Information‎ > ‎



Plagiarism is a particular form of cheating. Plagiarism must be avoided at all costs and students who break the rules, however innocently, will be penalised.
You must keep a careful record of all the sources you use, including all internet material. It is your responsibility to ensure that you understand correct referencing practices. Please consult the relevant Module Leader or your Course Leader if you need any further advice.
As a University level student, you are expected to use appropriate references and keep carefully detailed notes of all your sources of material, including any material downloaded from the World Wide Web. Plagiarism is defined as submission for assessment of material (written, visual or oral) originally produced by another person or persons, without acknowledgement, in such a way that the work could be assumed to be the student’s own. Plagiarism may involve the un-attributed use of another person’s work, ideas, opinions, theory, facts, statistics, graphs, models, paintings, performance, computer code, drawings, quotations of another person’s actual spoken or written words, or paraphrases of another person’s spoken or written words.

If you use text or data or drawings or designs or artefacts without properly acknowledging who produced the material, then you are likely to be accused of plagiarism. This can be avoided by making clear the sources of information used (e.g. books, articles, interviews, reports, internet reference, government publications, etc.). All must be properly referenced, not only in a bibliography, but also by quotation marks in the text or in a footnote. Plagiarism covers both direct copying and copying or paraphrasing with only minor adjustments:

  • a direct quotation from a text must be indicated by the use of quotation marks and the source of the quote (title, author, page number and date of publication);
  • a paraphrased summary must be indicated by attribution of the author, date and source of the material including page numbers for the section(s) which have been summarised.
An essay or report cannot consist merely of summaries of other people’s ideas and texts. You must demonstrate your own critical engagement with, and evaluation of, the material you are presenting or discussing.