WPCP Tactile Images

Students at Walter Payton have been taking images of a variety of objects in space using the StoneEdge Observatory and the Skynet Telescope Network. They used Image Processing software to create the color images using three separate filter images and to make a suitable image for printing in black and white. These black and white images can be printed in a raised or tactile format for use by people with vision impairments. 

NOTE:  Braille is being converted to Grade 2 from Grade 1 over the next few months.

 Image Name

Observer's Name      
Category of Image 

Description of Image
 Color Image - jpeg Black & White Image - jpeg Fits imagesTelescope used to obtain images
 Crab Nebula

Maria M and Bella G
 Nebula 

The Crab Nebula is made up of the remnants of a massive star that died in a supernova explosion. It was first discovered by Chinese astronomers in the year 1054 A.D. as they were looking at the constellation Taurus. There is a pulsar at its core that creates an energetic cloud of electrons. The nebula is about 6,500 light-years away from earth and 5 light-years across. The Crab Nebula consists mostly of ionized and neutral helium, among other gases.

 

Braille description with words

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 Crab Nebula FITS:  

Skynet
 M17 The Swan Nebula

Hannah R.
 Nebula

The deep sky object M17, also known as The Omega Nebula or The Swan Nebula, is located within the constellation Sagittarius. It is between 5,000 and 6,000 light years away from Earth and is approximately 15 lights years in diameter.



Braille description with words

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 Red Filter

 Visible Filter (green)

 Blue Filter
 

Skynet
 Crab Nebula

Diane C. and Leah Cr.
 Nebula

This is the crab nebula. It is a supernova remnant – a cloud of dust and gas that is left over after a star explodes. It is located in Taurus. At its center is the crab pulsar, which is a neutron star, a spinning ball of neutrons, It is titled M1 because it was the first Messier object catalogued.


Braille description with words

Braille without written words

 

 
 Red Filter

 Visible Filter (green)

 Blue Filter












                        
 Skynet
 M65 Galaxy

Nick I and Melissa W
 Galaxy

M65 is a spiral galaxy located in the Leo constellation. From 35 million light years away, M65 appears to have a warped disc formation. The amount of gas and dust is low, causing it to have little star formation occurring in and around it. 

Braille without written words

 
 
 Original  FITS









 
StoneEdge
 IC 443 
Vivian and Stephany 
Nebula 

IC 443 is also known as the Jellyfish Nebula because it looks like a jellyfish. It is found in the constellation Gemini. The nebula is the remains of a supernova explosion which happened 3,000 to 30,000 years ago. All that is left of the original star is a neutron star at the heart of the nebula. This neutron star produces x-ray emissions. The nebula is approximately 5,000 light years away from earth. It is made of hydrogen. oxygen, silicon, iron, carbon, and other complex elements. These elements were created during the star's lifetime through nuclear fusion. The nebula is one of the best studied cases of a supernova remnant.

Braille without words
Braille with words
 
 
 FITS



SKYNET
 IC2391

Armani D
Star Cluster

IC2391 (also known as the Omicron Velorum Cluster) is an open cluster in the constellation Vela It has been purported to be first described by the Persian astronomer Ali Sufi in about 964. The cluster is at a distance of about 500 light years away from Earth and can be seen with naked eye. The cluster has a total Visual Magnitude of 2.5. The open cluster spans an area of sky of about 50 arc minutes, and contains about 30 stars.

 
 
 IC2391 FITS. Skynet
 NGC 2158

Elizabeth K
Star Cluster

NGC 2158 is a star cluster located in the constellation Gemini. It is believed to be over one billion years old. Its apparent magnitude is 8.6, which makes it rather dim. The cluster has mostly older, cooler stars.

 
 
 NGC 2158 FITS















 Skynet
 M42

Brandon R
Fabiola B

Nebula

The Orion Nebula is actually part of a larger nebula known as the Orion Molecular Cloud Complex. It extends to the constellation of Orion, the Horsehead Nebula, M43, and M78. It has a distance of 1344 lightyears and a temperature of 10,000K.The Orion Nebula is often used for studies and is thus one of the most photographed nebulas in the galaxy. This nebula has been used for research on topics such as the formation of stars and planetary systems. The Orion Nebula is an example of a stellar nursery, meaning new stars are being born.

