I SEMESTER

S.No.

Course No

Courses Title

Credit Hr.

              1.          

FSI 101

Principles of Silviculture

2+1

              2.          

FTB 101

Dendrology

1+1

              3.          

AGR 121

Production Technology of Field Crops

1+1

              4.          

ENG 101

English for Effective Communication

0+1

              5.          

MAT 111

Applied Mathematics

1+1

              6.          

COM 111

Fundamentals of Information Technology

1+1

              7.          

SAC 101

Principles of Analytical Chemistry

1+1

              8.          

HOR 131

Production Technology of Horticultural Crops

1+1

              9.          

NSS 101

NCC/NSS

0+1

            10.        

PED 101

Physical Education

0+1

            11.        

PED 102

Yoga for Human Excellence

0+1

Total

8 + 11 (19)


FSI 101 PRINCIPLES OF SILVICULTURE (2+1)

AIM

  • To study the distribution pattern and functions of forests
  • To impart knowledge on locality factors and its influence on forest types

THEORY

UNIT I – Introduction to Forest and Forestry

Forest – Forestry – Definition, classification and historical perspectives of forests in India. Role of forests – tangible and intangible benefits. Major vegetation forms of world and India - distribution. Forest and Tree cover  - Global and Indian scenario . Recent trends in forestry development in the world and India - challenges and constraints.  Forestry organizations -National - International.

UNIT II – Tree and Forest

Distinguishing features of tree – parts of tree –Growth of trees -  diameter, height and volume growth in trees - crops –  growth stages -differentiation of stands based on age, composition and density – pure and mixed stands – ecological and economic advantages of mixed stands - Crown classification - development of stands

UNIT III – Silviculture and Locality Factors

Silvics and Silviculture - Definition  -  objectives – its relation with other branches of forestry. Factors of locality – Climatic, Edaphic, Physiographic and Biotic factors. Bioclimate and microclimate of forests. Site quality – classification of sites.

UNIT IV – Site Factor Interactions

Interaction of site factors - Leibig’s law of minimum – Shelford’s law of tolerance – principles of dynamism and thermodynamics. Compensation factors – combined concept and vegetation – site factors and vegetation in India – modification of site factors through silvicultural practices.

UNIT V – Forest Types

Plant succession concept – kinds and causes of succession. Climax- concept - theories in climax - significance in silviculture.  Forest types - definition – Object, basis and systems of classification -  Major groups – Revised classification of forest types of India– Tropical, Montane sub-tropical, Montane temperate, Sub-alpine and Alpine – sub groups – types – species composition and distribution. Forest types of Tamil Nadu.


PRACTICAL

Visit to a forests to study its site factors – productive and protective role of forests – study of tree structure and form – study of tree components above ground and below ground – Visit and study of locality factors, species composition in a dry deciduous forests – moist deciduous forests – thorn forest – tropical semi evergreen forests - wet evergreen forests – littoral and swamp forests – Shola and grassland ecosystem – Visit to a man made forests – Visit to ICFRE/State Forest Institute – Visit to a forest range.

THEORY LECTURE SCHEDULE

1.      Forest – Forestry – Definition. Classification of forests – History of Forests and Forestry in India

2.      Role of forest – tangible and intangible benefits – developmental functions

3.      Major vegetation forms of the World and India -  its distribution 

4.      Forest and Tree cover  - Global and Indian - scenario 

5.      Recent trends in forestry development in the world and India  challenges and constraints

6.      Forestry Organizations – International and National levels - administrative establishment - role in forest development

7.      Distinguishing features of tree – parts of tree – crown, stem and root – adventitious roots -lignotubers – root nodules

8.      Growth of trees - stages in tree growth- factors involved in  diameter, height and volume growth - crop growth and increment

9.      Differentiation of stands - based on age - even age and uneven age stands  – based on composition -  pure and mixed stands

10.  Differentiation of stands based on density. Ecological and economic advantages of mixed stands

11.  Silvics and Silviculture – definition and scope – objectives – relation with forestry and its branches

12.  Factors of Locality – climatic factors – solar radiation – importance and effect of light in vegetation. light  requirement of tree species and light factor in silvicultural practices

13.  Climatic factors – temperature its importance -  effects and its influence on vegetation – moisture – source , importance  and its influence on vegetation – humidity – wind – harmful and beneficial effects

14.  Edaphic factors – soil formation – factors -  soil profile –features of forest soil

15.  Edaphic factors – soil water relations – soil organic matter – soil micro organism

16.  Physiographic factors – configuration of land – altitude – slope – aspect - exposure – surface conditions and its influence on forest vegetation

17.  Biotic factors – relation between – plant and plant, plant and animal and plant and man – their role in forest

18.  Mid Semester Examination

19.  Bio-climate and microclimate of forests – site quality – classification of sites

20.  Interaction of site factors – Leibig’s law of minimum – Shelford’s law of tolerance – principles of dynamism and thermodynamics

21.  Compensation factors – combined concept and vegetation – site factors and vegetation in India – modification of site factors through silvicultural practices

22.  Plant succession – concepts – kinds  and causes of succession

23.  Climax - concept - types - theories in climax - significance of succession in silviculture 

24.  Forest type – Definition – Object, basis and systems of classification.  Revised classification of forest types of India. Forest types of Tamil Nadu

25.  Tropical wet evergreen forest – distribution, species composition in sub groups and types

26.  Tropical Semi-evergreen forests – distribution, species composition in sub groups and types

27.  Tropical moist deciduous forests – distribution, species composition in sub groups and types

28.  Littoral and swamp forests – distribution, species composition in sub groups and types

29.  Tropical dry deciduous forests – distribution, species composition in sub groups and types

30.  Tropical thorn forests – Tropical dry evergreen forests – distribution, species composition in sub groups and types

31.  Subtropical broad leaved hill forests – Subtropical pine forests – distribution, species composition in sub groups and types

32.  Subtropical dry evergreen forests – Montane wet temperate forests – distribution, species composition in sub groups and types

33.  Himalayan moist temperate forests – distribution, species composition in sub groups and types

34.  Himalayan dry temperate forests – sub-alpine forests – moist alpine scrub – dry alpine scrub – distribution, species composition in sub ggroups and types

PRACTICAL SCHEDULE

1.      Field study of the site factors and the role of forests – productive and environmental benefits

2.      Field study about tree structure and forms

3.      Field study of tree components above ground characters (stem, crown) and below ground characters (root)

4.      Study of Indian Forests – distribution pattern – classification of Indian Forests 

5.      Study of the role of FSI and remote sensing agencies in forestry sector in India

6.      Field study of dry deciduous forests – study of factors governing the locality – species composition

7.      Field study of moist deciduous forests – study of factors of locality – forest sub types – species composition

8.      Field study of thorn forest – study of factors of locality – species composition

9.      Field study of Shola grass land ecosystem – study of succession –  species composition

10.  Field study  of wet temperate forests – study of factors of locality – species distribution and composition

11.  Field study of pure and mixed forests – study of factors responsible for pure stands formation – comparison of pure and mixed stands

12.  Field study of tropical semi evergreen forests – study of species composition – factors of locality – species composition

13.  Study of littoral and swamp forests – species composition – factors of locality

14.  Field study of  wet evergreen forests – study of species composition – factors of locality

15.  Visit to ICFRE  / State Forest Institute – study of activities

16.  Visit to a Range – study of range activities – forest types – territorial classification

17.  Final Practical Examination

OUTCOME

  • The students will be able to understand the various forest types of world and India.
  • They will be able to know the locality factors and its influence on forest vegetation.

TEXT BOOKS

1.      Khanna, L.S. 2000.  Principles and practice of Silviculture.  Milton Book Company, Dehra Dun. 473 p.

2.      Dwivedi, A. P. 2006.  A Text book of Silviculture.  International Book Distributors, Dehra Dun. 505 p.

REFERENCES

1.      Haig, I.T., M.A. Huberman and U. Aung Din. 1986.  Tropical Silviculture.  Periodical Experts Book Agency, New Delhi. Vol. 1, p. 190.

2.      Rawat, A.S. 1991.  History of Forestry in India.  Indus Publishing Co., New Delhi. 337 p.

3.      Champion, H.G. and S.K. Seth. 1968.  A revised survey of the forest types of India.  Manager of Publication, Delhi.

e-REFERENCES

·         www.wvu.edu

·         www.fri.icfre.gov.in

·         www.fsi.org.in

·         www.iufro.org

·         www.itto.int

·         www.forestry.about.com


FTB 101 DENDROLOGY (1+1)

AIM

  • To inculcate the fundamentals of botany and taxonomy of gymnosperms and angiosperms.

THEORY

UNIT I - Introduction

Dendrology - Definition - scope - importance in taxonomy, physiology and ecological Interpretations - plant Kingdom and classification – prokaryotes and eukaryotes – cryptogams and phanerogams – different taxa of plant kingdom.

Unit II - The Cell

Plant cell- structure and organelles - cell wall - fine structure of primary and secondary wall- cell wall thickening - pits - simple, bordered, half bordered - plasmodesmata- structure and function -growth of cell wall - apposition, intussusception -cell wall properties.

Unit III - The Tissue

Tissues - definition and types -meristmatictissues - characters, types and functions based on origin, position and plane of division -vascular tissues - components of xylem and phloem - types of vascular bundles and their functions -epidermal tissues - epidermis, structure of stomata, trichomes, motor cells and their functions.

Unit IV - Taxonomy of Vegetative Parts

Morphology - introduction, definition and scope - descriptive and interpretative - morphology of vegetative parts - roots - types and modifications of roots - stem – functions and modifications - leaf - parts of leaf - functions and types of leaves.

Unit V - Taxonomy of Reproductive Parts

Morphology of reproductive parts - inflorescence - types as well as special types and significance - flower - parts of flower - types of flower - floral whorls - types of placentations - fruit - types of fruits - simple and dry – fleshy – aggregate and multiple fruits -seed - parts, types and structural modifications for seed dispersal.

PRACTICAL

Microscopic observations and characterization of Algae - Lichens - Bryophytes - Pteridophytes - Gymnosperms - Angiosperms –  Study of Inflorescence - racemose, cymose and special type - Study of floral parts - calyx, corolla, perianth, androecium and gynoecium - Floral formula and floral diagrams of various types of flowers - Study of fruits and seed with suitable examples - Arboretum design and layout - Visit to Botanical Garden Botanical Survey of India.

THEORY LECTURE SCHEDULE

1.      Dendrology – Definition, scope and  importance in relation to other biological sciences

2.      Plant Kingdom, different taxa and its classification – Prokaryotes, eukaryotes, cryptogams and phanerogams

3.      Plant cell structure and organelles

4.      Fine structure of primary and secondary wall cell wall and cell wall thickening

5.      Various types of pits and structure and function of plasmodesmata

6.      Growth of cell wall and cell wall properties – apposition and intussusception

7.      Definition and types of tissues  - Characters, types and functions of meristmatic tissues

8.      Components of Vascular tissues, types of vascular bundles and their functions

9.      Mid semester examination

10.  Structure of different epidermal tissues and their functions - epidermis, stomata, trichomes and motor cells

11.  Descriptive and interpretative morphology of vegetative parts - types of roots and its modifications

12.  Descriptive and interpretative morphology of various types of stem and leaf  – functions and its modifications

13.  Morphology of inflorescence - types as well as special types and its significance

14.  Parts of flower and  types of flowers

15.  Floral whorls and  types of placentations

16.  Types of fruits – simple, dry, fleshy, aggregate and multiple fruits

17.  Parts of seed - types and structural modifications for seed dispersal.

PRACTICAL SCHEDULE

1.      Microscopic observations and characterization of Algae

2.      Microscopic observations and characterization of Lichens

3.      Microscopic observations and characterization of Bryophytes

4.      Microscopic observations and characterization of Pteridophytes

5.      Microscopic observations and characterization of Gymnosperms

6.      Microscopic observations and characterization of Angiosperms

7.      Study of Inflorescence - racemose, cymose

8.      Study of special type of Inflorescence

9.      Study of calyx, corolla and perianth

10.  Study of androecium and gynoecium

11.  Floral formula and floral diagrams of various types of flowers

12.  Study on types of  fruits with suitable examples

13.  Study on types of seeds with suitable examples

14.  Arboretum design and layout

15.  Visit to Botanical Garden for field level identification of trees

16.  Visit to Botanical Survey of India.

17.  Final Practical examination


 

OUT COME

  • Students will gain knowledge on fundamental structures of plant life and their significance in taxonomical classification and growth.

TEXT BOOKS

·         Pandey, B.P. 2014. College Botany. S Chand & Company Pvt Ltd, New Delhi

·         Dasgupta, S.1998. Systematic Botany for Foresters. Khana Bandhu Publicatiobs, New Delhi, India.

REFERENCES

·         Vidyarthi, R. D and S. C Tripathi. 1982. A Text Book of Botany. S Chand & Company Pvt Ltd, New Delhi

·         Bor, N.L. 1953. Manual of Indian Forest Botany. Oxford University Press, U.K.

·         Esau, K . 1953. Plant Anatomy. McGraw Hill Publication, New York, U.S.A.

e-REFERENCES

·         http://www.cnr.vt.edu/DENDRO/DENDROLOGY/main.html

·         http://www.botit.botany.wisc.edu/courses/dendrology

·         http://www.metla.fi/info/vlib/Forestry/Topic/Dendrology

·         http://www.hcs.osu.edu/hcs300/gymno.htm

·         http://www.tolweb.org/angiosperms

·         http://delta-intkey.com


 

AGR 121 PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY OF FIELD CROPS (1+1)

AIM

  • To acquire the basic and fundamental knowledge on the production technology of field crops

THEORY

UNIT I - Principles of Agronomy

            Definition of agriculture and agronomy - Factors affecting crop growth - climatic factors - tillage and tilth - objective and principles - different kinds of tillage - seeds - sowing - and planting - methods - crop geometry.

UNIT II -  Agricultural Inputs

            Manures and fertilizers -  methods of application - bio fertilizers - irrigation - principles and methods of irrigation - Weeds - principles and methods of weed management - cropping systems - monoculture and multiple cropping - inter, mixed, relay, strip and multitier cropping.

UNIT  III -  Field crops - I

            Package of practices for important field crops - rice, maize, sorghum, finger millet and small millets. Pulses - red gram, black gram, green gram, soybean.

UNIT  IV - Field crops - II

            Package of practices for groundnut, gingelly and sunflower.

UNIT  V - Field crops - III

Package of practices for sugarcane and cotton.

PRACTICAL

Study of Wet land environment and identification of field crops - Study of Irrigated environment and identification of field crops - Identification of seeds, manures and fertilizers - Practicing nursery seed bed preparation in irrigated dry land - Study of primary, secondary tillage implements - Study of tools and implements special operations - Weeds - study and identification - Study of irrigation methods - Practicing intercultural operations - Working out seed rate for major field crops -Working out fertilizer requirements for major field crops - Study and identification of Agro meteorological instruments -Practicing different methods of sowing and planting - Study of growth and yield parameters and estimation of yield in major cereals and millets - Study of growth and yield parameters and estimation of yield in major pulses and oilseeds - Study of growth and yield parameters and estimation of yield in sugarcane and cotton crop.


THEROY LECTURE SCHEDULE

  1. Definition of agriculture and agronomy - art, science and business of crop production.
  2. Agronomic classification of crops and their economic importance.
  3. Factors affecting crop growth - climatic factors affecting crop production.
  4. Tillage and tilth - objectives, principles, kinds of tillage.
  5. Seeds sowing / planting methods - crop geometry.
  6. Manures and fertilizers - bio fertilizers - Time and method of application - INM.
  7. Irrigation - principles and methods of irrigation. 
  8. Mid semester examination.
  9. Weeds - principles and methods of weed management - IWM.
  10. Cropping systems - monoculture, inter, mixed, relay, strip, multiple and multitier cropping - advantages and limitations.
  11. Package of practices for transplanted Rice - Conventional and SRI methods.
  12. Package of practices for direct seeded, semi-dry and rainfed Rice.
  13. Package of practices for Maize and sorghum, finger millet and small millets.
  14. Package of practices for redgram, blackgram, greengram and soybean.
  15. Package of practices for groundnut, sunflower and gingelly.
  16. Package of practices for cotton.
  17. Package of practices for Sugarcane.

