3rd hour Vocab
Vocabulary Part 1
Pronunciations - vac·u·ous·ly, adverb
Online Dictionary – 1. without contents; empty 2. lacking in ideas or intelligence 3. expressing or characterized by a lack of ideas or intelligence; inane; stupid 4. purposeless; idle
Citation – “Vacuous”. Dictionary.com. Web. 27 Oct. 2011.
Websters Dictionary – 1. Empty 2. Having or showing the lack of intelligence
Citation – “Vacuous”. The Websters New Collegiate Dictionary. 1976. Print.
Etymology - 1640s, "empty," from L. vacuus "empty, void, free"
Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary’s definition- Usurp (verb) - to take possession of without legal claim, to seize and hold as office, place, or power in possession by force or without right. To seize or exercise authority or possession wrongfully.
1.To seize and hold (a position, office, power, etc.) by force or without legal right.
Example: The pretender tried to usurp the throne.
2.To use without authority or right; employ wrongfully.
Example: The magazine usurped copyrighted material.
3. To commit forcible or illegal seizure of an office, power.
Pronunciation- [yoo-surp, -zurp]
self-u·surp, verb (used without object)
Definition and pronounciation:
tr.v. en·er·vat·ed, en·er·vat·ing, en·er·vates
1. To weaken or destroy the strength or vitality of: "the luxury which enervates and destroys nations" (Henry David Thoreau).
2. Medicine To remove a nerve or part of a nerve.
Deprived of strength; debilitated.
[Latin ex- + nervus, sinew; see (s)ne
"Enervate - Definition of Enervate by the Free Online Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia." Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary. Web. 30 Nov. 2011.
Definition and related forms:
1. v. to deprive of nerve, force, or strength; destroy the vigor of; weaken.
Synynu1m: enfeeble, exaust.
2. adj. (enervated). without vigor, force, or strength: languid
c.1600, from L. enervatus, pp. of enervare "to weaken"
Urdang, Laurence, ed. The Random House College Dictionary. Print.
Online Definition of ABSTEMIOUS: marked by restraint especially in the consumption of food or alcohol; also : reflecting such restraint <an abstemious diet>
Book Definition: Abstemious: 1: sparing especially in eating or drinking 2: sparingly used or indulged in (diet)
Etymology: c.1600, from L. abstemius "sober, temperate," from ab(s)- "from" (see ab-) + stem of temetum "strong drink," related to temulentus "drunken." Technically, of liquor, but extended in Latin to temperance in living generally. Related: Abstemiously; abstemiousness.
Online Definition of GAUCHE
1a : lacking social experience or grace; also : not tactful : crude <it would be gauche to mention the subject> b : crudely made or done <a gauche turn of phrase>
2: not planar <gauche conformation of molecules>
Book Definition: Gauche: 1: lacking social experience or grqace, CRUDE 2: not planar (conformation of molecules)
— gauche·ly adverb
— gauche·ness noun
sometimes gauch·er sometimes gauch·est
Etymology: "awkward, tactless," 1751 (Chesterfield), from Fr. gauche "left" (15c., replacing O.Fr. senestre in that sense), originally "awkward, awry," from M.Fr. gauchir "turn aside, swerve," from O.Fr. gaucher "trample, reel, walk clumsily," from Frankish *welkan "to full," from P.Gmc. *wankjan (cf. O.H.G. wankon, O.N. vakka "to stagger, totter;" see wink).
Online Definition – verb (used with object), -lied, -ly·ing.
1. To show to be false; contradict: His trembling hands belied his calm voice.
2. To misrepresent: The newspaper belied the facts.
3. To act unworthily according to the standards of
1. a : to give a false impression of
b : to present an appearance not in agreement with
2. a : to show (something) to be false or wrong
b : to run counter to : contradict
Related forms- be·li·er, noun; un·be·lied, adjective
Etymology-O.E. beleogan "to deceive by lies," from be- + lie (v.1) "to lie, tell lies." Current sense of "to contradict as a lie" is first recorded 1640s. The other verb lie once also had a formation like this, from O.E. belicgan, which meant "to encompass, beleaguer," and in M.E. was a euphemism for "to have sex with" (i.e. "to lie with carnally").
1. Talking or tending to talk much or freely; talkative; chattering; babbling; garrulous.
2. Characterized by excessive talk.
Other Related Forms:
1660s, from stem of L. loquax (gen.loquacis) "talkative," from loqui "to speak," of unknown origin
Other Related Forms:
Definition: (Noun) 1. Needless repetition of an idea, especially in words other than those of the immediate context, without imparting additional force or clearness, as in “widow woman.” 2. An instance of such repetition. 3. Logic: a. A compound propositional form all of whose instances are true, as “A or not A.” b. An instance of such form, “This candidate will win or will not win.”
Related Forms: Tautological, tautologic, tautologous, tautologically, tautologously, tautologist, nontautological, nontautologically
Etymology: 1579, from L.L. tautologia "representation of the same thing" (c.350), from Gk. tautologia, from tautologos "repeating what has been said," from tauto "the same" + -logos "saying," related to legein "to say"
Definition: 1 a. needless repetition of an idea, statement, or word b. an instance of tautology 2. A tautologous statement.
1. (Dicitionary.com)- foolish or inane, especially in an unconscious, complacent manner: silly. Unreal; illusory.
(Webster’s Dictionary)- complacently or inanely foolish: silly.
2. Pronunciation- [fach-oo-uhs]
3. Related forms- fatuously (adverb). Fatuousness (noun)
4. Etymology- c.1600, from L. fatuus "foolish, insipid, silly;" of uncertain origin (Buck
suggests originally “stricken” in the head).
(Webster’s Dictionary)- worked into shape by artistry or effort. Elaborated embellished. Beaten into shape by tools.
2. Pronunciation- [rawt]
3. Related forms- interwrought (adjective). Self-wrought (adjective). Super wrought (adjective). Under wrought (adjective). Unwrought (adjective).
4. Etymology- mid-13c., from past participle of M.E. werken (see work).
Print Definition: Mournful often to an exaggerated degree.
Online: Gloomy: Extremely mournful, sad or gloomy.
Lugubriously (Adverb), lugubriousness(noun).
Latin- Lugubris "Mournful, pertaining to mournful"
From PIE base leug "to break, to cause pain"
Vocab Project- Yeoman