3rd hour Vocab


posted Dec 14, 2011, 6:03 PM by Kristen Urban

Vocabulary Part 1

Pronunciations -    vac·u·ous·ly, adverb

vac·u·ous·ness, noun

non·vac·u·ous, adjective

non·vac·u·ous·ly, adverb

non·vac·u·ous·ness, noun

Online Dictionary – 1. without contents; empty  2. lacking in ideas or intelligence  3. expressing or characterized by a lack of ideas or intelligence; inane; stupid  4. purposeless; idle

Citation – “Vacuous”. Dictionary.com. Web. 27 Oct. 2011.

Websters Dictionary – 1. Empty  2. Having or showing the lack of intelligence

Citation – “Vacuous”. The Websters New Collegiate Dictionary. 1976. Print.

Etymology - 1640s, "empty," from L. vacuus "empty, void, free"


posted Dec 14, 2011, 11:53 AM by Kristen Urban

Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary’s definition- Usurp (verb) - to take possession of without legal claim, to seize and hold as office, place, or power in possession by force or without right. To seize or exercise authority or possession wrongfully.

Dictionary.com’s definition- usurp (verb) 

1.To seize and hold (a position, office, power, etc.) by force or without legal right. 
Example: The pretender tried to usurp the throne.
2.To use without authority or right; employ wrongfully. 
Example: The magazine usurped copyrighted material.
3. To commit forcible or illegal seizure of an office, power.
Pronunciation- [yoo-surp, -zurp]
Related forms-
u·surp·er, noun
u·surp·ing·ly, adverb
non·u·surp·ing, adjective
non·u·surp·ing·ly, adverb
self-u·surp, verb (used without object)
Etymology- early 14c., from O.Fr. usurper, from L. usurpare "make use of, seize for use," in L.L. "to assume unlawfully," from usus "a use" (see use) + rapere "to seize.”


posted Dec 14, 2011, 11:50 AM by Kristen Urban


Definition and pronounciation:
en·er·vate (

tr.v. en·er·vat·ed, en·er·vat·ing, en·er·vates
1. To weaken or destroy the strength or vitality of: "the luxury which enervates and destroys nations" (Henry David Thoreau).
2. Medicine To remove a nerve or part of a nerve.

Related forms:
adj. (
Deprived of strength; debilitated.

ex- + nervus, sinew; see (s)ne
"Enervate - Definition of Enervate by the Free Online Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia." Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary. Web. 30 Nov. 2011.


Definition and related forms:

1. v. to deprive of nerve, force, or strength; destroy the vigor of; weaken.
Synynu1m: enfeeble, exaust.

2. adj. (enervated). without vigor, force, or strength: languid
c.1600, from L. enervatus, pp. of enervare "to weaken"

Urdang, Laurence, ed.
The Random House College Dictionary. Print.


posted Dec 14, 2011, 11:36 AM by Kristen Urban

Online Definition of ABSTEMIOUS: marked by restraint especially in the consumption of food or alcohol; also : reflecting such restraint <an abstemious diet>


Book Definition: Abstemious: 1: sparing especially in eating or drinking 2: sparingly used or indulged in (diet)



Related forms

ab·ste·mi·ous·ly, adverb

ab·ste·mi·ous·ness, noun

non·ab·ste·mi·ous, adjective

non·ab·ste·mi·ous·ly, adverb

non·ab·ste·mi·ous·ness, noun




Etymology: c.1600, from L. abstemius "sober, temperate," from ab(s)- "from" (see ab-) + stem of temetum "strong drink," related to temulentus "drunken." Technically, of liquor, but extended in Latin to temperance in living generally. Related: Abstemiously; abstemiousness.



Online Definition of GAUCHE

1a : lacking social experience or grace; also : not tactful : crude <it would be gauche to mention the subject> b : crudely made or done <a gauche turn of phrase>

2: not planar <gauche conformation of molecules>


Book Definition: Gauche: 1: lacking social experience or grqace, CRUDE 2: not planar (conformation of molecules)



Related Forms

gauche·ly adverb

gauche·ness noun

sometimes gauch·er sometimes gauch·est





Etymology: "awkward, tactless," 1751 (Chesterfield), from Fr. gauche "left" (15c., replacing O.Fr. senestre in that sense), originally "awkward, awry," from M.Fr. gauchir "turn aside, swerve," from O.Fr. gaucher "trample, reel, walk clumsily," from Frankish *welkan "to full," from P.Gmc. *wankjan (cf. O.H.G. wankon, O.N. vakka "to stagger, totter;" see wink).


