GENESIS

1.The origin of the Department of Fruit Crops dates back  to1935, with the establishment of a “Fruit Research Station” at Kodur (now in Andhra Pradesh) by the then Imperial Council of Agricultural Research.

2.Research on fruit crops gained further emphasis with the commencement of a Fruit Section at Coimbatore in 1950.

3.The Department of Fruit Crops was separately establishedat the time of formation of University during 1972 and since then, intensive research, education and extension activities are pursued to promote fruit crops cultivation.

4.Courses related to general horticulture, fruit breeding and applied fruit cultivation are being offered to students of UG, PG and Ph.D degree programmes of this University.

5.The Department has well equipped tissue culture laboratory, analytical laboratory, UG and PG laboratories with computer facilities.

6.Breeding, crop management, plant protection and post harvest technology of fruit crops are the mandatory areas of research.  The faculties of this Department are well trained at international institutes and laboratories.

7.The Department has a well established orchard with field gene bank for banana and papaya, sapota and guava varietal museums, crop cafeteria and experimental plots. 

8.The Department has an extensive collection of banana inclusive of diploids (AA and AB), triploids (AAA, AAB and ABB) and tetraploids, providing strong base for banana improvement.

9.The Department focuses on research in ‘resistance breeding in banana and papaya’ at national and international level.

10.Systematic breeding programme have led to the development and release of ‘a synthetic banana hybrid Co.1’ and eight improved papaya varieties namely, Co.1 to Co.8.

11.Active research programmes has resulted in improved water / nutrient management techniques, crop growth regulation and plant protection in different fruit crops viz., banana, papaya, mango, sapota and grapes.

 


MANDATE OF THE DEPARTMENT

EDUCATION

1.To teach courses on fruit crops cultivation in a comprehensive  manner for undergraduate, post graduate and doctoral students

RESEARCH

1.Breeding bananas with resistance to fusarium wilt, yellow  sigatoka leaf spot and nematodes combined with dessert qualities
2.
Breeding papaya varieties with high yield, quality, high papain content and resistance to papaya ring spot virus

3.
Evolving cost effective hi-tech horticulture technologies for banana, papaya, grapes and guava

EXTENSION

1.To multiply and distribute quality planting materials of
 important fruit crops to needy people
2.To disseminate the technologies developed in fruit crops to needy people and entrepreneurs through training, demonstrations, publications and mass media.