PRACTICAL SCHEDULE

1.      Study of Wet land environment and identification of field crops.

2.      Study of Irrigated environment and identification of field crops.

3.      Identification of seeds, manures and fertilizers.

4.      Practicing nursery seed bed preparation in irrigated dry land.

5.      Study of primary, secondary tillage implements.

6.      Study of tools and implements special operations.

7.      Weeds - study and identification.

8.      Study of irrigation methods.

9.      Practicing intercultural operations.

10.  Working out seed rate for major field crops.

11.  Working out fertilizer requirements for major field crops.

12.  Study and identification of Agro meteorological instruments.

13.  Practicing different methods of sowing and planting.

14.  Study of growth and yield parameters and estimation of yield in major cereals and millets.

15.  Study of growth and yield parameters and estimation of yield in major pulses and oilseeds.

16.  Study of growth and yield parameters and estimation of yield in sugarcane and cotton crop.

17.  Practical examination.

TEXT BOOKS

  1. Rajendra Prasad. 2004. Text Book on Field Crop Production, Indian Council of Agrl. Research, New Delhi.
  2. Yellamanda Reddy. T and G.H Sankara Reddi. 2005. "Principles of Agronomy", Kalyani publishers, Ludhiana.

E-REFERENCES

·         http://icar.res.in

·         www.tnau.ac.in

 

outcome

ENG 101 ENGLISH FOR EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION (0+1)

AIM

·       To make the students competent in English language skills viz., listening, speaking, reading and writing. 

UNIT I - LISTENING

Introduction to communication skills - listening vs. hearing -basic listening modes - types of listening -intensive and extensive listening - process of listening - methods of enhancing listening- barriers of listening.

UNIT II - SPEAKING

Introduction to English phonology – English phonemes – stress & intonation - influence of language 1 on language 2 -  oral discourse skills - principles of speech preparation - presentation skills - techniques of speaking.

UNIT III - READING

Introduction to reading - types of reading - skimming and scanning - idea reading (reading for information) - exploratory reading - study reading (text reading) - critical reading - analytical reading - note-making – précis writing.

UNIT IV - WRITING

Word formation (prefix , suffix & word coining) - word expansion ( root word & etymology) - compound words - single word substitutes -abbreviations & acronyms – sentence agreement - sentence completion - sentence correction - writing definitions - coherence and cohesion in writing - mind mapping in writing - paragraph writing techniques  -  thesis sentence writing - inferential sentence writing - logical arrangement of sentences  - letter writing - text conversion- interpreting charts , graphs, diagrams into text - poster making - essay writing ( types of essays).

UNIT V - Integrated skills

Group Discussion - Presentation (Seminar) - Forum discussion - Brain Storming – Debate – Writing Fan-mail – e-mail.

PRACTICAL SCHEDULE

1.      Introduction - types of reading - listening vs. hearing - listening modes - types of listening -intensive and extensive listening.

2.       Process of listening - methods of enhancing listening.  

3.      Barriers of listening - note – taking.

4.      English Phonology - influence of Language 1 on Language 2.

5.      English Phonology - influence of Language 1 on Language 2.

6.      English Stress & Intonation.

7.      Principles of speech preparation.

8.      Presentation skills.

9.      Techniques of speaking.

10.  Introduction to reading - scanning and skimming - idea reading (reading for information) - exploratory reading -study reading (text reading) - critical reading - analytical reading - note-making-précis writing.

11.  Word formation( prefix , suffix & word coining) - word expansion ( root word & etymology) -compound words - single word substitute -abbreviations & acronyms.

12.  Sentence agreement - sentence completion - sentence correction - writing definitions.

13.  Writing practice -mind mapping - sentence writing - logical arrangement of sentences.

14.  Paragraph writing - techniques - thesis sentence writing – inferential sentence writing – coherence and cohesion in writing.

15.  Letter writing – types of letters.

16.  Text conversion- Interpreting charts, graphs diagrams into text - poster making - essay writing ( types of essays)

17.  Final Practical Examination

OUTCOME

The students will gain competence in skills viz.,

·         Listening :

·         Understanding the kinds of listening and acquire the techniques of active                    listening followed by note-taking and the art of asking questions

·         Speaking :

·         Acquire the correct pronunciation and the art of speaking in a forum.

·         Reading   :

·         Know the types of reading, the techniques of reading, reading for comprehension and note-making.

·         Writing   :

·         Understand the genre of writing, mechanics of writing, article writing (essay), abstract writing (précis) and letter writing. 

TEXT BOOKS

  1. Hariharan,S. et al., English for Effective Communication. Coimbatore, Thannambikkai publications, 2014. Third edition.
  2. Kepmer et al., Writer1, Wadsworth, Boston, USA.2012.

e - BOOKS

  1. http://www.nature.com/scitable/ebooks/english-communication-for-scientists-14053993/contents
  2. https://archive.org/details/businessenglishp00buhlrich
  3. http://www.e-booksdirectory.com/details.php?ebook=3153

REFERENCES

  1. Bernhardt, E.B., Reading Development in a Second Language, Norwood, N.J., Ablex Publishing,1991.
  2. Gerald, J. Alred et. al,  The Professional Writer,  New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1992.
  3. Goodale, Malcolm, Professional Presentations, Cambridge University, 2005.
  4. Greenbaum Sidney, Oxford English Grammar, New Delhi, Oxford University Press. Peregoy, 2009.
  5. Greenbaum Sidney, Oxford English Grammar, New Delhi, Oxford University Press, 2009.
  6. Hariharan, S., Authentic English for Agriculture and Allied Sciences, Hyderabad, Orient Longman,2003.
  7. Helgesen, Mark et al., Active listening, Cambridge University,1997.
  8. Jones Daniel, English Pronouncing Dictionary, Cambridge University Press,2006.
  9. Lynch, Tony and Kenneth Anderson, Study Speaking, Cambridge University, 1992.
  10. Martin Cutts, Oxford Guide to Plain English, Oxford University Press, 2004.
  11. Robert, A. Day,  How to Publish a Scientific Article, Oxford University, 2001.
  12. S.F. and Boyle, O.F. Reading, Writing and Learning in ESL,  New York. Longman,1997.
  13. Sahaneya Wandy, et.al., IELTS, Preparation and Practice, Oxford University, 2005.
  14. Sundararajan, N, Attentive Listening: How it Matters, University News, March 19-25, 2005.
  15. Swan, M. & Smith, B, Learner English, Cambridge, 1987.
  16. Sweeney, Simon, English for Business Communication, Cambridge University,2003.

e- REFERENCES

www.esl--lab.com

www.webenglishteacher.com

www.eflweb.com

www.softskills.com

www.teachingenglish.org.uk

www.reportingskills.com

www.essays.com

www.writing-skills.com

www.onestopenglish.com

www.negotiation.com

www.tealit.com

www.businessballs.com

www.eltweb.com

www.study-habits.com

www.angelfire.com

www.timethoughts.com

www.primesl.com

www.applyesl.com 

www.learnbusinessEnglish.com

www.teachersdesk.com 

www.bogglesworld.com 

www.flexbilelearning.net.an

 


MAT 111 APPLIED MATHEMATICS (1+1)

AIM

  • To understand and apply fundamental concepts of mathematics applicable in biology and to acquire about theoretical concepts of Algebra, Calculus and Mathematical Modeling.

THEORY

UNIT  I - Algebra

Permutation and Combination -meaning of nPr and nCr  and simple problems. Progressions - Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Matrices: Types - Algebra of matrices - Determinants – expansion– inverse of a matrix by adjoint method-solving system of equations by Cramer’s rule and matrix inverse method.

UNIT II - Differential Calculus I

Definition – methods of differentiation. Geometrical and physical meaning of the derivative - Higher order derivatives - Applications of differentiation. Partial differentiation –Homogeneous functions and Euler’s Theorem - Applications

UNIT III - Differential Calculus II

Increasing and decreasing function-Maxima and minima of single and several variables with and without constraints- Physical and Economic optimum- Applications in agriculture.

UNIT  IV - Integral Calculus

Definition of integration-indefinite and definite integrals-Formulae-methods of integration - substitution, method of partial fractions-Integration by parts -Simple applications in finding the area and volume by integration.

UNIT V - Mathematical Models

Agricultural systems - Mathematical models - classification of mathematical models- Linear, quadratic, exponential and logistic models.

PRACTICAL

Problems in Permutation and Combination . Problems in A.P, G.P, and H.P. in biology.  Problems in forming price and quantity matrix and estimation of revenue matrix. Formation and solution (using matrix inverse and Cramer’s rule) of simultaneous equations from problems in agriculture. Problems in differentiation- maxima and minima of single and several variables with and without constraints - physical and economic optimum-finding the fertilizer dosage for maximum yield and maximum profit. Simple problems in methods of integration computation of area, volume using definite integrals.  Problems in fitting linear, quadratic, exponential and logistic models to data from agricultural experiments.

THEORY LECTURE SCHEDULE

1.      Permutation and combination-meaning of nPr and nCr-simple problems

2.      Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progression.

3.      Matrix Algebra and evaluation of determinants.

4.      Inverse of a matrix by adjoint method.

5.      Solution of simultaneous equations by Cramer’s rule & inverse method.

6.      Differentiation – definition – methods of differentiation- Geometrical and physical meaning of the derivative

7.      Higher order derivatives- Applications of differentiation

8.      Partial differentiation –Homogeneous functions and Euler’s Theorem

9.      Mid Semester Examination.

10.  Increasing and decreasing function- Maxima and minima of single variables- Physical and Economic optimum –Applications in agriculture- finding the fertilizer dosage for maximum yield and maximum profit.

11.  Maxima and minima of several variables without constraints

12.  Maxima and minima of several variables with constraints

13.   Integration – methods of integration and definite integrals

14.   Integration by parts -Application of integration in area and volume.

15.  Agricultural systems - Mathematical models - classification of mathematical models

16.  Linear and Quadratic models-their applications in agriculture.

17.  Exponential and Logistic models - their applications in agriculture.

PRACTICAL SCHEDULE

1.      Simple problems in permutation and combination and its applications.

2.      Problems Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progression

3.      Problems in Matrix Algebra and determinants.

4.      Inverse of a matrix by adjoint method

5.      Solution of simultaneous equations by Cramer’s rule & Inverse method.

6.      Problems in Differentiation – methods of differentiation.

7.      Problems in Partial differentiation

8.      Problems in Homogeneous functions and Euler’s Theorem

9.      Problems in Increasing and decreasing function- Maxima and minima of single variables.

10.  Physical and Economic optimum-Finding the fertilizer dosage for maximum yield and maximum profit.

11.  Problems in Maxima and minima of several variables without constraints

12.  Problems in Maxima and minima of several variables with constraints

13.   Simple problems in methods of integration and applications of definite integrals

14.   Problems in integration by parts -Application of integration in area and volume.

15.  Problems in fitting linear and quadratic models to data from agricultural experiments

16.  Problems in fitting Exponential and Logistic models to data from agricultural experiments

17.  Final Practical Examination

TEXT BOOKS

  1. Manickavasagam Pillai, T. K and Natarajan, T. 2003. Calculus, Viswanathan
    Publications, Madras.
  2. Suyambulingom, C and Kailasam, C. 1990.  Mathematics for Plant Sciences, Sakthi  
    Publications, Coimbatore.

REFERENCES

  1. Duraipandian, 2007, Calculus and Analytical Geometry, Emerald Publishers, Chennai.
  2. James Stewart and Barhara Frank, Calculus, 2008, International Thomson Publishers, Singapore
  3. Mehta, B. C. and G. M. K. Madnani.2006, Mathematics for Economists, Latest edition, Sultan Chand & Sons, New Delhi.
  4. Veerarajan, T, 2004.  Engineering Mathematics, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi.
  5. Ranganathan.C.R. 2006, A First Course in Mathematical Models of Population
    Growth (with MATLAB programs), Associated publishing company, New Delhi

e - REFERENCE

    www.mathworld.com

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Mathematics

    http://www.sosmath.com/

e - JOURNALS

    http://www.math.neu.edu/~Suciu/journals.html

 


COM 111 FUNDAMENTALS OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (1+1)

THEORY

UNIT I - Computer Basics

Introduction to Computer – Evolution and  Generation of Computers - Classification of Computers – Computer Organization and Architecture - Data Representation - Memory and Storage -   Input Output Media - Current Trends in Computer.

UNIT II - Operating System and Software

Introduction to Software - Categories – System Software - Evolution and Types of Operating System - Functions of Operating System -  Application Software - Installation and Un-installation – Office Automation Software - Word Processing – Spread sheet  - Presentation – Multimedia  and its Building Blocks - Multimedia Applications – Virtual Reality – Current Trends in System and Application softwares.

UNIT III - Computer Networks and Internet

Introduction to Computer Networks – Topologies – Communication Protocol – Network Devices - Introduction to Internet – Internet Applications – Internet Tools - Web Browser – Email client – Search Engines – Instant Messaging – Computer Security - Current Trends in Computer Networks and Internet.

UNIT IV - Computer Programming and Languages

Introduction to Computer Programming – Algorithm – Flowchart – Decision Tables – Pseudo code – Program Control Structures – Programming paradigms – Introduction to Programming Languages – Generation of Programming Languages - Current Trends in Computer Programming and Languages.

UNIT V - Database Management Systems

Introduction to Database - Logical and Physical Data Concepts – Data Base Management System - DBMS Architecture - Database Models – Normalization Techniques – Types of Databases – Introduction to  Structured Query Language – SQL Commands - Current Trends in Database Management Systems.

PRACTICAL

Working with basic Computer Hardware - Number System conversion : Decimal, Binary, Octal, Hexa Decimal, Binary addition and subtraction - Conversion between bits, bytes, kilobits, kilobytes, megabits, megabytes, gigabits, gigabytes - Working with MS DOS commands - Working with Windows Operating system - Working with Linux Operating System - Working with Word Processing Software - Working with Presentation Software - Working with Spreadsheet Software - Working with Image Editing Software - Working with basic networking commands - Working with Web Browsers and Search Engines - Working with Emails - Working with Programming basics : Algorithm, Flowchart, Pseudo Code and Coding - Working with DBMS softwares - Working with SQL commands.

THEORY LECTURE SCHEDULE

1.      Introduction to Computer, Evolution of Computers, Generation of Computers and Classification of Computers.

2.      The Computer System, Computer Organization and Architecture, Central Processing Unit, Inside a Computer.

3.      Data Representation in Computers, Computer Memory and Storage,   Input Output Media and Current Trends in Computer.

4.      Introduction to Software, Categories of Software, System Software, Evolution of Operating System, Types of Operating System, Functions of Operating System. 

5.      Introduction to Application Software, Installation and Un-installation of software, Software Piracy, Software Terminologies, Office Automation Software, Word Processing, Spread sheet, Presentation.

6.      Introduction to Multimedia, Building Blocks of Multimedia, Multimedia Systems, Multimedia Applications, Virtual Reality. Current Trends in System and Application softwares.

7.      Introduction to Computer Networks, Network Topologies, Communication Protocol, Network Devices

8.      Introduction to Internet, Internet Applications, Internet Tools, Web Browser and Email client

9.      Mid-semester examination

10.  Search Engines, Instant Messaging, Computer Security. Current Trends in Computer Networks and Internet.

11.  Introduction to Computer Programming, Algorithm, Flowchart, Decision Tables, Pseudo code and Program Control Structures

12.  Programming paradigms, Introduction to Programming Languages

13.  Generation of Programming Languages, Current Trends in Computer Programming and Languages.

14.  Introduction to Database, Logical and Physical Data Concepts, Data Base Management System and its Architecture, Database Models

15.  Normalization Techniques, Types of Databases, Introduction to  Structured Query Language

16.  Data Definition Language, Data Manipulation Language

17.  Current Trends in Database Management Systems.


PRACTICAL SCHEDULE

1.      Working with basic Computer Hardware

2.      Number System conversion : Decimal, Binary, Octal, Hexa Decimal, Binary addition and subtraction

3.      Conversion between bits, bytes, kilobits, kilobytes, megabits, megabytes, gigabits, gigabytes

4.      Working with MS DOS commands

5.      Working with Windows Operating system

6.      Working with Linux Operating System

7.      Working with Word Processing Software

8.      Working with Presentation Software

9.      Working with Spreadsheet Software

10.  Working with Image Editing Software

11.  Working with basic networking commands

12.  Working with Web Browsers and Search Engines

13.  Working with Emails

14.  Working with Programming basics : Algorithm, Flowchart, Pseudo Code and Coding

15.  Working with DBMS softwares

16.  Working with SQL commands

17.  Final Pracitcal Examination

 

TEXT BOOKS

  1. Pearson, Introduction to Information Technology, 2013 Second Edition, ITL Education Solutions Limited.
  2. Pearson, Express Learning: Introduction to Information Technology, 2012 Edition, ITL Education Solutions Limited.

e-REFERENCE

http://pearsoned.co.in/ITLEducationSolutionsLimited/


SAC 101 PRINCIPLES OF ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY (1+1)

AIM

·         To impart knowledge on concepts and principles of analytical techniques among under graduate students.

