AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH STATION,
BHAVANISAGAR– 638 451,
Erode District.
Phone : 04295-240244
Fax : 04295-240032
E-mail : arsbsr@tnau.ac.in

1. Mandates of the station
Breeding and evaluation of new crop varieties and hybrids in rice, sorghum, pulses, cotton, vegetables, sugarcane and turmeric
Development of agro-technologies for agricultural and horticultural crops and cropping systems.
Evolving models for water, nutrient, weed, pest and disease management with reference to disease, detailed studies on foot rot in rice
Production of nucleus, breeder, foundation and TNAU labeled seeds in crops and grafts/seedlings of fruit crops
Evolving suitable practices for rainfed crops.
Research in farm implements
Agricultural education by offering two years Diploma in Agriculture programme through M.S.Swaminathan Institute of Agriculture (MSSIA) at this station
2. Faculty details

Sl. No. Name & Designation Faculty Expertise Contact No.
1. Dr.V.K.Duraisamy,    Professor and Head Agronomy Water Management, farming system 9443853473
2. Dr.P.K.Selvaraj, 
Professor Soil & Water Conversing Engineer Water Management, Micro Irrigation 9443788776
3. Dr.S.Sundareswaran, Professor Seed Science and Technology Seed Production and Quality Control 9442020149
4. Dr.V.Gomathi, 
Professor Agricultural Microbiology Solid Waste Management 9443156094
5. Dr.S.Rajeswari,  
Professor Plant Breeding and Genetics Rice Breeding 9486442137
6. Dr.G.Sasthri,         
Asst. Professor Seed Science and Technology Seed production and seed storage 9865729323
7. Dr.S.K.Natarajan,            Asst. Professor Agronomy Water management and drip fertigation 9976619198
8. Dr.K.Ramah, 
Asst. Professor Agronomy IFS and Drip fertigation 9894960327
9. Dr.P.Hemalatha, 
Asst. Professor Horticulture Floriculture and turmeric production 9786086226
10. Dr.Asish K.Binodh, 
Asst. Professor Plant Breeding and Genetics Sunflower and groundnut breeding 9443962609
11. Dr.S.Thenmozhi, 
Asst. Professor Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry Soil fertility management 9487374726
12. Dr.S.Maruthasalam, 
Asst. Professor Plant Pathology Turmeric disease management 9600385192
13. Dr.P.A.Saravanan, 
Asst. Professor Entomology IPM and Apiculture 7708874967
14. Dr.M.Rajavel, 
Asst. Professor Crop Physiology Climate physiology 8098844988
15. Dr.V.Vakeshwaran, 
Asst. Professor Seed Science and Technology Seed production and quality enhancement 9952176477
16. Dr.T.Selvakumar, 
Asst. Professor Agronomy Dip fertigation and water management 9842079240

3. Ongoing programmes

a).     AICRP-Water Management scheme (WMS)
All India coordinated research programme on water management is under operation since 1969. This research programme focuses mainly on developing water efficient cropping programmes in Lower Bhavani Project (LBP) command areas and micro irrigation studies. 
b).    Groundnut research
The all India coordinated research programme on groundnut is operating in this station since1985. The major objectives are to evolve a variety in groundnut suitable for rice fallow condition. This also acts as a testing centre for the coordinated research programme during rabi summer. Front Line Demonstration in Groundnut is also operating here.
c).     Sorghum research
This station is serving as a voluntary centre for AICRP centre for sorghum research. 


d).     National Seed Project: Breeder seed production and seed technology research
This seed production programme was started during 1994 funded by ICAR and state government of Tamil Nadu.  This programme is operating in this station with focused objective of producing high quality breeder seeds of improved varieties, parental lines of hybrids, foundation and certified seeds. The seeds produced under this project is supplied to various Agricultural Extension centres, state seed farms, state oilseed farms, private companies, farmers and colleges, Research stations and KVK’s of Tamil Nadu Agricultural University
e).     Breeder seed increase project
This breeder seed increase programme is in operation since 1978 with the major objective of production and supply of targeted quantities of breeder seeds of important crops like paddy, pulses, oilseeds, vegetables and millets as per the indent received from the Director (CPBG), TNAU, Coimbatore.  

