-Fiction -Literary short stories
-Nonfiction expository narratives - Stories used to explain or prove a point - Extended narrative
-Long episode that illustrates or supports an essay’s thesis-Objective - Facts – who, what, where, when - Right or wrong (objective test) - Factual retelling- Subjective - Clearly defined point of view - “lesson” you wish your readers to share - Subjective interpretation Body of the narrative
- Two parts
- Personal experience
- Recent or more distant past event
- Response to the personal experience
- Interpretation of the experience
- The lasting effect of what happened
- Analysis of the experience
- Changes to a person or property, positive or negative
- Useful learning experiences
p. 339 SWW
Problems to Avoid
- May evolve from the physical and/or practical
- A change of perspective
- A change of attitude
- A revelation
- An adoption of a new way of thinking, acting, etc.
- You must be able to identify the impact.
Don’t choose a story based on its entertainment value. The experience must have value to you based on the impact you realized.
- You must be able to explain the impact.
You must be able to put in words specific effects that the experience had on you then and/or now and/or in the future. If you can’t put the impact into words, the story won’t work for this assignment.Introduction
- Background and orientation
- Setting and situation
- Tell the reader what he/she needs to know to understand the story.
- The specific episode
- Hint at the impact
- Chronological order
- Description – people, places, things
- Sensory imagery
- 5 senses: what you see, hear, taste, smell, touch or feel
- Direct – tell the reader what he or she needs to know to make the events of the story clear and logical
- Dialogue/key quotes
- Adds interest and realism
- May be original from the actual event
- May be contrived (artistic license) for effect
- Should be several examples in the essay
Narrative Essay – Forbidden Statements (Impact)
I don’t take things for granted anymore.
I’ll never look at _____ the same.
I’ll never be the same. . .
Life is short . . .
I live every day differently.
Each day, hour, minute could be my last.
I now value things in life I found not so important before.