Ketter, P. (2010). To Be or Not to Be: E-Learning. T+D, 64(1), 10. Retrieved from
This article is a debate hosted by the Oxford union on whether or not teaching e-learning skills will benefit the future or not. The article takes a deeper at the pros and cons of e-learning.
The article focused on the question if e-learning is capable to teach the skills of tomorrow. One side went on to say how e-learning is quicker and cheaper than the traditional forms of teaching and learning, but it can be much more effective. The other side combated it with saying e-learning is inadequate and ineffective. Side one went on to say how e-learning uses tutorials, scenario based learning, and problem- solving strategies . Group two said how e-learning will only hurt the future skills shortage in the workforce but also because younger members entering the workforce without the face to face interaction. What I found interesting was the look on e-learning. Is e-learning a blended learning such as simulations and technologies or is it just about electronic means to test skill levels and assess knowledge. What we need to look at are what are the skills for tomorrow, is it more important than the younger generation gain with the live face to face interaction with classmates or can it be learned through electronics.
Aleckson,J (2011) Evaluating E-learning Retrieved on: March 18, 2012 http://managingelearning.com/2011/01/27/evaluating-elearning/
This article was both informative and interesting , what I found to be most helpful was, “what is the purpose of the course” he suggests that answering this question can make all the difference in regards to what needs to be incorporated in the development of the course. This article discusses from an evaluator’s perspective and the necessary components that make the program effective and successful. The author also touches what he looks for in regards to the standards in the evaluation process, there are four and they all deal directly with the course components and address certain aspects of the course development. Finally he mentions the importance of looking at the course as a whole but paying attention to detail as well.
I found this article to be very descriptive and informative, regarding what needs to be in place in order to establish and develop a good e-course. Approaching the article from the perspective of a student, I agree with the author’s statement that graphics and aesthetics are important and that engaging and connecting with the learner is crucial. Getting their attention is one of the most important aspects of course development. I think that this article would be useful for someone who is researching what is necessary to develop and establish an effective e learning course or program.
Submitted by Tharper
Bender, E. (October, 2004). A LINC for E-Learning. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Retrieved from http://www.technologyreview.com/web/13779/
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) has created a forum titled LINC. This forum is comprised of many international educators that meet yearly. Their goal is to provide assistance to countries seeking ways to improve the delivery of a college education through distance learning. The forum has the intention of establishing an infrastructure for the purpose of providing e-learning to as many countries as possible. The project first started out with helping students in Gaza in 2003. As of 2003, the LINC forum had expanded to over sixty countries. The forum has also provided a conduit for the needed distance education.
This article is creative in utilizing the successful platform of MIT to gain the reader’s attention. The strengths of the article are clearly expressed through the needs of the students and the needs of the other countries when it comes to education reaching around the world. The author has done a remarkable job describing the audience, which allows the reader to feel some of those same feelings the audience is experiencing. The article is slightly dated, but still very relevant to educators and students. The article also serves as a valid reminder of why distance education is very significant today.
Submitted by: rthomas
Bersin,J (2002) Effectivness: A five step program... Retrieved fromhttp://www.serprofessoruniversitario.pro.br/m%C3%B3dulos/avalia%C3%A7%C3%A3o-da-aprendizagem/measuring-e-learnings-effectiveness-five-step-program
Addressed in this article are the multiple ways to ensure that the e-learning program that you are teaching is one that will not only be effective but also one where the students will be satisfied with the material as well. This will be demonstrated through several ways including enrollment, feedback, and surveys.
Submitted: T Harper 3-4-12
Brandon, B. (October 11, 2004). Closing the loop in E-Learning Development: How to reconnect instructional design and project management. Learning Solutions. Retrieved March 17, 2012 from http://www.learningsolutionsmag.com/articles/283/closing- the-loop-in-e-learning-development-how-to-reconnect-instructional-design-and-project-management
This article tackles two major ideas. The first being that the model an instructional designer selects to develop an eLearning program will directly result in the outcomes including how it is later managed. The second major theme is the discussion of the skill sets needed for the various pieces of developing, designing and managing an eLearning program. The author points out that project management has a different focus than the design of the program. When the same person handles both the design and management that person may be conflicted between the two roles and how difficult it can be.