Breeder seed production:                
Breeder seeds of Paddy viz., ADT 39, ADT 43, ADT (R) 45, ADT (R) 47, Bhavani, IR 50, IR 20, I.W.Ponni, Co 43 and Anna (R) 4,  Pulses like blackgram (Vamban 3, VBN(Bg)4, ADT 3, Co 6,)  greengram (CO 6 and COGG912), Cowpea (CO 6, CO (Cp)7), groundnut (VRI2,  TMV7), Maize (Co1, parental lines of maize hybrid COHM5 and TNAU maize hybrid CO6) and vegetables like Bhendi (Arka Anamika) cluster bean (Pusa Naubhahar) are  produced under this project. 
Foundation seed production:
Foundation seeds in paddy varieties like ADT 43, ADT (R) 45, IW Ponni are produced, processed and supplied to cater the needs of state indent, farmers of Erode district and other districts and private companies. 
TNAU labeled seed production: 
Labelled seeds of Paddy ADT 39, ADT 43, ADT (R) 45, IW Ponni, CO (R) 48, CO (R) 49, CO (R ) 50, CO (R ) 51, Anna (R)4, pulses like blackgram CO6, Greengram CO6 and COGG 912 and vegetables (Bhendi-Arka Anamika) are produced and distributed to farmers and different private and government agencies.  
f).    NADP (RKVY) – Seed project on Promotion of quality seed production in green manures
Sunhemp as a green manure crop is being cultivated for seed purpose.
g).   NADP (RKVY) – Market led precision farming system: Technology intervention in 300 ha of agricultural and horticultural crops in Erode district is being carried out with the help of Department of Agriculture and Horticulture.
h).  GOI-DST-SERB-IFS scheme “Evaluation of Suitable Integrated Farming System components for wetland situation in Erode district of Tamil Nadu”. This scheme is in operation to identify suitable farming components and to assess the economics of IFS for LBP command area.

i).  Venture Capital Schemes The following are in operation

Mass production of Trichoderma viride, Pseudomonas fluorescens and Pleurotus spp.
Production of foundation seeds of popular rice varieties through system of rice intensification.
Production and distribution of popular varieties/hybrids of coconut seedlings.
Clonal propagation of BSR amla for commercial outlet.
Commercial production and distribution of sugarcane setts.
Commercial production and distribution of banana suckers, fruits and leaves.
Production and distribution of vermicompost.

j).  Revolving Fund schemes on ICAR Mega seed Project, AICORP on National Seed Project (Crops) and Horticulture are also in operation for quality seed production and planting materials.

k). ATMA: Strategic research on management and production of agricultural and horticultural crops in Erode district are in progress.

l). Extension activities
A plant clinic centre is operating at this station since 1998. The staff working under this centre conduct periodic surveys and forecast farmer’s problems arising due to biotic factors. The major objectives of this scheme offering farm advisory services, trainings on various aspects of plant protection to farmers and extension workers through AIR / Doordarshan/ other mass media and by conducting farmers melas / farmers days / field days
 
4. Important Achievements

VARIETIES RELEASED
Turmeric BSR 1
Released during 1986
Selection from X-ray induced mutant population
Yields 31.0 t of fresh rhizomes and 6.0 t of dried rhizomes ha-1
Duration: 285 days
Attractive yellow rhizomes
Curcumin content: 4.2%  
Turmeric BSR 2
Released during 1994
Induced mutant from Erode
Medium statured with 240 days of duration
Yield: 32.0 t ha-1 of fresh rhizome and 6.2 t ha-1 of dried rhizome
Resistant to scale insects
Attractive yellow rhizomes
Curcumin content: 4.6%  
Groundnut BSR 1
Released during 1994
Selection from ICGV-86143 a cross derivative from (ICGV.44 / R-33-1)  x  NCAC -2821
Yield: 2845 kg/ha in kharif and 2500 kg ha-1 in summer
Duration: 110 days
Seed dormancy: 21 days
Oil content: 49.5%
Shelling percentage: 70.3%  
Redgram BSR 1
Released during 1986
Selection from Mayiladumparai (Madurai district) Local
Perennial bunchy type suitable for border crop
Yield: 1.0 – 1.5 kg of green pods plant-1 or
 200 – 250 g of dried seeds plant-1 
Resistant to wilt disease  
Sorghum BSR 1
Released during 1994
Multiple cross derivative
(SC 108 - 3 x ICSV 4) 16-3-1 x (MR-801 x R 2751) 4-1-1
Suitable for rainfed and irrigated conditions
Duration: 105-110 days
Yield: 2500 kg ha-1 grain and 9800 kg ha-1 stover in rainfed; 6000 kg ha-1 grain and 11800 kg ha-1 stover in irrigated condition
 
