FOE Homework

Due Friday, May 8, 2015
GL IX: iv (words named from places) 1-15

Due Monday, May (!) 4, 2015
GL VII: v - First, understand the ILC (#30) of LOAN WORDS by reading the chapter.
Then, do v on page this:  Look up the words and determine 1. their meaning and 2. their language of origin.  Simple, right?!? Do it!


1.  angst.  DEF: a feeling of deep anxiety or fear.  LoO:  German/Old High German
2. apparat.  DEF:  a ruling communist party.  LoO:  German/Russian

Due Thursday, April 30, 2015
Work on Writing System Research Project!

Read GL VI and look at prefixes (hyper- to syn- on page 193 and then
        Do iii 1-12 as for previous 2 hw assignments. :)

Due Tuesday, April 28, 2015
Work on WWSRP as needed.
Read GL V and understand ILCs 27. homonyms; 28. homographs; 29. homophones.
    And, look at list of prefixes on pp. 188-9. 
     Do iii 1-12 like this:

1.  exoskeleton:  a creature with its skeleton on the outside
2.  dysentery:  a condition that creates disorder in the bowels. ;)

Due Friday, April 24, 2015
Do GL IV:  iii (1-12)
But first - Learn the 7 Greek Prefixes on Pages 184-5!

Samples (and please do yours with this much detail and information):

1.  anonymous:  a- means without and ONYM means name, so this means literally 'without a name' ha!
2.  antarctic:   ant- means opposite so this means opposite the arctic (interesting:  from         arctic from Greek arktikos "of the north," literally "of the (constellation) Bear," from arktos "bear)
3.  apostle:  apo- means from, off and STLE means to send, so this means literally 'sent from' or 'messenger'

Due Wednesday, April 22, 2015
Do GL II: ii, iii like this:


1.  like the e in equal

2.  like the a in about

3.  like the o in tone


1.  dam

2.  con

3.  mi

Due Monday, April 20, 2015
Study for ROOTS 6 Quiz and for History of English Test!

Due Thursday, April 16, 2015
GK I:  i, ii all - pronunciations of Greek words. :)

Sample Answers:
        1.  3 - the e in eagle
        2.  2 - the g in gem
        3.  2 - the c in can

        1.  circle the o
        2.  circle the me
        3.  circle the u or the le

Due Tuesday, April 14, 2015
You are free as a bridd over spring break - thank me later. :)

Due Friday, April 3, 2015
Just make sure you all set for your presentation - paragraphs sent to me, questions done, handouts done, slide show done and rehearsed!

Due Wedesday, April 1, 2015 (no joke)
Greek Introduction (read pages 158-159 carefully) and do i, ii, iii all.

1.  bishop - GK - episkopos = overseer; Episcopal.

1. alms - GK eleos - L - VL - OE

1.  almond - GK amygdale, an almond tree

Due Monday, March 30, 2015
Work on items for Hist of English Language Research PresentationThese are happening on                 Friday!

Due Thursday, March 26, 2015
Do iii, iv at the end of intro - this is about tracing the path of words into English so probably using would be useful for this.

Due Tuesday, March 24, 2015

Please read the Introduction (pages 1-6) and do i and ii.

Here is ROOTS 4 quiz if you need to make it up. Please email me when you do so. :)  CM
Due Friday, March 20, 2015
Read LL XXIV - ILC 25 - It's a bridd!  It's a palne!  It's METATHESIS!  And also read this handout.

Make sure you understand this concept...both as a spelling change and a pronunciation change...and both. :)

Due Wednesday, March 18, 2015
Read LL XXII - ILC 24 - Doublets!  Do WS 1-3 and 1-13 (handed out in class, but here also if you need it...)

Due Monday, March 16, 2015
Read LL XXI - ILC 23 - Blends!  Do iv and then invent 5 of your own. Think about Taco Bell's marketing strategy...a la  Quesarito!

Sample Answers:
LL XXI, iv

1.  Amerind = American Indian
2.  dumfound = dumb and confound

Due Thursday, March 12, 2015
NNA Letters - email to me at  No late letters accepted!
LL XX:  Clips (ILC #22) - Please read the Chapter and do iv, v as directed.  Here are some answers to get you         started:

LLXX: iv, v
1.  bus from omnibus
2.  cab from taxicab (ha - also taxi from taxicab)
3.  cad from cadet (or caddie?)