I found this article interesting in that it points out the fact that there are different skills needed to create, design, teach and even manage eLearning programs. I find this true and while there are some people that are good at and can do more than one of these roles well, he points out that many don’t realize how difficult it can be to maintain those various roles separately. He also points out that when a program goes from design to project management the right time is important to maintain the effectiveness of project management while keeping the integrity of the program.http://www.learningsolutionsmag.com/articles/283/closing-the-loop-in-e-learning-development-how-to-reconnect-instructional- design-and-project-management
S., Blenkinsopp, E., Hall, A., & Graham, W., (2005). Effective e-learning
for health professionals and students--barriers and their solutions. A
systematic review of the literature--findings from the HeXL project. Health Information and Libraries Journal
In 2003/2004, the Northumbria University in Northern England conducted a research project to identify barriers to e-learning for health care professionals and students and to find possible ways to overcome them. They reviewed literature on barriers, sent questionnaires to learners and interviewed instructors. A few of the main barriers were: a requirement for change, cost, poorly designed curriculum and inadequate technology, lack of skills, and a need for competent face-to-face teaching. The group identified a range of solutions: accreditation standards, learning strategies, funding, blended teaching, changing curriculum with e-learning technology, and skills training to integrate what students learned.
This is a European article. It is interesting to see that e-learning barriers are universal. The article provides evidence of solid research and methodology that identifies barriers specific to health professionals. The article specifically categorizes barriers and solutions to organizational issues, economics, hardware and software problems, psychological barriers, support, and pedagogical issues. It would be valuable to anyone interested in management and support of e-learning by comparing European implementation policies and best practices.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1470-3327.2005.00614.x/full Submitted: 3/18/13 phiddinga
Davis, M. (2009). The challenges of managing e-ed.: It takes more than computers to make e-learning work. Education Week: Digital Directions, Vol 3, (1), 25-27. Retrieved from http://www.edweek.org/dd/articles/2009/10/21/01e-learning.h03.html?print=1
This article discussed distance education and how to manage the ongoing exchange of information. Communication by the instructors is vital to understanding how students are doing and what issues they may encounter during the course of the instruction. Balancing authority in communication to be a part of the student’s world but not creating a social relationship can be a fine line to walk. Consistency in how the online class is taught helps the student to move through the course smoothly. The right instructors and training for those instructors have to be a priority so that both instructor and learner get the most out of the online experience. Preparation of lesson plans by the instructor will benefit both instructor and student so that both can progress and accomplish the objectives set by the program.
This article was very well organized in what considerations make a successful online program. It was succinct and included a list of tips for the reader to refer back to periodically. The examples of communication and involvement between instructor and student in an online situation, as opposed to a traditional classroom setting were especially relevant. The article also validated the need for blended learning and onsite guidance for learners.
submitted by evautrot 11/1/2011
Davis, M R, (2009) The challenges of managing E-Ed.. Retrieved on: March 17, 2012 http://www.edweek.org/dd/articles/2009/10/21/01e-learning.h03.html
This article discusses the impact and effect that teachers can have on students, the learning environment that they teach in and how E-learning and virtual education differs from the traditional on site “brick and mortar” educational setting. It goes on to discuss how teachers should conduct themselves in a ways that are productive and conducive to a positive and open learning environment. Also touched on is the importance of organization and planning, it can make all the difference in a semester that goes smoothly and be a big help when the unexpected glitches happen. There were several helpful tips given to insure that the overall e-learning experience is as beneficial to everyone involved.
I enjoyed reading this article and found the information to be insightful and helpful. The author discusses and in detail many things that both teachers and administrators can do things to ensure that the virtual education that they provide is not only efficient but also constructive. This article would be valuable for someone who was interested in learning how to go about hiring educators for a virtual education institution. The tips provided were practical and even though they seemed like they may be common sense, it may not be information that occurs to everyone.
Submitted by Tharper
Forsyth, H., Pizzica, J., Laxton, R., & Mahony, J. (2010). Distance education in an era of elearning: Challenges and opportunties for a campus-focused institution. Higher Education Research & Development, 29(1), Retrieved from http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~db=all~content=a918233223~frm=abslink doi: 10.1080/07294360903421350
This article was published in Higher Education Research & Development, a publication of the Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australasia. This refereed journal is published six times a year and covers articles on theories and practices in higher education. The authors discuss the impact of introducing distance education course offerings into traditional, brick and mortar, institutions of higher learning. When properly implemented, quality distance education offerings have the ability to extend an institutions’ reach both geographically and academically. To the detriment of these institutions at large, distance education has primarily functioned autonomously and has gone unmonitored and unsupported.