Braille

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 M42 FITS

Blue Filter 

Green Filter

Red Filter
 
Skynet
 M103
Alexis M            
Open Star Cluster

Messier 103 is an open cluster found by PIerre Mechain in 1781. The open cluster is located in Cassiopeia. The open cluster is 25 million years old and 10,000 light years from Earth. 

Braille-

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 M103.fitsMicroObservatory
M20
Daniel

Nebula

Messier 20 is known as the Trifid Nebula, located in Sagittarius. Messier 20 is a combination of an open cluster and a stellar nursery, full of embryonic stars. This cloud is about 8 light years away from the nebula's central star. A stellar jet protrudes from the head of the cloud and is about 0.75 light-years long.

Braille- 

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 M20 FITS

M20 B

M20 V

M20 R
 Skynet
 M51

Christina and Julissa
Galaxy

M51, also known as the Whirlpool Galaxy, it is in the constellation Canes Venatici.  And is 31 million lightyears from the Milky Way. The Galaxy extends ninety-eight thousand lightyears across.

braille

Braille with words

 
 
 M51 fits


 
MicroObservatory
 M1 

Willie

Nebula 

M1, also known as the Crab Nebula, is a supernova remnant found in the constellation of Taurus. It was seen by Chinese and Arab astronomers in 1054 but wasn’t seen in the west until John Bevis found it in 1731.

braille

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 M1 fitz Skynet
 M67

Esmeralda T. Susana S.
 Star Cluster

    Messier 67 (M67) is an open cluster of stars in the constellation Cancer. It was discovered in 1779 by Johann Gottfried Koehler. M67 is estimated to be around 3.2 to 5 billion years old. Many astronomers do, however, believe that it is indeed 4 million years old. This means that the open cluster of stars is slightly younger than the Sun. Although M67 is not the oldest open cluster, it is the nearest old open cluster and as a result, has become one of the most studied clusters. Since all of its stars are approximately the same age and distance, it has become an important laboratory in the study for stellar evolution, making it the second best observed open cluster after the Hyades cluster. This group of stars is relatively compact and contains approximately 500 members between 10th magnitude and 16th magnitude. The messier object contains over 100 stars similar to the sun and many red giants. 



 
 
 M67 fits Skynet
 M13

Ethan, Dina, Andrew


M13, often called the Great Hercules Cluster, is a globular cluster of stars. It contains many very hot stars as well as a number of other larger, cooler stars. The cluster emits enough light to be seen from Earth under good conditions.

Braille
Braille with written words


 

 

 fits file DSO
Skynet


m42

Maleia
 
This is a picture of the Orion Nebula, also known as the messier object, m42. This nebula is the birth place of new stars, about 1,500 lightyears from Earth and stretching 14 lightyears in diameter. And consists of over 3,000 stars, and clouds of gases and dust. This specific image was taken with blue, violet, red, clear, and infrared filters.

Braille only

Braille with green text
 
 
fits Red
fits Blue
fits Visible
fits Clear
fits Infrared
fits I
 Skynet
 M1 
The Crab Nebula

Allie & Dale
 The Crab Nebula is a supernov (exploded star) remnant and pulsar win nebula near the constellation Taurus. At the center of the nebula lies the Crab Pulsar, a neutron star (or spinning ball of neutrons). The nebula is also referred to as Messier 1 or M1. It was the first Messier Object catalogued in 1758.

Braille Only

Braille with Green Text

 
 M1 Fits FileMicroObservatory
 Cat's Eye Nebula 
NGC 6543

Angelica

 

NGC 6543 is a planetary nebula that is also called the Cat’s Eye Nebula. This planetary nebula is has a white dwarf in its center and is surrounded by clouds of hydrogen and helium. A planetary nebula is the last stage of the life of a medium mass star. This deep sky object is located in the constellation of Draco. The Cat’s Eye Nebula was discovered in 1786 by William Herschel and it’s about 3300 light years away from earth.

