SRS SIR


SUGARCANE RESEARCH STATION, SIRUGAMANI

  1. GENESIS

The Sugarcane Research Station Sirugamani was originally started in the village Kumaramangalam in Kulithalai Taluk in an area of 2.4 ha. on 5.9.1957. Due to unprecedented floods, for want of proper drainage facilities and also the alkaline nature of soil necessitated the change of site to a better place which was ultimately located at Sirugamani with effect from December 1959 with an area of 24.83 hectares.


Location


Extent                          :  24.83 ha

Latitude                       :  10056’N

Longitude                    :  78026’E

Altitude                        :  78.18m MSL

Average Rainfall         :  730.3 ml

Soil                              :  Sandy loam to Clayey loam

pH                               :  8.25 to 8.90

Irrigation                      :  a. Canal irrigation (Periyavaikal and Kalluvaikal)

                                    b. Bore wells  – 3

                                    c. Filter points- 4


 2. MANDATE

·         To solve the problems in sugarcane cultivation in wetland under flow irrigation.

·         To evolve high yielding, high quality sugarcane varieties which are resistant to early drought and late water logging, saline and alkaline conditions, red rot, smut and inter node borer.

·         To develop Integrated Nutrient Management practices with special emphasis on soil-plant-health care.

·         To produce Breeder Seeds in Rice Varieties i.e.,  ADT 39, ADT 43 and  ADT (R ) 45


Technologies developed


List of Varieties released


I. Sugarcane

Name of Variety

Year of release

Season

Parentage

Average cane yield (t/ha)

CCS%

Special futures

CoSi 776

1977

Mid-Late

Co 419 X Co 775

120.0

11.0

Drought tolerant, moderately resistant to top shoot borer and perform well under saline-alkaline soil

CoSi 86071

1986

Mid-Late

Co 775 X Co 842

132.0

12.0

Moderately resistant to red rot, smut and top shoot borer

CoSi 95071

1995

Early

CoC 671 X MS 6847

142.0

12.0

Withstand early drought and late water logging, good ratooner and moderately resistant to red rot.

CoSi 96071

1996

Early

GC derivative of Co 82061

147.0

11.9

Performs well under alkaline soil

CoSi 98071

1998

Mid-Late

BO 91 X Co 62198

144.7

12.1

Moderately resistant to red rot, smut and scales

CoSi (SC) 6

2005

Early

Co 8213 X CoA 7602

148.0

12.3

Drought tolerant, withstands water logging and performs well in alkali soils, moderately resistant to red rot and smut.

TNAU Sugarcane SI 7

2010

Early

Co 99043 X CoG 93076

154.0

13.05

Tolerant to drought and red rot. It produces light purple coloured thick and straight cane.  It is a non flowering type.  It has no spines which favours easy detrashing.

TNAU Sugarcane SI 8

2012

Mid-late

CoC 90063 X Co 8213

146.0

12.90

Tolerant to drought, water stagnation and red rot. It produces pale green coloured thick and straight cane and best suited for mechanical cultivation.  It has no spines and easy for detrashing. It performs well under problem soils. Good ratooner

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

II. Betelvine

 

Name of Variety

Year of release

Yield (lakhs leaves/ha/yr)

No. of branches/vines

Special futures

SGM 1

1994

65.00

28.31

Dwarf vines, low production cost, pale green colour leaves, field tolerance to wilt

SGM BV 2

2004

48.81

17 - 29

Dark green leaves and less pungency




 








Dr.M. ASHOKAN
PROFESSOR AND HEAD
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