The authors conducted a workshop, comprised of distance education professionals within traditional institutions, to discuss the obstacles impeding their success. They indicated that the overwhelming issue was the lack of a centralized infrastructure for distance education. They also felt that they functioned in isolation outside of the administrative and financial supports available to other departments within the institution. They also stated the factors that they perceived to be essential in successful distance education. These factors are a “felt” institutional presence (i.e. student support) within distance offerings, well-designed and relevant course content, instructors trained in online pedagogy and robust LMS/CMS technology.
submitted 03/27/2011 – cbanks
Hadibuan, Z. & Santoso, H. (2004). Online academic administration system to support distance learning at faculty of computer science university of Indonesia. IADIS International Conference e-Society. Retrieved on October 30, 2011 from http://iadis.net/dl/final_uploads/200402C026.pdf
This article discusses the online support system of the Computer Science University of Indonesia. The system includes learning management, transcripts, syllabi, etc.; all of which enable the university to meet all demands of the distance learning student. Using research based data-analysis and evidence, the administration is continually analyzing its effectiveness to support the academic program.
The authors of this article do a great job describing how the administrators of analyzed its needs to continue delivering a strong curriculum. From demographic to system analysis, they were able to realize their needs and place resources in the areas for improvement. This article gives the reader an excellent way to chart flow dynamics to create a strong system design. A good article for those looking for a management of distance learning reference.
submitted: 10/30/11 mpavlichko
May, S. C. (n.d.) E-Learning: The evolution continues. Affiniscape. Retrieved March 17, 2012 from http://www.affiniscape.com/associations /9158/resource/?p=255.
This article reviews the author’s research and data gathering over a few years and what she is finding as the trends of eLearning and the continuing development and management of eLearning. The author discusses short term and longer term results and expectations and how the associations she has researched have evolved their view of eLearning over time. It also shows that associations whether they are looking to outside vendors or internal staff to create and maintain eLearning, that they need to have long term strategies to be able to be ahead of or with the curve of eLearning.
I liked this article because not only did the author talk to various companies to get their honest input on where eLearning was and is going, but it seemed realistic. For example, when speaking about registration going down, the anticipation is that it will increase again and will capture a different audience. I liked that it discussed that organizations have recognized the value of eLearning but also the value of both internal and external support from multiple areas in an organization.
Pappas, C. (2011, January). Introduction in e-learning. Elearning Resource from eFront. Retrieved from: http://blog.efrontlearning.net/2011/01/introduction-to-evaluation-in-elearning.html
This post provided an overview of the importance of the quality improvement process within the course development cycle. The evaluation of an e-learning course must occur before, during and after course development. The process begins with a needs assessment to design the course. Secondly, a formative evaluation is completed to make any necessary changes. At the conclusion a summative evaluation is completed to evaluate the product. The author also provided numerous valuable links to several resources in PDF’s that address the areas of evaluation and assessment of e-learning.
I do agree with the author that is imperative for institutions that offer online learning to have a division that is exclusively dedicated to developing quality online courses. An excellent online course requires many hours of planning, developing, revising and evaluating.
Submitted: 10/27/2012 hjones
Ruiz, J., Teasdale, T., Hajjar, I., Shaughnessy, M., & Mintzer, M. (2007). The consortium of e-learning in geriatrics instruction. Journal Of The American Geriatrics Society, 55(3), 458-463.
This article is about bringing the e-learning to geriatric care. It explains that with the increasing number of elderly patients and with healthcare professions under a time crunch, e-learning would make for a great alternative. In addition to this, the newer generation they will be more adaptable to this style of learning. The authors go into depth about the challenges that would have to be faced when creating an e-learning curriculum. These challenges include: cost, keeping up on evaluations and efficiency, no incentives, and lacking in development.
This source seemed reputable. Those who are looking into creating an e-learning curriculum for medical science would benefit from this article. It provided many outside sources that would help in development and control of new curriculum.