·         It also provides opportunity to develop skill among students in various analytical techniques.

THEORY

UNIT I - General principles

General principles of analytical chemistry - common analytical methods - qualitative and quantitative analysis - accuracy and precision of analytical results- Preparation of laboratory reagents

UNIT II - Volumetric analysis

Volumetric analysis - Calibration of apparatus- preparation of primary and secondary standards -standardization. Theory of indicators and buffers - acidimetry, alkalimetry, oxidometry, complexometry and precipitometry

UNIT III - Gravimetric analysis

Gravimetric analysis - principles of precipitation reactions- solubility product - common ion effect -conditions of precipitation - Choice of filters - washing solutions.

UNIT IV - Instrumental methods

Instrumental analysis - principles and practices of potentiometry, conductometry, colorimetry, spectrophotometry, absorption and emission spectrometry - chromatography - Choice of analytical methods.

UNIT V - Nuclear Techniques

Radioactivity - radio tracer techniques in agriculture - Stable isotopes - tracing carbon and nitrogen -mass spectroscopy - use of   stable isotopes in agriculture

PRACTICAL

Analytical techniques and concepts - Volumetry - Gravimetry - Acidimetry - Alkalimetry -Permanganometry - Dichrometry - lodometry, Complexometry - Potentiometry - Conductometry -Colorimetry - Spectro-photometry -Turbidimetry - Flame Photometry - Atomic absorption spectrophotometry- Radioactivity-Measurement

 

 

 

THEORY LECTURE SCHEDULE

1.      General principles in analytical chemistry - common analytical methods - quantitative and qualitative analysis -Accuracy and precision of analytical results.

2.      Preparation of laboratory reagents - digestion and distillation techniques

3.      Volumetric analysis - Calibration of apparatus- preparation of primary and secondary standard solutions - standardization.

4.      Theory of indicators and buffers. Preparation of indicators and buffer solutions.

5.      Theory of acidimetry and alkalimetry - titration curve.

6.      Theory of Permanganometry, dichrometry, complexometry and precipitometry

7.      Gravimetric analysis -Precipitation - solubility product - common ion effect - conditions of precipitation.

8.      Gravimetric analysis - moisture - filtration of suspension - precipitation techniques

9.      Mid semester examination

10.  Filtration and choice of filters - washing - washing solutions and washing technique

11.  Instrumental methods of analysis - Principles of potentiometry, conductometry.

12.  Principles of colorimetry and spectrophotometry

13.  Principles of Atomic absorption and Atomic emission spectrometry

14.  Principles of chromatography - Paper chromatography and TLC

15.  Principles of Gas chromatography and HPLC.

16.  Introduction to radioactivity - radio tracer techniques in agriculture

17.  Stable isotopes C and N - Mass spectrometer applications in agricultural research

PRACTICAL SCHEDULE

1.      Common laboratory glassware and apparatus - do's and don'ts in the laboratory

2.      Principles of Gravimetry and Moisture estimation

3.      Volumetric analysis - Preparation of primary, secondary standard solutions and indicators

4.      Acidimetry-Standardization of acids

5.      Alkalimetry   - Standardization of bases

6.      Permanganometry - Standardization of KMnO4

7.      Dichrometry - Standardization of Ferrous Sulphate

8.      lodometry - Estimation of Copper

9.      Complexometry - Estimation of Calcium and Magnesium

10.  Potentiometry and Conductometry - Determination of pH and EC

11.  Spectrophotometry - Determination of phosphorus

12.  Turbidimetry - Estimation of Sulphur

13.  Flame Photometry - Estimation of Potassium

14.  Absorption spectrophotometry - Estimation of Fe / Zn / Mn / Cu

15.  Study of components of Gas chromatography/ HPLC

16.  Detection  and measurement of radioactivity using Geiger Muller (GM) Counter -Visit to Radio Isotope Laboratory, Coimbatore

17.  Practical Examination

OUT COME    

·         The students will gain knowledge on concepts and principles of analytical techniques. They will also acquire skills in various analytical techniques. Further, the knowledge gained will form as building block to pursue many research works.

TEXT BOOKS

1.      Jeffery, G.H, J.Basset, J.Mendham, R.C. Denney (1988, ) Vogel’s e-book on Text book of Quantitative Chemical Analysis Vth edition Longman Scientific &Technical and John Wiley &Sons Inc., NewYork

2.      Pradyot Patnaik. (2004) e-book on Dean’s Analytical Chemistry Handbook, Second edition. McGraw – Hill Handbooks

REFERENCES

1.      Chopra, S.L. and J.S.Kanwar. 1976. Analytical Agricultural Chemistry. Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana, New Delhi.

2.      Hessee, P.R.  2002. A Text book of Soil Chemical Analysis. CBS Publishers and Distributors Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.

3.      Jackson, ML. 2014. Soil Chemical Analysis. Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, India.

4.      Khandpur, R.S. 2012. Hand Book of Analytical Instrumentation. Tata McGraw Hill Education Pvt. Ltd..

5.      Piper, C.S 2014. Soil and plant analysis: Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, India.

e-REFERENCES

·         http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AnalyticaLchemistry

·         http://www.scribd.com/doc/30296831/lnstant-Notes-in-Analytical-Chemistry

·         http://nzic.org.nz/ChemProcesses/analysis/15B.pdf

·         www.aoac.org

·         http://www.tutornext.com/ws/rock-type-chart

·         http://www.chem.uoa.gr

·         http://www.chemguide.co.vk/analysis/paper.html.

·         http://www.ias.ac.in/initiat/scied/resources/chemistry

·         Portal.acs.org/portal/career/CTP-003375


HOR 131 PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY OF HORTICULTURAL CROPS (1+1)

AIM                

·         To familiarize the production aspects of horticultural crops of commercial importance. 

THEORY 

UNIT I - Production Technology of Vegetable Crops 

Introduction to  Horticulture- Divisions, scope and importance- classification of horticultural crops -Nutritive value -  Soil, climate, seeds, sowing, transplanting, intercultural operations, role of growth regulators, plant protection  and harvesting of solanaceous vegetables (tomato, brinjal and chillies); vegetable cowpea, cluster beans and bhendi .

UNIT II - Production Technology of Fruit Crops 

Production technology of fruit crops- soil, climate, propagation, varieties, planting, training and pruning, aftercare, plant growth regulators, plant protection and harvesting of mango, amla, custard apple, ber, jamun and tamarind.

UNIT III - Production Technology of Spices

Production technology of major spices - climate, soil, propagation, varieties, planting, intercultural operations,  plant protection,  harvesting and  processing of black pepper, cardamom, cinnamon, clove, nutmeg and allspice.

Unit IV - Production Technology of Plantation Crops 

Production technology of major plantation crops - climate, soil, propagation, varieties, planting, intercultural operations, plant protection, harvesting and processing of tea, coffee, rubber and cashew.

Unit V - Production Technology of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants

Production technology of major medicinal and aromatic plants - climate, soil, propagation, varieties, planting, intercultural operations, harvesting and uses of senna, periwinkle, glory lilly, medicinal coleus, palmarosa and citronella grass.

PRACTICAL  

   Layout of fruit orchard and kitchen garden - Visit to orchard and medicinal plants unit, TNAU, Coimbatore for identification of crops- Nursery management - fertilizer application and irrigation to horticultural crops - Use of plant growth regulators in horticultural crops – Special horticultural techniques - training, pruning, mulching, staking etc. - Description of varieties/hybrids -maturity indices in vegetable and fruit crops - Study of post harvest techniques to enhance shelf-life of horticultural crops – Identification of varieties and special horticultural techniques in production of major spices and plantation crops -  Extraction of medicinal products and quality standards-Distillation of essential oil from aromatic plants- Visit  to State Horticultural Farm, Kallar and Burliar to  the study different tree spices

THEORY LECTURE SCHEDULE

1.      Introduction - divisions of horticulture- scope and prospects of horticulture –nutritive  Value

2.      Production Technology of tomato and brinjal

3.      Production Technology of chillies and bhendi

4.      Production Technology of vegetable cowpea and cluster beans

5.      Production technology of mango and amla

6.      Production technology of ber, tamarind and jamun

7.      Production technology of black pepper

8.      Production technology of cardamom

9.      Mid semester examination

10.  Production technology of cinnamon and clove

11.  Production technology of nutmeg and allspice

12.  Production technology of tea

13.  Production technology of coffee

14.  Production technology of rubber

15.  Production technology of cashew

16.  Production technology of senna, periwinkle and glory lilly

17.  Production technology of medicinal coleus, palmarosa and citronella grass

PRACTICAL SCHEDULE 

1.      Layout of fruit orchard - Visit to orchard and medicinal plants unit, TNAU, Coimbatore for identification of crops

2.      Layout of kitchen garden / nutrition garden

3.      Nursery management in horticultural crops

4.      Practicing  manure and fertilizer application in vegetables and fruits

5.      Methods of  irrigation in   horticultural crops

6.      Use of plant growth regulators in horticultural crops

7.      Special horticultural techniques practiced in fruit production - training, pruning,          mulching.

8.      Special horticultural techniques practiced in vegetable production-training, staking,     mulching.

9.      Important varieties/hybrids of major vegetable crops and maturity indices.

10.  Important varieties of major fruit crops and maturity indices

11.  Post harvest techniques to extend shelf-life of fruits and vegetables.

12.  Identification of varieties and special horticultural techniques in major spice crops.

13.  Identification of varieties and special horticultural techniques in plantation crops.

14.  Extraction of medicinal products and quality standards

15.  Distillation of essential oil from aromatic plants

16.  Visit  to State Horticultural Farm, Kallar and Burliar for the study of tree spices

17.  Final Practical Examination

Outcome

·         To gain knowledge on production technology of horticultural crops.

TEXT BOOKS

1.      Kumar, N., M.D. Abdul Khader, P.Rangaswami and I. rulappan.1997 Introduction to   Spices,Plantation Crops, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants _ Oxford & IBH, New Delhi.

2.      Veerarghavathatham, D., M.Jawaharlal, S.Jeeva and S.Rabindran. 1996.  Scientific fruit Culture.  Suri Associates,  Coimbatore.

REFERENCES

1.      Bose,T.K., M.K.Som and J.Kabir. 1993.  Vegetable crops. Naya Prakash, Calcutta.

2.      Preece,J.E. and P.E Read. 2005.The Biology of Horticulture : An   Introductory Text book,second edition. John Wiley and Sons, New York,NY

3.      Singh, N.P. 2004. Basic concepts of vegetable science.IBDC publishes, Lucknow.

4.      Bose. T.K, S.K.Mitra and D.Sanyal (Editors) 2002.  Fruits: Tropical  and Subtropical Vol.2   Nayaudyog, publications Calcutta.

5.      Kumar, N.1997.  Introduction to Horticulture.Rajhalakshmi Publications, Nagercoil.

e-REFERENCES

·         http://www.horticulture.com.au/export/hmac.asp

·         http://www.horticultureworld.net/hort_india.htm

·         http://www.floriculture.com 

·         http://www.herbs.or

 

 

 

 


NSS 101 NATIONAL SERVICE SCHEME (0+1)

 I YEAR

             Orientation – NSS origin – Motto – Symbol – NSS administration at different levels – Programme planning – Rural projects – Urban projects – Government schemes – Career guidance – Self help groups – Environment protection – Use of natural energy – Conventional energy resources – Soil and water conservation – Community health programmes – Women and child welfare – Education for all.

 II YEAR

             Popularization of agro techniques – Self employment opportunities – Animal health, dairy and poultry farming – Road safety – Training on first aid and emergency cell – Popularization of small savings – Communal harmony and national integration – Care of senior citizens – Personality development – Meditation – Yoga art of living – Activities on the preservation of national monuments, cultural heritage and folk lore – Special camp activities.

 PRACTICAL SCHEDULE

 I SEMESTER

  1. Orientation of NSS volunteers and programme coordinator and programme officers
  2. Origin of NSS in India and its development
  3. NSS motto, symbol and NSS awards
  4. Organizational set up of NSS at central, state university and college level
  5. Programme planning – Theme of the year – Planning implementation at PC, PO and NSS volunteer level
  6. Visit to selected village gathering basic data on socio-economic status
  7. Participatory rural appraisal – Studying the needs of the target group
  8. Visit of urban slum and gathering data on socio economic status
  9. Self involvements and methods of creating rapport with the target group
  10. Awareness campaign on welfare schemes of the central and state government
  11. Formation career guidance group with NSS volunteers and students welfare unit
  12. Cycle rally on environmental protection
  13. Campus development activities – Clean environment campaign, formation of plastic free zones
  14. Campus development tree planting maintenance and greening the campus cleaning
  15. Campus development tree planting maintenance and greening the campus cleaning
  16. Campus development tree planting maintenance and greening the campus cleaning   
  17. Final Practical Examination

II SEMESTER

  1. Motivation of rural and urban youth for formation of SHG (Self Help Groups) in  collaboration with government machineries and NGOs
  2. Motivation of rural and urban youth for formation of SHG (Self Help Groups) in  collaboration with government machineries and NGOs
  3. Motivation of rural and urban youth for formation of SHG (Self Help Groups) in  collaboration with government machineries and NGOs 
  4. Campaign on illeffects of plastics in the adjoining campus areas – Villages/ urban areas.
  5. Campaign on Parthenium eradication
  6. Cycle rally on air pollution – Vehicle exhaust and other means
  7. Popularization of biogas and smokeless chulah
  8. Demonstration on the use of wind energy and solar energy
  9. Demonstration of water harvesting techniques
  10. Demonstration on soil conservation techniques wherever possible
  11. Campaign community health programmes of central and state government – Involving health department officials
  12. AIDS awareness campaign – Campaign on diabetes and healthy food habits and drug abuse
  13. Planning formation of blood donors club – Involving NGOs
  14. Campaign on gender equality and women empowerment
  15. Campaign on gender equality and women empowerment
  16. Campaign on child health care – Immunization, food habits and child labour abolition
  17. Final Practical Examination

 III SEMESTER

  1. Conducting field days with KVK to popularize improved agro-techniques
  2. Conducting seminar/workshop in a nearby village to motivate the youth on agri-business (involving DEE, KVK, NGO and local agri-preneurs)
  3. Campaign on self employment opportunities like Apicultures, mushroom cultivation, food processing and value addition, production of biocontrol agents and biofertilizers, nursery techniques, seed production, tissue culture, vermicompost, manufacture of small gadgets and agricultural implements as per local needs and feasibility.
  4. Campaign on self employment opportunities like Apicultures, mushroom cultivation, food processing and value addition, production of biocontrol agents and biofertilizers, nursery techniques, seed production, tissue culture, vermicompost, manufacture of small gadgets and agricultural implements as per local needs and feasibility.
  5. Campaign on self employment opportunities like Apicultures, mushroom cultivation, food processing and value addition, production of biocontrol agents and biofertilizers, nursery techniques, seed production, tissue culture, vermicompost, manufacture of small gadgets and agricultural implements as per local needs and feasibility.
  6. Animal health care campaign – Dairy and poultry farming – Forage production techniques and silage making
  7. Training the NSS volunteers on road safety measures in involving traffic wardens and RTO
  8. Training NSS volunteers on first aid and emergency call involving NGOs and organizations like St. Johns Ambulance, Red Cross, etc.
  9. Organizing Road Safety Rally
  10. Motivating NSS volunteers on small savings concept and conveying the message to the public through them
  11. Motivating NSS volunteers on small savings concept and conveying the message to the public through them
  12. Observation of national integration and communal harmony
  13. Observation of national integration and communal harmony
  14. Campus development and greening activities
  15. Campus development and greening activities
  16. Campus development and greening activities
  17. Final Practical Examination

