The Sugarcane Research Station was first started during 1955 at Palur, South Arcot district, Tamil Nadu and later shifted and established at Cuddalore in 1957. This station is the lead centre for sugarcane research in Tamil Nadu.
This Research Station is situated within the municipal limits of Cuddalore, head quarters of Cuddalore district, in Semmandalam, 1.5 km away from Cuddalore Bus stand and Railway Junction, on Cuddalore – Panruti main road. It has a cultivable extent of 32.59 hectares and located at 11°46’N latitude and 79°46’E longitude. The altitude is 4.6m MSL. The soil type is clayey loam with the pH of 7.2 and irrigated by bore wells. The annual mean rainfall is 1210 mm.