Due Tuesday, March 10, 2015

LL XIX:  Folk Etymology (ILC #21)  Do iv by looking up words to figure out their mistaken etymologies.

Sample Answers
1.  belfry - now a bell tower, but originally a moveable tower for war - berfrey (MF).
2. crayfish - a fresh water crustacean, but originally the word was crevice (OF).
3. curtail - now means 'to cut short' but originally was an OF word meaning an animal with a docked tail.

Due Friday, March 6, 2015
Research Names (first and last for sure and middle if desired).

Due Wednesday, March 4, 2015
Surname W.S. - handed out in class.

Due Monday, March 2, 2015

Read LL XVIII - ILCs 18, 19, 20 and complete Euphmism/Circumlocution Worksheet.

Due Wednesday, February 24, 2015

Get organized for the Midterm. What you can use:
ILC Chart (1-17)
        Articulatory Anatomy Diagram/Notes from Presentations
        American Dialect Notes
        Bundle Sheets (Bundles 1-14)

You can't use old ROOTS quizzes (1-3) or ROOTS notes...

Due Monday, February 22, 2015
Please read LL XV and do iv (see examples below).  This is ILC #17:  Abstract vs. Concrete

Here's how I think of this:  Concrete is the tangible thing itself; Abstract is more intangible feeling of it...


1.  Authority: Abstract - He has no authority to make that decision.

                    Concrete - The authorities arrested him for breaking and entering.

2.  Scholarship:  Abstract - Her scholarship was excellent in all areas.

                        Concrete - She won several academic scholarships.

Due Thursday, February 19, 2015

Complete double-sided Elevation (ILC #15) and Degeneration (ILC #16) worksheet.  Having trouble?  Use an online anagram generator to plug in the scrambled letters to see what words can be made - and maybe do your name as well to see what's hidden in there!

Here is one:

Due Tuesday, February 17, 2015
Add pronunciations of ten of the words from four people to this sheet.

Due Thursday, February 12, 2014

Read LL XIII - ILC #14:  Functional Shift

DO iv - 1-10; v -  5 of your own examples.

Here is some help: 


1.  stone - originally a noun; acting as a verb here.                                                                                                       

2. front - originally a noun; acting as an adjective here.


think of all the new words around how we communicate - email, text, etc. 

1.  "Hey - why did you decline my friend request?"

        friend - originally a noun ; acting as an adjective here.

2.  "OMG - Frodo tried to friend me on Facebook!"

        friend - originally a  noun; acting as a verb here - (well, really an infinitive, but that's too  much to                        explain right now...).

Due Tuesday, February 10, 2015
Read LL XII and add ILC 12 SPECIALIZATION and ILC 13 GENERALIZATION to your chart

Find the original meaning of these words and their modern meaning. They have all undergone SPECIALIZATION!

Find the original meaning of these words and their modern meaning. They have all undergone GENERALIZATION!

Due Friday, February 6, 2015
Work on Alphabet Research Presentation!  Turn in a one-page info sheet; share slide with me and be ready to         sell your letter/symbol to the class!

Due Wednesday, February 4, 2015
LL XI - ILC #11 Semantic Change (aka Similitude).
Do iv on Page 82 like this:

1.  cancer - has to do with the word 'crab' due to its appearance - a crab-like tumor
2.  eradicate - RADIC means root and this literally means 'to pull up by the roots'
3.  flourish - the root relates to flowers and blooms so this a flowering in a more metaphorical sense

Due Monday, February 2, 2015
Nothing new - what do you need to do to get caught up?  And, you can continue your research on your letter/punctuation mark. Presentations Friday!

Due Thursday, January 29, 2015
LL IX:  iii - odds.  Break apart the italicized words into prefixes, suffixes and ROOTS and define each part and then define the word in context.

Also:  READ the chapter carefully!  :)

Due Tuesday, January 27, 2015
LL VII - Read it and understand the concept of HYBRIDS (ILC 8).