 IV SEMESTER

  1. Visit to orphanages and old age homes to look after their needs
  2. Visit to orphanages and old age homes to look after their needs
  3. Visit to orphanages and old age homes to look after their needs
  4. Personality development programmes – Building up self confidence in youth
  5. Teaching NSS volunteers on mediation, Yoga and art of healthy living with trained teachers
  6. Teaching NSS volunteers on mediation, Yoga and art of healthy living with trained teachers
  7. Teaching NSS volunteers on mediation, Yoga and art of healthy living with trained teachers
  8. Visit of nearby national monument/places of tourist importance and campaign on cleanliness and preservation
  9. Visit of nearby national monument/places of tourist importance and campaign on cleanliness and preservation
  10. Exploration of hidden talents of village youth and public on folklore, traditional art, sports, martial arts and cultural heritage
  11. Exploration of hidden talents of village youth and public on folklore, traditional art, sports, martial arts and cultural heritage
  12. Campus improvement activities
  13. Campus improvement activities
  14. Visit to special camp village and pre-camp planning
  15. Visit to special camp village and pre-camp planning
  16. Visit to special camp village and pre-camp planning
  17. Final Practical Examination

 

v  Besides the above NSS volunteers will attend work during important occasions like Convocation, Farmers Day, Sports Meet and other University/College Functions.  NSS volunteers will attend one special camp in the selected village for duration of 10 days and undertake various activities based on the need of that village people.

v  For all out door regular activities villages/slums nearby the campus may be selected to avoid transport cost (cyclable distance)

v  Special camp activity may be carried out in a village situated within a radius of 15-20 km

EVALUATION

1.      Regular Activities (60 marks)          

v  I Semester (15 marks)

v  II Semester (15 marks)

v  III Semester (15 marks)

v  IV Semester (15 marks)

§  Written test 10 marks and attendance 5 marks

§  80% attendance compulsory

2.      Special Camping Activities (40 marks)

v  Attendance in daily activities during special camp (30 marks)

v  Special camp activity report (5 marks)

v  Viva-voce on the 10th day of the special camp (5 marks)

                      


 

PED 101 PHYSICAL EDUCATION (0+1)

 SEMESTER I & II 

              Posture - exercises for good posture - Physical fitness - exercises for ability, strength                 co-ordination, endurance and speed - Skill development in any one of the games - Foot ball, Volley ball, Hockey, Basket ball, Cricket, Tennis, Kabaddi, Hand-ball and Kho-Kho. Participation in one of the indoor games – Shuttle, Badminton, Chess and Table Tennis. Basic gymnastic exercises.  Participation in any one of the athletic events - long Jump - High jump - Triple jump - Javelin throw - Discus throw-shot put - Hurdles - sprints and long distance running.

 SEMESTER III & IV 

             Skill Development in major games and indoor games (continued), safety education - Movement education - Effective way of doing day-to-day activities – basic concept in Developing Camp Sites, Swimming Pools and Trekking.

 SEMESTER V & VI 

             Coaching for major games and indoor games.  Asanas and indigenous ways for physical fitness - Curative exercises - exercises and games for leisure time use and experience.

 EVALUATION (100 Marks)

v  Attendance (60 Marks)

v  Performance in games & sports (20 Marks)

v  Behaviour (10 Marks)

v  Viva-voce (10 Marks)                      

 

 


PED 102 YOGA FOR HUMAN EXCELLENCE (0+1)

SEMESTER - I

UNIT  I - PHYSICAL HEALTH AND REJUVENATION OF LIFE-FORCE

Significance of Value Education - Types of Education – Yoga for Human Excellence Principles and Purpose of living - Body structure – Body functions – Reasons for Diseases and Prevention - Concept of Health – Role of limit and method in five deeds for good health - Importance of Naturopathy - Objectives of physical exercises Benefits of physical exercises - Kayakalpa yoga philosophy - Youthfulness practices Enriching bio-magnetism.

UNIT II - MENTAL PROSPERITY AND SOCIAL WELFARE

Mind functions – Mental frequency – Thought – Brain and Memory power – Problem solving and Decision making skills - Need and benefits for meditation - SKY Yoga types of meditation Part 1: Eye brow centre meditation - Genetic centre meditation - Spinal cord clearance - Crown centre meditation - Analysis of thoughts – Moralization of desires - Neutralization of Anger – Eradication of Worries – Benefits of blessings - Human culture and values – Five-fold culture - Time management – Personality Assessment - Environment awareness and protection - Family peace – World peace - Five duties - Harmonious friendship – Greatness of Womanhood.

UNIT III - YOGA PRACTICES – I         

PHASE I - Simplified Physical Exercises: Hand exercise - Leg exercise – Neuro muscular breathing exercise – Eye exercise – Kapalabathi - PHASE II – Makarasana Part 1 & 2 – Body massage - Acu-pressure –Relaxation exercise - Youthfulness practices (Kayakalpa) - SKY Yoga types of meditation Part 1: Eye Brow centre meditation - Genetic centre meditation - Spinal Clearance - Crown centre meditation.

PRACTICAL SCHEDULE

1.      Significance of Value Education - Types of Education – Yoga for Human Excellence – Eye brow centre meditation (Agna) - Simplified Physical Exercises – Objective of physical exercises – Benefits of exercises

2.      Principles and Purpose of living - Genetic centre meditation - Explanation and initiation of Genetic centre - SPE – Hand exercises, Leg Exercises, Neuro Muscular Breathing exercises, Eye exercises, Kapalabathi and Relaxation

3.      Kayakalpa yoga philosophy - Youthfulness practices - Enriching bio-magnetism - Eye brow centre meditation Practice (Agna) - Kayakalpa Yoga – Explanation and Kayakalpa Practice

4.      Body structure – Body functions - Genetic centre meditation Practice  - Simplified Physical Exercises - Makarasana, Massage and Acupressure and Relaxation – Kayakalpa

5.      Concept of Health – Role of limit and method in five deeds for good health - Spinal cord Clearance - Explanation and practice - Simplified Physical Exercises Full exercises – Kayakalpa

6.      Reasons for Diseases and Prevention - Crown centre meditation- Initiation (Thuriyam)

7.      Importance of crown centre meditation - Simplified Physical Exercises Full exercises – Kayakalpa. Importance of Naturopathy - Crown centre meditation- (Thuriyam) - Simplified Physical Exercises Full exercises – Kayakalpa

8.      Mind functions – Mental frequency – Thought – Brain and Memory power - Crown centre meditation- (Thuriyam) - Simplified Physical Exercises Full exercises – Kayakalpa

9.      Analysis of thought - Moralization of desire - Genetic centre meditation Practice - Simplified Physical Exercises Full exercises – Kayakalpa

10.  Neutralization of Anger – Eradication of Worries – Eye brow centre meditation Practice (Agna) - Simplified Physical Exercises Full exercises – Kayakalpa

11.  Benefits of blessings - Human culture and values – Crown centre meditation- (Thuriyam) - Simplified Physical Exercises Full exercises – Kayakalpa

12.  Fivefold culture – Time management - Crown centre meditation- (Thuriyam) - Simplified Physical Exercises Full exercises – Kayakalpa

13.  Environment awareness and protection - Genetic centre meditation Practice - Simplified Physical Exercises Full exercises – Kayakalpa

14.  Family peace – World peace - Harmonious friendship –  Crown centre meditation- (Thuriyam). Simplified Physical Exercises Full exercises – Kayakalpa 

15.  Greatness of Womanhood - Five duties - Genetic centre meditation Practice – Simplified Physical Exercises Full exercises – Kayakalpa

16.  Personality Assessment - Crown centre meditation- (Thuriyam) - Simplified Physical Exercises  Full exercises – Kayakalpa

17.  Physical health and mental health – revision

REFERENCE BOOKS

  • Value Education - VISION for Wisdom
  • Simplified Physical Exercises - Thathuvagnani Vethathiri Maharishi
  • Kayakalpam - Thathuvagnani Vethathiri Maharishi
  • The natural food for all homes - Dr. Maduram Sekar
  • Thirukkural - Rev. Dr. G.U. Pope
  • Mind - Thathuvagnani Vethathiri Maharishi
  • Yoga for modern age - Thathuvagnani Vethathiri Maharishi
  • The family and the nation - Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam & Acharya Mahapragya
  • Environmental psychology  - Paul A. Bell, Thomas C. Greene,
  • Yoga for Youth Empowerment - VISION for Wisdom

SEMESTER - II

UNIT I - SCIENCE OF ENERGY AND CONCIOUSNESS           

Who am I? - Energy and Consciousness - Absolute space - Characteristics and capabilities of Absolute space – Magnetism - Universal magnetism and Bio magnetism - Transformation of Universe and Living beings – Sixth sense of human being Genetic centre and functions - Purification of genetic centre imprints in living bodies - Differences in men - Karma Yoga - Cause and Effect system – Duty Consciousness – Love and compassion – Service to humanity - Management techniques - Effective Examination Preparation - Yogasanas for keeping up good health - SKY Yoga types of meditation Part 2: Absolute Space meditation - Five perception centres meditation Five elements and solar family meditation.

UNIT II - YOGA PRACTICES – II

SKY Yoga meditations Part 2: Absolute Space meditation - Five perception centres meditation Five elements and solar family meditation - Thought analysis – Moralization of desire – Neutralization of anger- Eradication of worries - Personality development practice - Healthy Body Postures: Salutation to Nature - Asanas: - Thadasana – Ekapathasana – Chakrasana (sideways) – Thirikonasana - Thandasana – Vajrasana – Padmasana - Januseerasana – Pachimothasana – Ustrasana - Bhujangasana – Salabasana –  Makkarasana - Artha Pavana Mukthasana – Pavana Mukthasana – Uddhana Padasana – Navasana – Savasana. Chin mudra – Vayu mudra – Sunya mudra – Prithivi mudra – Varuna mudra – Prana mudra – Apana mudra – Apana vayu mudra – Adhi mudra.

PRACTICAL SCHEDULE

1.      Who am I? – Crown centre meditation- (Thuriyam) - Simplified Physical Exercises Full exercises

2.      Energy and Consciousness - Absolute space - Genetic centre meditation Practice - Salutation to Nature

3.      Characteristics and capabilities of Absolute space – Magnetism - Absolute Space meditation - Simplified Physical Exercises - Asanas: - Thadasana – Ekapathasana – Chakrasana (sideways) – Thirikonasana

4.      Five perception centres meditation - Five perception centres meditation explanation - Thandasana – Vajrasana – Padmasana - Januseerasana – Pachimothasana – Ustrasana – Kayakalpa

5.      Five elements and solar family meditation - Five elements and solar family meditation explanation - Salutation to Nature Bhujangasana – Salabasana –  Makkarasana – Kayakalpa

6.      Universal magnetism and Bio magnetism (Transformation of Universe and Living beings) - Crown centre meditation- (Thuriyam) - Artha Pavana Mukthasana – Pavana Mukthasana – Uddhana Padasana – Navasana – Savasana – Kayakalpa

7.              Sixth sense of human being - Genetic centre meditation Practice  - Chin mudra – Vayu mudra – Sunya mudra – Prithivi mudra – Varuna mudra – Prana mudra – Apana mudra – Apana vayu mudra – Adhi mudra – Kayakalpa

8.              Genetic centre and functions - Purification of genetic centre imprints in living bodies - Absolute Space meditation - Salutation to Nature – Kayakalpa

9.              Differences in men - Five perception centres meditation - Simplified Physical Exercises Full exercises Kayakalpa

10.       Karma Yoga – Duty Consciousness - Five elements and solar family meditation - Asanas: - Thadasana – Ekapathasana – Chakrasana (sideways) – Thirikonasana - Thandasana – Vajrasana – Padmasana - Januseerasana – Pachimothasana – Ustrasana – Kayakalpa

11.       Cause and Effect system - Crown centre meditation- (Thuriyam) - Bhujangasana – Salabasana –  Makkarasana – Kayakalpa

12.       Love and compassion - Genetic centre meditation Practice - Artha Pavana Mukthasana – Pavana Mukthasana – Uddhana Padasana – Navasana – Savasana – Kayakalpa

13.       Management techniques – (Stress – Emotional – Self – Conflict) - Absolute Space meditation - Salutation to Nature – Kayakalpa

14.       Management techniques – (Self identity - Self Monitoring - Group dynamics - Team Management) - Five perception centres meditation - Simplified Physical Exercises Full exercises – Kayakalpa

15.       Effective Examination Preparation - Five elements and solar family meditation - Salutation to Nature – Kayakalpa

16.       Effective Examination Preparation - Crown centre meditation- (Thuriyam) - Simplified Physical Exercises Full exercises – Kayakalpa

17.       Final practical Examination

REFERENCES

  • Yoga for modern age - Thathuvagnani Vethathiri Maharishi
  • Journey of Consciousness - Thomas Fitzgerald
  • Unified force - Thathuvagnani Vethathiri Maharishi
  • The History of Universe and living beings -  Thathuvagnani Vethathiri Maharishi
  • The theory of Existence & the Science of Consciousness  - Steven S. Stadler

§   Simplified Physical Exercises - Thathuvagnani Vethathiri Maharishi

  • Kayakalpam - Thathuvagnani Vethathiri Maharishi
  • Sound Health through Yoga  - Dr.K. Chandrasekaran
  • Light on Yoga       - BKS  Iyenger
  • Yoga for Youth Empowerment - VISION for Wisdom

OUTCOME

  • The course will improve the memory power, concentration in education, improvement of health of the body and main. Hence the students will excel in their career.

 EVALUATION (100 Marks)

v  Attendance (60 Marks)

v  Performance in games & sports (20 Marks)

v  Behaviour (10 Marks)

v  Viva-voce (10 Marks)                      

 


 

II SEMESTER

S.No.

Course No

Courses Title

Credit Hr.

  1.  

FSI 102

Practices of Silviculture

2+1

  1.  

FTB 102

Forest Botany

2+1

  1.  

SAC 131

Fundamentals of Geology and Soil Science

1+1

  1.  

FTB 103

Tree Seed Technology

2+1

  1.  

AEC 101

Principles of Economics

1+1

  1.  

BIC 101

Fundamentals of Biochemistry

2+1

  1.  

AGR 102

Fundamentals of Agriculture Meteorology

1+1

  1.  

ENS 101

Principles of Environmental Sciences

1+1

  1.  

TAM 103 /

ENG 103

,yf;fpa';fspy; ntshz;ika[k; mwptpay; jkpH; gadhf;fKk; / Development Education  (for Non Tamil Students)

0+1

  1.  

FOR 101

Study Tour to Southern Tamil Nadu

0+1

  1.  

NSS 101

NSS

Registered in                I semester

  1.  

PED 101

Physical Education

  1.  

PED 102

Yoga for Human Excellence

Total

12+10=22

 


 

FSI 102 PRACTICES OF SILVICULTURE (2+1)

AIM

  • To impart knowledge on the techniques of regeneration, planting and tending operations
  • To acquire knowledge on silvicultural practices for mangrove, shola forest and cold desert forests

THEORY

UNIT I - Natural regeneration

Forest regeneration- types-natural regeneration-definition-seeds, root suckers and coppice-ecological requirements- techniques-natural regeneration techniques for important species and forest types-regeneration survey-regeneration maps

UNIT II -Artificial regeneration

Artificial regeneration-definition-objectives- afforestation- reforestation- reasons for artificial regeneration- choice between artificial and natural regeneration- techniques- artificial regeneration from seeds- vegetative parts- mechanization in artificial regeneration- recent trends in artificial regeneration

UNIT III - Planting and maintenance

Site selection- pre planting survey- site preparation – spacing- staking- methods of direct sowing- aerial seeding – pitting and planting- method of planting- rules of planting – planting pattern- casualty replacement. In situ techniques of Soil and water conservation measures in planting site, mulching-protection against adverse weather conditions- grazing by domestic, protection against wild animals and fire.

