Ch 8 - Instructions for Life

Major Concepts
  • DNA is found in all living things and carries the genetic code for their characteristics
  • DNA can replicate to pass its genetic information to newly formed cells.
  • DNA serves as a template for making proteins.
  • Proteins are substances essential to life.
  • Mutations in DNA result in changes in proteins that can be advantageous, detrimental, or neutral (have not effect) to individual organisms and their species.
  • Similarities in DNA show relatedness of organisms.

National Science Standards 
Standard A: Science as Inquiry
  • students should develop abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry
Standard C: Biological Science
  • students should develop understanding of the cell
  • students should develop understanding of the molecular basis of heredity
  • students should develop understanding of biological evolution