Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act

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The key federal legislation addressing child abuse and neglect is the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA), originally enacted on January 31, 1974. CAPTA was amended several times and was most recently amended and reauthorized by the CAPTA Reauthorization Act of 2010 (P.L. 111-320). CAPTA provides Federal funding to States in support of prevention, assessment, investigation, prosecution, and treatment activities and also provides grants to public agencies and nonprofit organizations, including Indian Tribes and Tribal organizations, for demonstration programs and projects. Additionally, CAPTA identifies the Federal role in supporting research, evaluation, technical assistance, and data collection activities; established the Office on Child Abuse and Neglect; and mandates Child Welfare Information Gateway. CAPTA also sets forth a minimum definition of child abuse and neglect.

CAPTA in Colorado
(1) The intake, assessment, screening, and investigation of reports of abuse or neglect;

(2) (A) Creating and improving the use of multidisciplinary teams and interagency, intra-agency, interstate, and intrastate  protocols to enhance investigations; and 
(B) Improving legal preparation and representation;

(3) Case management, including ongoing case monitoring, and delivery of services and treatment provided to children and their families;

(4) Enhancing the general child protective system by developing, improving, and implementing risk and safety assessment tools and protocols, including the use of differential response;

(6) Developing, strengthening, and facilitating training including:
(A) Training regarding research-based strategies, including the use of differential response, to promote collaboration with families;
(B) Training regarding the legal duties of such individuals; 
(C) Personal safety training for case workers; and
(D) Training in early childhood, child, and adolescent development;

(7) Improving the skills, qualifications, and availability of individuals providing services to children and families, and the supervisors of such individuals, through the child protection system, including improvements in the recruitment and retention of caseworkers;

(13) Supporting and enhancing interagency collaboration among public health agencies, agencies in the child protective service system, and agencies carrying out private community-based programs -  
(A) To provide child abuse and neglect prevention and treatment services (including linkages with education systems), and the use of differential response; and
(B) To address the health needs, including mental health needs, of children identified as victims of abuse or neglect, including supporting prompt, comprehensive health and developmental evaluations for children who are the subject of substantiated child maltreatment reports.