UNIT IV - Tending operations

Tending- importance- weeding–cleaning- thinning- objectives- methods- factors-thinning cycle, intensity and regime- improvement felling- girdling- pollarding, pruning- methods-green and dry pruning- climber cutting. Practices for Management of invasive species in forests- slash disposal

UNIT V – Silvicultural practices

Silvicultural practices for mangrove, shola and cold desert-Mangrove- habitat and characteristics- plantation establishment and rehabilitation of degraded mangrove formation- silvicultural systems for mangroves. Shola forest distribution. Cold desert- characteristics- species composition – management of species. Assisted regeneration. Silvicultural practices for shola regeneration - fire induced regeneration - regeneration in mangroves - degraded lands - practices for plantation trees

PRACTICAL

Regeneration survey-regeneration stock map – techniques of  obtaining natural regeneration of important species in various types of forests – estimation of plant  percent for a few tree species – time schedule, preparation of plantation journal– demonstration of different mixtures – different kinds of sowing – line, strip, patch sowing and dibbling – spacing for different tree species – estimation of seed and plantation material requirement – different kinds of fence – different kinds of pit – kinds of trenches – trenches with vertical sides – trenches with slanting sides – shelfed trench and double trench – trench ridges – exercise in patterns of planting – line, square, triangular and quincunx planting –estimating planting material required per unit area under different methods of planting. Demonstration of different thinning – standard tree classification adopted in Indian forestry – formulae used in mechanical thinning – grades of ordinary thinning-demonstration of different grades of thinning – light and heavy crown thinning – calculation of stand density index by different methods. Establishment and rehabilitation of degraded mangrove formations - Silvicultural systems for mangrove – study about shola forests.

THEORY LECTURE SCHEDULE

1.      Definition and methods of regeneration-natural regeneration-factors governing natural regeneration from seed.

2.      Natural regeneration under clear felling system and selection system

3.      Natural regeneration under shelter wood system -Regeneration survey

4.      Techniques of obtaining natural regeneration of important species in various types of forest

5.      Natural regeneration from vegetative parts- Advantages of vegetative reproduction-methods of vegetative reproduction

6.      Natural regeneration by coppice- Factors affecting Natural regeneration by coppice- tending of stool coppice- Natural regeneration by coppice under various silvicultural systems.

7.      Natural regeneration by root suckers-other operations of vegetative growth-cultural operations- Natural regeneration supplemented by artificial regeneration

8.      Artificial regeneration- definition and objectives-objects of reforestation-choice between artificial and natural regeneration

9.      Essential preliminary consideration in reforestation-choice of species-mixtures in plantation- patterns and kinds of mixtures.

10.  Selection of site- choice of method of artificial regeneration-kinds of sowing- spacing

11.  Arrangements of staff and labour-taungya cultivation-taungya types-advantages and disadvantages of taungya- mechanization.

12.  Plantation organization-plantation schedule-works to be done outside the plantation area- estimate and indent of planting material-arrangement of seed and planting material

13.  Seed production area-seed orchards-time and methods of seed collection-seed extraction-drying, cleaning and grading-seed storage

14.  Transport of seed-seed testing-pre sowing treatment of seed

15.  Nursery definition-importance and object-classification- preparation of nursery site-methods of raising nursery stock-aftercare

16.  Works to be done in the plantation area-boundary demarcation-marking and felling- soil and planting map-inspection path preparation- fencing-stacking out

17.  Soil preparation-different kinds of pits for planting

18.  Mid-semester examination

19.  Different kinds of trenches with vertical and slanting sides

20.  Planting-season of planting-methods of planting-patterns of planting

21.  Methods of calculating number of plants

22.  Casualty replacement-Beating up-Nurse crop-under planting-weeding-fire and general protection-plantation journal.

23.  In situ techniques of Soil and water conservation measures in planting site , mulching-protection against adverse weather conditions- grazing by domestic, protection against wild animals and fire.

24.  Practices for Management of invasive species in forests- slash disposal

25.  Tending operations-difference between tending and cultural operations-Importance of tending-problems in carrying out tending

26.  Weeding and cleaning-objects-season, number and duration-methods

27.  Thinning-objectives-basis for thinning (qualitative and quantitative factors)-Kinds of thinning-mechanical thinning-ordinary thinning

28.  Crown thinning-free thinning-maximum thinning-Advance thinning

29.  Numerical  thinning-first thinning in young crops- thinning in mixed plantations- thinning in coppice  crops

30.  Thinning cycle, intensity and regime- thinning in irregular crops.

31.  Selection thinning- improvement felling- girdling-pollarding-pruning methods-green and dry pruning-climber cutting

32.  Mangroves- Habitat and characteristics-plantation establishment and rehabilitation of  degraded mangrove formations- silvicultural systems for mangroves

33.  Shola forest - Silvicultural practices for shola regeneration - fire induced regeneration in forest - regeneration in mangroves - degraded lands - practices for trees outside forests

34.  Cold desert- characteristics-species composition- management of species

PRACTICAL SCHEDULE

1.      Field Exercise in regeneration survey and construction of regeneration of stock map

2.      Techniques of obtaining natural regeneration

3.      Estimation of plant percent-time schedule-preparation of plantation journal

4.      Field Exercise on different mixtures- estimation of line and block mixtures.

5.      Field Exercise on different kinds of sowing

6.      Estimation of seed and planting material for teak, acacias, tamarind and neem

7.      Design for different kinds of fence-cattle proof, game proof and special fences

8.      Field Exercise on different kinds of pits and trenches-trenches with vertical sides-small ridge, large ridge and sloped ridge ditches

9.      Field Exercise on trench with slanting sides-half slanting, deep slanting, double slanting ridge, shelfed trench, shallow filled and deep filled shelfed trenches

10.  Field Exercise on double trench and trench ridges

11.  Field Exercise on line, square, triangular and quincunx plantings

12.  Estimation of planting material per unit area under different methods of planting

13.  Application of formulae used in mechanical thinning

14.  Field Exercise on different grades of ordinary thinning and crown thinning- calculation of stand density index

15.  Visit to mangrove forest to study about uniqueness

16.  Visit to shola forest to study about uniqueness

17.  Final Practical Examination

OUTCOME

·         Students undergoing the course would acquire knowledge on regeneration, planting and tending operations for forest trees.

TEXT BOOKS

1.      Champion and Seth, 1968. General silviculture of India. Government of India publication.

2.      Dwivedi, A.P.1992.Principles and practice of Indian Silviculture, Surya publication, 420 p

REFERENCES

1.      Luna, R.K. 1989.  Plantation Forestry in India.  International Book distributors, Dehra Dun. P. 476.

2.      Champman, G.W. and Allan, T.G. 1978.  Establishment Techniques for Forest Plantation F.A.O. Forestry Paper No.8. F.A.O.Rome

3.      Khanna, L.S. 1984. Principles and practices of silviculture Khanna Bhandu, Dehradun. P.476.

e-References

·         www.forestryimages.org/silviculture.cfm

·         www.springerlink.com/index

·         www.ces.iisc.ernet.in

 


 

FTB 102 FOREST BOTANY (2+1)

AIM

·         To impart botanical and taxonomical skills for identification of plants particularly the tree species

THEORY

UNIT I - Botany and Systematic Classification

Botany - introduction, definition and application in forestry. Taxonomy - Detailed study of systems of classification - Bentham and Hooker natural system, its advantages and disadvantages. Plant Nomenclature – Objectives, principles and International code of Botanical Nomenclature.

UNIT II – GYMNOSPERMS

Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of families of Gymnosperms viz., Taxaceae, Podocarpaceae, Pinaceae, and Cupressaceae.

UNIT III – ANGIOSPERMS I

Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of families of Angiosperms viz., Ranunculaceae, Magnoliaceae, Annonaceae, Sterculiaceae, Bombacaceae, Malvaceae, Bixaceae, Dipterocarpaceae, Meliaceae and Simaroubaceae

UNIT IV – ANGIOSPERMS II

Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of families of Angiosperms viz., Sapindaceae, Rhizophoraceae, Fabaceae, Combretaceae, Myrtaceae, Sapotaceae and  Ebenaceae

UNIT V – ANGIOSPERMS III

Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of families of Angiosperms viz.,  Apocynaceae, Bignoniaceae, Verbanaceae, Santalaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Moraceae, Casuarinaceae, Poaceae, Orchidaceae.

PRACTICALS

Laboratory and field identification of important forestry species using vegetative and reproductive characteristics for the families Magnoliaceae, Annonaceae, Sterculiaceae, Bombacaceae, Bixaceae, Dipterocarpaceae, Meliaceae, Simarubaceae, Fabaceae, Combretaceae, Myrtaceae, Sapotaceae, Apocynaceae, Bignoniaceae, Verbanaceae, Santalaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Moraceae, Casuarinaceae and Poaceae – Field Visit to Temperate and Montane Forests for study of Gymnosperms and Gene Pool Garden for identification. Field Visit to Dry Deciduous, Moist Deciduous and Evergreen forests for study of Angiosperms

 


 

THEORY LECTURE SCHEDULE

1.      Introduction to Botany - definition and application in forestry.

2.      Various systems of taxonomical classification

3.      Bentham and Hooker natural system of classification - advantages and disadvantages.

4.      Objectives and principles plant nomenclature

5.      International code of Botanical Nomenclature

6.      Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Taxaceae

7.      Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Podocarpaceae

8.      Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Pinaceae

9.      Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Cupressaceae

10.  Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Ranunculaceae

11.  Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Magnoliaceae

12.  Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Annonaceae

13.  Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Sterculiaceae

14.  Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Bombacaceae

15.  Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Malvaceae

16.  Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Bixaceae

17.  Mid Semester Examination

18.  Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Dipterocarpaceae

19.  Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Meliaceae

20.  Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Simaroubaceae

21.  Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Sapindaceae

22.  Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Rhizophoraceae

23.  Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Fabaceae

24.  Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Combretaceae

25.  Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Myrtaceae

26.  Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Sapotaceae

27.  Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Ebenaceae and Apocynaceae

28.  Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Bignoniaceae

29.  Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Verbanaceae

30.  Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Santalaceae

31.  Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Euphorbiaceae

32.  Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Moraceae

33.  Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Casuarinaceae

34.  Origin, geographical distribution, phylogenetic position, taxonomic description and economic importance of the flora of Poaceae and Orchidaceae

PRACTICAL SCHEDULE

1.      Laboratory and field identification of important forestry species using vegetative and reproductive characteristics of Magnoliaceae and Annonaceae

2.      Laboratory and field identification of important forestry species using vegetative and reproductive characteristics of Sterculiaceae and Bombacaceae

3.      Laboratory and field identification of important forestry species using vegetative and reproductive characteristics of Bixaceae and Dipterocarpaceae

4.      Laboratory and field identification of important forestry species using vegetative and reproductive characteristics of Meliaceae and Simarubaceae

5.      Laboratory and field identification of important forestry species using vegetative and reproductive characteristics of Fabaceae and Combretaceae

6.      Laboratory and field identification of important forestry species using vegetative and reproductive characteristics of Myrtaceae and Sapotaceae

7.      Laboratory and field identification of important forestry species using vegetative and reproductive characteristics of Apocynaceae and Bignoniaceae

8.      Laboratory and field identification of important forestry species using vegetative and reproductive characteristics of Verbanaceae

9.      Laboratory and field identification of important forestry species using vegetative and reproductive characteristics of Santalaceae

10.  Laboratory and field identification of important forestry species using vegetative and reproductive characteristics of Euphorbiaceae and Moraceae

11.  Laboratory and field identification of important forestry species using vegetative and reproductive characteristics of Casuarinaceae

12.  Laboratory and field identification of important forestry species using vegetative and reproductive characteristics of Poaceae

13.  Visit to Montane Temperate Forests to study the Gymnosperms

14.  Visit to Dry Deciduous and  Moist Deciduous to study the Angiosperms

15.  Visit to Evergreen forests to study the Angiosperms

16.  Visit to Gene Pool Garden for field identification of Gymnosperm and Angiosperm

17.  Final Practical Examination

OUTCOME

·         Skill in identification of tree species using morphological identification keys and knowledge in economical values of tree species.

TEXT BOOKS

1.      Mishra, S.R. (2010). Textbook of Dendrology. Discovery Publishing House Pvt. Ltd.

2.      Bhatnagar, S.P. and AlokMoitra. 2000. Gymnosperms. New age International (P) Ltd.

REFERENCES

1.      Datta, S.C. 1999. Systematic Botany. New Age International (p) Ltd. Publ. New Delhi, India.

2.      Dasgupta, S.1998. Systematic Botany for Foresters. Khana Bandhu Publ., New Delhi, India.

e-REFERENCES

·         http://www.cnr.vt.edu/DENDRO/DENDROLOGY/main.html

·         http://www.botit.botany.wisc.edu/courses/dendrology

·         http://www.metla.fi/info/vlib/Forestry/Topic/Dendrology

·         http://www.hcs.osu.edu/hcs300/gymno.htm

·         http://www.tolweb.org/angiosperms

·         http://delta-intkey.com


 

SAC 131 FUNDAMENTALS OF GEOLOGY AND SOIL SCIENCE (1+1)

AIM

  • To impart knowledge on the geological make up and mineralogical compositions of rocks and formation of rocks and genesis of soil as well as the fundamental of soil sciences to the students

THEROY

UNIT I – Geology and weathering

Geology- Origin of earth- Theories - planetesimal and nebular hypothesis - Composition of Earth's crust - Rocks - definition, formation, classification - igneous,  sedimentary and metamorphic rocks- Minerals - definition, occurrence, classification of important soil forming primary minerals - silicate and non silicate minerals, ferro and non-ferro magnesium minerals-Geological classification of rocks and minerals-weathering of rocks and minerals-Physical, chemical and biological weathering .

UNIT II – Soil formation

 Soil formation –soil forming factors-active and passive-soil forming process- Fundamental soil forming process - Simenson's fourfold soil forming process -eluviation, illuviation, translocation and humification- Specific Soil forming processes - podzolization, laterization, salinization, alkalization, calcification, decalcification and pedoturbation- soil profile - Master horizons - pedon and poly pedon

UNIT III – Soil physical properties

Soil Physical Properties and their significance- Soil texture - Soil texture - particle size distribution - textural classes - textural triangular diagram - -Soil structure - classification - significance of soil structure - Soil consistency - cohesion, adhesion, plasticity, Atterberg's constants - upper and lower plastic limits, plasticity number- significance of soil consistence - Soil bulk density, particle density and porosity - Soil Colour - Munsell notations - Soil air - composition - Soil temperature -  Soil water-measurement.

UNIT IV – Soil chemical properties

Soil colloids-properties- inorganic colloids and organic colloids - Layer silicate clays - genesis and classification - 1:1, 2:1 expanding and non expanding - 2:2 clay minerals, amorphous minerals -Ion exchange –CEC-AEC-Base saturation-soil pH- definition, pH scale, buffering capacity - Significance -EC- definition-measurement.

UNIT V – Soil Biological properties

 Soil organic matter-composition-decomposition-mineralization- immobilization humus formation- Carbon cycle, C : N ratio, biomass carbon and nitrogen -soil organism- soil flora and fauna -- earth worms - micro-organisms and their influence on soil properties beneficial and harmful effects-soil enzymes- Dehydrogenase, catalase and phosphatase.


 

PRACTICAL

Identification of rocks and minerals - Study of  soil profile - collection and processing of soil samples -Determination of bulk density, particle density and porosity - Particle size analysis - Feel method -International pipette method - Soil colour - Munsell colour chart- Soil moisture determination -Gravimetric method, gypsum block, tensiometer, TDR and neutron probe moisture meter. Determination of infiltration rate and hydraulic conductivity - Soil temperature. Soil pH and EC - Organic carbon -Chemical constituents of soil - Field study of different soil types.

THEORY LECTURE SCHEDULE

1.      Soil definition - soil as a three dimensional natural body - pedalogical and edaphologicai concepts- Origin of Earth - theories - planetesimal and nebular hypothesis - Composition of Earth's crust.

2.      Rocks - definition, formation, classification - igneous,  sedimentary and metamorphic rocks- Brief description of important rocks - mineralogical composition.

