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Critical Thinking Second Exam

Critical Thinking Questions for Second Exam

You will answer FIVE of the following questions.  You must do AT LEAST ONE from each chapter.  Label each questions and put the question itself at the beginning of each of your answers so I can tell which question toy are answering.  Use 16 point font & answer each in at least ONE FULL page.  If you have any questions, ask.

Chapter 8

1.        Examine Alexander Hamilton's proposal concerning assumption of state debts, and discuss the social, economic, and political concepts on which the proposal was based. Why did the proposal arouse opposition in Congress? How was the issue resolved?

2.        Discuss the similarities and differences between the social, economic, and political philosophies of Alexander Hamilton and the Federalists on the one hand and Thomas Jefferson and the Republicans on the other. Why did these political factions emerge? How did each view the other? From what segments of society did each faction draw its support?

3.        Defend or refute the following statement: “In retrospect, Washington's and Hamilton's reaction to the Democratic societies seems hysterical, overwrought, and entirely out of proportion to whatever challenge they may have posed to the administration.”

4.        Discuss the domestic political ramifications of the XYZ Affair. Concentrate on the extent to which the reactions of the two political factions to this affair confirmed in the minds of opposition leaders that the other party intended to subvert the republic's ideology.

5.        Examine the Alien and Sedition Acts, the reasons for their passage, and the reaction of Jefferson and Madison to these acts. Were the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions a proper response to the Alien and Sedition Acts, or were they an overreaction?

7.        Discuss the basic beliefs and characteristics of the Democratic-Republican faction, and explain how the actions and decisions of the Democratic-Republicans demonstrated those beliefs.

8.        Discuss the forces between the 1780s and the 1800 that challenged the system of race relations that had evolved in the American colonies and the new American republic. In what way was Gabriel's Rebellion a manifestation of these forces?

Chapter 9

1.        Discuss the methods used by partisans in the early nineteenth century to court and mobilize popular support for political candidates and the political beliefs of those candidates. What role did a partisan press play in this process?

2.        Defend and offer evidence to support the idea that John Marshall made the Supreme Court the third coequal branch of government. Why was the case of Marbury v. Madison so important in this respect?

3.        Discuss the factors that led to the Louisiana Purchase. Why was Jefferson reluctant to agree to the purchase? Why did he ultimately agree to it? Why was the purchase significant?

4.        Explain the goals of Prophet and Tecumseh and examine the ideas they advanced to achieve those goals. How successful were they in achieving their objectives?

5.        Discuss the causes and consequences of the War of 1812.

6.        Using the War of 1812 as your evidence, submit a report to President Monroe that outlines the strengths and weaknesses of the American military system. Make specific suggestions for improvement.

7.        Defend the following statement: “From 1817 to 1825, John Quincy Adams brilliantly managed the nation’s foreign policy.”

8.        Discuss the causes and consequences of the Panic of 1819.

9.        Explain the conflict over the admission of Missouri to statehood and the resulting compromise. Why did Thomas Jefferson say that the Missouri issue, “like a fire bell in the night, awakened and filled me with terror”?

Chapter 12

1.        Examine the relationship between evangelical Protestantism and the reform movements that emerged within American society during the 1830s and 1840s.

2.        Examine the emergence of temperance as a major issue in the 1840s and 1850s, and explain the role of women in the temperance movement.

3.        Discuss the similarities and differences between gradualists and immediatists in terms of beliefs, constituencies, and policies.

4.        If you had been alive in the early 1800s, would you have voted for Andrew Jackson for president? Why or why not?

5.        Discuss the confrontation between the proponents and opponents of the Second Bank of the United States. How was the issue resolved and with what consequences?

5.        Examine the similarities and differences between the Whigs and Democrats in terms of beliefs, constituencies, and policies.