To cater the needs of the farmers of Erode district, the Agricultural Research Station was started by the Department of Agriculture at Satyamangalam in August 1951 with an area of 20 hectares. Later it was shifted to Bhavanisagar in 185.28 hectares and started functioning from 1st March 1955. The station is positioned at the origin of LBP (Lower Bhavani Project) reservoir. It is a lead centre for western zone which lies in 11° 29’ N latitude and longitude of 77° 80’ E at 256 m above MSL. Cultivable area of this station is 154.94 hectares. This is a major multicrop station in the State engaged in research, diploma education, extension and seed production activities of various agricultural and horticultural crops.
Climate and Soil
The climate is mainly semi arid tropic. The mean annual rainfall is 717 mm. The mean maximum temperature is 33.9° C and that of the minimum temperature is 21.6° C. The average wind velocity is 3.2 KMPH. Sunshine hours range from 3.7 to 7 per day with an average evaporation of 4.3 mm per day. The soils of this station can be considered to represent the major soil types which are found in the Lower Bhavani Project ayacut area. Soils belonging to Irugur series, Sathyamangalam series, Chikkarampalayam series and Kodivery series are distributed in five blocks of this research station.
© Tamil Nadu Agricultural University 2016