Linear Algebra: Determinants
Target Audience: High School Students, College Freshmen and Sophomores, Class 11/12 Students in India preparing for ISC/CBSE and Entrance Examinations like the IITJEE, Anyone else who needs this Tutorial as a reference!
Introduction to determinants. Second and third order determinants, minors and cofactors. Properties of determinants and how it remains altered or unaltered based on simple transformations is matrices. Expanding the determinant. Solved problems related to determinants. 
Here's a quick outline of the topics covered in this tutorial1. Determinants : 2. Computing the minors and cofactorsminor M_{ij}^{th}j^{th}^{(i+j) }_{ij}_{ij} 3. Expansion of Determinant: A determinant can be evaluated by taking elements of any row or column and multiplying with their cofactors; and adding the results. Properties of Determinants :1. If rows and columns are interchanged, the determinant remains unaltered. 2. If any 2 rows or columns of a determinant are interchanged, then the resulting determinant is the negative of the original determinant 3. If the elements of any row (column) are multiplied by a nonzero scalar k, then the determinant is multiplied by k. 4. If two rows(or columns) in a determinant have corresponding entries that are equal, the value of determinant is equal to zero. 5. If each entry of a determinant is written as sum of two or more constituents then the determinant can be expressed as a sum of two or more determinants. 6. If to each element of a line (row or columns) of a determinant be added the equimultiple of the corresponding elements of one or parallel lines, the determinant remains unaltered. 7. If each entry in any row or a column is zero then value of a determinant is zero.
We introduce the idea of solving simultaneous equations using determinants. Consider a system of mn 1. Solution: 2. Consistent system: 3. Homogeneous and nonhomogeneous system of linear equations:
Tutorial with solved problems : These problems will help you understand how to apply row and column transformations to compute determinants. Computing and simplifying determinants involving terms with factorials, log, trigonometric ratios, algebraic expressions and so on. You might like to take a look at some of our other Linear Algebra tutorials :
Introduction to Matrices  Part I Introduction to Matrices. Theory, definitions. What a Matrix is, order of a matrix, equality of matrices, different kind of matrices: row matrix, column matrix, square matrix, diagonal, identity and triangular matrices. Definitions of Trace, Minor, Cofactors, Adjoint, Inverse, Transpose of a matrix. Addition, subtraction, scalar multiplication, multiplication of matrices. Defining special types of matrices like Symmetric, Skew Symmetric, Idempotent, Involuntary, Nilpotent, Singular, NonSingular, Unitary matrices.
 Introduction to Matrices  Part IIProblems and solved examples based on the subtopics mentioned above. Some of the problems in this part demonstrate finding the rank, inverse or characteristic equations of matrices. Representing real life problems in matrix form.
 Determinants Introduction to determinants. Second and third order determinants, minors and cofactors. Properties of determinants and how it remains altered or unaltered based on simple transformations is matrices. Expanding the determinant. Solved problems related to determinants.  Simultaneous linear equations in multiple variablesRepresenting a system of linear equations in multiple variables in matrix form. Using determinants to solve these systems of equations. Meaning of consistent, homogeneous and nonhomogeneous systems of equations. Theorems relating to consistency of systems of equations. Application of Cramer rule. Solved problems demonstrating how to solve linear equations using matrix and determinant related methods.
 Basic concepts in Linear Algebra and Vector spaces  Introductory problems related to Vector Spaces
 More concepts related to Vector Spaces
 Problems related to linear transformation, linear maps and operators  Definitions of Rank, Eigen Values, Eigen Vectors, Cayley Hamilton Theorem
 More Problems related to Simultaneous Equations; problems related to eigenvalues and eigenvectors Demonstrating the Crammer rule, using eigenvalue methods to solve vector space problems, verifying Cayley Hamilton Theorem, advanced problems related to systems of equations. Solving a system of differential equations .
 A few closing problems in Linear AlgebraSolving a recurrence relation, some more of system of equations.


