Year at a Glance

Course Description

In Grade 5, instructional time should focus on four critical areas: (1) understanding the historical eras, and themes in North America from 1491 through the founding of the United States government (2) analyzing the causes and consequences of movement; (3) understanding government and market structures and how they influence financial institutions; and (4) explaining the origins, structures and functions of the United States.  These concepts and associated skills are aligned with the Colorado Academic Standards for social studies, incorporating 21st century skills and postsecondary and workforce readiness competencies

Fifth Grade Social Studies

Grade Level Expectations at a Glance


Grade Level Expectation

Fifth Grade

1.  History

 1.   Analyze historical sources from multiple points of view to develop an understanding of historical context.

 2.  The historical eras, individuals, groups ideas, and themes in North America from 1491 through the founding of the United States government.

2.  Geography

1.   Use various geographic tools and sources to answer question about the geography of the United States.

2. Causes and consequences of movement. 

3.  Economics

1.   Government and market structures influence financial institutions.

2.  Utilizing financial institutions to manage personal finances (PFL).

4.  Civics

1.   The foundations of citizenship in the United States.

2.   The origins, structures, and functions of the United States government.

1st Trimester

CO Code

Evidence Outcome


Identify variables associated with discovery, exploration, and migration


Explain migration, trade, and cultural patterns that result from interactions


Describe and analyze how specific physical and political features influenced historical events, movements, and adaptation to the environment


Identify and explain cultural interactions between 1491 and the American Revolution. Topics to include but not limited to The Columbian Exchange, the interactions between Europeans and Native Americans in the 17th and 18th centuries, and the developing relationship between Europeans and enslaved Africans.


Identify and describe the significant individuals and groups of Native Americans and European colonists before the American Revolution.


Explain the reasons for the settlement of the American colonies


Create timelines of eras and themes in North America from 1491 through the American Revolution


Analyze cartoons, artifacts, artwork, charts, and graphs related to eras and things in North America from 1491 through the American Revolution


Explain the development of political, social and economic institutions in the British American colonies


Explain important political, social, economic, and military developments leading to and during the American Revolution

2nd Trimester

CO Code

Evidence Outcome


Identify different ways of dating historical sources to understand historical context


Examine significant historical documents. Topics to include but not limited to The Stamp Act, The Declaration of Independence, and The Constitution


Identify political principles of American democracy and how the Constitution and Bill of Rights reflect and preserve these principles


Explain the historical foundation and the events that led to the formation of the United States Constitutional Government. Topics to include but not limited to the colonial experience, The Declaration of Independence, The Articles of Confederation


Explain the origins, structure, and functions of the three branches of the United States Government and the relationships among them


Describe and provide sources and examples of individual rights


Give examples of group and individual actions that illustrate civic ideals in the founding of the United States. Ideals to include but not limited to freedom, rules of law, equality, civility, cooperation, respect, responsibility, and civic participation 


Define the criteria and process for becoming a citizen


Describe how the decisions of the national government affect local and state government

3rd Trimester

CO Code

Evidence Outcome


Answer questions about regions of the United States using various types of maps


Use geographic tools to identify, locate, and describe places and regions in the United States and suggest reasons for their location


Locate resources in the United States and describe the influence of access on the development of local and regional communities


Describe similarities and differences between the physical geography of Colorado and its neighboring states


Analyze how cooperation and conflict among people contribute to political, economic, and social divisions in the United States


Give examples of the influence of geography of the history of the United States


 Define a capitalist market economy


Identify governmental activities that affect financial institutions and the economy at the local, state, and national level


Identify different financial institutions


Identify the products and services of financial institutions to include but not limited to such topics as checking accounts, savings accounts, investments, and loans


Compare and contrast financial institutions, their products, and services

Feb 5, 2012, 11:52 AM