3.      Minerals - definition, occurrence, classification of important soil forming primary minerals - silicate and non silicate minerals, ferro and non-ferro magnesium minerals

4.      Formation of secondary minerals - clay minerals and amorphous minerals- Weathering of rocks and minerals - Physical, chemical and biological- weathering indices

5.      Soil profile description - Master horizons - pedon and poly pedon- Factors of soil formation - Passive soil forming factors- Factors of soil formation - Active soil forming factors

6.      Fundamental soil forming process - Simenson's four fold soil forming process -eluviation, illuviation, translocation and humification

7.      Specific Soil forming processes - podzolization, laterization, salinization, alkalization, calcification, decalcification and pedoturbation.

8.      Soil texture - particle size distribution - textural classes - textural triangular diagram - significance of soil texture- Soil structure - classification - genesis - factors influencing structural stability - significance of soil structure

9.      Mid semester Examination

10.  Soil consistence - cohesion, adhesion, plasticity, Atterberg's constants - upper and lower plastic limits, plasticity number- significance of soil consistence- Soil bulk density, particle density and porosity - factors influencing - significance

11.  Soil colour - causes and measurement - Munsell colour chart - factors influencing soil colour -significance- Soil temperature - measurement

12.  soil air - composition - aeration, measurement - significance of soil temperature and soil air- Soil water- forms of water, units of expression and pF scale- Measurement of soil moisture - Gravimetric, Tensiometer, Gypsum Block, TDR, Neutron probe and Theta probe

13.  Soil colloids - types, properties - inorganic colloids and organic colloids- Layer silicate clays - genesis and classification - 1:1, 2:1 expanding and non expanding - 2:2 clay minerals, amorphous minerals

14.  Ion exchange reactions - cation exchange, anion exchange and base saturation - significance-

15.  Soil reaction (pH) - definition, pH scale, factors affecting soil pH, buffering capacity - Significance- Soil Electrical Conductivity - factors affecting EC-- significance

16.  Soil organic matter-composition, decomposition, mineralization and immobilization Carbon cycle, C : N ratio, biomass carbon and nitrogen

17.  Fractions of soil organic matter - humus formation and stabilization- Soil organisms - soil flora and fauna -beneficial and harmful roles - earth worms - micro-organisms and their influence on soil properties-Soil enzymes- Dehydrogenase, catalase and phosphatase

PRACTICAL SCHEDULE

1.      Identification of common rocks and minerals

2.      Methods of soil sample collection

3.      Visit to soils of different terrains and study of soil profiles

4.      Determination of bulk density, particle density and porosity - cylinder, wax coating and core methods.

5.      Soil textural analysis - feel method, International pipette method (part 1)

6.      International pipette method (part 2)

7.      International pipette method (part 3)

8.      Determination of soil colour and temperature.

9.      Determination of soil moisture- Gravimetry and moisture probes

10.  Determination of available soil moisture - Pressure Plate Apparatus

11.  Determination of Infiltration rate - Double Ring Infiltrometer

12.  Determination of hydraulic conductivity - Constant head Hydraulic Conductivity unit

13.  Determination of soil pH and EC

14.  Estimation of soil organic carbon

15.  Colloquium 1. - Chemical constituents of soil - Total elemental composition - relevance in soil properties and behaviour

16.  Colloquium 2. - Preparation of interpretative reports of soil analysis and assignments

17.  Final Practical Examination

OUTCOME

·         Students gain experience in identifying the type of rocks and their mineralogical composition and its economical importance. They also gain knowledge on principles of soil science, soil formation and physical and chemical properties of soil

TEXT BOOKS

1.      Biswas, T.D and S.K.Mukherjee, 1994. Textbook of Soil Science, second edition, Tata  McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd, New Delhi.

2.      Brady, N.C. and R.R.Weil. 2002.  Nature and Properties of Soil.  13th edition. The Mac Millan Company, New York. Indian Publisher-Pearson Education, (Singapore) Pte.Ltd., Indian Branch, New Delhi.

REFERENCES

1.   Sehgal, J. 1996. Pedology – Concepts and applications, Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana.

2.   Sekhon, G.S., P.K.Chhonkar, D.K.Das, N.N.Goswami, G. Narayanasamy, S.R.Poonia, R.K.Rattan and J.L.Sekhal, 2002. Fundamentals of Soil Science, Indian Society of Soil Science, New Delhi.

3.   Shivanand tolanur, 2004. Fundamentals of Soil Science. First edition. Army Printing Press, Lucknow.

4.   Negi,S.S. 1993. Forest Geology and Soils. Periodical Expert Book Agency, New Delhi.

5.   Kim H.Tan 2005. Principles of soil chemistry. (Third Edition)Marcel Dekker,  Inc. New York.

6.   Dilip Kumar Das, 2001. Introductory  Soil Science. Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi.

e-REFERENCES

·      http://geology.com/

·      Rocks and minerals

·      http://jersey.uoregon.edu/

·      www.opleidingen.ugent.be/

 

 


 

FTB 103 TREE SEED TECHNOLOGY (2+1)

Aim

·         To impart knowledge on production, collection, processing, quality control and storage of tree seeds and its application in production and conservation of forests.

THEORY

UNIT I – Concept and methods in seed production

Seed and its importance - characteristics of good quality seed and its significance in propagation and establishment of plantations- seed formation in gymnosperm and angiosperm - Generation system of seed multiplication - and their quality control-Influence of agro-climatic factors viz., environment, edaphic, biotic and physiographic factors - provenance and seed source on tree seed production and quality-Effect of pollution on seed quality - air, industrial wastes, acid rain and water effluents on tree seed production- Selection of seed production areas and establishment of seed orchard - merits and demerits - identification of candidate, check, plus and elite trees-Management of seed production area and seed orchard - special treatments to enhance tree seed production - pollen dilution zone-Pollen management  and handling – viability testing

UNIT II – Seed Collection, processing and treatment

Events of Seed development and maturation - Physiological and Harvestable maturity – significance - maturity indices and its types-methods of seed harvesting - - merits and demerits - harvesting appliances and their uses- seed extraction – extraction techniques for different tree species – precautions- seed drying- principles and methods - factors influencing drying - mechanical injury - causes and assessment -seed processing - objectives - principles and sequence -processing equipments –-heir operating principles-seed dormancy - -methods for breaking seed dormancy in tree species -pre sowing seed treatment - principle and methods - seed fortification with seed hardening - seed priming. IDS and Prevac -seed pelleting and coating - applications in tree seeds

UNIT III Seed legislations and regulatory framework  

Certification procedure for tree seeds -  classes of seed stand - standards - seed certification programme in forestry (OECD) -The Seeds Act and Rules - composition and role of Central Seed Committee  and its Sub-Committee i.e. Central Sub - Committee on Crop Standards, Release and Notification of varieties - State Seed Sub – Committee-Seeds (Control) Order, 1983 - Labelling standards - New Policy on seed development, 1988  - salient features of Seed Bill 2004-Central Seed Testing Laboratory cum Referral Laboratory and Notified Seed Testing Laboratories - Seed Inspector - duties and responsibilities - offences and penalties

UNIT IV – Seed Testing

Seed sampling methods and types of samples - dividing and mixing and obtaining working samples-purity analysis in tree seeds - procedure for separating purity fractions, weighing and reporting results - purity work board, blower-seed moisture estimation - principle and methods - equipments - reporting results-Germination test – media - methods – requirements -equipments - seedling evaluation – categories - - essential parameters- tolerance and reporting results- seed viability – TZ- Hydrogen peroxide and embryo excised test -Seed viability vs vigour - Seed vigour  concepts and its importance - principles and methods of seed vigour testing in tree crops-X-ray - radiographic analysis - principle and procedure – application in tree seeds - Seed health testing in different tree seeds - seed-borne diseases-International organizations in seed quality regulation- trading - pre and post entry Quarantine measures – phytosanitary certificate

UNIT V – Seed Storage

Seed storage – behaviour of orthodox and recalcitrant seeds - principles - purpose and types of storage-factors affecting seed storage - Role of seed moisture - temperature and relative humidity on seed storage -controlled seed storage –types of storage container and structures - godown sanitation – fumigation-mid-storage correction treatments for tree seeds

PRACTICAL

Identification and study of external and internal structures of tree seeds - seed maturity indices to assess the harvestable maturity - Visit to Seed production area and Seed orchard -planning seed collection in tree crops  -Methods of seed collection  and equipments-Practicing seed extraction in economically important tree species- practicing the methods of breaking dormancy in tree seeds- practicing seed fortification, hardening and seed priming -practicing seed pelleting technology - seed sampling , mixing and dividing- conducting physical purity analysis - determination of seed moisture content -conducting seed -germination tests and seedling evaluation - conducting Tetrazolium test for seed viability assessment  - conducting seed vigour tests and vigour evaluation -  visit to Seed certification department and Seed testing laboratory

THEORY LECTURE SCHEDULE

1.      Seed and its importance - characteristics of good quality seed and its significance in propagation and establishment of plantations

2.      Pollination, fertilization and seed formation in gymnosperm and angiosperm - seed structure of economically important tree species

3.      Generation system of seed multiplication - nucleus, breeder, foundation, certified and labeled seeds and their quality control

4.      Influence of agro-climatic factors viz., environment, edaphic, biotic and physiographic factors - provenance and seed source on tree seed production and quality.

5.      Effect of pollution on seed quality - air, industrial wastes, acid rain and water effluents on tree seed production

6.      Selection of seed production areas and establishment of seed orchard - merits and demerits - identification of candidate, check, plus and elite trees

7.      Management of seed production area and seed orchard - special treatments to enhance tree seed production - pollen dilution zone

8.      Pollen management  and handling – viability testing 

9.      Events of Seed development and maturation - Physiological and Harvestable maturity – significance - Maturity indices and its types.

10.  Methods of seed harvesting - crown and ground collection - merits and demerits - harvesting appliances and their uses.

11.  Seed extraction – Extraction techniques for different tree species – Precautions

12.  Seed drying- principles and methods - factors influencing drying - mechanical injury - causes and assessment

13.  Seed processing - objectives - principles and sequence.

14.  Processing equipments –- grading and upgrading - machineries and their operating principles

15.  Seed dormancy - significance - types and causes - merits and demerits

16.  Methods for breaking seed dormancy in tree species

17.  Mid - Semester Exam

18.  Pre sowing seed treatment - principle and methods - seed fortification with nutrients, chemicals, growth regulators and biofertilizers – seed hardening - seed priming. IDS and Prevac method of seed upgradation

19.  Seed pelleting and coating - principles and methodology - type of adhesives, fillers and pelleting materials - applications in tree seeds

20.  Certification procedure for tree seeds -  classes of seed stand - standards - seed certification programme in forestry (OECD)

21.  The Seeds Act and Rules - Composition and role of Central Seed Committee  and its Sub-Committee i.e. Central Sub - Committee on Crop Standards, Release and Notification of varieties - State Seed Sub – Committee

22.  Seeds (Control) Order, 1983 - Labelling standards - New Policy on seed development, 1988  - salient features of Seed Bill 2004

23.  Central Seed Testing Laboratory cum Referral Laboratory and Notified Seed Testing Laboratories - Seed Inspector - duties and responsibilities - offences and penalties

24.  Seed sampling methods and types of samples - dividing and mixing and obtaining working samples

25.  Purity analysis in tree seeds - procedure for separating purity fractions, weighing and reporting results - purity work board, blower

26.  Seed moisture estimation - principle and methods - equipments - reporting results

27.  Germination test – media - methods – requirements -equipments - Seedling evaluation – categories - - essential parameters- tolerance and reporting results

28.  Quick viability test- TZ test, excised embryo and hydrogen peroxide test

29.  Seed viability Vs vigour - Seed vigour  concepts and its importance - principles and methods of seed vigour testing in tree crops

30.  X-ray - radiographic analysis - principle and procedure – application in tree seeds - Seed health testing in different tree seeds - - seed-borne diseases

31.  International organizations in seed quality regulation- trading - pre and post entry Quarantine measures – phytosanitary certificate

32.  Seed storage – behaviour of orthodox and recalcitrant seeds - principles - purpose and types of storage

33.  Factors affecting seed storage - Role of seed moisture - temperature and relative humidity on seed storage

34.  Controlled seed storage –types of storage container and structures - godown sanitation – fumigation-mid-storage correction treatments for tree seeds

PRACTICAL SCHEDULE

1.      Identification and study of external structures of tree seeds.

2.      Studying the internal seed structures of important tree species

3.      Study of seed maturity indices to assess the harvestable maturity in tree crops

4.      Visit to Seed production area and Seed orchard.

5.      Planning seed collection in tree crops  -Methods of seed collection  and equipments

6.      Practicing seed extraction methods in economically important tree species

7.      Visit to seed processing unit

8.      Practicing the methods of breaking dormancy in tree seeds

9.      Practicing seed fortification, hardening and seed priming

10.  Practicing seed pelleting technology

11.  Seed sampling , mixing and dividing- conducting physical purity analysis

12.  Determination of seed moisture content

13.  Conducting seed germination tests and seedling evaluation

14.  Conducting Tetrazolium test for seed viability assessment.

15.  Conducting seed vigour tests and vigour evaluation

16.  Visit to Seed certification department and Seed testing laboratory

17.  Final Practical Examination

OUT COME

·         Acquirement of technical skills on quality seed production, processing and quality control of tree seeds.

TEXT BOOKS

1.      Agarwal, P.K. and Dadlani, M. 1988.  Techniques in Seed Science and Technology South Asia Publishers, New Delhi, India.

2.      Copeland, L.O and N.B.McDonald.1995. Principles of Seed Science and Technology. Chapman and Hall, New York, USA.

REFERENCES

1.      FRI, Dehradun .2003. A handbook for testing Indian tree seeds. ICFRE publication

2.      Ram Prasad and Kandya, R.K. 1992.  Handling of Forestry Seeds in India.  Associated Publishing Co., New Delhi, India

3.      Schmidt, L. 2000. Guide to Handling of Tropical and Sub Tropical Forest Seeds. Danida Forest Seed Centre, Denmark.

4.      Umarani, R and Vanangamudi, K. 2004. An Introduction to Tree Seed Technology. International Book Distributers, Dehradun, India.

5.      Faulkner, R. 1975.  Seed Orchards.  Her Majesty's Stationary Office.  London.

6.      Gordon, A.G., Gosling, P. and Wang, B.P.S. 1991. ISTA handbook on tree and shrub seed testing . ISTA publication

7.      Khullar P. 2003. Forest Seed. ICFRE Publication, Dehradun, India.

8.      Mittal, R.K., Anderson, R.L. and Mathur, S.B.1990. Micro-organisms associated with tree seed. World checklist. ISTA publication

9.      Napier, I. and Robbins, M. 1986.  Forest Seed and Nursery Practices in Nepal,.  U.K Forestry Research Project, Katmandu.

10.  Neergard, P. 1977.  Seed Pathology.  The MacMillan Private Limited.

11.  Nema, N.P. 1989.  Principles of Seed Certification and Testing. Allied Publishers Private Ltd., New Dehili.

12.  Poulsen, K., Parratt, M. and Gosling, P. 1998. Handbook on tropical and sub-tropical tree seed testing. ISTA publication

13.  Tunwar, N.S and Singh, S.V. 1988.  Indian Minimum Seed Certification Standards.  Central Seed Certification Board, New Delhi.

14.  Willan, R.L. 1985.  A Guide to Forest Seed Handling, FAO, Forestry Paper 20/2, FAO Rome.

e-REFERENCES

·         http://www.fao.org/

·         http://www.for.gov.ac.ca

·         http://www.forestry.gov.uk

·         http://www.ias.ac.in

·         http://web.icppgr.fao.org/

·         http://www.sciencedirect.com

·         http://www.seedbiology.de

           


 

AEC 101 PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS (1+1)

AIM

·         This course aims to introduce the basic principles of economics including the problem of economic decision-making, laws of economics and macroeconomic concepts.