Submitted: 9/29/13 JGrubar
Russell, C. (2009). A systemic framework for managing e-learning adoption in campus universities: Individual strategies in context. Research in Learning Technology, 17(1), Retrieved from http://repository.alt.ac.uk/850/1/ALT_J_Vol17_No1_2009_A_systemic_framework_for.pdf
The author of this article notes that online classes have not been doing so well at his university since he began monitoring the data in the year 2000. He believes that creating the ideal framework for analyzing the individual departmental learning style and applying this framework, across the board, to the online class venue would centralize and make learning cohesive from subject to subject and college to college. As it stands, each instructor would have their own method of teaching online, and at times, these methods were not transferable to the online courses. If framework, with pedagogy, was in place, and teaching online was more standardized, it would have a better chance of becoming more useful at this facility.
This author has a valid point. If there is no prior framework to how a course is to be taught, it can be confusing, not only to the instructor who really has no idea what is expected of him in the venue, but also to the student, who had an online class the previous semester which was totally different than the one he was now taking. From working with online courses, it helps to have continuity and consistency between courses. Of course instructors do and should insert their own personality into a course, but keeping within a shared framework is a positive for everyone.
submitted 3/27/11 by deakle
Scalise, K., & Gifford, B. (2006). Computer-based assessment in e-learning: A framework for constructing "intermediateconstraints" questions and tasks for technology platforms. The Journal of Technology, Learning, and Assessment, 4(6). Retrieved from http://ejournals.bc.edu/ojs/index.php/jtla/article/view/1653/1495
When planning and developing an e-learning course, the use of evaluation methods requires special attention. With computer-based assessment, designing questions and tasks with which computers can effectively interact, including scoring and score reporting, while still gathering meaningful measurement evidence can be accomplished very effectively. This article provides a taxonomy or categorization of 28 innovative item types based on 7 categories of ordering from constraints that are fully selected (multiple choice) to fully constructed (essay). These alternative formats require an examinee to supply, develop, perform, or create something. And, typically, these tasks attempt to be more engaging to the examinee than conventional multiple-choice items.
This article is extremely helpful in understanding the assessment process and the innovative alternatives to use when developing evaluation methods. It contains specific examples of questions and tasks and is classified as: selection/identification, reordering/rearrangement, substitution/correction, completion, and construction types. Maintaining test integrity and evaluating learning is more difficult to do in the e-learning environment when there is not face-to-face involvement with the student. But by creating a vast array of innovative assessment approaches, it becomes less of a problem. This article suggests evaluation methods that provide metacognitive interventions by increasing the ability to diagnose paths to competency rather than simply ranking. Students could arguably match assessment needs and evidence for many instructional design objectives using these alternative methods.
http://ejournals.bc.edu/ojs/index.php/jtla/article/view/1653/1495 Submitted: 3/17/13 phiddinga
Schone, B.J. (2007). Managing eLearning development: Elearningweekly. Retrieved from http://elearningweekly.wordpress.com/2007/08/22/managing-elearning-development/
In this article by B.J. Schone we learn about implementing the idea of managing e-learning. The difficulty in managing new ideas and implementing them to people who may see them as foreign is always an issue. Customizing the courses can greatly improve the quality of a class rather than having a generic course. The difficulties of managing multiple tasks seems to become an inevitability when one doesn’t have the right software to help managing many issues at once. Sometimes the right applications can lead you to success.
I find this becomes a problem with many on both sides of the coin. I’m sure instructors and students both get bogged down with work. Having software to keep you in order is just as important as ever. Many times we overlook these software options and just stick to the major programs like word and power point. Using other programs to manage all your other work and organize them correctly can make almost any experience a breeze. I think as we become more technologically motivated we may see new programs come about that will automatically organize all our work.
submitted 10/31/2010 r.trevino
Stayton, L. (2011). The pros and cons of outsourcing e-learning services. Elearn Magazine. Retrieved from: http://elearnmag.acm.org/featured.cfm?aid=1966299
Prior to creating an e-learning course or service, a needs analysis should be completed to ensure the service produced can be managed by the current employees or should the service be outsourced. The article discusses some important items that need to be addressed prior to making a decision: Is there a time constraint and if so, are the current employees able to meet that time-line? Does the organization have employees with the experience needed to complete all needed projects? How much control and security must be maintained?
To out-source or not to out-source…that is the question posed in this article. The author provided multiple questions that an organization should consider before managing their own e-learning services. One idea presented was that it might be beneficial for the organization to host their own services but out-source specific components as the need arises. This might include instructional design or the use of video production within the services. The organization might feel comfortable enough to maintain the basic components of the e-learning service but call in for assistance when the services needed become more demanding.