Braille

 
 
 Blue Filter fits image

Red Filter fits image

Infrared Filter fits image

Ultraviolet filter fits image

Visible filter fits image
 Skynet - DSO
 M1 - The Crab Nebula 

Christian   
 Messier 1, The Crab Nebula, is a supernova remnant and pulsar wind nebula in the Taurus constellation. It was the first catalogued Messier object in 1758. In visible light, it is 6 arc minutes long and 4 arc minutes wide. 
 
 Blue and Red filter image fits file Skynet
 M2 - Messier 2


Anthony
 The Messier 2 is a globular cluster located in the Aquarius constellation. It was founded by Jean Dominique Maraldi in 1746 and is known to be one of the largest clusters.

Braile 
 
 
 Red jpeg
Blue jpeg
Original jpeg
 Google Images
 M82 
Jon Hoke
  

Messier 82 is a starburst galaxy about 12 million light years away in the constellation Ursa Major. This starburst galaxy is 5 times as bright as the Milky Way Galaxy and is more than 100 times brighter than the center of our galaxy. The core of M82 contains 197 massive star clusters that produce stars 10 times faster than the Milky Way Galaxy. The center of M82 is very dense and energetic which helps to produce the stars quickly.

Braille 


 
 
 Red fts
Green fts
Blue fts
 Skynet
Bowtie Nebula

Yasmin & Colin 
 
The Bow Tie Nebula is a protoplanetary nebula located 5,000 lightyears away from Earth in the constellation Centaurus. The nebula is the naturally coldest place currently known in the Universe. The Boomerang Nebula was formed from the outflow of gas from a star at its core. The gas is moving outwards at a speed of about 164 km/s and expanding rapidly as it moves out into space. This expansion is the cause of the nebula's very low temperature.

 
 fits file Skynet
 M67

Kelly D   
 

Messier 67 is one of the oldest open cluster deep sky objects that is located in the constellation of Cancer. Although M67 is not the oldest open cluster in space with an age of 3.2-5 billion years, there are very few that are older. It is the second most studied and popular star cluster because nearly all of the stars are the same distance from the earth and because mostly all the stars are close in age. It is commonly used to study stellar evolution, and it the second most popular star cluster after the Hyades cluster. A majority of the stars that make up the cluster are similar to the sun, and red giants ranging between the 10th to 16th magnitude


Document with green text and black Braille 

 
 
 Infrared fits

Open fits
 Skynet


 Hercules Cluster

Cullen W
 

Messier 13, or the Hercules Globular Cluster, holds over 300,000 stars. With an apparent magnitude of +5.8, it is barely visible in the night sky. It is 145 light-years in diameter, and is 25,100 light-years away from the earth. One interesting fact is that NASA sent a radio broadcast towards this cluster in celebration of new technology in 1974, an advancement that can be used to communicate with extra-terrestrials. The three-minute radio wave is planned to reach in approximately 25,000 years.

Braille document 

 
 
fits image Skynet
 Cat's Eye Nebula

Armani & Jacoby

            The Cat’s Eye Nebula also known as NGC 6543 is a planetary nebula located in the constellation Draco.  In the center of the nebula is a white dwarf star.  The elliptical rings surrounding the eye are gaseous shells being ejected by the center star.

 

Braille
 
 
 Blue jpeg

Green jpeg

Red jpeg
 Skynet
 Aneesa & Ola

The Little Dumbbell Nebula

M76
 

Messier 67 is one of the oldest open cluster deep sky objects that is located in the constellation of Cancer. Although M67 is not the oldest open cluster in space with an age of 3.2-5 billion years, there are very few that are older. It is the second most studied and popular star cluster because nearly all of the stars are the same distance from the earth and because mostly all the stars are close in age. It is commonly used to study stellar evolution, and it the second most popular star cluster after the Hyades cluster. A majority of the stars that make up the cluster are similar to the sun, and red giants ranging between the 10th to 16th magnitude.


Braille
 
 
 
Fits image
 Skynet