Amla BSR 1
Released during 1995
Selection from Thimbam Local
Yield: 155 kg fruits tree-1
Medium sized fruits (27 g)
High in ascorbic content (610 mg 100 g-1)
Highly suitable for herbal and healthcare products
 
RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTS
CROP MANAGEMENT

In garden lands, sequential cropping of rice (Aug-Dec.), groundnut (Jan.-April) and pearl millet (May-July) was found efficient and economical.
Growing rice – sesame – pearl millet – turmeric – cotton in a two year sequence has given the maximum profit in LBP area under conjunctive use of canal and well water.
Onion was found to be the best intercrop in turmeric with highest monetary returns.
Optimum time of sowing groundnut is 1st and 2nd week of January for summer crop and 1st week of July for kharif crop.
Foliar spray of 1 per cent KCl at 30, 60 and 90 days after planting along with recommended levels of fertilizers was found to be effective in overcoming the moisture stress during tillering and growth phases and minimize yield loss in sugarcane.

Water Management research
In curry leaf micro sprinkler irrigation once in two days at 40 per cent pan evaporation (PE) under paired row planting with a spacing of 0.75 m between rows and 1.25 m between pairs of rows was found to be optimum in sandy loam soils with following time of operations. 
Season Time of operation
January-February : 1 hour
March-June : 1 hour 30 minutes
July-September : 1 hour
October-November : 45 minutes
Performance evaluation of a single economical drip lay out for major annual commercial crops
Drip irrigation layout of 1.50 m lateral spacing with 4 lph drippers at 60 cm spacing along the lateral is most suitable for sugarcane, banana, turmeric, tapioca, tomato and other annual crops without altering the layout for several years.
Drip fertigation with, 100% of recommended nitrogen and potassium is very much suitable to sugarcane, banana, turmeric, tapioca and tomato.

   
Triangular method of planting – Banana Paired row method – Sugarcane
   
Paired row method – Tapioca Raised bed method - Turmeric

PLANT PROTECTION

Sugarcane sett treatment with imidacloprid 70WS 0.1% for 5 minutes for controlling termites.
Soil drenching with imidacloprid 0.1%, phosalone 0.2% for checking the field infestation of scale insects in turmeric.
Spraying carbendazim 0.1% cholorthalonil 0.2%, mancozeb 0.2% and NSKE 5% at boot leaf stage and panicle emergence was found to control rice sheath rot effectively.
Carbendazim @ 4g kg-1 of seed eliminates seed borne Colletotrichum capsici upto 60 days in storage resulting in higher germination in chillies.
Rhizome treatment with Pseudomonas fluorescens @ 10 kg ha-1 and soil application of neem cake reduces nematode population in turmeric.
Root rot in black gram can be controlled by seed treatment with Trichoderma viride, T.harzianum and neem leaf extract (10%).
Coconut leaf blight caused by Biopolaris incurvata (2005), Coleus root rot caused by Macrophomina phaseolina (2005) and Stevia root rot caused by Sclerotium rolfsii (2006) were identified and reported for the first time in India.
Papaya mealy bug incidence was successfully managed with the encyrtid parasitoid Acerophagus papayee  that has been mass multiplied and supplied to more than 2000 farmers across Erode district.

5. Future Thrust

i. Evolving rice varieties suitable for cultivation under aerobic condition
ii. Evolving early maturing groundnut genotypes with superior yield
iii. Studies on drip fertigation to different crops
iv. Evaluation of suitable intercropping system for Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative (SSI) for wesern zone of Tamil Nadu
v. Evaluation of suitable irrigation schedule for Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative (SSI) in sub surface Drip irrigation for Western zone of Tamil Nadu
vi. Economical Integrated farming system for wetland condition
vii. Research on rapid multiplication technique in turmeric
viii. Evolving models for pest and disease management for different crops of this zone
ix. Production of breeder, foundation and TNAU labeled seed production in crops and grafts/seedlings of fruit crops
x. Research in efficiency of farm implements
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