Find at least 5 English words that are hybrids  and break them into ROOTS and indicate the language of origin for each like this:

        1.  genocide - GEN (Gk) + CID (L)
        2.  claustrophobia CL(A)US (L) + PHOBIA(Gk)

I used Online Etymology Dictionary and provided links to the above samples. This is a great site, but fairly academic!  Check it out!

Due Friday, January 23, 2015

LL VI:  Read it (ILC 7 - BASE COMBINING and also ROMAN NUMERAL info) and do

        ii - 1, 2, 4, 9, 11, 13, 15, 19

        iii - all

        iv - all

Sample Answers:

ii:          1.    centipede - CENT = 100; PED = foot so it's a 100-footed thing.

               2.    viaduct - VI(A) = way, road; DUCT = to lead so this is a road that leads somewhere

iii            1.      unicorn is a one (UNI) horned (CORN) thing

                2.      primer is a first (PRIM) coat or first book, etc.

iv            1.  XVIII = 18!

                2.   xlix = 49!

Due Wednesday, January 22, 2015


LL V:  iv, v, vi

LL V: iv
1.  assent - dissent
2.  supersonic - subsonic
LL V:  v
1.  spectate - spectator
2.  emote - emotion
LL V:  vi
1.  lone - alone
2.  mend - amend

Due Friday, January 16, 2015

LL IV: iv, v, vi (ILCs #2 Abbreviations and #3 Acronyms)

Sample Answers:

LL IV: iv (working with prefixes)
1.    peruasive - nonpersuasive, unpersuasive
2.    militarize - demilitarize
3.    enfranchise - disenfranchise
LL IV: v (abbreviations)
1.    D.D.S. - Doctor of Dental Science
2.    F. R. S. - Fellow of the Royal Society
LL VI: vi (acronyms)
1.    flak - Fliegerabwehrkanone
2.    laser - light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation

Due Wednesday, January 14, 2015

LL III:iv (ILC #1:  Assimilation of Prefixes)

Sample Answers

1.  ad + lusion = allusion            2.  sub + fuse = suffuse

Due Monday, January 12, 2015

LL I, xi:  But with some changes:
Find the definitions for these IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS:

1.  do for             2.  dog it          3.  let on           4.  down in the mouth          5.  fill in
6.  carry on             7.  make short work of                   8.  get it

Then, think of five other idiomatic expressions (used by you, your group of friends, teenagers, westerners, Americans, etc.) and define them. 

Selected Answers:
LLI, xi:
1.  do for:  cause the defeat of...
2.  dog it: to do something lazily or perfunctorily...

Your Own Idioms
1.  "all the cool kids are doing it" - a means of encouragement to get others to join in...

Due Thursday, January 7, 2015

LL I:  iii, vi.  And, read the chapter as well - contains good info on how to use a dictionary!

You can go to and for part vi, you may want to check out  And you can also just use a good (college type) dictionary, if you like that kind of thing.

Here are some sample answers:

I:iii - write out the full pronunciation - with any variations - which I couldn't do below because I can't                   type all the necessary symbols...
1.  CHIROPODIST:  most importantly, note that the accent is on the second syllable and the opening sound is         /k/, but is sometimes pronounced with a /sh/.
2.  SCHEDULE:  most importantly, the accent is on the first syllable and in American English is pronounced           /sk/ while in British English  it is /sh/.

I:vi - please just find the ultimate language of origin - the last one in the list, and then include the story                  about the word as I have done below...
1.  AMETHYST:  from Greek meaning 'not drunk' because the stone was believed to prevent drunkenness.
2.  GERRYMANDER:  from Governor Elbridge Gerry and 'salamander' due to the shape of a election area                     formed during his time in office.

Oct 31, 2014, 2:41 PM
Oct 24, 2014, 6:07 AM
Sep 17, 2014, 7:38 AM
Oct 31, 2014, 2:40 PM
Mar 16, 2015, 5:56 AM
Feb 25, 2015, 5:29 AM
Nov 6, 2014, 2:32 PM
Oct 1, 2013, 1:53 PM
Mar 18, 2015, 5:55 AM
Dec 2, 2014, 7:26 AM
Nov 17, 2014, 9:01 AM
Feb 6, 2012, 7:38 AM