A few recommendations for Data Structures and Algorithms:
Basic Sorting and Searching Algorithms for Arrays, at a glance
Shell sort works by comparing elements that are distant rather than adjacent elements in an array or list where adjacent elements are compared. Shellsort uses an increment sequence. The increment size is reduced after each pass until the increment size is 1. With an increment size of 1, the sort is a basic insertion sort, but by this time the data is guaranteed to be almost sorted, which is insertion sort's "best case". The distance between comparisons decreases as the sorting algorithm runs until the last phase in which adjacent elements are compared hence, it is also known as diminishing increment sort.
1. n = length of the list, increment = n/2
2. Do the following until increment>0 i = increment until i<n do the following
Store the value at index i in a temporary variable(temp)
j = i until j>= increment do the following
• If temp is less than the value at index j-increment
Replace the value at index j with the value at index j-increment and
decrease j by increment.
• Else break out of the j loop.
Replace the value at index j with temp and increase i by 1.
Divide increment by 2.
1. Best-Case Complexity- O(n) when array is already sorted.
2. Worst-Case Complexity-It depends on gap sequence; best known is O( n (log n)2 ) and
occurs when array is sorted in reverse order.
3. Average-Case Complexity- It also depends on gap sequence.
4. O(1) extra space and it is not stable.
5. It’s only efficient for medium size lists. it is a complex algorithm and it’s not nearly as
efficient as the merge, heap, and quick sorts.
Related Tutorials :
Tutorials on Sorting- at a glance