Submitted by: mcorbett 10/29/11
Strother, J. B. (April 2002). An assessment of the effectiveness of e-learning in corporate training programs. The international review of research in open and distance learning. Retrieved March 18, 2012 from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/83/160
This article examines the effectiveness of e-learning in corporate training programs. Corporate managers are looking for any means that will provide a savings to their corporation. They have realized through e-learning there are a substantial savings for corporations. There is also no doubt that corporations are increasing their emphasis on e-learning. The corporations continue to monitor e-learning’s effectiveness. They measure the results at different levels for their effectiveness. The article concludes that there is still much research to be done to measure e-learning’s effectiveness. This article also insists that more research must be done to assure the meaningful results are maintained.
I found this article to be cumbersome. There were many steps involved leading to an unsurprising outcome. I would assume this is because the article is catering to corporate America and those steps are needed to obtain a result that would be considered measurable. The frustrating part for me was the need for further research. When reading about e-learning, so many of the articles touch on the fact that there needs to be further research. I am left with asking the question, why? This article presents the facts, but implies that there is not enough evidence to support the theory.
Villems, A., Pilt, L., Plank, T., Varendi, M., Sutt, E., & Dremljuga-Telk, M. (2012, June). E-learning quality assurance as a tool for open innovation in educational institutions: An Estonian case. Retrieved from: http://eif.efquel.org/files/2012/09/EN_ET_Anne-Villems.doc
This article provided an overview of the quality improvement process that was developed and implemented in Estonia for e-learning courses. The e-learning Development Centre formed a task force to research and develop criteria to evaluate e-leaning courses. The developed quality plan included resources for the instructional design and course development. Once the course was fully developed it was evaluated at three levels: self-assessment, organizational level and expert level. If the course was approved they were granted “Estonian e-Course Quality Label”.
I do agree that all faculty members need to do self-assessments of the courses that they teach. In the online environment, the success of instructor and the student is often dependent on the quality of the online course. The instructional designer is responsible for presenting the course content and materials in a professional and meaningful manner. The quality assessment / improvement process should then be continue to the next level for evaluation with the learning institution. Results should be documented, evaluated and acted upon of needed.
Submitted: 10/27/2012 hjones
Ward. M., (2010) Making it real: Project management strategic e-learning development processes at large, campus- based universities, Journal of Distance Education, Retrieved: http://www.eric.ed.gov/PDFS/EJ892350.pdf
This article states that at the University of Sydney, a combination of academic and non-academic staff have been forming teams to develop needs for online resources. Project management philosophies included the application and planning process which provide a framework for development issues and online learning and teaching resources. The project manager is responsible for the quality of the program. Selection and development of programs, evaluation, reporting and maintenance all must be considered when managing an online program. The risks are similar to risks in traditional class room programs, but technological issues must also be considered.
This article provides information related to the different team members necessary to develop, implement and maintain an online program. Some of the group members that this article suggests having are educational planners, educational designers, elearning designers, and unit coordinators. Although I believe it takes a team to produce an online learning program, I think some smaller facilities would be able to be successful with less people than recommended if their staff were capable of wearing more than one hat.
Submitted: 10/28/2010 sklausing
Watson,J., Gemin, B., (2009) Management and operations of online programs: Ensuring quality and accountability, Promising Practices in Online Learning Retrieved: http://www.eric.ed.gov/PDFS/ED509622.pdf
This article addresses the fact that online courses are growing and serving a wide variety of students needs. Areas that require management in online programs are curriculum development and course quality, teacher management, student support, technology support and program evaluation. The article addressed each of the above topics individually and provided issues and variables that needed consideration with each topic. Two issues to consider are managing growth and keeping up to date. Online learning will be a key element in learning in the future.
Although Promising Practices in Online Learning provides articles geared toward the online programs in the K- 12 grades, the information from this article could be used to manage adult learning programs as well. This article addresses the differences between managing the online program verses the traditional classroom program. For example writing a script for an online program requires a different creativity than composing something you may lecture on in a classroom, therefore hiring and training educators for an online program requires a different set of skills as well.
Submitted: 10/28/2010 http://www.edweek.org/dd/articles/2009/10/21/01e-learning.h03.html