 7 De Octubre) » Foros De La Virgen María.” Foros De La Virgen María, 11 Sept. 2015, forosdelavirgen.org/327/nuestra-senora-del-rosario-guatemala-7-de-octubre/.

Mary throughout Latin America. Liguori, 2005.

“Our Lady of the Rosary Day in Guatemala.” Mexico Experts Travel, www.metmexico.com/en/news/48.

Popular Devotions

“Our Lady of the Rosary, you and Jesus found rest and a home among the women and men of Guatemala. We ask your help to remain free from all evil and rest one day in the eternal joy of heaven.” Amen.

Mary throughout Latin America. Liguori, 2005.

Hail Mary

Dios te salve, María. Llena eres de gracia: El Señor es contigo. 
Bendita tú eres entre todas las mujeres. 
Y bendito es el fruto de tu vientre: Jesús. 
Santa María, Madre de Dios, ruega por nosotros pecadores, 
ahora y en la hora de nuestra muerte.

Amen.

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