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aa10. Adjectives #3 Arabic based no agreement

Darasa la kumi- Part 3 adjectives that are of Arabic origin and do not take a prefix.

 ** At the end of this lesson are three sets of flashcards over all the adjectives to help you study.

As a reminder, adjectives in Swahili are divided into three groups:

  1. Those that need a prefix and have a consonant stem;
  2. Those that need a prefix and have vowel stem; and
  3. Those which are of Arabic origin, and do not take agreements.

 

The following adjectives do not take an agreement.  This group of adjectives do not change regardless of the noun they are describing. All you do is put the adjective after the noun, expect in the case of 'kila' -every, which goes before the noun.

Bora     

Better, best

Bure

Useless

Ghali

Expensive

Rahisi

Easy, cheap

Tofauti

different

*Kila

Every

Maridadi

Fancy, adorned

Gani?

What kind of?

Safi

Clean, pure

 

 

·      Kila is the only adjective that goes BEFORE the noun.

 

Vocabulary from previous lessons.

M- Mi- class

Ki- Vi- class

Mto- river or pillow

Kiti- chair

Mwaka- year

Kijiko- spoon

Mguu- a leg, foot

Kitanda- bed

Mkate- bread

Kidole- finger

 

Kitu- thing

 

Examples of adjectives that do not need a prefix.

Kiti maridadi, chakula rahisi, walimu tofauti, wageni bure, mgeni bora, kiti safi, viti safi, kitanda maridadi, vijana tofauti, kidole gani?, viti ghali,  vitu maridadi, mto bure.

 

We can also add the words ‘sana’ and ‘kabisa’ to an adjective to stress it.  These always go after the adjective.

 

Mzigo bure sana.  Totally worthless load.

Kitanda maridadi kabisa.  A very pretty bed.

Vyakula ghali sana.  Very expensive food.

Mtu tofauti sana.  Very different person.

Nyama bora sana.  The very best meat.

 

Exercises.

Below are examples of all of the adjectives and most of the nouns we have learned thus far.  Cover the Swahili column and try to translate the words in the English column.  Then reverse the process, covering the English column.

 

Mkate myeupe

White bread

Kiti chema

Good chair

Mtu mweupe

White person

Vyakula vibaya

Rotton food

Wanafunzi wachache sana

Very few children

Mpishi mfupi

Short cook

Watoto wapya

New children

Vyakula vizuri kabisa!

Really good food!

Vitabu vingapi?

How many books

Vyakula vitamu

Sweet foods

Mzungu mkubwa

Big European

Vitabu vyeusi

Black books

Wakulima wakubwa

Big farmers

Mtu mzee sana.

Very old person

Watoto weingi

Many children

Mtoto mchafu

Dirty child

Watu wema

Nice people

Watu wazee

Old people

Mto myeupe

White river

Mzigo mwepesi

Light load

Mto mwembamba

Narrow river

Kisu bora

Better knife

Vitu vingine

Other things

Miaka mingi

Many years

Kila mtu

Every person

Mwanafunzi mwaminifu

Trustworthy student

Mwalimu gani?

Which teacher?

Mzigo mwepesi

Light load

Mto mweusi

Black river

Watoto wenginie

Other children

Mzigo mzito

Heavy load

Chai bora

Better chai

Mtoto mwingine

Another child

Wakulima wazuri

Nice farmers

Mizigo myeupe

White loads

Miaka mingi

Many years

Mbwa gani

Which dog?

Mizigo mizito

Heavy loads

Milima mingi

Many mountains

Matunda rahisi

Cheap fruits

Watoto wegeni

Strange children

Wapishi wapya

New cooks

Mtoto mpya

New child

Mzigo mchafu

Dirty load

Chakula kitamu sana

Very sweet, tasty food

Kijiko chembamba

Narrow spoon

Viti vingine

Other chairs

Mdoktari mwema

Good doctor

Wapishi weupi

White cooks

Kijiko kichafu kabisa.

Very dirty spoon

Mikate michache

Few breads

Mkate mdogo

Small bread

Mto mkubwa

Big river

Kiti maridadi

Pretty chair

Chakula rahisi sana

Very easy food (to prepare)

Walimu tofauti

Different teachers

Mkate safi

Good bread, good tasting

Wageni bure

Worthless strangers

Mwalimu bure kabisa

Totally worthless teacher

Kitanda maridadi

Pretty bed


Adjective flashcards 1 of 3

   

Adjective flashcards 2 of 3



Adjective flashcards 3 of 3


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Ć
Adjectives lesson 3:3 quiz.mp3
(3753k)
Fred Roberts,
Feb 25, 2012, 2:27 PM
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quiz over all adjectives.mp3
(2413k)
Fred Roberts,
Feb 25, 2012, 2:28 PM
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