Ch.16 The Civil War

The Civil War - a war in which Americans fought other Americans - transformed the United States.  It shattered the economy of the South while contributing to the rapid economic growth of the North and the West.  African Americans gained freedom when slavery was abolished, but the war left a legacy of bitterness between North and South that lasted for generations.  The war established the power of the federal government over the states.

Students will begin by comparing the North and the South - their strengths, weaknesses, and strategies.  They will then explore the early years of the war, with the Battles of Bull Run, Shiloh, New Orleans, and Richmond.  Emphasis will be placed on the Battle of Antietam, the bloodiest single day of the entire war, and the role it played in convincing President Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation.  Students will also discuss early Southern victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville.

Next, students will analyze the Emancipation Proclamation and debate its effectiveness at actually freeing the slaves.  This will lead students towards exploring the role that African Americans played in the war.  From here, students will identify the turning point of the war during the Battle of Gettysburg and analyze the Gettysburg Address.  We will discuss the final phases of the war, with Sherman's March to the Sea, and the North's victory along with Lee's surrender at Appomattox Courthouse. 

Throughout the unit, students will use primary and secondary sources, such as Civil War songs, the Gettysburg Address, Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address, and an excerpt from the historical novel The Last Full Measure by Jeff Shaara.  We will view clips from the film "Gods and Generals," and watch the movie "Glory," which is the true story of the Massachusetts 54th Regiment - an all African American force.

Students will also complete a research essay on a topic related to the Civil War.  This assignment will be in conjunction with their Language Arts class.  A large portion of the writing process will be completed in Language Arts, and two separate grades - SS and LA - will be taken.  This chapter also corresponds wonderfully to the students' visit Springfield in April.


Crash Course: Battles of the Civil War - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=25HHVDOaGeE

Battle of Gettysburg Summary - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0tX-jugMgiU

Ken Burns The Civil War - Gettysburg Address - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qCXUbQ4JjXI




** Civil War Research Paper - Assigned on Thursday, April 25th and Due Monday, May 20th
  - Details can be downloaded below.  Students will work on this in Social Studies and 
    Language Arts.
 
** Civil War Movies Permission Form - Due by Thursday, 3/21

* "America: Story of Us" Video Notes - Completed in class the week of 3/18-21
  - Episode 4: Division
  - Episode 5: Civil War

* Ch.16 Sect.1 and 2 Test - Wednesday, 4/17

* Primary Source Civil War Songs - Completed in class Wednesday, 4/10-12

* Emancipation Proclamation Analysis - Completed in class Tuesday, 4/30
  - Was the Emancipation Proclamation effective in abolishing slavery in the U.S.?  
    Explain in MEL-Con Format.

* Ch.16 Sect.3+5 Test - Monday, 5/13

* "Glory" movie questions - Tuesday. 5/14 through Monday, 5/20
  - Completed in class while watching film



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