Welcome to Horticultural Research Station, Yercaud
Genesis of the Research Station
Horticultural Research Station, Yercaud was established in the year 1976 in the foot hill of eastern ghats. It is situated at Athiyur village, 3 km away from Yercaud town on Nagalur Road and 35 km from Salem. The total acreage of farm is 45.16 ha. The farm is located at latitude of 11.4 to 11.5oN. The elevation is 1500 m MSL .The annual rainfall is 1600-1800 mm. The mean temperature ranges from 21.0 to 32.20C (Day); 9.0 to 18.0oC (Night). The relative humidity ranges from 58 to 75 per cent. The soil is lateritic with a depth of 0.52 to 1.55 m. The soil pH varies from 4.75 to 6.25. Coffee is the major crop of interest, besides mandarin orange, spices like pepper, cinnamon, clove, nutmeg and cardamom, cut flowers like anthurium, gerbera, orchids and vegetables such as beans, chow chow, cauliflower, tomato and carrot.
v Introduction of different species and varieties of horticultural crops and evolving for their high yield.
v Evolving improved agro-techniques for mandatory crops.
v Evolving agro-techniques for multiple cropping and mixed farming practices in Shevroys.
v To impart training on subtropical horticultural crops for under graduate students of Tamil Nadu Agricultural University.
v To impart training on scientific crop cultivation, mushroom culture, Apiary, bioagents production and application of bio-control agents to tribal people and farmers of Shevroy Hills.
Tissue culture Lab
At Horticultural Research Station, Yercaud we have produced banana Grand naine (G.9) in mass multiplication and were sold to the needed farmers. Now we are started to produce the medicinal plant stevia (Stevia rebaudiana) in mass multiplication. Initially inoculation of auxiliary bud was carried out and shoots development observed. Further multiplication of shoot, rooting and hardening has to be done. After succeeded, it will also be supplied to the needed farmers. Meanwhile, standardization of dwarf banana in tissue culture is in progress.
National Agricultural Research Project (NARP)Lab
Mass production of Bio inoculants Viz., Pseudomonas fluorescense, Trichoderma viride, Azospirillum, Phosphobacteria, Vesicular Arbusicular Mycorrhizae (VAM), Rhizobium and sale of these products for the benefit of farming community at Salem, Namakkal and Dharmapuri districts.
a. Biocontrol agents
Pseudomonas fluorescense, Trichoderma viride are mass produced under Venture capital Scheme (VCS - Pseudomonas) for sale to the farmers, State departments and NGOs. Recommendations are given for the control of wilt, root rot, bacterial blight of agriculture and horticulture crops and also to maintain the soil health. Based on the need and indent, an average of 500 kg of Pseudomonas fluorescense and Trichoderma viride per month @ Rs.100 per kg each.
b. BiofertilizersAzospirillum, Phosphobacteria and Rhizobium are mass produced under Venture capital Scheme (VCS - Pseudomonas) and Vesicular Arbusicular Mycorrhizae (VAM) is mass produced under (VCS- VAM) and sold mainly for the improvement of soil fertility under hill condition and improve the quality of the produce.Use of these biofertilizers by the farmers reduces the chemical fertilizer cost by 20 % . Based on the need and indent an average of 500 kg per month for Rs.40 per kg each.