Dr.M. JAWAHARLAL, Ph. D.,
Horticultural crops play an exceptional role in India’s economy by improving the income of the farmers and traders. Cultivation of these crops is labour intensive and as such they generate lot of employment opportunities for the rural population. India's area under horticulture crops reached 2.3 million hectares (23.69 lakhs hectare) and the production has crossed an all time high of over 268 million tonnes in 2012-13. India with more than 81.28 million tonnes of fruits and 162.18 million tonnes of vegetables is one of the largest producers of fruits and vegetables in the world to China.
The recent emphasis on horticulture in our country consequent to the recognition of the need for attaining nutrition security and for more profitable land use has brought about a significant change in the outlook of the growers. The need for great utilization of available wastelands against the background of dwindling water and energy resources has focused attention to dry land (arid, and semi-arid tracts) and most of the horticultural crops are suitable for cultivation under arid and semi arid tracts. At present, horticulture is contributing 24.5% of GDP from 8% land area.
During the previous two Plan periods, focused attention was given to horticultural research and development. As a result significant production increases in horticultural crops across the country, a Golden Revolution is in the offing and India has emerged as a leading player in the global scenario. We have now emerged as the world's largest producer of coconut and tea and the second largest producer and exporter of tea, coffee, cashew, spices exports of fresh and processed fruits, vegetables, cut flowers, dried flowers have also been picking up.
Horticulture college and Research Institute, Coimbatore is serving as pioneer institute in Horticulture Research and technology transfer for the farming community.
The Faculty of Horticulture was established during 1972 with the formation of Tamil Nadu Agricultural University and undergraduate program B.Sc.(Horticulture) was introduced in this year.
Program was transferred to Horticultural College & Research
Institute, Periyakulam in 1989. B.Tech(Hort), a four year undergraduate
program was started in 2002. The College is offering MSc(Hort) and
Doctoral Programs since inception.
1848 - Establishment of botanic garden at Ooty.
1871 - Establishment of Horticultural Farm at Burliar.
1874 - Establishment of Sims Park at Coonoor.
1900 - Establishment of Horticultural Farm at Kallar.
1901 - Establishment of Agricultural Research Station at Nanjanad.
1920 - Establishment of Pomological Station at Conoor.
1925 - Establishment of Botanic Garden at Coimbatore.
1935 - Establishment of Fruit Research Station at Kodur.
1942 - Establishment of a Separate Fruit Section at Coimbatore headed by a Fruit Specialist.
1948 - Starting of post-graduate diploma course in horticulture at Madras.
1949 - Establishment of Central Banana Research Station at Aduthurai.
1950 - Establishment of Horticulture Section at Coimbatore.
1953 - Diploma in horticulture affiliated to Madras University (terminated in 1957-2000 persons trained).
1955 - Transfer of Parks and Gardens of Nilgiris to Horticulture section.
1957 - Establishment of Fruit Research Station at Periyakulam.
1958 - Starting of Regional Post-Graduate Training Centre leading to M.Sc. and Ph.D. in Horticulture.
1960 - Establishment of Fruit Research Station at Kanyakumari
1961 - Apple Research Station at Kodaikanal.
1961 - Establishment of Cashew Research Station at Vridhachalam.
1962 - Transfer of Bryant Park from Kodaikanal Township.
1964 - Establishment of Division of Vegetable Crops.
1967 - Establishment of Floriculture Section at Coimbatore.
1970 - Establishment of Banana Research Station, Vrinchipuram.
1972 - Starting of B.Sc. (Hort) with an admission strength of 20 students.
1972 - Transfer of TNAU Botanic Garden to Horticulture.
1972 - Transfer of TNAU Estate Planting to Horticulture.
1976 - Establishment of Horticultural Research Station at Yercaud.
1979 - Department of Horticulture upgraded as faculty of Horticulture.
1986 - Establishment of Horticultural Research Station, Ooty.
1987 - Establishment of Vegetable Research Station, Palur.
1989 - Upgradation of Hortl. Research Station, Periyakulam as HC&RI headed by separate Dean (Hort.).
1989 - Establishment of Horticultural Research Station at Pechiparai.
1989 - Shifting of B.Sc. (Hort.) programme to HC & RI, Periyakulam.
1999 - Establishment of Tapioca and Castor Research Stationat at Ethapur.
2002 - Starting of B.Tech. (Hort) with an admission strength of 20 students which is now increased to 30.
2008 – Establishment of Floriculture Research Station ,Thovalai
2011 – Starting of B.Sc (Hort.) Programme, HC&RI(W), Trichy
2012 – Establishment of Grapes Research Station, Annaimalayanpatti, Theni
2013 – Diploma in Horticulture, Pechiparai
2014 – Establishment of Citrus Research Station, Sankarankovil.