THEORY

UNIT 1 - Nature and Scope of Economics

Nature and Scope of economics: Importance, Subject matter: Science Vs. art, Positive science Vs. normative science, Deductive method Vs. inductive method -Definitions of Economics: Wealth, Welfare, Scarcity and Growth - Different economic systems: merits and demerits - Divisions of Economics - Microeconomics and Macroeconomics - Agricultural Economics: Definition and scope- Basic concepts: Goods, Service, Value, Cost, Price, Wealth and Welfare-Wants: Characteristics and classification

UNIT 2 - Theory of Consumption

Utility: Definition, Measurement: Cardinal and ordinal utility, Marginal utility- Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility and Law of Equi-marginal Utility: Definition, Assumptions, Limitations and Applications - Indifference curve analysis: Definition and properties of indifference curves and budget line - Demand: Definition, Kinds of demand, Demand schedule, Demand curve, Law of Demand, Determinants of demand, Extension and Contraction of demand Vs increase and decrease in demand-Elasticity of Demand: Types, Degrees of price elasticity of demand, Factors influencing elasticity of demand, Importance of elasticity of demand–Standard of Living: Definition, Engels Law of Family Expenditure - Consumer surplus: Definition and Importance.

UNIT 3 - Theory of Production

Concept of production– Factors of production– Land: Characteristics of land -Labour: Characteristics of labour, Division of labour, Malthusian and Modern theories of population – Capital: Characteristics of capital, Capital formation–Entrepreneur: Characteristics and functions of entrepreneur. Supply: definition, Law of Supply, Factors influencing supply - Elasticity of Supply–Producer surplus.

UNIT 4 - Exchange and Theory of Distribution

Exchange and Distribution: Definition –Pricing of factors of production - Marginal productivity theory of distribution - Rent and Quasi rent - Wages: Real wage and money wage - Interest: Pure interest and gross interest – Profit: Meaning of economic profit.

UNIT 5 - Macroeconomic Concepts

Macroeconomics: Definition and Subject matter– National Income: Concepts–GNP, GDP, NNP, Disposable income and Per capita income– Money: Definition, Types and functions of money - Inflation: Meaning, types of inflation - Public Finance: Meaning, Principles - Public Revenue: Meaning, Classification of taxes- Canons of Taxation - Public expenditure: Principles–WelfareEconomics:Meaning,Paretosoptimality.


 

PRACTICAL

Ten principles of economics - Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility-Law of Equi-Marginal Utility - Indifference Curve analysis and consumer equilibrium - Individual and  market demand- Measurement of Arc and Point elasticities of demand - own price, income and cross price elasticities of demand – Estimation of Consumer surplus– Law of Diminishing Marginal Returns: Relationship among TPP, APP and MPP - Cost concepts and graphical derivation  of cost curves - Estimation of total revenue and profit - Producer surplus - Supply elasticity –Exchange: Market Structure and Price determination– Theories of Distribution –Computation of National Income –Study of structural changes in the economy - Estimation of Growth Rate -Money: Quantity theory of money - Inflation: Causes and control measures – Estimation of price index - Measures of standard of living – Indices of human development.

THEORY LECTURE SCHEDULE

1.      Nature and Scope of economics: Importance, Subject matter: Science Vs. art, Positive scienceVs. normative science, Deductive methodVs. inductive method- Different economic systems: merits and demerits.

2.      Definitions       of Economics- Wealth, Welfare, Scarcityand Growth- Divisions ofEconomics: Micro economicsand Macroeconomics- Agricultural Economics: Definition and scope.

3.      Basic concepts – Goods, Services, Use value and Exchange value, Cost, Price, Wealth and Welfare - Wants: Characteristics and Classification of wants.

4.      Utility: Definition, Measurement: Cardinal and ordinal utility- Marginal utility- Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility.

5.      Law of Equi-marginal Utility: Definition, Assumptions, Limitations and Applications - Indifference curve analysis: Definition and properties of indifference curves and budget line.

6.      Demand: Definition, Kinds of demand, Demand schedule, Demand curve, Law of Demand, Determinants of demand - Extension and contraction of demand Vs.Increase and decreasein demand.

7.      Elasticity of Demand: Own price, cross price and income elasticities of demand, Degrees of price elasticity of demand, Factors influencing elasticity of demand and Importance of Elasticity of demand.

8.      Standard of Living – Definition, Engels Law of Family Expenditure –Consumersurplus: Definition and Importance.

9.      Mid SemesterExamination.

10.  Concept of production– Factors of production– Land and its characteristics.

11.  Labour: Characteristics of labour - Division of labour - Malthusian and Modern theories of population.

12.  Capital: Characteristics of capital - Capital formation: Phases of capital formation - Entrepreneur: Characteristics and functions of entrepreneur.

13.  Supply: Definition, Law of Supply, Factors influencing supply - Elasticity of supply - Producer surplus.

14.  Exchange and Distribution: Definition –Pricingoffactorsofproduction - Theory of distribution –Marginal productivity theory of distribution -Rent and Quasirent.

15.  Wages: Real wage and money wage – Interest: Pure interest and gross interest – Profit:  Meaning of economic profit.

16.  Macroeconomics: Definition and Subject matter - National Income: Concepts– GNP, GDP, NNP, Disposable income and Per capita income–Money: Definition, Types and functions of money - Inflation: Meaning and Types of inflation

17.  Public Finance: Meaning, Principles - Public Revenue: Meaning, Classification of taxes - Canons of taxation - Public expenditure: Principles –Welfare Economics: Meaning, Paretos optimality.

PRACTICAL SCHEDULE

1.      Elucidation of 10 principles of economics.

2.      Exercise on Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility - Exercise on Law of Equi-Marginal Utility.

3.      Indifference Curve Analysis: Properties, budget line and consumer equilibrium.

4.      Demand schedule - Graphical derivation of individual and market demand - Measurement of Arc and Point elasticities of demand.

5.      Estimation of own price, income and cross price elasticities of demand - Estimation of consumer surplus.

6.      Law of Diminishing Marginal Returns: Relationship among TPP, APP and MPP.

7.      Cost concepts: Total cost, total fixed costs, total variable cost, average costs, marginal costs and Graphical derivation of cost curves - Estimation of total revenue and profit.

8.      Supply: Estimation of supply elasticity - Estimation of producer surplus.

9.      Market Structure– Characteristic features of different types of Sellers’ markets – Perfect competition, monopoly, oligopoly and monopolistic competition – Buyers’ Market – Price determination under Perfect completion and Monopoly.

10.  Rent: Theories of Rent: Ricardian and Modern theories of rent - Wages: Determination of wages: Marginal productivity theory and Demand and supply theory of wages.

11.  Interest: Theories of interest: Keynesian and Modern theories of interest – Profit: Risk-bearing theory of profit. 

12.  Approaches to computation of National Income - Analysis of Trends in National Income - Study of structural changes in the economy.

13.  Estimation of Growth Rate of Population and Food grain production.

14.  Money: Quantity theory of money –Inflation: Causes and control measures

15.  Consumer price index and Wholesale price index - Estimation of price indices.

16.  Measures of standard of living and human development – Human Development Index – Physical Quality of Life Index – Gender Development Index.

17.  Practical Examination.

 

OUT COME

·       The student will acquire knowledge on basic principles of economics, economic decision-making, laws of economics and macroeconomic concepts.

TEXT BOOKS

1.      Dewett, K.K. 2002. Modern Economic Theory, Syamlal Charitable Trust, New Delhi.

2.      Samuelson, P. 2004. Economics, (18/e), Tata Mcgraw-Hill, New Delhi

REFERENCES

1.      Koutsoyiannis,A.  1983.Modern  Microeconomics,  The  Macmillan  Press  Ltd., Hongkong

2.      Varian, H. R. 1987. Intermediate Microeconomics, WW Norton & Company, New Delhi

3.      Seth, M.L. 2000. Principles of Economics, Lakshmi Narain Agarwal Co., Agra.

4.      New Delhi

5.      Dewett, K. K. 2004. Modern Economic Theory, SyamlalCharitable Trust, New Delhi.

6.      Mankiw, G.N., Principles of Microeconomics, Cengage Learning. Chapter 1.

7.      Samuelson, P. 2004. Economics, (18/e), TataMc-graw-Hill, New Delhi

8.      Seth, M. L. 2005.Principles of Economics, Lakshmi NarainAgarwalCo., Agra. New Delhi.

 


 

BIC 101 FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOCHEMISTRY (2+1)

AIM

·         To gain basic knowledge of the biomolecules viz., Carbohydrates, Proteins and Lipids - properties, structure and metabolism.

·         To learn basics of enzymes

THEORY

UNIT I - Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates - occurrence and classification.  Structure of monosaccharides, oligosaccharides and polysaccharides. Physical and chemical properties of carbohydrates – optical isomerism, optical activity, mutarotation, reducing property, reaction with acids and alkalies.  Glycoconjugates - Glycoproteins  and Lectin - structure and significance.

UNIT II -  Lipids

Lipids - occurrence and classification.  Storage lipids - fatty acids, triacyl glycerol, essential fatty acids, waxes.  Structural lipids - role of lipids in biological membrane - glycolipids and phospholipids - types and importance;  Sterols - basic structure and their importance. Physical and chemical constants of oils.  Rancidity of oils. 

UNIT III  - Proteins  and Enzymes

Amino acids - classification and structure.   Essential amino acids.  Properties of amino acids - amphoteric nature and isomerism.  Classification of proteins based on functions and solubility.  Structure of proteins: primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure and quaternary structure - protein folding and denaturation.  Properties and reactions of proteins. Enzymes - Properties, classification and nomenclature. Mechanism of enzyme action. Factors affecting enzyme activity. Enzyme inhibition - Competitive, Non-competitive and Uncompetitive inhibition; Allosteric enzymes. Coenzymes, cofactors and isoenzyme. 

UNIT IV - Metabolism

Carbohydrate metabolism - breakdown of starch by amylases, glycolysis, TCA cycle and pentose phosphate pathway.  Respiration - electron transport chain and oxidative phosphorylation.  Bioenergetics of glucose.  Lipid metabolism - lipases and phospholipases.  Beta-oxidation of fatty acids and bioenergetics. Biosynthesis of fatty acids and triacyl glycerol.  General catabolic pathyway for amino acids - transamination, deamination and decarboxylation. Ammonia assimilating enzymes. Metabolic inter-relationship.   

UNIT V - Secondary metabolites

Secondary metabolites - occurrence, classification and functions of phenolics, terpenes and alkaloids. 

THEORY LECTURE SCHEDULE

1.      Introduction to Biochemistry, Carbohydrates - occurrence    and classification   R2: 1-4, 66-72.

2.      Structure of monosaccharides.  R2: 75-82.

3.      Structure of oligosaccharides and polysaccharides. R2: 82-90.

4.      Physical properties of carbohydrates - Mutarotation, optical activity, isomerism. R2: 73-78.

5.      Chemical reactions of carbohydrates. R2: 90-95.

6.      Glycoproteins  and lectin - structure and significance. R1: 316-321.     

7.      Lipids - occurrence and classification. R2: 99-100.

8.      Storage lipids - Fatty acids and triacyl glycerol.  Essential fatty acids, waxes. R2: 101-106.

9.      Structural lipids - Glycolipids and phospholipids - types and importance. R2: 107-111.

10.  Sterols - basic structure and their importance. R2: 111-114.  

11.  Physical and chemical constants of oils.  Rancidity of oils. R2: 114-119.

12.  Amino acids - Classification and structure. R2: 17-21.

13.  Properties of amino acids - amphoteric nature, isomerism, essential amino acids. R2: 21-26.

14.  Classification of proteins based on function and solubility. R2: 26-31.

15.  Structure of protein - Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure. R2: 31-41.

16.  Protein folding, physical and chemical properties of proteins. R2: 41-43, R1: 52-55.

17.  MIDSEMESTER EXAMINATION

18.  Enzymes - Properties, classification and nomenclature. R2: 123-127.

19.  Mechanism of enzyme action. R2: 129-131.

20.  Factors affecting enzyme activity. R2: 131-136.

21.  Enzyme inhibition - competitive, non-competitive, uncompetitive and allosteric  enzymes. R2: 136-137, R1: 224-225.

22.  Coenzymes, cofactors and isoenzyme. R2: 127-129, 138. 

23.  Carbohydrate metabolism - breakdown of starch by amylases, Glycolysis - Reactions and bioenergetics. R2:159-164.

24.  TCA cycle - Reactions and bioenergetics. R2: 164-168.

25.  Pentose phosphate pathway - Reactions. R2: 174-177.

26.  Respiration - electron transport chain and oxidative phosphorylation. R2: 170-173.

27.  Lipid metabolism - lipases and phospholipases. R2: 205-208.

28.  Beta-oxidation of fatty acids and bioenergetics. R2: 208-212.

29.  Biosynthesis of fattyacids and triacylglycerol. R2: 213- 220.

30.  Transamination, deamination and decarboxylation of amino acids. R2: 224-231.

31.  Ammonia assimilating enzymes  - GS, GOGAT and GDH. R2: 231-233.

32.  Metabolic inter-relationship. R2: 287-289.

33.  Secondary metabolites - occurrence, classification and functions of phenolics. R2: 274-276.

34.  Occurrence, classification and functions of terpenes and alkaloids. R2: 277-280.

PRACTICAL SCHEDULE

1.      Qualitative analysis of carbohydrates

2.      Estimation of starch

3.      Estimation of amylose

4.      Determination of reducing sugars

5.      Qualitative analysis of amino acids

6.      Sorenson’s formal titration of amino acids

7.      Estimation of amino acids by Ninhydrin method

8.      Estimation of protein by Biuret method

9.      Determination of free fatty acid of an oil

10.  Determination of iodine number of an oil

11.  Estimation of ascorbic acid by dye method

12.  Assay of amylase

13.  Estimation of total phenols

14.  Extraction and estimation of lycopene and carotenoids

15.  Separation of amino acids by paper chromatography

16.  Separation of phenols  by thin layer chromatography

17.  Final Practical Examination

OUTCOME

·         The students will acquire the basic knowledge of the biomolecules, their properties, structure and metabolism.

TEXT BOOKS

1.      Berg JM, Tymoczko JL and Stryer L, (2007), Biochemistry, 7th Ed. Wiley Eastern Ltd. ISBN:0-7167-8724-5.

2.      Thayumanavan, B, Krishnaveni, S and Parvathi, K, (2004),    Biochemistry for Agricultural Sciences, Galgotia Publications Pvt Ltd., New Delhi. ISBN :81-7515-459-4.

REFERENCES

3.      Cox, MM and Nelson, DL. (2011), Principles of  Biochemistry, Fourth (Indian edition) Macmillian, Worth Publishers.  http://bcs.whfreeman.com/lehninger6e  - Web links/ Tutorials/ Lecture companion Art

4.      Harper’s illustrated Biochemistry -https:// freemedebooks. files.wordpress.com /2014/01/harpers-illustrated-biochemistry-28th-edition.pdf 

5.      J M Berg, J L Tymoczko and L Stryer , Biochemistry, Sixth Edition - http://www.irb.hr/users/precali/Znanost.o.Moru/Biokemija/Literatura/Lubert%20Stryer%20-%20Biochemistry.pdf

6.      Sadasivam, S and  Manickam, A. (2009), Biochemical Methods, 3rd Edn, New Age International.

7.      Wilson, K. and Walker, J.M. (2000), Principles and techniques of Practical Biochemistry, 5th  Edn. – Cambridge University Press.

e REFERENCES

·         www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov


 

AGR 102 FUNDAMENTALS OF AGRICULTURAL METEOROLOGY (1+1)

AIM

·         To gain basic knowledge on Meteorology and its scope and importance

THEORY

UNIT I -  Meteorology- Importance and scope

Meteorology - Agricultural Meteorology - Importance and scope in crop production - Co-ordinates of India and Tamil Nadu - Atmosphere - Composition and vertical layers of atmosphere (stratification) - Climate - Weather - Factors affecting climate and weather - Climatic types - Different agricultural seasons of India and Tamil Nadu – Agro-climatic regions of India and Tamil Nadu.

UNIT II - Weather parameters

Solar radiation - Light intensity, quality, direction and duration - Air and Soil temperature - Diurnal variation - importance in crop production. Heat unit and its importance in agriculture. Relative Humidity and its importance – vapor pressure deficit and its importance - Wind and its effect on crops.

