• - This important struggle was waged by radical northerners who wanted to punish the South and Southerners who desperately wanted to preserve their way of life
  • - Andrew Johnson pardoned most Southern whites, appointed provisional governors and outlined steps for the creation of new state governments
  • - Many white Southerners refused to accept blacks’ new status and resisted the idea of equal rights
  • - Many Southern whites could not accept the idea that former slaves could not only vote but hold office
  • - Southern planters returned home to find that the value of their property had plummeted
  • - Throughout the South, many small farms were ruined
  • - Hundreds of thousands of Southern men had died in the war