posted Dec 14, 2011, 7:20 AM by Kristen Urban

Belie (verb)
Online Definition – verb (used with object), -lied, -ly·ing.
            1. To show to be false; contradict: His trembling hands belied his calm voice.
            2. To misrepresent: The newspaper belied the facts.
            3. To act unworthily according to the standards of 
Print Definition-
1.         a : to give a false impression of
            b : to present an appearance not in agreement with
2.         a : to show (something) to be false or wrong
            b : to run counter to : contradict
Pronunciation-  [bih-lahy]
Related forms- be·li·er, noun; un·be·lied, adjective
O.E. beleogan "to deceive by lies," from be- + lie (v.1) "to lie, tell lies." Current sense of "to contradict as a lie" is first recorded 1640s. The other verb lie once also had a formation like this, from O.E. belicgan, which meant "to encompass, beleaguer," and in M.E. was a euphemism for "to have sex with" (i.e. "to lie with carnally").


posted Dec 12, 2011, 11:37 AM by Kristen Urban


Online Dictionary

Definition:  Adjective

1. Talking or tending to talk much or freely; talkative; chattering; babbling; garrulous.

2. Characterized by excessive talk. 



Other Related Forms:

adverb: loquaciously

noun: loquaciousness


1660s, from stem of L. loquax (gen.loquacis) "talkative," from loqui "to speak,"  of unknown origin


Book Dictionary

Definition: Adjective

overly talkative

Other Related Forms:

adv. loquaciously 

n. loquacity



posted Dec 12, 2011, 11:36 AM by Kristen Urban


Online Dictionary:

Definition: (Noun) 1. Needless repetition of an idea, especially in words other than those of the immediate context, without imparting additional force or clearness, as in “widow woman.” 2. An instance of such repetition. 3. Logic: a. A compound propositional form all of whose instances are true, as “A or not A.” b. An instance of such form, “This candidate will win or will not win.”

Pronunciation: taw-tol-uh-jee

Related Forms: Tautological, tautologic, tautologous, tautologically, tautologously, tautologist, nontautological, nontautologically

Origin: 1570–80; < Late Latin tautologia < Greek tautología. See tauto-, -logy

Etymology: 1579, from L.L. tautologia "representation of the same thing" (c.350), from Gk. tautologia, from tautologos "repeating what has been said," from tauto "the same" + -logos "saying," related to legein "to say"

Book Dictionary:

Definition: 1 a. needless repetition of an idea, statement, or word b. an instance of tautology 2. A tautologous statement.

Pronunciation: to-ta-le-je


posted Dec 5, 2011, 12:32 PM by Kristen Urban

Fatuous (adjective)

1. (Dicitionary.com)- foolish or inane, especially in an unconscious, complacent manner: silly. Unreal; illusory.

(Webster’s Dictionary)- complacently or inanely foolish: silly.

2. Pronunciation- [fach-oo-uhs]

3. Related forms- fatuously (adverb). Fatuousness (noun)

4. Etymology- c.1600, from L. fatuus "foolish, insipid, silly;" of uncertain origin (Buck


suggests originally “stricken” in the head).


Wrought (verb)

1. (Dictionary.com)- worked. Elaborated; embellished. Not rough or crude. Produced or shaped by beating with a hammer, as iron or silver articles.

(Webster’s Dictionary)- worked into shape by artistry or effort. Elaborated embellished. Beaten into shape by tools.

2. Pronunciation- [rawt]

3. Related forms- interwrought (adjective). Self-wrought (adjective). Super wrought (adjective). Under wrought (adjective). Unwrought (adjective).

4. Etymology- mid-13c., from past participle of M.E. werken (see work).


posted Dec 3, 2011, 12:01 PM by Kristen Urban

Print Definition: Mournful often to an exaggerated degree.

Online: Gloomy: Extremely mournful, sad or gloomy.

Lugubriously (Adverb), lugubriousness(noun).

Latin- Lugubris "Mournful, pertaining to mournful"

From PIE base leug "to break, to cause pain"


posted Dec 3, 2011, 12:00 PM by Kristen Urban

Vocab Project- Yeoman

Online Dictionary

a. An attendant, servant, or lesser official in a royal or noble household.
b. A yeoman of the guard.
2. A petty officer performing chiefly clerical duties in the U.S. Navy.
3. An assistant or other subordinate, as of a sheriff.
4. A diligent, dependable worker.
5. A farmer who cultivates his own land, especially a member of a former class of small freeholders in England.

Pronunciation:  (yhttp://img.tfd.com/hm/GIF/omacr.gifhttp://img.tfd.com/hm/GIF/prime.gifmhttp://img.tfd.com/hm/GIF/schwa.gifn)

derived from the English word man
derived from the Proto-Germanic root
derived from the Proto-Indo-European root

Book Dictionary

A farmer in England who owned a small piece of land and worked
A petty officer in the navy or coast guard who performs clerical duties
(The American Heritage.)

Pronunciation:  yhttp://img.tfd.com/hm/GIF/omacr.gifhttp://img.tfd.com/hm/GIF/prime.gifmhttp://img.tfd.com/hm/GIF/schwa.gifn

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