UNIT III - Pressure systems

Atmospheric pressure - Pressure systems - cyclones, anticyclones, tornado, hurricane and storms - Wind systems of the world - Inter Tropical Convergence Zone. Clouds - types and their classification. Precipitation - forms - monsoon - - Seasons of India- rainfall variability drought, flood and their effect - Cloud seeding – Evapotranspiration – transpiration - PET

UNIT IV - Forecasting and impacts

Agroclimatic Zones - Agroclimatic normals - Weather forecasting - synoptic chart - crop weather calendar - Remote sensing and crop weather modeling - Impact of climate and weather on crop production and pest and diseases.

UNIT V - Climate change

Climate change- climate variability – definition and causes of climate change - Impact of climate change on Agriculture, Forestry, Hydrology, marine and coastal ecosystem

PRACTICAL

Agromet Observatory - Site selection and layout. Acquiring skill in use of Pyranometers - Sunshine recorder - Maximum, Minimum, Gross minimum and Soil thermometers – Thermograph, Dry and wet bulb thermometers - Hygrograph - Psychrometers – Fortein’s barometer - Barograph - Altimeter; Wind vane, Anemometer - Raingauge - Ordinary and self-recording; Automatic weather station - Evaporimeters - Lysimeters, Dew gauge. Preparation of synoptic charts and crop weather calendars. Rainfall probability analysis. Mapping of Agroclimatic Zones.

THEORY LECTURE SCHEDULE

  1. Meteorology - Agricultural Meteorology - Definition, their importance and scope in crop production.
  2. Coordinates of India and Tamil Nadu. Atmosphere - Composition of atmosphere - Vertical layers of atmosphere based on temperature difference / lapse rate.
  3. Climate and weather - Factors affecting climate and weather. Macroclimate - Meso climate - Microclimate - Definition and their importance - Different climates of India and Tamil Nadu and their characterization.
  4. Solar radiation - Radiation balance - Wave length characteristics and their effect on crop production - Light – effect of intensity, quality, direction and duration on crop production
  5. Air temperature - Factors affecting temperature. Diurnal and seasonal variation in air temperature – Isotherm, Heat unit and its use - Heat and cold injuries
  6. Role of temperature in crop production. Soil temperature - Importance in crop production. Factors affecting soil temperature, diurnal and seasonal variation in soil temperature.
  7. Humidity – Types - Dew point temperature - Vapour pressure deficit - Diurnal variation in Relative humidity and its effect on crop production – Wind and its role on crop production
  8. Atmospheric pressure, diurnal and seasonal variation - Pressure systems of the world - causes for variation - Isobar - Low, depression, anticyclone, Tornado, hurricane
  9. Mid Semester Examination
  10. Wind systems of the world - Inter Tropical Convergence Zones (ITCZ), wind speed in different seasons -. Clouds and their classification - Concepts of cloud seeding – present status.
  11. Precipitation - Forms of precipitation - Isohyte - Monsoon – Different monsoons of India - Rainfall variability - Drought and flood – Impact on crop production
  12. Evaporation - Transpiration, evapotranspiration - Potential evapotranspiration - Definition and their importance in agricultural production. Agroclimatic zones of Tamil Nadu - Agroclimatic normals for field crops.
  13. Weather forecasting - Types, importance, Agro Advisory Services - Synoptic chart - Crop weather calendar
  14. Remote sensing and its application in agriculture – Crop weather modeling and its application in agriculture – list of models available
  15. Effect of weather and climate on crop production, soil fertility and incidence of pest and diseases
  16. Climate change, climate variability – definition and causes of climate change including  ENSO
  17. Impact of climate change on Agriculture, Forestry, Hydrology, marine and coastal ecosystem

 

PRACTICAL SCHEDULE

  1. Site selection and layout for Agromet Observatory - Calculation of local time - Time of observation of different weather elements - Reviewing agromet registers.
  2. Measurements of solar radiation (pyranometers), sunshine hours (sunshine recorder) – working out weekly and monthly mean for graphical representation
  3. Measurement of air and soil temperature and grass minimum thermometers and thermographs – drawing isolines
  4. Humidity measurements – use of wet and dry bulb thermometers - Psychrometers – Hygrograph - Measurement of wind direction and wind speed and conversion (KMPH, KNOT, and M/Sec.) – Beaufort’s scale.
  5. Measurement of atmospheric pressure - barograph - Fortein-s barometer - Isobars based on past data for different seasons.
  6. Measurement of rainfall - Ordinary and self-recording rain gauges - Measurement of Dew - dew gauge- study of Automatic weather station.
  7. Measurement of Evaporation - Open pan evaporimeter- application of evaporation data-Measurement of Evapotranspiration- Lysimeter.
  8. Heat Unit concept- GDD, HTU, PTU for fixing time of sowing.
  9. Probability analysis of rainfall for crop planning
  10. Drawing Synoptic charts for understanding weather.
  11. Preparation of crop weather calendars and forecast based agro advisories
  12. Preparation pest weather calendar and pest forewarning
  13. Estimation of length of growing periods using weekly rainfall data.
  14. Water balance studies
  15. Identification of efficient cropping zone- RYI, RSI
  16.  Mapping of agro climatic Zones of India and Tamil Nadu and its characterization.
  17. Final Practical Examination.

OUTCOME

·         The student will learn the scope and importance of meteorology as well as gain expertise on the various meteorological instruments.

TEXT BOOKS

  1. Gopalaswamy, N. 1994. Agricultural Meteorology, Rawat publications, Jaipur.
  2. Kakde, J.R., 1985. Agricultural climatology, Metropolitan Book Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.

REFERENCES

1.      Lenka, D. 2000. Climate, Weather and Crops in India, Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana.

2.      Mavi, H.S., 1996. Introduction to Agrometeorology, oxford and IBH Publishing Co., New Delhi.

3.      Murthy, V.R.K. 1995. Practical manual on Agricultural Meteorology, Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana.

4.      Prasad, Rao, G.S.L.H.V. 2005. Agricultural Meteorology. Kerala Agricultural University, Press, Thrissur.

5.      IPPC Fourth Assessment report, 2007 (http://www.ipcc.ch)

6.      Radhakrishna Murthy, V. 2002. Basic Principles of Agricultural Meteorology. BS Publications Hyderabad.

7.      Venkataraman, S., Krishnan, A. 1992. Crops and Weather. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Pusa, New Delhi.

8.      Yellamanda Reddy, T. and G.H. Sankara Reddi, 2004. Principles of Agronomy, Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana.


 

ENS 101 PRINCIPLES OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES (1+1)

AIM

·         To impart students on the importance of ecosystems, biodiversity and their conservation

UNIT I - Introduction to Environmental Science

Environmental Science – Interrelationship with other sciences - Scope – Concepts - Segments - Global Environmental initiatives and perspectives  – Environmental Sustainability – Ecological footprint

UNIT II - Ecology and Ecosystems

Ecology – Relevance to man - Ecosystem - Components – Terrestrial - Biomes – Forest – Desert -  Aquatic – Pond  – River – Estuaries – Ocean - Matter cycling - Energy flow – Food Chain, Food Web and Ecological pyramids ––Species interactions – Succession

UNIT III- Biodiversity and conservation

Biodiversity – Types – National and Global Status – Significance – Hotspots - Threats – Conservation – In-situEx-situ - Biosphere Reserve - National parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries – Botanical Garden

UNIT IV- Natural Resources

Natural resources – Land – Water – Air – Forest – Minerals – Energy Resources – Renewable - Non-renewable  - Status – Degradation – Sustainable Management and Conservations- Resource Extraction

UNIT V- Environmental problems and Protection

Green House Gases-Global warming- Climate change-Impact on agriculture and other natural resources-Environmental pollution-Introduction to soil, water and air pollution -impact on agriculture and environment. Environmental protection-Global treaties - Conventions – National and state level organizations: TNPCB, CPCB –– Environmental Laws and Acts – Environmental Education

PRACTICALS

Environmental sampling and preservation - Biodiversity assessment in organic and conventional farming - Floral and faunal diversity assessment in forest ecosystem - Water quality analysis: Colour, temperature and turbidity - Water quality analysis: pH, EC and TDS - Estimation of Acidity, Alkalinity - Estimation of water hardness - Estimation of DO and BOD in water samples - Estimation of COD in water samples - Effect of wastewater on plants: Germination test - Enumeration of E.coli in water sample - Energy: Biogas production from organic wastes - Assessment of Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM) - Visit to wind mill / hydro power / solar power generation units - Visit to Contaminated site and Common Effluent Treatment system - Visit to Pollution Control Board.

THEROY LECTURE SCHEDULE

1.      Introduction to Environmental Science, Interrelationship with other sciences, Scope, Concepts and Segments

2.      Global Environmental initiatives and perspectives, Environmental Sustainability and Ecological footprint

3.      Ecology, its Relevance to man, Ecosystem and its components

4.      Biomes: Terrestrial (Forest, Desert, etc..) and  Aquatic (Pond, River, Estuaries and Ocean)

5.      Energy flow, Food Chain, Food Web and Ecological pyramids

6.      Species interactions, adaptations and Succession

7.      Biogeochemical cycles

8.      Biodiversity: Types, National and Global Status, importance, Hotspots and Threats

9.      Mid Semester Examination

10.  Conservation of Biodiversity: In-situ and Ex-situ - Biosphere Reserves - National parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, Botanical Garden, etc..

11.  Natural and Energy resources: Land, Water, Air, Forest, Minerals, Perpetual, Renewable and Non-renewable

12.  Present Status of Natural and Energy resources, Resource Extraction, Degradation and Sustainable Management and Conservation.

13.  Green House Gases-Global warming- Climate change-Impact on agriculture and other natural resources-

14.  Environmental pollution-Introduction to soil, water and air pollution -impact on agriculture and environment

15.  Global treaties and Conventions for Environmental Protection

16.  National and state level organizations: CPCB, TNPCB, etc..

17.  Environmental Education, Environmental Laws and Acts

PRACTICAL SCHEDULE

1.      Environmental sampling and preservation

2.      Biodiversity assessment in organic and conventional farming

3.      Floral and faunal diversity assessment in forest ecosystem

4.      Water quality analysis: Colour, temperature and turbidity

5.      Water quality analysis: pH, EC and TDS

6.      Estimation of Acidity, Alkalinity

7.      Estimation of water hardness

8.      Estimation of DO and BOD in water samples

9.      Estimation of COD in water samples

10.  Effect of wastewater on plants: Germination test

11.  Enumeration of E.coli in water sample

12.  Energy: Biogas production from organic wastes

13.  Assessment of Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM)

14.  Visit to wind mill / hydro power / solar power generation units

15.  Visit to Contaminated site and Common Effluent Treatment system

16.  Visit to Pollution Control Board

17.  Practical examination

OUTCOME

·         The students will gain expertise on the the importance of ecosystems, biodiversity and its conservation

TEXT BOOKS

1.      Tyler Miller and Scot Spoolman. 2009. Living in the Environment (Concepts, Connections, and Solutions). Brooks/cole, Cengage learning publication, Belmont, USA

2.      P.D. Sharma, 2009, Ecology and Environment, Rastogi Publications, Meerat, India

REFERENCES

1.      Chiras, D.D. 2015. Environmental Science, Tenth Edition, Jones&Bartlett Learning, Burlington, MA. ISBN: 978-1-284-05705-8, 708 pages. 


ENG 103 DEVELOPMENT EDUCATION (0+1)

AIM

·         Basic principles of learning

·         Taxonomy of educational

·         Career development and entrepreneurship

·         Communication skills

PRACTICAL

Basic principles of learning. Binary terms viz – growth and development, education – for – life and life – long education, motivation and morale – Occupation and profession, training and education, lateral thinking and convergent thinking, teaching and learning – discussion. Bloom’s classification of educational objectives – Cognitive, Affective, Psychomotor domain(s) Career development – opportunity for graduates of agriculture and allied sciences – discussion - Success story of a farmer / entrepreneur – factors involved – role – play - Brainstorming – Demonstration - Simulation – Educational Simulation-Interactive Teaching - Business Simulation –Company’s annual report for analysis - Interpersonal communication – Transactional communication – ice breaker.

The conduct of a symposium - Conferencing – the concept and presentation of a paper - Scientific Article Writing and Editing - Popular Article Writing, Editing and Blogging - Project proposal - Project Report – writing - Entrepreneur – intrapreneur – Managing an intrapreneur – motivation and entrepreneurship development – planning, monitoring and evaluation.

PRACTICAL SCHEDULE

1.      Basic principles of learning. Binary terms viz – growth and development, education – for – life and life – long education, motivation and morale –

2.      Occupation and profession, training and education, lateral thinking and convergent thinking, teaching and learning – discussion.

3.      Bloom’s classification of educational objectives – Cognitive, Affective, Psychomotor domain(s)

4.      Career development – opportunity for graduates of agriculture and allied sciences – discussion

5.      Success story of a farmer / entrepreneur – factors involved – role – play

6.      Brainstorming – Demonstration

7.      Simulation – Educational Simulation-Interactive Teaching - Business Simulation –Company’s annual report for analysis

8.      Interpersonal communication – Transactional communication – ice breaker

9.      MID SEMESTER EXAMINATION

10.  The conduct of a symposium

11.  Conferencing – the concept and presentation of a paper

12.  Scientific Article Writing and Editing

13.  Popular Article Writing, Editing and Blogging

14.  Project proposal

15.  Project Report – writing

16.  Entrepreneur – intrapreneur – Managing an intrapreneur – motivation and entrepreneurship development – planning, monitoring and evaluation.

17.  FINAL PRACTICAL EXAMINATION

OUTCOME

·         Understand the concepts of learning,

·         The necessity for Lifelong education,

·         Communication skills in terms of career development

TEXT BOOK

  1. Sudarsanam.R 1985. “Development Education” Chapter 1,2
  2. Bloom,B.S.Hastings J.T. and Maduas J.F. 1971.  Handbook on Formative and Summative Evaluation of Student Learning Mc Graw Hill Pub, New York.

REFERENCES

1.      Day, A Robert 1993.  “How to Write and Publish a Scientific Paper” CUP.

2.      Hariharan.S. 1995.  “Brainstorming and Interactive Learning” Research Quarterly, ADU, Coimbatore.

3.      Krishna Mohan and Meera Banerji, 1990.  “Developing Communication Skills”, Macmillan Pub. Co., Ch.6,9,10,13 and 15.

4.      Mathew.M. Monipally. 1997. “The craft of Business Letter Writing”. Tata McGraw Hill Pup., Ch. 10 & Appendix – I.

5.      Seely John. 1988. “Communicating in Everyday Life”. The Oxford Guide to Writing and Speaking, OUP. P.1-79.

6.      Sudarsanam.R 1985.  “Development Education” Chapter 1,2.

7.      Taneja.R.P. 1991.  Dictionary of Education, Anmol Pub., New Delhi, India.

8.      Wallace, L.Michael 1998.  “Study Skills in English” CUP Unit.4.

 


 

FOR 101 STUDY TOUR TO SOUTHERN TAMIL NADU (0+1)

(07 Days)

Visit to Palni Hills – study of forest types and afforestation activities – Study of soil conservation measures at Kannivadi - Visit to Forestry school, Vaigai Dam – Visit to Periyar Sanctuary, Thekkady, Study of forest types, Ecotourism – Visit to Grizzled Giant Squirrel Sanctuary, Srivilliputhur - Study of Management - Visit to MPCA, Courtallam – Visit to KMTR – Study of forest types – Wildlife activities and Eco-development activities – Visit to ARC, Kanyakumari - Visit to Rubber wood factory - study of wood seasoning and utilization – study of wetland bird ecosystem at Nagercoil -  Visit to Tehri lands and afforestation activities – Visit to Coastal afforestation works – afforestation of saline soils, Ramnad  - Visit to Marine Biosphere Reserve – Gulf of Mannar – Visit to charcoal making industry, Paramakudi – Canal Bank Plantation, Madurai – Back to Mettupalayam

 

EVALUATION PATTERN

 

·         Written Exam                                      50   Marks

·         Attendance and Behaviour                 20   Marks

·         Record and Pocket Note                     20   Marks      

·         Viva Voce                                            10   Marks

       Total                                                  100 Marks

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