The Refugee Act of 1980 (PL 96-212) established the Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR) and provides authority for child welfare services provided through the Unaccompanied Refugee Minor Program program (URM) in Colorado. The Unaccompanied Refugee Minor Program must comply with both federal Office of Refugee Resettlement regulations as well as state law and rule.
The Refugee Education Assistance Act of 1980 (PL 96-422) authorizes ORR to provide the same benefits available to refugees and asylees to Cuban and Haitian entrants, as does the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (PL 106-386) for victims of a severe form of human trafficking.
Two recent laws specifically authorize the provision of child welfare services described in The Refugee Act to additional groups:
- the Trafficking Victims Protection and Reauthorization Act of 2008 (PL 110-457) extends URM eligibility to Special Immigrant Juveniles who were in the custody of ORR or were receiving services as Cuban or Haitian entrants at the time a dependency order was signed, and
- the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act (PL 113-4) extends URM eligibility to victims of crime who have received U status.
The lists below provides links to the federal policies and regulations which guide the URM program.