Pirate Raids

During the Golden Age Pirates were able to commandeer, loot, plunder and sink national ships for their own benefit. But how did they do it? Pirates used a variety of tactics in order  to pull this off. often times violence was not even needed but rather implied should the victim vessel attempt to resist. I must also say that although most pirate attacks were planned and executed in a very military sense, it was difficult to find information on how it was done because everyone knows that magician never reveals his secrets.