Vocabulary Part 1
Pronunciations - vac·u·ous·ly, adverb
Dictionary – 1. without contents; empty 2. lacking in ideas or intelligence 3. expressing or characterized
by a lack of ideas or intelligence; inane; stupid 4. purposeless; idle
– “Vacuous”. Dictionary.com. Web. 27 Oct. 2011.
Dictionary – 1. Empty 2. Having or showing the lack of
– “Vacuous”. The Websters New Collegiate Dictionary.
- 1640s, "empty," from L. vacuus
"empty, void, free"
Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary’s definition- Usurp
(verb) - to take possession of without legal claim, to seize and hold as office,
place, or power in possession by force or without
right. To seize or exercise authority or possession wrongfully.
Dictionary.com’s definition- usurp (verb)
1.To seize and hold (a position, office, power, etc.) by force or without legal right.
Example: The pretender tried to usurp the throne.
2.To use without authority or right; employ wrongfully.
Example: The magazine usurped copyrighted material.
3. To commit forcible or illegal seizure of an office, power.
Pronunciation- [yoo-surp, -zurp]
self-u·surp, verb (used without object)
Etymology- early 14c., from O.Fr. usurper, from L. usurpare "make
use of, seize for use," in L.L. "to assume unlawfully," from usus "a
use" (see use) + rapere "to seize.”
Definition and pronounciation:
en·er·vate (tr.v. en·er·vat·ed, en·er·vat·ing, en·er·vates1. To weaken or destroy the strength or vitality of: "the luxury which enervates and destroys nations" (Henry David Thoreau).
Synonym: deplete2. Medicine To remove a nerve or part of a nerve.Related forms: adj. (Deprived of strength; debilitated.Etymology:
[Latin ex- + nervus, sinew; see (s)ne
"Enervate - Definition of Enervate by the Free Online Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia." Dictionary,
Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary. Web. 30 Nov. 2011.
Definition and related forms:
1. v. to deprive of nerve, force, or strength; destroy the vigor of; weaken.
Synynu1m: enfeeble, exaust.
2. adj. (enervated). without vigor, force, or strength:
c.1600, from L. enervatus, pp. of enervare "to weaken"
Urdang, Laurence, ed. The Random House College Dictionary. Print.
Online Definition of ABSTEMIOUS: marked by restraint especially in the consumption of food or alcohol; also : reflecting such restraint <an abstemious diet>
Book Definition: Abstemious: 1: sparing especially in eating or drinking 2: sparingly used or indulged in (diet)
Etymology: c.1600, from L. abstemius "sober, temperate," from ab(s)- "from" (see ab-) + stem of temetum "strong drink," related to temulentus "drunken." Technically, of liquor, but extended in Latin to temperance in living generally. Related: Abstemiously; abstemiousness.
Online Definition of GAUCHE
1a : lacking social experience or grace; also : not tactful : crude <it would be gauche to mention the subject> b : crudely made or done <a gauche turn of phrase>
2: not planar <gauche conformation of molecules>
Book Definition: Gauche: 1: lacking social experience or grqace, CRUDE 2: not planar (conformation of molecules)
— gauche·ly adverb
— gauche·ness noun
sometimes gauch·er sometimes gauch·est
Etymology: "awkward, tactless," 1751 (Chesterfield), from Fr. gauche "left" (15c., replacing O.Fr. senestre in that sense), originally "awkward, awry," from M.Fr. gauchir "turn aside, swerve," from O.Fr. gaucher "trample, reel, walk clumsily," from Frankish *welkan "to full," from P.Gmc. *wankjan (cf. O.H.G. wankon, O.N. vakka "to stagger, totter;" see wink).
Online Definition – verb (used with object), -lied, -ly·ing.
1. To show to be false; contradict: His trembling hands belied his
2. To misrepresent: The newspaper belied the facts.
3. To act unworthily according to the standards of
1. a : to
give a false impression of
b : to present an
appearance not in agreement with
2. a : to show (something) to be
false or wrong
b : to run counter
to : contradict
Related forms- be·li·er, noun; un·be·lied, adjective
O.E. beleogan "to
deceive by lies," from be- + lie (v.1)
"to lie, tell lies." Current sense of "to contradict as a
lie" is first recorded 1640s. The other verb lie once
also had a formation like this, from O.E. belicgan, which meant
"to encompass, beleaguer," and in M.E. was a euphemism for "to
have sex with" (i.e. "to lie with carnally").
1. Talking or tending to talk much or freely; talkative; chattering;
2. Characterized by excessive talk.
Other Related Forms:
1660s, from stem of L. loquax (gen.loquacis) "talkative," from
loqui "to speak," of
Other Related Forms:
Definition: (Noun) 1. Needless
repetition of an idea, especially in words other than those of the immediate
context, without imparting additional force or clearness, as in “widow woman.”
2. An instance of such repetition. 3. Logic:
a. A compound propositional form all of whose instances are true, as “A or
not A.” b. An instance of such form, “This candidate will win or will not win.”
Related Forms: Tautological, tautologic, tautologous, tautologically,
tautologously, tautologist, nontautological, nontautologically
Origin: 1570–80; < Late Latin tautologia < Greek tautología. See tauto-, -logy
Etymology: 1579, from
L.L. tautologia "representation of the same thing" (c.350), from Gk.
tautologia, from tautologos "repeating what has been said," from
tauto "the same" + -logos "saying," related to legein
Definition: 1 a.
needless repetition of an idea, statement, or word b. an instance of tautology
2. A tautologous statement.
1. (Dicitionary.com)- foolish or
inane, especially in an unconscious, complacent manner: silly. Unreal;
complacently or inanely foolish: silly.
2. Pronunciation- [fach-oo-uhs]
forms- fatuously (adverb). Fatuousness (noun)
4. Etymology- c.1600, from L. fatuus
"foolish, insipid, silly;" of uncertain origin (Buck
suggests originally “stricken” in the head).
1. (Dictionary.com)- worked. Elaborated; embellished. Not
rough or crude.
Produced or shaped by beating with a hammer, as iron or silver articles.
(Webster’s Dictionary)- worked into shape by
artistry or effort. Elaborated embellished. Beaten into shape by tools.
2. Pronunciation- [rawt]
3. Related forms- interwrought (adjective). Self-wrought (adjective).
Super wrought (adjective). Under
wrought (adjective). Unwrought
4. Etymology- mid-13c.,
from past participle of M.E. werken (see work).
Print Definition: Mournful often to an exaggerated degree.
Online: Gloomy: Extremely mournful, sad or gloomy.
Lugubriously (Adverb), lugubriousness(noun).
Latin- Lugubris "Mournful, pertaining to mournful"
From PIE base leug "to break, to cause pain"
attendant, servant, or lesser official in a royal or noble household.
A yeoman of the guard.
2. A petty officer performing chiefly
clerical duties in the U.S. Navy.
3. An assistant or other
subordinate, as of a sheriff.
4. A diligent, dependable
5. A farmer who cultivates his own land, especially a member
of a former class of small freeholders in England.
from the English word man
from the Proto-Germanic root *manwaz
from the Proto-Indo-European root *man-
A farmer in England who owned a small piece of land and worked
officer in the navy or coast guard who performs clerical duties