SRS MLT

Sugarcane Research Station, Melalathur

ABOUT THE STATION

Sugarcane Research Station is located at Melalathur Village of Gudiyattam Taluk, in Vellore District, which is 4 Km away from Gudiyattam Town.

Year of Start           : 1935
Latitude                 : 12o5’ N
Longitude              : 79oE
Altitude                  : 237 M.MSL.
Average Rainfall   : 962.9 mm
Temperature         : 28.2oc to 39.2oc (Day), 19.2oc to 27.7oc (Night)
Soil Type              : Sandy loam, Clayey loam
pH                         : 7.5
Irrigation sources  : 2 borewells
Total area             : 18.1 ha.
Cultivable area     : 15.2 ha
Buildings, Roads   : 2.9 ha.

MANDATE OF THE STATION

  • Evolving high yielding and high quality varieties suitable for early,       and mid-late seasons
  • Evolving varieties suitable for jaggery production.
  • Evolving varieties suitable for tannery effluent polluted soils.
  • Evolving drought tolerant varieties.
  • Identifying suitable management practices for obtaining maximum      sugarcane and sugar yield per unit area in unit time.
  • Screening varieties to various pests and diseases.
  • Evolving low cost pests and diseases management techniques.
  • Transfer of technology activities 

LOCATION 

            The station is situated in Beemapuram hamlet of Melalathur Village at 4 Km from Gudiyattam town in Vellore District.

TECHNOLOGY

  • Varieties released from this station

 

Characters

CoG 93076

CoG 94077

CoG 95076

CoG (SC) 5

Year of release

1993

1994

1995

2005

Parent

CoC 772 x Co 419

Co 740 x Co 775

CoC 771 x CoC 775

CoC 671 x CoT 8201

Age

330 days

330 days

330 days

330 – 360 days

Season

Mid-late

Early

Early

Mid late

Cane yield

132.0 t/ha

133.2 t/ha

132.5 t/ha

120.9 t/ha

CCS %

13.4

13.5

12.4

13.0

Sugar yield

17.7 t/ha.

17.9 t/ha.

16.4 t/ha.

15.6 t/ha.

Jaggery yield

14.3 t/ha.

10.9 t/ha.

10.5 t/ha.

10.4 t/ha.

 In addition to above the following varieties were evaluated at this station

1.    Co 419

2.    Co 449 and

3.    Co 740 are heavy yielder, good ratooner with high quality

 CROP MANAGEMENT

 Seven months aged seed cane ensured higher germination with additional cane yield of 14.3 t/ha.

  • Sugarcane intercropped with green manure and incorporated on 45th day recorded increased yield of 10.8 t/ha.
  • Mulching coir pith along ridges and furrows in tannery effluent polluted soils was found to be the best soil amendment for maximum cane yield.
  • Irrigation at 50 % FC during tillering phase and growth phase and 25% FC during maturity phase recorded maximum cane and sugar yield.
  • Addition of wild bhendi extract followed by lime was found to be eco-friendly and, the best clarificant in jaggery preparation.
  • Sodium metasilicate spray at 12 Kg ha-1 at 6th, 8th and 10th month enhanced ripening of cane.
  • Spraying 2.5% Potassium chloride solution during summer was found to be effective in tiding over the drought.
  • Raising of cowpea as intercrop on 3rd day after plating of cane and incorporation on 60th days was found effective to increase the cane yield in tannery effluent affected soils.

 

CROP PROTECTION

  • Two rounds of spray with Muriate of Potash 2% on 40th an 65th days after planting in summer controlled the shoot borer in addition to save crop from the drought.
  •  Neem cake 250 kg/ha or poultry manures 5 tons/ha applied at the time of planting in furrow were effective against shoot borer.
  • Sugarcane sett rot caused by Ceratocystis paradoxa was effectively controlled by soaking the setts for 15 minutes with Carbendazim 0.05%+Teepal 0.1 %.
  • The increase in the incidence of Grassy Shoot disease coincides with low temperature, high humidity and high rainfall.
  • Sett treatment with Tricoderma harizianum + Azosprillum for 15 minutes gave good control against sett rot disease.

 

 


Dr.R.S. Purushothaman, Professor & Head



Main Office of the SRS, Melalathur


New Building of SRS, Melalathur


Variety CoG94077


Variety CoG (SC)5




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